Steven Madden Ltd was incorporated as a New York corporation on July 9, 1990, reincorporated under the same name in Delaware in November 1998 and completed its initial public offering in December 1993. The Company designs, sources, markets and sells fashion-forward name brand and private label footwear for women, men and children and name brand and private label fashion handbags and accessories. Its business is comprised of five distinct segments: Wholesale Footwear, Wholesale Accessories, Retail, First Cost and Licensing. Its Wholesale Footwear segment is comprised of the following brands: Steve Madden Women's, Madden Girl, Steve Madden Men's, Steven, l.e.i., Elizabeth and James (under license), Olsenboye (under license), Stevies, Big Buddha Shoes, Madden, Betsey Johnson shoes, Report, Superga (under license) and includes its private label and International businesses. Its Wholesale Accessories segment includes Big Buddha, Betseyville, Betsey Johnson, Steve Madden, Steven by Steve Madden, Cejon and, through license agreements, Daisy Fuentes and Olsenboye accessories brands and includes its private label business. Steven Madden Retail, Inc., its wholly owned retail subsidiary, operates Steve Madden and Steven retail stores as well as its e-commerce website. There are also three stores licensed to a third party. The First Cost segment represents activities of a subsidiary that earns commissions for serving as a buying agent for footwear products under private labels and licensed brands for many of the country's large mass-market merchandisers, shoe chains and other off-price retailers. Its Licensing segment is engaged in the licensing of the Steve Madden and Steven by Steve Madden marks for use in connection with the manufacture, marketing and sale of sunglasses, eyewear, outerwear, bedding, hosiery, women's fashion apparel, jewelry and luggage. In addition, the Company license its recently acquired Betsey Johnson and Betseyville marks for use in connection with the manufacture, marketing and sale of apparel, jewelry, swimwear, eyewear, watches, fragrances and outerwear. Its products are distributed through its retail stores and its e-commerce website and in department stores, specialty stores, luxury retailers, national chains and mass merchants throughout the United States. In addition, it has special distribution arrangements for the distribution of its products in Asia, Canada, Europe, the Middle East, Mexico, Australia, Central and South America and India. Its product line consists of a range of updated styles designed to establish or capitalize on market trends, complemented by product offerings. The Company's wholesale customers consist principally of department stores, mid-tier department stores, mass merchants, specialty stores, including independent boutiques, and catalog retailers. Its customers include DSW, Macy's, Nordstrom, Dillard's, Famous Footwear, Lord & Taylor, Target and Wal-mart. The Company competes with specialty shoe and accessory companies as well as companies with diversified footwear product lines, such as Nine West, Jessica Simpson, Guess, Ugg and Aldo.