Market Overview

LKQ Corporation Announces Results for First Quarter 2018

Share:
  • Revenue growth of 16.1% to $2.72 billion
  • Organic revenue growth for parts and services of 3.7%
  • Growth of net income from continuing operations attributable to LKQ stockholders of 9% to $153 million
  • First quarter 2018 diluted EPS from continuing operations attributable to LKQ stockholders of $0.49; adjusted diluted EPS of $0.55
  • 2018 annual earnings guidance updated

CHICAGO, April 26, 2018 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) -- LKQ Corporation (NASDAQ:LKQ) today reported record revenue for the first quarter of 2018 of $2.72 billion, an increase of 16.1% as compared to $2.34 billion in the first quarter of 2017. For the first quarter, parts and services organic revenue growth was 3.7% and acquisition revenue growth was 6.6%, while the impact of exchange rates was 5.4%, for total parts and services revenue growth of 15.7%.

Net income from continuing operations attributable to LKQ stockholders for the first quarter of 2018 was $153 million, an increase of 9% as compared to $141 million for the same period of 2017. On an adjusted basis, net income from continuing operations attributable to LKQ stockholders was $170 million, an increase of 11% as compared to the $153 million for the same period of 2017. Diluted earnings per share from continuing operations attributable to LKQ stockholders for the first quarter of 2018 was $0.49, an increase of 9% as compared to the $0.45 for the same period of 2017. On an adjusted basis, diluted earnings per share from continuing operations attributable to LKQ stockholders for the first quarter of 2018 was $0.55, an increase of 12% as compared to the $0.49 for the same period of 2017. Dominick Zarcone, President and Chief Executive Officer of LKQ Corporation, stated, "I am very pleased with the 6.5% organic parts and services growth in our North America segment. Although we faced a few revenue headwinds in Europe and our Specialty business and experienced certain near-term cost pressures in the quarter, we are actively addressing the issues and I am confident that we have solid plans to quickly return to our historical levels of growth and profitability."

Balance Sheet and Liquidity

Cash flow from operations totaled $145 million during the first quarter of 2018, and the Company invested approximately $62 million in capital expenditures and other long term assets for continuing operations. As of March 31, 2018, LKQ's balance sheet reflected cash and equivalents of $246 million and outstanding debt of $3.3 billion. Total availability under the Company's credit facilities at March 31, 2018 was approximately $1.5 billion.

Other Events

On March 22, 2018, the Company priced an offering of €1.0 billion in aggregate principal amount of senior notes. The offering consisted of €750 million 3.625% senior notes due 2026 (the "2026 notes") and €250 million 4.125% senior notes due 2028 (the "2028 notes" and, together with the 2026 notes, the "notes"). LKQ European Holdings B.V. will pay interest on the notes semi-annually on April 1 and October 1 of each year, commencing on October 1, 2018. The 2026 notes will mature on April 1, 2026, and the 2028 notes will mature on April 1, 2028. The notes are fully and unconditionally guaranteed by LKQ Corporation and each of its domestic wholly-owned subsidiaries that are guarantors under its senior secured credit facility. The Company intends to use the net proceeds from the offering, together with borrowings under its senior secured credit facility, (i) to finance a portion of the consideration payable for the pending Stahlgruber GmbH acquisition, (ii) for general corporate purposes and (iii) to pay related fees and expenses, including the refinancing of net financial debt. The note offering closed on April 9, 2018.

During the first quarter of 2018, LKQ acquired an aftermarket radiator and related products distributor in Tennessee. Also in the first quarter, LKQ's European operations opened one branch in Western Europe and four branches in Eastern Europe.

Company Outlook

The Company updated its guidance for 2018.

