Market Overview

NW Natural Holdings Reports First Quarter 2020 Results


PORTLAND, Ore., May 08, 2020 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) -- Northwest Natural Holding Company, (NYSE:NWN) (NW Natural Holdings), reported financial results and highlights including:

  • Reported first quarter 2020 earnings of $1.58 per share from continuing operations, compared to earnings of $1.50 per share and adjusted earnings1 of $1.73 per share for the same period in 2019
  • Provided customers with essential natural gas and water utility services during coronavirus pandemic (COVID-19)
  • Added more than 12,400 natural gas meters over the last 12 months equating to a 1.6% growth rate
  • Closed four water utility transactions in 2020 bringing our total connections to 25,000 serving about 61,000 people
  • Reaffirmed 2020 GAAP earnings guidance from continuing operations in the range of $2.25 to $2.45 per share and guided toward the lower end of the range given potential effects from the COVID-19

"I want to express my deepest sympathy to those directly affected by the coronavirus pandemic, my appreciation for our health care workers on the front line of this crisis, and my gratitude to our employees for their tireless dedication to ensure our essential services are provided during these difficult times," said David H. Anderson, president and CEO of NW Natural Holdings. "For more than 160 years we've provided critical services through both prosperous and challenging times. We're committed to doing what's needed, when it's needed most by our communities."

"We quickly mobilized our incident command and business continuity protocols in March to ensure safe and uninterrupted service to our customers amid the pandemic," continued Anderson. "NW Natural initiated a special COVID-19 giving campaign aimed at assisting the most vulnerable members of our communities, which will supplement the Company's local, state, and federal gas assistance programs that also help customers struggling financially. We've also filed a request with regulators to provide customers with their annual June bill credit related to our revenue sharing mechanism, which this year equates to a 30% reduction in an average monthly residential bill. During March, we also rapidly secured financing to provide our business with ample cash liquidity. Each and every day we care about the safety and wellbeing of our customers and employees, and we're taking extra precautions to protect our employees, prevent the spread of the virus, and assist our communities."

For the first quarter of 2020, net income from continuing operations increased $4.9 million to $48.3 million (or $1.58 per share), compared to net income from continuing operations of $43.4 million (or $1.50 per share) for the same period in 2019. Results for 2019, included a regulatory pension disallowance of $10.5 million (or $6.6 million after-tax and $0.23 per share). Excluding this disallowance on a non-GAAP basis1, adjusted net income from continuing operations for 2019 was $50.0 million (or $1.73 per share) resulting in a $1.7 million decline year over year. Results reflected higher margin from new natural gas rates in Washington, customer growth, and revenues from our North Mist gas storage facility as well as contributions from water utilities acquired since the prior period. Offsetting these drivers were higher depreciation expense, lower interest income on regulatory deferrals, and a decline in asset management revenues.

1 Adjusted 2019 metrics are non-GAAP financial measures and exclude the regulatory pension disallowance of $10.5 million pre-tax (or $6.6 million and $0.23 cents per share after-tax). See "Reconciliation to GAAP" for additional information.


Coronavirus (COVID-19) Response
Since the outbreak of COVID-19, NW Natural Holdings has executed on business continuity plans with a focus on the safety of our 1,200 employees and the 2.5 million people, business partners and communities we serve. We've implemented work-from-home plans for employees wherever possible. For employees whose role requires them to work in the field, we are following CDC, OHSA, and state specific guidance, have limited non-essential in-home service visits such as routine inspections, and have enacted social distancing and sanitizing protocols to prevent the spread of this disease and keep our employees and customers safe.

Our water and natural gas utility businesses continue to serve our customers without interruption. We voluntarily and temporarily stopped charging late fees and disconnecting customers for nonpayment beginning March 16, 2020. In addition, we've filed with regulators to return a record amount, approximately $17 million, to our Oregon natural gas customers related to our sharing mechanism on their June bills. In order to strengthen our liquidity during the COVID pandemic, we secured additional financing and at March 31, 2020, we held $471.1 million of cash. We believe we currently have ample liquidity to manage our cash needs. The Governors of Oregon and Washington issued stay-at-home orders on March 23, 2020. Therefore, for the period ending March 31, 2020, we did not see significant effects from the COVID-19 pandemic or economic slowdown.

