LTC Properties Inc a health care real estate investment trust (or REIT), was incorporated on May 12, 1992 in the State of Maryland and commenced operations on August 25, 1992. The Company is a self-administered health care real estate investment trust that invests in senior housing and health care properties through acquisitions, development, mortgage loans and other investments. Its objective is to create, sustain and enhance stockholder equity value and provide current income for distribution to stockholders through real estate investments in senior housing and health care properties managed by experienced operators. Its senior housing and health care property types include skilled nursing centers (or SNF), assisted living communities (or ALF), independent living communities (or ILF), memory care communities (or MC) and combinations thereof. Skilled nursing facilities provide restorative, rehabilitative and nursing care for people not requiring the more extensive and sophisticated treatment available at acute care hospitals. Many skilled nursing facilities provide ancillary services that include occupational, speech, physical, respiratory and IV therapies, as well as sub?acute care services which are paid either by the patient, the patient's family, private health insurance, or through the federal Medicare or state Medicaid programs. Assisted living facilities serve elderly persons who require assistance with activities of daily living, but do not require the constant supervision skilled nursing facilities provide. Services are usually available 24 hours a day and include personal supervision and assistance with eating, bathing, grooming and administering medication. The facilities provide a combination of housing, supportive services, personalized assistance and health care designed to respond to individual needs. Independent living facilities, also known as retirement communities or senior apartments, offer a sense of community and numerous levels of service, such as laundry, housekeeping, dining options/meal plans, exercise and wellness programs, transportation, social, cultural and recreational activities, on? site security and emergency response programs. Many offer on?site conveniences like beauty/barber shops, fitness facilities, game rooms, libraries and activity centers. Memory care facilities offer specialized options for seniors with Alzheimer's disease and other forms of dementia. Purpose built, free?standing memory care facilities offer an attractive alternative for private?pay residents affected by memory loss in comparison to other accommodations that typically have been provided within a secured unit of an assisted living or skilled nursing facility. These facilities offer dedicated care and specialized programming for various conditions relating to memory loss in a secured environment that is typically smaller in scale and more residential in nature than traditional assisted living facilities. Residents require a higher level of care and more assistance with activities of daily living than in assisted living facilities. Therefore, these facilities have staff available 24 hours a day to respond to the needs of their residents. The Company's Range of care communities (or ROC) property type consists of properties providing skilled nursing and any combination of assisted living, independent living and/or memory care services. Other property type consists of a school, land held-for-use and a behavioral health care hospital. The Company competes for real property investments with health care providers, other health care related REITs, real estate partnerships, banks, private equity funds, venture capital funds and other investors.