  Updated Guidance Prior Guidance
Organic revenue growth for parts & services 4.0% to 5.5% 4.0% to 6.0%
Net income from continuing operations attributable to LKQ stockholders $611 million to $641 million $646 million to $676 million
Adjusted net income from continuing operations attributable to LKQ stockholders* $685 million to $715 million $720 million to $750 million
Diluted EPS from continuing operations attributable to LKQ stockholders $1.96 to $2.06 $2.07 to $2.16
Adjusted diluted EPS from continuing operations attributable to LKQ stockholders* $2.20 to $2.30 $2.30 to $2.40
Cash flows from operations $625 million to $675 million $650 million to $700 million
Capital expenditures $235 million to $265 million $250 million to $280 million

*Non-GAAP measures. See the table accompanying this release that reconciles the forecasted U.S. GAAP measures to the forecasted adjusted measures, which are non-GAAP.

Our guidance for 2018 is based on current market conditions and does not include any results for the pending Stahlgruber acquisition. Changes in these conditions may impact our ability to achieve the guidance.  We will update guidance for the balance of the year once the Stahlgruber transaction closes. Adjusted figures exclude (to the extent applicable) the impact of restructuring and acquisition related expenses; amortization expense related to acquired intangibles; excess tax benefits and deficiencies from stock-based payments; adjustments to the estimated tax reform provisions booked in 2017; losses on debt extinguishment; and gains and losses related to acquisitions or divestitures (including changes in the fair value of contingent consideration liabilities).

Conference Call Details

LKQ will host a conference call and webcast on April 26, 2018 at 10:00 a.m. Eastern Time (9:00 a.m. Central Time) with members of senior management to discuss the Company's results. To access the investor conference call, please dial (866) 393-4306. International access to the call may be obtained by dialing (734) 385-2616. The investor conference call will require you to enter conference ID: 2799888#.

Webcast and Presentation Details

The audio webcast and accompanying slide presentation can be accessed at (www.lkqcorp.com) in the Investor Relations section.

A replay of the conference call will be available by telephone at (800) 585-8367 or (404) 537-3406 for international calls. The telephone replay will require you to enter conference ID: 2799888 #. An online replay of the audio webcast will be available on the Company's website. Both formats of replay will be available through May 10, 2018. Please allow approximately two hours after the live presentation before attempting to access the replay.

About LKQ Corporation

LKQ Corporation (www.lkqcorp.com) is a leading provider of alternative and specialty parts to repair and accessorize automobiles and other vehicles. LKQ has operations in North America, Europe and Taiwan. LKQ offers its customers a broad range of replacement systems, components, equipment and parts to repair and accessorize automobiles, trucks, and recreational and performance vehicles.

Forward Looking Statements

Statements and information in this press release that are not historical are forward-looking statements within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995 and are made pursuant to the "safe harbor" provisions of such Act.

Forward-looking statements include, but are not limited to, statements regarding our outlook, guidance, expectations, beliefs, hopes, intentions and strategies. These statements are subject to a number of risks, uncertainties, assumptions and other factors including those identified below.  All forward-looking statements are based on information available to us at the time the statements are made. We undertake no obligation to update any forward-looking statements, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise, except as required by law.

You should not place undue reliance on our forward-looking statements. Actual events or results may differ materially from those expressed or implied in the forward-looking statements. The risks, uncertainties, assumptions and other factors that could cause actual results to differ from the results predicted or implied by our forward-looking statements include the factors set forth below, and other factors discussed in our filings with the SEC, including those disclosed under the captions "Risk Factors" and "Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations" in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2017 and in our subsequent Quarterly Reports on Form 10-Q. These reports are available on our investor relations website at lkqcorp.com and on the SEC website at sec.gov.