"While we can't predict the full economic effects of COVID-19, I see several mitigating factors for our business," said David H. Anderson. "The onset of the pandemic coincided with the end of our heating season, and we expect volumes to continue declining naturally during the upcoming summer months as the heating load drops off. Second, we have a strong customer mix with about 87% of our utility margin coming from the residential and commercial sectors. In addition, a majority of our utility margin is decoupled and weather normalized. Finally, we work hard to ensure our product remains affordable. As a result of our commitment to efficient operations and the decline in natural gas prices, today our customers' natural gas bills are about 40% lower than they were 15 years ago."

While we are unable to predict with certainty the length, severity or impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic and economic disruptions on our business, at this time we are monitoring the following items: customer losses, bad debt expense, lower late charge and reconnection fee revenues, and regulatory recovery. We've applied for regulatory deferrals to recover COVID-19 related costs such as bad debt expense, lost revenues related to late fees and reconnection fees, and other COVID-19 related costs.

On April 20, 2020, the Oregon Governor in conjunction with the West Coast coalition of governors, issued a preliminary high-level framework for reopening the economy, which is expected to be finalized in early May. The framework outlines a phased approach to lifting restrictions after the state experiences a declining number of COVID-19 cases, adequate hospital capacity, robust testing and sufficient supplies of personal protective equipment among other things. In addition, the Washington Governor has begun easing restrictions. We'll closely monitor the timing of the reopening of the economies and their effects on our businesses.

The majority of our capital projects continue to move forward at this time. New home construction continues in Oregon, where approximately 90% of our natural gas customers are located. Construction in Washington temporarily halted from March 26, 2020 through April 24, 2020, but has now reopened in accordance with Governor Inslee's executive orders.

Given the evolving nature of the pandemic, we're continually monitoring our business operations and the larger trends and developments to take additional measures we believe are warranted to continue providing safe and reliable service to our customers and communities while protecting our employees.

Water Utilities and Acquisitions
NW Natural Holdings' subsidiary, NW Natural Water Company, LLC (NW Natural Water), closed four acquisitions to-date in 2020: the Suncadia water and wastewater utilities in Washington, the T&W water utility in Texas, and two smaller utilities in Idaho. NW Natural Water currently serves about 61,000 people through about 25,000 connections in the Pacific Northwest and Texas. One additional acquisition is pending in Idaho that serves approximately 300 connections near our existing water utility in Idaho Falls and is expected to close in 2020. NW Natural Water has invested approximately $110 million in the water sector to date.

The following financial comparisons are for the first quarter of 2020 and 2019 with individual year-over-year drivers below presented on an after-tax basis using a statutory tax rate of 26.5% unless otherwise noted. Non-GAAP financial measures exclude the effects of the regulatory pension disallowance in 2019 as these adjusted metrics provide a clearer view of operations, reflect how Management views financial results, and provide comparability to prior year results. See "Reconciliation to GAAP" for a detailed reconciliation of adjusted amounts.

Financial Implications of March 2019 Regulatory Order
In March 2019, NW Natural received a regulatory order from the Public Utility Commission of Oregon (OPUC) that outlined the recovery of a pension balancing deferral, a disallowance of a portion of this deferral, and the application of tax reform benefits.

NW Natural recognized a $10.5 million pre-tax (or $6.6 million after-tax) regulatory disallowance for amounts in the pension balancing account. This resulted in $3.9 million pre-tax ($2.8 million after-tax) of additional operations and maintenance expense, $6.6 million of pre-tax ($4.9 million after-tax) other expense, and an offsetting tax benefit of $3.9 million. In addition, as a result of beginning collections of the pension balancing account, $3.8 million of regulatory interest income ($2.8 million after-tax) was recognized related to the equity interest component of financing costs on the pension balancing account.

The order required the application of tax reform benefits to the pension balancing deferral account in March 2019, which resulted in the following offsetting adjustments with no material effect on net income:

  • $7.1 million pre-tax ($5.2 million after-tax) increase in margin;
  • $4.6 million pre-tax ($3.4 million after-tax) increase in operations and maintenance expense;
  • $7.9 million pre-tax ($5.8 million after-tax) increase in other expense; and
  • $4.3 million decrease in income tax expense with an additional tax benefit of $1.2 million recognized later in 2019.

