Stock Indexes Move Lower Ahead of Key Consumer Data, More Fed Speakers

(Tuesday Market Open) Investors remained subdued Tuesday morning after a reality check from Federal Reserve speakers yesterday and rising anticipation ahead of a key U.S. inflation measure.

Major stock futures turned lower before the opening while oil and Treasuries rose slightly. The Cboe Volatility Index® (VIX) moved slightly above 22.

Perhaps many believe a harsher rate reality might be ahead—Fed Chairman Jerome Powell is scheduled to speak in Sweden this morning and, on Thursday, St. Louis Fed chief James Bullard is set to make a public appearance just ahead of the release of December’s Consumer Price Index (CPI). On Monday, two Fed chiefs indicated they anticipate rates to move above 5%, perhaps for an extended time, in the central bank’s fight against inflation (more below).

December CPI represents anotherimportant milepost on the way to the Federal Open Market Committee’s (FOMC) next rate announcement February 1. After slowing for the fifth straight month to an annual rate of 7.1% in November, the consensus for December’s headline figure is expected at 6.5%. Core CPIwhich omits more volatile price movements from food and energy—is expected to come in at an annual 5.7%.

Morning Rush

  • The 10-year Treasury yield (TNX) moved up to 3.591%
  • The U.S. Dollar Index ($DXY) gained 0.23% to 103.27
  • WTI Crude Oil (/CL) gained 0.31% to $74.88 per barrel.

Stocks on the Move

  • Oak Street Health OSH gained more than 33% premarket on a Bloomberg report that drugstore and pharmaceutical plan giant CVS Health CVS is considering buying the Chicago-based operator of primary care centers for patients on Medicare.
  • Coinbase COIN lost 1.59% before the open after announcing that it plans to cut 20% of its workers after an earlier round of cuts last year.
  • Boeing BA lost nearly 3% premarket after a downgrading from Morgan Stanley to equal weight from overweight.
  • Tesla TSLA retreated a fraction early Tuesday after losing ground on Monday, finishing up 5.935% at 119. 77. The electric vehicle maker helped the Nasdaq Composite® ($COMP) close higher.

Reviewing the Market Minutes

After a rocket-ship rally on Friday to celebrate a retreat in December wage growth, Monday’s Federal Reserve speakers took the fizz out of the party by revealing that interest rates could eventually move above 5% for a while. The S&P 500® (SPX) finished yesterday below the 3,900 mark, while the Russell 2000® (RUT) and $COMP made significant gains on the backs of Tesla (TSLA) and other technology leaders.

Mary Daly and Raphael Bostic, respective presidents of the San Francisco and Atlanta Federal Reserve Banks, indicated that the Fed shouldn’t loosen the reins on inflation just yet. Bostic said the Fed should move rates above 5% early in the second quarter and keep them there for “a long time,” according to Bloomberg.

Here’s how the major indexes performed Monday:

  • The Dow Jones Industrial Average® ($DJI) couldn’t hold on to Friday’s 700.53-point gain and lost 112.96 points, or 0.3%, to finish at 33,517.65.
  • The $COMP gained 66.36, or 0.63%, to close at 10,635.65.
  • The RUT advanced 3.11, or 0.17%, to end at 1,795.91.
  • The SPX lost 2.99, or 0.08%, to finish at 3,892.09.

Monday’s trading briefly built on the big headline in Friday’s Nonfarm Payrolls report—wage growth slowed in December. As slower wage growth generally means slower spending, Friday’s more than 700-point gain for the $DJI reflected enthusiasm that the Fed’s aggressive rate policy might finally be turning the ship around on 40-year high inflation. Today, the New York Fed’s monthly consumer expectations report (see below) provided a further jolt of good news—that consumers don’t anticipate inflation will continue to hold on at the same levels much longer.  

Unfortunately, Bostic and Daly had already added their perspectives and reset the ship’s coordinates for more rate hike and recession worries to finish the session.

Nevertheless, late Monday’s reading on the CME FedWatch Tool showed a nearly 80% chance of a 25-basis-point rate hike by the end of the central bank’s meeting on February 1. That measure has crept up from 67.7% a week ago. On Tuesday morning, that number fell slightly to 76.2%.

CHART OF THE DAY: GOLD OUTRUNS GREEN. Last Thursday, the U.S. Dollar Index ($DXY) jumped just above 105 on hotter-than-expected weekly initial jobless claims data. The greenback settled back below 2002 support after milder economic news in last Friday’s December jobs report and Monday’s New York Fed data showed consumers are less worried about inflation in the short term. Hawkish sentiment seems to be shriveling. So, where are investors going? Precious metals are one area. Gold finished yesterday up 0.35% at $1,876.60. Data sources: Cboe, S&P Dow Jones Indexes. Chart source: The thinkorswim platformFor illustrative purposes only. Past performance does not guarantee future results.

Three Things to Watch

Consumer Borrowing Edges Up: The Federal Reserve’s Consumer Credit report rose ahead of expectations, with revolving debt—including credit cards—up 16.9% in November, well ahead of October’s 10.3% gain. That’s the biggest jump in three months.

Yet Inflation Expectations Are Down: For the next year, consumers see inflation receding—but they might be hanging on to their wallets anyway. On Monday, the New York Fed’s latest monthly Survey of Consumer Expectations showed median short-term inflation expectations fell 0.2% to 5% in December compared to 5.2% the month before. The biggest price decreases happened in food, gas, college education, and rent. However, inflation’s recent shock might not fade away anytime soon—the survey reported that household spending expectations slid a full percentage point to 5.9%, the lowest level since January 2021.

Default Watch: In late December, credit rating firm TransUnion (TRU) predicted that more Americans will be late on their loan payments in 2023, with delinquency rates for credit cards and personal loans rising to levels not seen since 2010. Though credit health is generally high right now, TransUnion forecasted serious credit card delinquencies would rise from 2.10% near the end of 2022 to 2.6% at the end of 2023. Inflation will remain a culprit, but the company is also considering “unanticipated shocks” like a resurgence of COVID-19 and rising unemployment as potential factors that could drive loan delinquencies higher.

Notable Calendar Items

Jan. 10: November Wholesale Inventories and expected earnings from Albertson’s (ACI)

Jan. 11: Expected earnings from KB Home (KBH)

Jan. 12: December Consumer Price Index (CPI) and expected earnings from Delta (DAL) and Taiwan Semiconductor (TSM)

Jan. 13: January University of Michigan Consumer Sentiment and expected earnings from JP Morgan (JPM), Bank of America (BAC), Citigroup (C), and Wells Fargo (WFC)

Jan: 16: Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.’s birthday observance. Markets closed.

Jan. 17: January Empire State Manufacturing and expected earnings from Goldman Sachs (GS) and Morgan Stanley (MS)

Jan. 18: December Retail Sales and Producer Price Index (PPI)

Jan. 19: December Housing Starts and Building Permits, Philly Fed Manufacturing Index, and expected earnings from Procter & Gamble (PG), Netflix (NFLX), and American Express (AXP)

Jan. 20: Existing Home Sales and expected earnings from Schlumberger (SLB) and State Street (STT)


TD Ameritrade® commentary for educational purposes only. Member SIPC.


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