These factors include the following (not necessarily in order of importance):

  • changes in economic and political activity in the U.S. and other countries in which we are located or do business, including the U.K. withdrawal from the European Union, and the impact of these changes on our businesses, the demand for our products and our ability to obtain financing for operations;
  • increasing competition in the automotive parts industry (including the potential competitive advantage of OEMs with "connected car" technology);
  • fluctuations in the pricing of new OEM replacement products;
  • changes in the level of acceptance and promotion of alternative automotive parts by insurance companies and auto repairers;
  • changes to our business relationships with insurance companies or changes by insurance companies to their business practices relating to the use of our products;
  • our ability to identify sufficient acquisition candidates at reasonable prices to maintain our growth objectives;
  • our ability to integrate, realize expected synergies, and successfully operate acquired companies and any companies acquired in the future, and the risks associated with these companies;
  • the implementation of a border tax or tariff on imports and the negative impact on our business due to the amount of inventory we import;
  • restrictions or prohibitions on selling certain aftermarket products to the extent OEMs seek and obtain more design patents than they have in the past and are successful in asserting infringement of these patents and defending their validity;
  • variations in the number of vehicles manufactured and sold, vehicle accident rates, miles driven, and the age profile of vehicles in accidents;
  • the increase of accident avoidance systems being installed in vehicles;
  • the potential loss of sales of certain mechanical parts due to the rise of electric vehicle sales;
  • fluctuations in the prices of fuel, scrap metal and other commodities;
  • changes in laws or regulations affecting our business;
  • higher costs and the resulting potential inability to service our customers to the extent that our suppliers decide to discontinue business relationships with us;
  • price increases, interruptions or disruptions to the supply of vehicles or vehicle parts from aftermarket suppliers and from salvage auctions;
  • changes in the demand for our products and the supply of our inventory due to severity of weather and seasonality of weather patterns;
  • the risks associated with operating in foreign jurisdictions, including foreign laws and economic and political instabilities;
  • declines in the values of our assets;
  • additional unionization efforts, new collective bargaining agreements, and work stoppages;
  • our ability to develop and implement the operational and financial systems needed to manage our operations;
  • interruptions, outages or breaches of our operational systems, security systems, or infrastructure as a result of attacks on, or malfunctions of, our systems;
  • costs of complying with laws relating to the security of personal information;
  • product liability claims by the end users of our products or claims by other parties who we have promised to indemnify for product liability matters;
  • costs associated with recalls of the products we sell;
  • potential losses of our right to operate at key locations if we are not able to negotiate lease renewals;
  • inaccuracies in the data relating to our industry published by independent sources upon which we rely;
  • currency fluctuations in the U.S. dollar, pound sterling and euro versus other currencies;
  • our ability to obtain financing on acceptable terms to finance our growth;
  • our ability to satisfy our debt obligations and to operate within the limitations imposed by financing arrangements; and
  • changes to applicable U.S. and foreign tax laws, changes to interpretations of tax laws, and changes of our mix of earnings among the jurisdictions in which we operate.

Contact:
Joseph P. Boutross- Vice President, Investor Relations, LKQ Corporation
(312) 621-2793
jpboutross@lkqcorp.com


   
LKQ CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
Unaudited Condensed Consolidated
Statements of Income, with Supplementary Data
(In thousands, except per share data)
   