NW Natural Holdings' first quarter results are summarized by business segment in the table below:

  Three Months Ended March 31,
  2020   2019   Change
In thousands, except per share data Amount Per Share   Amount Per Share   Amount Per Share
Net income from continuing operations:                
Natural Gas Distribution segment $ 47,943   $ 1.57     $ 41,206   $ 1.42     $ 6,737   $ 0.15  
Regulatory pension disallowance, net       6,588   0.23     (6,588 ) (0.23 )
Adjusted Natural Gas Distribution segment1 $ 47,943   $ 1.57     $ 47,794   $ 1.65     $ 149   $ (0.08 )
Other $ 333   $ 0.01     $ 2,212   $ 0.08     $ (1,879 ) $ (0.07 )
Consolidated $ 48,276   $ 1.58     $ 43,418   $ 1.50     $ 4,858   $ 0.08  
Adjusted Consolidated1 48,276   1.58     50,006   1.73     (1,730 ) (0.15 )
Diluted Shares   30,535       28,970       1,565  

1 The 2019 adjusted natural gas distribution segment and adjusted consolidated net income from continuing operations are non-GAAP financial measures and exclude the effects of a regulatory disallowance of NW Natural's pension balancing account of $10.5 million pre-tax (or $6.6 million after-tax). See "Reconciliation to GAAP" for additional information.

Natural Gas Distribution Segment
Natural Gas Distribution segment net income increased $6.7 million (or $0.15 per share). First quarter 2019 results include a $6.6 million non-cash after-tax regulatory disallowance of costs in NW Natural's pension balancing account. Excluding the effects of this disallowance, net income increased $0.1 million (or a decline of $0.08 per share) reflecting higher margin from new natural gas rates in Washington, customer growth, and revenues from the North Mist gas storage facility. Offsetting these revenues were higher depreciation expense and lower interest income from regulatory accounts. Earnings per share was affected by share issuances in June 2019.

Margin increased $1.1 million as higher rates in Washington, customer growth of 1.6% over the last 12 months, and the start of North Mist storage services, and gains from gas cost incentive sharing collectively contributed $8.6 million to margin. Partially offsetting this was a net detriment of $2.4 million related to 9% warmer than average weather in the first quarter of 2020, compared to 9% colder than average weather for the same period in 2019. Finally, as a result of the Oregon order related to pension as described above, margin decreased $5.2 million with no significant effect on net income as offsetting adjustments were recognized through expenses and income taxes.

Operations and maintenance expense decreased $3.2 million as a result of 2019 incorporating several nonrecurring items related to the Oregon pension order described above, specifically a $2.8 million expense related to the disallowance of costs in the pension balancing account and $3.4 million of costs that were recognized with no significant effect on net income due to offsetting adjustments in margin and income taxes. Excluding these pension expenses, operations and maintenance expense increased $3.0 million related to higher compensation and benefit costs as well as additional non-payroll expenses from contractor services.

Depreciation expense and general taxes increased $2.6 million related to higher property, plant, and equipment, including our North Mist gas storage facility.

Other income, net increased $7.3 million primarily due to several items related to the pension order in 2019 as described above including a $4.9 million expense related to the disallowance of costs in the pension balancing account, $5.8 million of costs that were offset with higher revenues and tax benefits, and $2.8 million of equity interest income recognized in 2019 when we began collecting deferred pension costs from customers. Excluding these items, other income declined $0.6 million primarily as a result of the completion of the North Mist expansion and recording lower AFUDC.

Tax expense reflected a $4.3 million detriment related to implementing the March 2019 order described above; however, as this offset higher expense, there was no significant resulting effect on net income.

Other net income decreased $1.9 million (or $0.07 per share) primarily reflecting lower asset management revenues.

