CSX Corp was incorporated in 1978 under Virginia law. In 1980, the Company completed the merger of the Chessie System and Seaboard Coast Line Industries. The merger allowed the Company to connect northern population centers and Appalachian coal fields to growing southeastern markets. Later, the Company's acquisition of key portions of Conrail, Inc. allowed CSXT to link the northeast, including New England and the New York metropolitan area, with Chicago and midwestern markets as well as the growing areas in the Southeast already served by CSXT. The Company is a freight rail transportation company providing rail-based transportation services including traditional rail service and the transport of intermodal containers and trailers. The Company operates three lines of business: merchandise business; coal business; and intermodal business. The Company's merchandise business is comprised of shipments in the following diverse markets: agricultural products, phosphates and fertilizers, food and consumer, chemicals, automotive, metals, forest products, minerals and waste and equipment. Under the coal business, the Company transports domestic coal, coke and iron ore to electricity-generating power plants, steel manufacturers and industrial plants as well as export coal to deep-water port facilities. Roughly one-third of export coal and the majority of the domestic coal that the Company transports is used for generating electricity. The intermodal business combines the superior economics of rail transportation with the short-haul flexibility of trucks and offers a cost advantage over long-haul trucking. Through a network of more than 50 terminals, the intermodal business serves all markets east of the Mississippi River and transports manufactured consumer goods in containers, providing customers with truck-like service for longer shipments. The Company's rail competitor is Norfolk Southern Railway, which operates throughout much of the Company's territory. The Company's operations are subject to various federal, state, provincial (Canada) and local laws and regulations generally applicable to businesses operating in the United States and Canada.
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