  Three Months Ended March 31,
  2018   2017        
      % of
Revenue (1)
      % of
Revenue (1)
  $ Change   % Change
Revenue $ 2,720,764     100.0 %   $ 2,342,843     100.0 %   $ 377,921     16.1 %
Cost of goods sold 1,666,793     61.3 %   1,412,750     60.3 %   254,043     18.0 %
Gross margin 1,053,971     38.7 %   930,093     39.7 %   123,878     13.3 %
Selling, general and administrative expenses (2) 766,891     28.2 %   642,817     27.4 %   124,074     19.3 %
Restructuring and acquisition related expenses 4,054     0.1 %   2,928     0.1 %   1,126     38.5 %
Depreciation and amortization 56,458     2.1 %   48,656     2.1 %   7,802     16.0 %
Operating income 226,568     8.3 %   235,692     10.1 %   (9,124 )   (3.9 %)
Other expense (income):                      
Interest expense, net 28,515     1.0 %   23,988     1.0 %   4,527     18.9 %
Other income, net (2,882 )   (0.1 %)   (1,046 )   (0.0 %)   (1,836 )   n/m  
Total other expense, net 25,633     0.9 %   22,942     1.0 %   2,691     11.7 %
Income from continuing operations before provision for income taxes 200,935     7.4 %   212,750     9.1 %   (11,815 )   (5.6 %)
Provision for income taxes 49,584     1.8 %   72,155     3.1 %   (22,571 )   (31.3 %)
Equity in earnings of unconsolidated subsidiaries 1,412     0.1 %   214     0.0 %   1,198     n/m  
Income from continuing operations 152,763     5.6 %   140,809     6.0 %   11,954     8.5 %
Net loss from discontinued operations     0.0 %   (4,531 )   (0.2 %)   4,531     (100.0 %)
Net income 152,763     5.6 %   136,278     5.8 %   16,485     12.1 %
Less: net loss attributable to noncontrolling interest (197 )   (0.0 %)       0.0 %   (197 )   n/m  
Net income attributable to LKQ stockholders $ 152,960     5.6 %   $ 136,278     5.8 %   $ 16,682     12.2 %
                       
Basic earnings per share(3):                      
Income from continuing operations $ 0.49         $ 0.46         $ 0.03     6.5 %
Net loss from discontinued operations         (0.01 )       0.01     (100.0 %)
      Net income 0.49         0.44         0.05     11.4 %
Less: net loss attributable to noncontrolling interest (0.00 )               (0.00 )   n/m  
     Net income attributable to LKQ stockholders $ 0.49         $ 0.44         $ 0.05     11.4 %
                       
Diluted earnings per share(3):                      
Income from continuing operations $ 0.49         $ 0.45         $ 0.04     8.9 %
Net loss from discontinued operations         (0.01 )       0.01     (100.0 %)
     Net income 0.49         0.44         0.05     11.4 %
Less: net loss attributable to noncontrolling interest (0.00 )               (0.00 )   n/m
     Net income attributable to LKQ stockholders $ 0.49         $ 0.44         $ 0.05     11.4 %
                       
Weighted average common shares outstanding:                      
Basic 309,517         308,028         1,489     0.5 %
Diluted 311,347         310,300         1,047     0.3 %
                       
(1) The sum of the individual percentage of revenue components may not equal the total due to rounding.
(2) Selling, general and administrative expenses contain facility and warehouses expenses and distribution expenses that were previously shown separately.
(3) The sum of the individual earnings per share amounts may not equal the total due to rounding.
 


       
LKQ CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets
(In thousands, except share and per share data)
       
  March 31,
 2018
  December 31,
 2017
Assets      
Current assets:      
Cash and cash equivalents 245,679     279,766  
Receivables, net 1,211,788     1,027,106  
Inventories 2,401,309     2,380,783  
Prepaid expenses and other current assets 180,367     134,479  
      Total current assets 4,039,143     3,822,134  
Property, plant and equipment, net 929,756     913,089  
Intangible assets:      
Goodwill 3,572,198     3,536,511  
Other intangibles, net 740,804     743,769  
Equity method investments 208,210     208,404  
Other assets 146,067     142,965  
     Total assets $ 9,636,178     $ 9,366,872  
Liabilities and Stockholders' Equity      
Current liabilities:      
Accounts payable $ 812,661     $ 788,613  
Accrued expenses:      
     Accrued payroll-related liabilities 112,140     143,424  
     Other accrued expenses 267,364     218,600  
     Refund liability 99,179      
Other current liabilities 41,167     45,727  
Current portion of long-term obligations 142,277     126,360  
         Total current liabilities 1,474,788     1,322,724  
Long-term obligations, excluding current portion 3,170,788     3,277,620  
Deferred income taxes 242,226     252,359  
Other noncurrent liabilities 329,395     307,516  
Commitments and contingencies      
Stockholders' equity:      
Common stock, $0.01 par value, 1,000,000,000 shares authorized, 309,630,976 and 309,126,386 shares issued and outstanding at March 31, 2018 and December 31, 2017, respectively 3,096     3,091  
Additional paid-in capital 1,146,391     1,141,451  
Retained earnings 3,271,718     3,124,103  
Accumulated other comprehensive loss (14,618 )   (70,476 )
     Total Company stockholders' equity 4,406,587     4,198,169  
Noncontrolling interest 12,394     8,484  
         Total stockholders' equity 4,418,981     4,206,653  
         Total liabilities and stockholders' equity $ 9,636,178     $ 9,366,872  
               