During the first three months of 2020, the Company generated $102.9 million in operating cash flows and invested $57.4 million in utility capital expenditures and $37.9 million to acquire water and wastewater utilities. Net cash provided by financing activities was $460.0 million for the first three months of 2020 or an increase of $513.6 million compared to the same period in 2019 primarily due to several financings in March 2020 that strengthened our liquidity position as a precaution given COVID-19 effects.

NW Natural Holdings reaffirmed 2020 earnings guidance from continuing operations in the range of $2.25 to $2.45 per share and guided toward the lower end of the range due to potential implications from COVID-19. This guidance assumes continued customer growth, average weather conditions, and no significant changes in prevailing regulatory policies, mechanisms, or outcomes, or significant local, state or federal laws, legislation or regulations. The expected sale of Gill Ranch and the related gain, and any operating loss associated with it, are not included in this guidance range, as they are, and are expected to continue to be, reported as Discontinued Operations.

NW Natural Holdings' Board of Directors previously declared a quarterly dividend of 47.75 cents per share on NW Natural Holdings' common stock. The dividend is payable on May 15, 2020 to shareholders of record on April 30, 2020, reflecting an annual indicated dividend rate of $1.91 per share.

As previously announced, NW Natural Holdings will host a conference call and webcast today to discuss its first quarter 2020 financial and operating results.

Date and Time: Friday, May 8
8 a.m. PT (11 a.m. ET)
Phone Numbers: United States:  1-866-267-6789
Canada:  1-855-669-9657
International:  1-412-902-4110

The call will also be webcast in a listen-only format for the media and general public and can be accessed at A replay of the conference call will be available on our website and by dialing 1-877-344-7529 (U.S.), 1-855-669-9658 (Canada), and 1-412-317-0088 (international). The replay access code is 10141985.

Northwest Natural Holding Company, (NYSE:NWN) (NW Natural Holdings), is headquartered in Portland, Oregon, and through its subsidiaries has been doing business for over 160 years in the Pacific Northwest. It owns NW Natural Gas Company (NW Natural), NW Natural Water Company (NW Natural Water), and other business interests and activities.

NW Natural is a local distribution company that currently provides natural gas service to approximately 2.5 million people in more than 140 communities through more than 760,000 meters in Oregon and Southwest Washington with one of the most modern pipeline systems in the nation. NW Natural consistently leads the industry with high J.D. Power & Associates customer satisfaction scores.

NW Natural Holdings' subsidiaries own and operate 35 Bcf of underground gas storage capacity with NW Natural operating 20 Bcf in Oregon.

NW Natural Water provides water distribution and wastewater services to communities throughout the Pacific Northwest and Texas. NW Natural Water currently serves approximately 61,000 people through about 25,000 connections. Learn more about our water business at

Additional information is available at

Investor Contact:
Nikki Sparley
Phone: 503-721-2530

Media Contact:
Melissa Moore
Phone: 503-220-2436

Forward-Looking Statements
This report, and other presentations made by NW Holdings from time to time, may contain forward-looking statements within the meaning of the U.S. Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. Forward-looking statements can be identified by words such as "anticipates," "assumes," "intends," "plans," "seeks," "believes," "estimates," "expects" and similar references to future periods. Examples of forward-looking statements include, but are not limited to, statements regarding the following: plans, objectives, assumptions, estimates, timing, goals, strategies, future events, investments, capital expenditures, targeted capital structure, risks, risk profile, stability, acquisitions and timing, completion and integration thereof, dispositions and timing, completion and outcomes thereof, global, national and local economies, customer and business growth, customer satisfaction ratings, weather, customer rates or rate recovery, environmental remediation cost recoveries, the water utility strategy and financial effects of the related pending water acquisitions, operating plans of third parties, financial results, including estimated income, availability and sources of liquidity, expenses, positions, revenues, returns, timing, and earnings and earnings guidance, dividends, performance, timing, outcome, or effects of regulatory proceedings or mechanisms or approvals, regulatory prudence reviews, anticipated regulatory actions or filings, expectations, recovery of pension expense, accounting treatment of future events, effects of changes in laws or regulations, effects, extent, severity and duration of COVID-19 and resulting economic disruption, the impact of mitigating factors and other efforts to mitigate risks posed by its spread, ability of our workforce, customers or suppliers to operate or conduct business, COVID-19 expenses and cost recovery including through regulatory deferrals, impact on capital projects, governmental actions and timing thereof, including actions to reopen the economy, and other statements that are other than statements of historical facts.

