Albemarle Corp was incorporated in Virginia in 1993. It is a developer, manufacturer and marketer of engineered specialty chemicals for the petroleum refining, consumer electronics, plastics/packaging, construction, automotive, lubricants, pharmaceuticals, crop protection, food safety and custom chemistry services markets. Its business segments include Polymer Solutions, Catalysts and Fine Chemistry. Its Polymer Solutions segment consists of two product market categories: flame retardants & stabilizers and curatives. This segment sells products mostly to chemical manufacturers and processors such as polymer resin suppliers, lubricant manufacturers, refiners and other specialty chemical companies. The raw materials in Polymer Solutions operations are bromine, bisphenol-A, phenol, benzene, caustic soda, alumina trihydrate, polystyrene and isobutylene, which are readily available from numerous independent suppliers and are purchased under contracts at prices. Its Catalysts segment includes refinery catalysts and performance catalyst solutions businesses. Its Catalysts segment customers include multinational corporations such as ExxonMobil Corporation, Chevron Corporation, TOTAL S.A., Saudi Basic Industries Corporation and INEOS Group Holdings S.A.; independent petroleum refining companies such as Valero Energy Corporation and SK Holdings; and national petroleum refining companies such as Reliance, Petróleo Brasileiro S.A. and Petróleos Mexicanos. The major raw materials in Catalysts operations include aluminum, ethylene, alpha-olefins, sodium silicate, sodium aluminate, kaolin, rare earths, molybdenum, nickel & cobalt, which are readily available from numerous independent suppliers and are purchased or provided under contracts at prices. Its Fine Chemistry segment consists of two categories: Performance Chemicals, Fine Chemistry Services and Intermediates. Performance Chemicals include products such as elemental bromine, alkyl bromides, inorganic bromides, brominated powdered activated carbon and a number of bromine fine chemicals. Its fine chemistry services business offers custom manufacturing, research and chemical scale-up services for companies. The Fine Chemistry segment manufactures more than 100 products, which are used in a variety of end markets. Sales of products and services are mostly to chemical manufacturers and processors, drilling and oil service companies, beef and poultry processors, water treatment and photographic companies, energy producers and other specialty chemical companies. It serves the following geographic markets: the U.S., Asia, Europe and the Middle East. It competitors include J.M. Huber Corporation, Kyowa Chemical Industry Co., Ltd, BASF Corporation, AkzoNobel and Chemtura Corporation, Lonza, Clariant Ltd. and Cilag AG.