   
LKQ CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows
(In thousands)
   
  Three Months Ended
  March 31,
  2018   2017
CASH FLOWS FROM OPERATING ACTIVITIES:      
Net income $ 152,763     $ 136,278  
Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities:      
      Depreciation and amortization 61,066     50,604  
     Stock-based compensation expense 5,982     7,285  
     Loss on sale of business     8,580  
     Other (3,134 )   1,343  
     Changes in operating assets and liabilities, net of effects from acquisitions and dispositions:      
         Receivables, net (130,520 )   (108,893 )
         Inventories 5,016     (745 )
         Prepaid income taxes/income taxes payable 37,362     61,064  
         Accounts payable 23,924     24,449  
         Other operating assets and liabilities (7,296 )   (7,672 )
             Net cash provided by operating activities 145,163     172,293  
CASH FLOWS FROM INVESTING ACTIVITIES:      
Purchases of property, plant and equipment (62,189 )   (44,398 )
Acquisitions, net of cash acquired (2,966 )   (77,056 )
Proceeds from disposals of business/investment     301,297  
Other investing activities, net 534     1,314  
     Net cash (used in) provided by investing activities (64,621 )   181,157  
CASH FLOWS FROM FINANCING ACTIVITIES:      
Proceeds from exercise of stock options 2,255     2,464  
Taxes paid related to net share settlements of stock-based compensation awards (3,292 )   (3,644 )
Debt issuance costs (724 )    
Borrowings under revolving credit facilities 201,669     45,239  
Repayments under revolving credit facilities (321,525 )   (389,313 )
Repayments under term loans (4,405 )   (9,295 )
Repayments under receivables securitization facility     (150 )
Borrowings of other debt, net 4,409     23,313  
Other financing activities, net 4,107     5,000  
     Net cash used in financing activities (117,506 )   (326,386 )
Effect of exchange rate changes on cash and cash equivalents 2,877     3,034  
Net (decrease) increase in cash and cash equivalents (34,087 )   30,098  
Cash and cash equivalents of continuing operations, beginning of period 279,766     227,400  
Add: Cash and cash equivalents of discontinued operations, beginning of period     7,116  
Cash and cash equivalents of continuing and discontinued operations, beginning of period 279,766     234,516  
Cash and cash equivalents, end of period $ 245,679     $ 264,614  
               


The following unaudited tables compare certain third party revenue categories:

  Three Months Ended    
  March 31,    
  2018   2017   $ Change   % Change
  (In thousands)        
Included in Unaudited Condensed Consolidated              
Statements of Income of LKQ Corporation              
North America $ 1,172,585     $ 1,079,875     $ 92,710     8.6 %
Europe 1,037,046     819,167     217,879     26.6 %
Specialty 350,674     313,899     36,775     11.7 %
Parts and services 2,560,305     2,212,941     347,364     15.7 %
Other 160,459     129,902     30,557     23.5 %
  Total $ 2,720,764     $ 2,342,843     $ 377,921     16.1 %
                             

Revenue changes by category for the three months ended March 31, 2018 vs. 2017:

  Revenue Change Attributable to:    
  Organic   Acquisition   Foreign
Exchange
  Total Change (1)
North America 6.5 %   1.8 %   0.3 %   8.6 %
Europe 1.2 %   11.3 %   14.1 %   26.6 %
Specialty 0.3 %   11.0 %   0.4 %   11.7 %
Parts and services 3.7 %   6.6 %   5.4 %   15.7 %
Other 22.4 %   0.9 %   0.2 %   23.5 %
  Total 4.7 %   6.3 %   5.1 %   16.1 %

(1) The sum of the individual revenue change components may not equal the total percentage change due to rounding.


