DaVita HealthCare Partners Inc was incorporated as a Delaware corporation in 1994. It is a provider of dialysis services in the United States for patients suffering from chronic kidney failure, also known as end stage renal disease, or ESRD. The Company also provides administrative and management support services to a medical services joint venture in which the Company owns a 50% interests. As of December 31, 2014, it provided dialysis and administrative services in the U.S. through a network of 2,179 outpatient dialysis centers in 46 states and the District of Columbia, serving a total of approximately 173,000 patients. It also provides acute inpatient dialysis services in approximately 1,000 hospitals and related laboratory services throughout the United States. The United States dialysis and related lab services business. Home-based dialysis services consist of providing equipment and supplies, training, patient monitoring, on-call support services and follow-up assistance to patients who prefer and are able to receive either peritoneal dialysis or hemodialysis treatments in their homes. It provides hospital inpatient hemodialysis services are required for patients with acute kidney failure resulting from trauma, patients in early stages of ESRD and ESRD patients who require hospitalization for other reasons. It owns two separately incorporated, licensed, clinical laboratories, both located in Florida, specializing in ESRD patient testing. These specialized laboratories provide routine laboratory tests covered by the Medicare composite payment rate for dialysis and other physician-prescribed laboratory tests for ESRD patients. The Company's laboratories provide these tests predominantly for its own ESRD patients throughout the United States. It currently operates or provides management and administrative services to 29 outpatient dialysis centers, in which it either owns a non-controlling interest, or is wholly-owned by third parties, under management and administrative services agreements. It continues to face increased competition in the dialysis industry from large and medium-sized providers which compete directly with it for acquisition targets as well as for individual patients.
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