The Carlyle Group LP was founded and incorporated in Washington, D.C. in 1987. The Company is a diversified multi-product alternative asset management firm. The Company provides advice on investment funds and other investment vehicles that invest across a range of industries, geographies, asset classes and investment strategies and seek to deliver attractive returns for its fund investors. The Company operates its business across four segments; Corporate Private Equity; Global Market Strategies; Real Assets; and Investment Solutions. The Corporate Private Equity segment established in 1990 with its U.S. buyout fund, advises buyout and growth capital funds, which pursue a variety of corporate investments of different sizes and growth potentials. It focuses on Buyout Funds and Growth Capital funds. Its Global Market Strategies segment established in 1999 with its high yield fund; focuses and advises a group on Structured Credit Funds, Distressed and Corporate Opportunities, Middle Market Finance, Energy Mezzanine Opportunities, Long/Short Credit, Emerging Market Equity and Macroeconomic Strategies and Commodities. The Real Assets segment, established in 1997 with its U.S. real estate fund, advises & focuses on Real Estate, Energy and Natural Resources. The Company's Investment Solutions segment operates through AlpInvest and its newly acquired businesses, Metropolitan and DGAM. The Investment Solutions platform comprises three core businesses: AlpInvest invests through Private Equity Fund Investments, Private Equity Co-Investments and Private Equity Secondary Investments vehicles; Metropolitan fund of funds vehicles make investment commitments directly to real estate focused portfolio funds; and DGAM builds and actively manages hedge fund portfolios on behalf of its institutional clients. The Company faces competition from regional and organizations for both investors and investment opportunities; also competes with sponsors of public and private investment funds across all of its segments. Within its Corporate Private Equity segment, it competes with business development companies and operating companies acting as strategic acquirers. In its Market Strategies segment, it competes with private credit strategies, hedge funds, business development companies, distressed debt funds, mezzanine funds and other CLO issuers. In Real Assets segment, competes with real estate development companies. In the Investment Solutions segment, it competes with other fund of funds managers and/or with advisers that are turning their business models towards discretionary investment advisory services. The Company is subject to extensive regulation in the United States and elsewhere.