Forward-looking statements are based on current expectations and assumptions regarding its business, the economy and other future conditions. Because forward-looking statements relate to the future, they are subject to inherent uncertainties, risks and changes in circumstances that are difficult to predict. Actual results may differ materially from those contemplated by the forward-looking statements. You are therefore cautioned against relying on any of these forward-looking statements. They are neither statements of historical fact nor guarantees or assurances of future operational, economic or financial performance. Important factors that could cause actual results to differ materially from those in the forward-looking statements are discussed by reference to the factors described in Part I, Item 1A "Risk Factors", and Part II, Item 7 and Item 7A "Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations" and "Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosure about Market Risk" in the most recent Annual Report on Form 10-K and in Part I, Items 2 and 3 "Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations" and "Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk", and Part II, Item 1A, "Risk Factors", in the quarterly reports filed thereafter.

All forward-looking statements made in this report and all subsequent forward-looking statements, whether written or oral and whether made by or on behalf of NW Holdings or NW Natural, are expressly qualified by these cautionary statements. Any forward-looking statement speaks only as of the date on which such statement is made, and NW Holdings and NW Natural undertake no obligation to publicly update any forward-looking statement, whether as a result of new information, future developments or otherwise, except as may be required by law. New factors emerge from time to time and it is not possible to predict all such factors, nor can it assess the impact of each such factor or the extent to which any factor, or combination of factors, may cause results to differ materially from those contained in any forward-looking statements.

Presentation of Non-GAAP Results
In addition to presenting the results of operations and earnings amounts in total, certain financial measures exclude the regulatory pension disallowance in 2019, which is a non-GAAP financial measure. The Company presents net income and EPS excluding this item along with the GAAP measures to illustrate the magnitude of this item on ongoing business and operational results. Although the excluded amount is properly included in the determination of this item under GAAP, the Company believes the amount and nature of such an item makes period-to-period comparisons of operations difficult or potentially confusing. Financial measures are expressed in cents per share as these amounts reflect factors that directly impact earnings, including income taxes. All references to EPS are on the basis of diluted shares. The Company uses such non-GAAP financial measures to analyze financial performance because the Company believes they provide useful information to investors and creditors in evaluating the Company's financial condition and results of operations.

