Alcoa Inc is a Pennsylvania corporation and was formed in 1888. The Company manufactures and engineers lightweight metals. It products include aluminum, titanium, and nickel, which are used in aircraft, automobiles, commercial transportation, packaging, oil and gas, defense and industrial applications. It operates in 31 countries. The Company has investments and operating activities in Australia, Brazil, China, Iceland, Guinea, Russia, and the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Its operations consist of four reportable segments: Alumina, Primary Metals, Flat-Rolled Products, and Engineered Products and Solutions. The Company's Flat-Rolled Products segment is engaged in the production and sale of aluminum plate, sheet and foil. This segment includes rigid container sheet, which is sold directly to customers in the packaging and consumer market. This segment also includes sheet and plate used in the transportation, building and construction and distribution markets. Engineered Products and Solutions segment produce and sale titanium, aluminum and super alloy investment castings, hard alloy extrusions, forgings and fasteners, aluminum wheels, integrated aluminum structural systems and architectural extrusions. These products serve the aerospace, automotive, building and construction, commercial transportation and power generation markets. The raw material purchased by the Company in Almina segment are Bauxite, Caustic soda, Electricity, Fuel oil and Natural gas; in Flat-Rolled Products segment are Alloying materials, Aluminum scrap, Coatings, Electricity, Natural gas, Nitrogen, Primary aluminum and Steam; in Primary Metals segment are Alloying materials, Alumina, Aluminum fluoride, Calcined petroleum coke, Cathode blocks, Electricity, Liquid pitch, Natural gas and Silicon carbide; and in Engineered Products and Solutions segment are Alloying materials, Aluminum scrap, Cobalt, Copper, Electricity, Natural gas and Nickel. The Company's competitors include a variety of both U.S. and non-U.S. companies in all major markets. In addition, aluminum competes with other materials, such as steel, plastics, composites, and glass, among others, for various applications in Alcoa's key markets. The Company's operations are affected by Governmental policies, laws and regulations, and economic factors, including inflation and fluctuations in foreign currency exchange rates and interest rates.