Nasdaq Inc, formerly NASDAQ OMX Group, Inc. was incorporated on November 13, 1979. The Company is a provider of trading, clearing, exchange technology, regulatory, securities listing, information and public company services across six continents. Its offerings are diverse and include trading and clearing across multiple asset classes, access services, data products, financial indexes, capital formation solutions, corporate solutions and market technology products and services. It manages, operates and provides its products and services in four business segments: Market Services, Listing Services, Information Services and Technology Solutions. The Market Services segment includes its equity derivative trading and clearing, cash equity trading fixed income, currency and commodities trading and clearing, and access and broker services businesses. It operates multiple exchanges and other marketplace facilities across several asset classes, including derivatives, commodities, cash equity, debt, structured products and ETFs. Its transaction-based platforms provide market participants with the ability to access, process, display and integrate orders and quotes. The Company operates a range of listing platforms to provide multiple capital raising solutions for private and public companies. Companies listed on its markets represent a diverse array of industries including, among others, health care, consumer products, telecommunication services, information technology, financial services, industrials and energy. Its main listing markets are The NASDAQ Stock Market and the Nasdaq Nordic and Nasdaq Baltic exchanges. Companies seeking to list securities on The NASDAQ Stock Market must meet minimum listing requirements, including specified financial and corporate governance criteria. Once listed, companies must meet continued listing standards. Its Information Services segment includes its Data Products and its Index Licensing and Services businesses. Its Technology Solutions segment includes its Corporate Solutions and Market Technology businesses. The Corporate Solutions business serves corporate clients, including companies listed on its exchanges. The Market Technology business is a technology solutions provider and partner to exchanges, clearing organizations, central securities depositories, regulators, banks, brokers and corporate businesses. Its Market Technology business is the sales channel for its complete offering to other marketplaces. In derivatives trading and clearing, competition comes in the form of trading and clearing that takes place OTC, usually through banks and brokerage firms, or through trading and clearing competition with other exchanges. Its principal competitors for trading options in the U.S. include the Chicago Board Options Exchange, Inc., or CBOE, the International Securities Exchange Holdings, Inc., or ISE, NYSE ARCA, NYSE Amex, BATS Options, MIAX Options, C2 Options Exchange, the BOX Options Exchange Group, LLC and ISE Gemini. The Company competes in the U.S. against ICE, BATS Global Markets, Inc, regional exchanges and ATSs. In addition to the larger exchanges, companies are able to consider smaller markets and quoting facilities, such as LSE's Alternative Investment Market, Euronext's Alternext, Deutsche Börse's Entry Standard, Borsa Italiana's Expandi Market, ICAP Securities & Derivatives Exchange, OTC Markets Group and the Over-the-Counter Bulletin Board, or OTCBB. Other exchanges in Sweden include the Nordic Growth Market and Aktietorget, which serve companies with small market capitalizations. Some of the competitors to the corporate solutions business include Ipreo, Cision, PR Newswire, Business Wire, ON24, BoardVantage, Diligent, Intralinks and Merrill Datasite. The Company is subject to extensive regulation in the United States and Europe.
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