Consolidated Income Statement and Financial Highlights (Unaudited)
First Quarter 2020
    Three Months Ended   Twelve Months Ended  
In thousands, except per share amounts, customer, and degree day data March 31,   March 31,  
2020   2019 Change 2020   2019 Change
Operating revenues $ 285,151     $ 285,348   —% $ 746,175     $ 727,856   3%
Operating expenses:          
  Cost of gas 108,538     105,457   3 257,992     252,870   2
  Operations and maintenance 48,921     51,482   (5) 175,630     168,657   4
  Environmental remediation 4,005     8,947   (55) 7,395     15,450   (52)
  General taxes 9,895     9,027   10 33,256     31,725   5
  Revenue taxes 11,743     11,926   (2) 30,142     29,579   2
  Depreciation and amortization 24,675     21,572   14 94,599     85,853   10
  Other operating expenses 928     892   4 3,286     3,266   1
  Total operating expenses 208,705     209,303   602,300     587,400   3
Income from operations 76,446     76,045   1 143,875     140,456   2
Other income (expense), net (3,575 )   (13,747 ) (74) (12,664 )   (16,514 ) (23)
Interest expense, net 10,468     10,205   3 42,948     37,990   13
Income before income taxes 62,403     52,093   20 88,263     85,952   3
Income tax expense 14,127     8,675   63 18,094     17,234   5
Net income from continuing operations 48,276     43,418   11 70,169     68,718   2
Loss from discontinued operations, net of tax (778 )   (217 ) 259 (4,137 )   (2,485 ) 66
Net income $ 47,498     $ 43,201   10 $ 66,032     $ 66,233  
Common shares outstanding:                
  Average diluted for period 30,535     28,970     29,451     28,904    
  End of period 30,528     28,962     30,528     28,962    
Per share of common stock information:                
Diluted earnings from continuing operations $ 1.58     $ 1.50     $ 2.38     $ 2.38    
Diluted loss from discontinued operations, net of tax (0.02 )   (0.01 )   (0.14 )   (0.09 )  
Diluted earnings 1.56     1.49     2.24     2.29    
Dividends paid per share 0.4775     0.4750     1.9050     1.8950    
Book value, end of period 29.64     27.42     29.54     27.42    
Market closing price, end of period 61.75     65.63     61.75     65.63    
Capital structure, end of period:                
  Common stock equity 37.5 %   46.5 %   37.5 %   46.5 %  
  Long-term debt 39.6     37.0     39.6 %   37.0 %  
  Short-term debt (including current maturities of long-term debt) 22.9     16.5     22.9 %   16.5 %  
  Total 100.0 %   100.0 %   100.0 %   100.0 %  
Natural Gas Distribution segment operating statistics:                
Meters - end of period 766,863     754,447   1.6% 766,863     754,447   1.6%
Volumes in therms:                
  Residential and commercial sales 286,872     318,103     703,116     701,247    
  Industrial sales and transportation 134,045     129,635     485,217     467,741    
Total volumes sold and delivered 420,917     447,738     1,188,333     1,168,988    
Operating revenues:                
  Residential and commercial sales $ 255,404     $ 251,118     $ 643,170     $ 627,316    
  Industrial sales and transportation 17,194     16,021     57,726     57,345    
  Other distribution revenues 963     11,844     2,154     16,802    
  Other regulated services 4,926     58     16,924     293    
Total operating revenues 278,487     279,041     719,974     701,756    
  Less: Cost of gas 108,595     105,513     258,217     253,092    
  Less: Environmental remediation expense 4,005     8,947     7,395     15,450    
  Less: Revenue taxes 11,743     11,926     30,142     29,579    
Margin, net $ 154,144     $ 152,655     $ 424,220     $ 403,635    
Degree days:                
  Average (25-year average) 1,342     1,329     2,723     2,727    
  Actual 1,215     1,450   (16)% 2,474     2,540   (3)%
Percent colder (warmer) than average weather (9 )%   9 %   (9 )%   (7 )%  
  NM = Not Meaningful calculation                

Consolidated Balance Sheets (Unaudited) March 31,
In thousands 2020   2019
Current assets:      
Cash and cash equivalents $ 471,079     $ 12,817  
Accounts receivable 78,083     93,617  
Accrued unbilled revenue 41,871     36,147  
Allowance for uncollectible accounts (1,335 )   (1,301 )
Regulatory assets 37,815     46,317  
Derivative instruments 2,257     7,890  
Inventories 34,390     19,540  
Gas reserves 14,351     16,157  
Income taxes receivable     6,000  
Other current assets 26,460     20,293  
Discontinued operations current assets 15,296     14,632  
Total current assets 720,267     272,109  
Non-current assets:      
Property, plant, and equipment 3,551,065     3,439,460  
Less: Accumulated depreciation 1,050,850     1,005,117  
Total property, plant, and equipment, net 2,500,215     2,434,343  
Gas reserves 45,234     61,907  
Regulatory assets 328,024     327,194  
Derivative instruments 2,451     541  
Other investments 61,928     63,829  
Operating lease right of use asset 79,522     6,163  
Assets under sales-type leases 146,937     990  
Goodwill 69,220     8,954  
Other non-current assets 47,729     15,087  
Total non-current assets 3,281,260     2,919,008  
Total assets $ 4,001,527     $ 3,191,117  
Liabilities and equity:      
Current liabilities:      
Short-term debt $ 550,000     $ 176,391  
Current maturities of long-term debt 202     104,158  
Accounts payable 86,766     103,207  
Taxes accrued 23,837     11,004  
Interest accrued 9,396     9,233  
Regulatory liabilities 47,137     46,770  
Derivative instruments 5,036     2,845  
Operating lease liabilities 1,071     4,656  
Other current liabilities 62,624     54,543  
Discontinued operations current liabilities 12,801     13,282  
Total current liabilities 798,870     526,089  
Long-term debt 953,962     632,484  
Deferred credits and other non-current liabilities:      
Deferred tax liabilities 300,168     293,662  
Regulatory liabilities 623,219     600,698  
Pension and other postretirement benefit liabilities 224,490     220,732  
Derivative instruments 939     1,161  
Operating lease liabilities 79,105     1,495  
Other non-current liabilities 119,033     120,569  
Total deferred credits and other non-current liabilities 1,346,954     1,238,317  
Common stock 561,264     459,932  
Retained earnings 351,050     342,734  
Accumulated other comprehensive loss (10,573 )   (8,439 )
Total equity 901,741     794,227  
Total liabilities and equity $ 4,001,527     $ 3,191,117  

Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows (Unaudited) Three Months Ended March 31,
In thousands 2020   2019
Operating activities:      
Net income $ 47,498     $ 43,201  
Adjustments to reconcile net income to cash provided by operations:      
Depreciation and amortization 24,675     21,572  
Regulatory amortization of gas reserves 4,087     4,780  
Deferred income taxes (3,422 )   6,306  
Qualified defined benefit pension plan expense 4,446     3,499  
Contributions to qualified defined benefit pension plans (3,160 )   (1,490 )
Deferred environmental expenditures, net (3,981 )   (3,685 )
Amortization of environmental remediation 4,005     8,947  
Regulatory revenue recovery deferral from TCJA     450  
Regulatory disallowance of pension costs     10,500  
Other 6,499     3,171  
Changes in assets and liabilities:      
Receivables, net 4,845     (4,891 )
Inventories 9,571     21,108  
Income and other taxes 21,911     7,406  
Accounts payable (23,430 )   (14,883 )
Interest accrued 1,945     1,927  
Deferred gas costs 8,239     (19,182 )
Decoupling mechanism 6,137     7,903  
Other, net (6,626 )   8,894  
Discontinued operations (376 )   (739 )
Cash provided by operating activities 102,863     104,794  
Investing activities:      
Capital expenditures (57,446 )   (48,764 )
Acquisitions, net of cash acquired (37,883 )    
Leasehold improvement expenditures (6,176 )   (940 )
Other 919     (1,051 )
Discontinued operations (694 )   (301 )
Cash used in investing activities (101,280 )   (51,056 )
Financing activities:      
Proceeds from stock options exercised 68     1,546  
Long-term debt issued 150,000      
Long-term debt retired (75,000 )    
Proceeds from term loan due within one year 150,000      
Change in short-term debt 250,900     (41,229 )
Cash dividend payments on common stock (13,834 )   (12,935 )
Other (2,137 )   (936 )
Cash provided by (used in) financing activities 459,997     (53,554 )
Increase in cash and cash equivalents 461,580     184  
Cash and cash equivalents, beginning of period 9,648     12,633  
Cash and cash equivalents, end of period $ 471,228     $ 12,817  
Supplemental disclosure of cash flow information:      
Interest paid, net of capitalization $ 8,368     $ 7,976  
Income taxes paid (refunded), net (256 )   (90 )

Reconciliation to GAAP (Unaudited)
First Quarter 2020
  Three Months Ended March 31,
  2020   2019
In thousands, except per share data Amount Per
  Amount Per
GAAP net income from continuing operations $ 48,276   $ 1.58     $ 43,418   $ 1.50  
Regulatory pension disallowance       10,500   0.36  
Income tax effect of regulatory disallowance1       (3,912 ) (0.13 )
Adjusted net income from continuing operations $ 48,276   $ 1.58     $ 50,006   $ 1.73  
Diluted shares   30,535       28,970  
GAAP net income $ 47,943   $ 1.57     $ 41,206   $ 1.42  
Regulatory pension disallowance       10,500   0.36  
Income tax effect of regulatory disallowance1       (3,912 ) (0.13 )
Adjusted net income $ 47,943   $ 1.57     $ 47,794   $ 1.65  

1 Regulatory disallowance related to the pension balancing account was recognized in the first quarter of 2019. Tax effect of adjustment was calculated using a combined federal and state statutory rate of 26.5% and reducing the disallowance by a $1.1 million deferred taxes specifically associated with the pension balancing account.

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