Flagstar Bancorp, Inc., is a Michigan-based savings and loan holding company founded in 1993. The Company's business is conducted through its principal subsidiary, the Bank, a federally chartered stock savings bank founded in 1987. Its business is conducted through its Mortgage Banking segment, in which it originate or purchase residential first mortgage loans throughout the country and sell them into securitization pools, to Fannie Mae, Federal Home Loan Mortgage Corporation ("Freddie Mac") and Government National Mortgage Association ("Ginnie Mae"). The Company's servicing activities include collecting cash for principal, interest and escrow payments from borrowers, assisting homeowners through loss mitigation activities, and accounting for and remitting principal and interest payments to mortgage-backed securities investors and escrow payments to third parties. Through its banking centers, it gathers deposits and offers a line of consumer and commercial financial products and services to individuals and businesses. It provides deposit and cash management services to governmental units on a relationship basis. The Company's business comprises of Mortgage Originations, Mortgage Servicing, Community Banking and Other. The Mortgage Originations segment originates, acquires and sells one-to-four family residential mortgage loans. The origination and acquisition of mortgage loans comprises the majority of the lending activity. Mortgage loans are originated through home loan centers, national call centers, the Internet and unaffiliated banks and mortgage banking and brokerage companies, where the net interest income and the gains from sales associated with these loans are recognized in the Mortgage Originations segment. The Mortgage Servicing segment services and sub-services mortgage loans, on a fee basis, for others. Also, the Mortgage Servicing segment services, on a fee basis, residential mortgages held-for-investment by the Community Banking segment and mortgage servicing rights held by the Other segment. The Mortgage Servicing segment may also collect ancillary fees, such as late fees, and earns income through the use of noninterest-bearing escrows. The Community Banking segment originates loans, provides deposits and fee based services to consumer, business, and mortgage lending customers through its Branch Banking, Business, and Commercial Banking, Government Banking, Warehouse Lending and Held-for-Investment Portfolio groups. Products offered through these teams include checking accounts, savings accounts, money market accounts, certificates of deposit, other services, consumer loans, commercial loans, and warehouse lines of credit. Other financial services available to consumer and commercial customers include lines of credit, revolving credit, customized treasury management solutions, equipment leasing, inventory, and accounts receivable lending and capital markets services such as interest rate risk protection products. As a savings and loan holding company, it is subject to regulation, examination and supervision by the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve.
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