Alcoa Inc was first incorporated as the Pittsburgh Reduction Company on October 1, 1888. The Company is engaged in manufacturing and engineering lightweight metals. Its products include aluminum, titanium, and nickel, used in aerospace, automotive, commercial transportation, packaging, building and construction, oil and gas, defense, consumer electronics, and industrial applications. The Company is also engaged in the production and management of aluminum, fabricated aluminum, and alumina combined, through its active participation in all aspects of the industry: technology, mining, refining, smelting, fabricating, and recycling. The Company operates approximately in 30 countries. It has investments and operating activities in, among others, Australia, Brazil, China, Guinea, Iceland, Russia, and Saudi Arabia. The Company operates in five segments including Alumina, Primary Metals, Global Rolled Products, Engineered Products and Solutions, and Transportation and Construction Solutions. The Alumina segment consists of a series of affiliated operating entities referred to as Alcoa World Alumina and Chemicals. The Company's Global Rolled Products segment represents its midstream operations. The Engineered Products and Solutions segment represents a portion of the Company's downstream operations. Its downstream portfolio includes two segments Engineered Products and Solutions and Transportation and Construction Solutions. The Engineered Products and Solutions consist of Alcoa Titanium & Engineered Products; Alcoa Fastening Systems & Rings; Alcoa Forgings and Extrusions; and Alcoa Power and Propulsion. The Company's Transportation and Construction Solutions segment represents a portion of its downstream operations. The raw materials used includes bauxite, alloying materials, caustic soda, alumina, electricity, aluminum fluoride, fuel oil, calcined petroleum coke, lime (CaO), cathode blocks, natural gas, electricity, liquid pitch, natural gas, titanium alloys, titanium sponge and resin. The Company's trademark products include Howmet metal castings, Huck fasteners, Kawneer building panels and Dura-Bright wheels with easy-clean surface treatments.