The following unaudited table reconciles consolidated revenue growth for parts & services to constant currency revenue growth for the same measure:

    Three Months Ended
    March 31, 2018
    Consolidated   Europe
Parts & Services        
Revenue growth as reported   15.7 %   26.6 %
Less: Currency impact   5.4 %   14.1 %
Revenue growth at constant currency   10.3 %   12.5 %
             

We have presented the growth of our revenue on both an as reported and a constant currency basis. The constant currency presentation, which is a non-GAAP financial measure, excludes the impact of fluctuations in foreign currency exchange rates. We believe providing constant currency revenue information provides valuable supplemental information regarding our growth, consistent with how we evaluate our performance, as this statistic removes the translation impact of exchange rate fluctuations, which are outside of our control and do not reflect our operational performance. Constant currency revenue results are calculated by translating prior year revenue in local currency using the current year's currency conversion rate. This non-GAAP financial measure has limitations as an analytical tool and should not be considered in isolation or as a substitute for an analysis of our results as reported under GAAP. Our use of this term may vary from the use of similarly-titled measures by other issuers due to the potential inconsistencies in the method of calculation and differences due to items subject to interpretation. In addition, not all companies that report revenue growth on a constant currency basis calculate such measure in the same manner as we do and, accordingly, our calculations are not necessarily comparable to similarly-named measures of other companies and may not be appropriate measures for performance relative to other companies.


The following unaudited table compares revenue and Segment EBITDA by reportable segment:

  Three Months Ended
  March 31,
  2018   2017
(In thousands)   % of
Revenue
    % of
Revenue
Revenue          
North America $ 1,329,843       $ 1,208,240    
Europe 1,040,430       820,897    
Specialty 351,792       314,934    
Eliminations (1,301 )     (1,228 )  
Total revenue $ 2,720,764       $ 2,342,843    
Segment EBITDA          
North America $ 177,713   13.4 %   $ 176,135   14.6 %
Europe 75,534   7.3 %   78,694   9.6 %
Specialty 41,969   11.9 %   35,441   11.3 %
Total Segment EBITDA $ 295,216   10.9 %   $ 290,270   12.4 %
 

We have presented Segment EBITDA solely as a supplemental disclosure that offers investors, securities analysts and other interested parties useful information to evaluate our segment profit and loss. We calculate Segment EBITDA as EBITDA excluding restructuring and acquisition related expenses, change in fair value of contingent consideration liabilities, other acquisition related gains and losses and equity in earnings of unconsolidated subsidiaries. EBITDA, which is the basis for Segment EBITDA, is calculated as net income excluding noncontrolling interest, discontinued operations, depreciation, amortization, interest and income tax expense. Our chief operating decision maker, who is our Chief Executive Officer, uses Segment EBITDA as the key measure of our segment profit or loss. We use Segment EBITDA to compare profitability among our segments and evaluate business strategies. We also consider Segment EBITDA to be a useful financial measure in evaluating our operating performance, as it provides investors, securities analysts and other interested parties with supplemental information regarding the underlying trends in our ongoing operations. Segment EBITDA includes revenue and expenses that are controllable by the segment. Corporate and administrative expenses are allocated to the segments based on usage, with shared expenses apportioned based on the segment's percentage of consolidated revenue.


