Oracle Corp was incorporated in Delaware on September 9, 2005. The Company develops, manufactures, markets, hosts and supports database and middleware software, application software, cloud infrastructure, hardware system including computer server, storage and networking products and related services that are engineered to work together in cloud-based and on-premise information technology (IT) environments. The Company provides technologies of cloud computing, including database and middleware as well as web-based applications, virtualization, clustering and systems management. It provides cloud services as well as software and hardware products to other cloud service providers, both public and private. The Company's software and cloud, hardware systems, and services businesses are divided into certain operating segments. The Company's software and cloud business is comprised of three operating segments: new software licenses and cloud software subscriptions, which include SaaS and PaaS offerings, cloud infrastructure-as-a-service and software license updates and product support. The new software licenses and cloud software subscriptions operating segment includes database, middleware and application software licenses, as well as its Oracle Cloud Software-as-a-Service and Platform-as-a-Service offerings. Its cloud infrastructure-as-a-service segment provides deployment and management offerings for its software and hardware and related IT infrastructure including virtual machine instance services, hardware and related support services, and comprehensive software and hardware management and maintenance services. The Company's hardware systems business is comprised of two operating segments; hardware systems products and hardware systems support. The Hardware Systems Products provides a broad selection of hardware systems and related services including servers, storage, networking, virtualization software, operating systems and management software to support diverse IT environments, including cloud computing environments; and it engineer its hardware systems with virtualization and management capabilities to enable the rapid deployment and efficient management of cloud and on-premise IT infrastructures. The Hardware Systems Support offerings provide customers with software updates for software components that are essential to the functionality of its server and storage products, such as Oracle Solaris and certain other software products, and include product repairs, maintenance services and technical support services. The Company's services business offer services solutions to help customers and partners maximize the performance of their investments in Oracle technology. Its services are based on Oracle technology, extensive experience and broad set of intellectual property and practices. Its services business offers consulting services, enhanced support services and education services. The Company directly markets and sells its products and services to businesses of many sizes and in many industries, government agencies and educational institutions. It also market and sell products through indirect channels. Its enterprise software and hardware offerings compete directly with some offerings from some of the competitive companies in the world, including Microsoft Corporation (Microsoft), International Business Machines Corporation, Intel, Hewlett-Packard Company (HP) and SAP AG, and smaller companies like Salesforce.com.
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