The Weed Strains That Made 420

This article was originally published on Weedmaps and appears here with permission.

420 is the single most recognizable thing about cannabis culture. And it wouldn't exist without a group of hooligans named the Waldos who got together at 4:20 pm every day to get stoned and go search for a secret patch of cannabis.

Recently, I hopped on a call with Waldo Dave Reddix and Waldo Jeff Noel to discuss the Waldos origin story, as well as some of their favorite strains during the early 1970s and 1980s.

The Waldos origin story

The Waldos are a group of five friends from Northern California. The members include Steve Capper, Dave Reddix, Jeffrey Noel, Larry Schwartz, and Mark Gravich, better known as Waldo Steve, Waldo Dave, Waldo Jeff, Waldo Larry, and Waldo Mark. They all met at San Rafael High School, and the "Waldos" nickname came from a wall they'd hang out by outside of the school.

In 1971, the Waldos were blessed with a treasure map from a Coast Guard member. Apparently, he had planted a hidden patch of weed somewhere in the woods but was abandoning it, so he handed them a map that was supposed to lead directly to it. Every day for weeks, the Waldos would get together at 4:20 pm in front of the Louis Pasteur statue to get high and head out for the search — hence the name.

Did they ever find that mythical patch of ganja? Nope. But in that time, they did invent one of the most important codes in cannabis culture: 420.

“We went out there daily for weeks and weeks," said Reddix. "We finally came to the conclusion that we're not going to find this. The map was so ambiguous, it really didn't give you any real clues to where this place was. We finally said, 'Hey, why don't we give up on this?' It was getting close to when the crop was going to need to be picked or it was going to go bad. We're not finding this, but we have found a new secret code that we can use in front of teachers, cops, family members, or whatever."

Curious about the weed they were smoking at the time, I asked the Waldos if they remembered the strains they were smoking over five decades ago.

These are the strains that made 420.

South American and Mexican strains

A lot of the weed that the Waldos smoked during the invention of 420 were South American and Mexican landrace strains. “There really weren't a lot of strains back then. Most of them were Mexican and South American," Reddix said.

“It was the location, not brands. Guerrero, Oaxaca, Jalisco, that's where the stuff actually came from. Nowadays, you see Purple Dream and Sugar Bears," Noel added.

Panama Red

By the late 1970s and early '80s, the Waldos told me that they started to get into strains that had actual names. Panama Red was one of the first named strains they smoked. It's a sativa cannabis strain that originated in Panama and has a citrus and earthy flavor profile. It's known to potentially produce an uplifting and euphoric type of high.

Find Panama Red strains

Acapulco Gold

“My favorite [strain] back then was probably Acapulco Gold," said Reddix. Acapulco Gold is a landrace strain that is native to Acapulco, Mexico. It is known for its pungent woody, earthy, and coffee-like flavor profile.

Smoke some Acapulco Gold and you might feel a mix of uplifting and creative effects, which makes it a great strain for daytime use.

Find Acapulco Gold strains

Colombian Gold

Colombian Gold is a location-named strain from the South that the Waldos were smoking. It's a landrace strain that grows in the Santa Marta Mountains of Colombia and is a sativa, like most of the cannabis strains from that part of the world.

Colombian Gold reeks of skunk, citrus, earth, and pine terpenes. The high is intended to make you feel happy, relaxed, and uplifted.

Find Columbian Gold strains

Maui Wowie

Eventually, more landrace strains were discovered and brought over to Northern California for cultivation. Hawaiian sativas and strains like Maui Wowie (or Maui Waui) started growing in popularity. “The first really potent weed was the Hawaiian strains," shared Noel.

Maui Wowie is a Hawaiian landrace strain born in Maui, Hawaii. It has a sweet, tropical terpene profile, and the effects tend to be very potent. It might have you feeling happy, relaxed, and uplifted. Waldo Dave and Waldo Jeff told me that it was one of the first strains that really packed a super punch.

Find Maui Wowie strains

Thai sticks

The Waldos were big fans of Thai sticks. Thai sticks are flower on a stick, wrapped in weed leaves, and tied together with a hemp string. They were made with Thai weed, which refers to landrace cultivars from Thailand.

Thai strains are thought to be pure sativas. The flowers usually kick out an earthy, spicy, and lemony type of terpene profile, while the effects most commonly make people feel uplifted, creative, and energetic. This is why strains with Thai genetics are often recommended for daytime use.

Posted In: 420cannabis strainscontributorsThe WaldosCannabisMarkets

Ad Disclosure: The rate information is obtained by Bankrate from the listed institutions. Bankrate cannot guaranty the accuracy or availability of any rates shown above. Institutions may have different rates on their own websites than those posted on The listings that appear on this page are from companies from which this website receives compensation, which may impact how, where, and in what order products appear. This table does not include all companies or all available products.

All rates are subject to change without notice and may vary depending on location. These quotes are from banks, thrifts, and credit unions, some of whom have paid for a link to their own Web site where you can find additional information. Those with a paid link are our Advertisers. Those without a paid link are listings we obtain to improve the consumer shopping experience and are not Advertisers. To receive the rate from an Advertiser, please identify yourself as a Bankrate customer. Bank and thrift deposits are insured by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corp. Credit union deposits are insured by the National Credit Union Administration.

Consumer Satisfaction: Bankrate attempts to verify the accuracy and availability of its Advertisers' terms through its quality assurance process and requires Advertisers to agree to our Terms and Conditions and to adhere to our Quality Control Program. If you believe that you have received an inaccurate quote or are otherwise not satisfied with the services provided to you by the institution you choose, please click here.

Rate collection and criteria: Click here for more information on rate collection and criteria.