The following unaudited table reconciles Net Income to EBITDA and Segment EBITDA:

  Three Months Ended
  March 31,
  2018   2017
(In thousands)

 
 
Net income $ 152,763     $ 136,278  
Less: net loss attributable to noncontrolling interest (197 )    
Net income attributable to LKQ stockholders 152,960     136,278  
Subtract:      
Net loss from discontinued operations     (4,531 )
Net income from continuing operations attributable to LKQ stockholders 152,960     140,809  
Add:      
Depreciation and amortization 56,458     48,656  
Depreciation and amortization - cost of goods sold 4,608     1,948  
Interest expense, net 28,515     23,988  
Provision for income taxes 49,584     72,155  
Earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation and amortization (EBITDA) 292,125     287,556  
Subtract:      
Equity in earnings of unconsolidated subsidiaries 1,412     214  
Add:      
Restructuring and acquisition related expenses 4,054     2,928  
Inventory step-up adjustment - acquisition related 403      
Change in fair value of contingent consideration liabilities 46      
Segment EBITDA $ 295,216     $ 290,270  
       
EBITDA as a percentage of revenue 10.7 %   12.3 %
       
Segment EBITDA as a percentage of revenue 10.9 %   12.4 %
           

We have presented EBITDA solely as a supplemental disclosure that offers investors, securities analysts and other interested parties useful information to evaluate our operating performance and the value of our business. We calculate EBITDA as net income excluding noncontrolling interest, discontinued operations, depreciation, amortization, interest and income tax expense. EBITDA provides insight into our profitability trends and allows management and investors to analyze our operating results with and without the impact of noncontrolling interest, discontinued operations, depreciation, amortization, interest and income tax expense. We believe EBITDA is used by investors, securities analysts and other interested parties in evaluating the operating performance and the value of other companies, many of which present EBITDA when reporting their results.

We have presented Segment EBITDA solely as a supplemental disclosure that offers investors, securities analysts and other interested parties useful information to evaluate our segment profit and loss and underlying trends in our ongoing operations. We calculate Segment EBITDA as EBITDA excluding restructuring and acquisition related expenses, change in fair value of contingent consideration liabilities, other acquisition related gains and losses and equity in earnings of unconsolidated subsidiaries. Our chief operating decision maker, who is our Chief Executive Officer, uses Segment EBITDA as the key measure of our segment profit or loss. We use Segment EBITDA to compare profitability among our segments and evaluate business strategies. Segment EBITDA includes revenue and expenses that are controllable by the segment. Corporate and administrative expenses are allocated to the segments based on usage, with shared expenses apportioned based on the segment's percentage of consolidated revenue.

EBITDA and Segment EBITDA should not be construed as alternatives to operating income, net income or net cash provided by (used in) operating activities, as determined in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States. In addition, not all companies that report EBITDA or Segment EBITDA information calculate EBITDA or Segment EBITDA in the same manner as we do and, accordingly, our calculations are not necessarily comparable to similarly named measures of other companies and may not be appropriate measures for performance relative to other companies.


The following unaudited table reconciles Net Income and Diluted Earnings per Share to Adjusted Net Income from Continuing Operations Attributable to LKQ Stockholders and Adjusted Diluted Earnings per Share from Continuing Operations Attributable to LKQ Stockholders, respectively:

  Three Months Ended
  March 31,
  2018   2017
(In thousands, except per share data)  
Net income $ 152,763     $ 136,278  
Less: net loss attributable to noncontrolling interest (197 )    
Net income attributable to LKQ stockholders 152,960     136,278  
Subtract:      
Net loss from discontinued operations     (4,531 )
Net income from continuing operations attributable to LKQ stockholders 152,960     140,809  
Adjustments - continuing operations attributable to LKQ stockholders:      
Amortization of acquired intangibles 22,262     21,300  
Restructuring and acquisition related expenses 4,054     2,928  
Inventory step-up adjustment - acquisition related 403      
Change in fair value of contingent consideration liabilities 46      
Excess tax benefit from stock-based payments (2,641 )   (3,256 )
Tax effect of adjustments (6,959 )   (8,540 )
Adjusted net income from continuing operations attributable to LKQ stockholders $ 170,125     $ 153,241  
       
Weighted average diluted common shares outstanding 311,347     310,300  
       
Diluted earnings per share from continuing operations attributable to LKQ stockholders:      
Reported $ 0.49     $ 0.45  
       
Adjusted $ 0.55     $ 0.49  
               

We have presented Adjusted Net Income and Adjusted Diluted Earnings per Share from Continuing Operations Attributable to LKQ Stockholders as we believe these measures are useful for evaluating the core operating performance of our continuing business across reporting periods and in analyzing the company's historical operating results. We define Adjusted Net Income and Adjusted Diluted Earnings per Share from Continuing Operations Attributable to LKQ Stockholders as Net Income and Diluted Earnings per Share adjusted to eliminate the impact of noncontrolling interest, discontinued operations, restructuring and acquisition related expenses, amortization expense related to acquired intangibles, the change in fair value of contingent consideration liabilities, other acquisition-related gains and losses, excess tax benefits and deficiencies from stock-based payments, adjustments to the estimated tax reform provisions recorded in 2017 and any tax effect of these adjustments. The tax effect of these adjustments is calculated using the effective tax rate for the applicable period or for certain discrete items the specific tax expense or benefit for the adjustment. These financial measures are used by management in its decision making and overall evaluation of operating performance of the company and are included in the metrics used to determine incentive compensation for our senior management. Adjusted Net Income and Adjusted Diluted Earnings per Share from Continuing Operations Attributable to LKQ Stockholders should not be construed as alternatives to Net Income or Diluted Earnings per Share as determined in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States. In addition, not all companies that report Adjusted Net Income and Adjusted Diluted Earnings per Share from Continuing Operations Attributable to LKQ Stockholders calculate such measures in the same manner as we do and, accordingly, our calculations are not necessarily comparable to similarly-named measures of other companies and may not be appropriate measures for performance relative to other companies.


The following unaudited table reconciles Forecasted Net Income and Diluted Earnings per Share from Continuing Operations Attributable to LKQ Stockholders to Forecasted Adjusted Net Income from Continuing Operations Attributable to LKQ Stockholders and Adjusted Diluted Earnings per Share from Continuing Operations Attributable to LKQ Stockholders, respectively:

  Forecasted
  Fiscal Year 2018
  Minimum
Guidance
  Maximum
Guidance
(In millions, except per share data)      
Net income from continuing operations attributable to LKQ stockholders $ 611     $ 641  
Adjustments:      
Amortization of acquired intangibles 100     100  
Restructuring and acquisition related expenses 4     4  
Excess tax benefit from stock-based payments (3 )   (3 )
Tax effect of adjustments (27 )   (27 )
Adjusted net income from continuing operations attributable to LKQ stockholders $ 685     $ 715  
       
Weighted average diluted common shares outstanding 312     312  
       
Diluted earnings per share from continuing operations attributable to LKQ stockholders:      
U.S. GAAP $ 1.96     $ 2.06  
Non-GAAP (Adjusted) $ 2.20     $ 2.30  
               

We have presented forecasted Adjusted Net Income and forecasted Adjusted Diluted Earnings per Share from Continuing Operations Attributable to LKQ Stockholders in our financial guidance. Refer to the discussion of Adjusted Net Income and Adjusted Diluted Earnings per Share from Continuing Operations Attributable to LKQ Stockholders for details on the calculation of these non-GAAP financial measures. In the calculation of forecasted Adjusted Net Income and forecasted Adjusted Diluted Earnings per Share from Continuing Operations Attributable to LKQ Stockholders, we included estimates of income from continuing operations attributable to LKQ stockholders, amortization of acquired intangibles for the full fiscal year 2018 and the related tax effect; we included for all other components the amounts incurred as of March 31, 2018.

 

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