Thermo Fisher Scientific Inc is a Delaware corporation and was incorporated in 1956. The Company completed its initial public offering in 1967 and was listed on the New York Stock Exchange in 1980. In November 2006, Thermo Electron Corporation merged with Fisher Scientific International Inc. to create Thermo Fisher. The Company completed its initial public offering in 1967. The Company provides analytical instruments, equipment, reagents and consumables, software and services for research, manufacturing, analysis, discovery and diagnostics. It serves more than 400,000 customers within pharmaceutical and biotech companies, hospitals and clinical diagnostic labs, universities, research institutions and government agencies, as well as environmental, industrial quality and process control settings. The Company's continuing operations fall into three business segments: Analytical Technologies, Specialty Diagnostics, and Laboratory Products and Services. Analytical Technologies segment provides offerings of instruments, reagents, consumables, software and services that are used for applications in the laboratory, on the production line and in the field. These products are used by customers in all four of the company's key end markets: healthcare and diagnostics; pharmaceutical and biotechnology; academic and government; and industrial and applied. This segment includes four primary businesses - Chromatography and Mass Spectrometry, Chemical Analysis, Environmental and Process Instruments, and Biosciences. Specialty Diagnostics segment provides diagnostic test kits, reagents, culture media, instruments and associated products used to increase the speed and accuracy of diagnoses. Its chemical analysis products fall into three main categories: materials and minerals; molecular spectroscopy; and portable analytical instruments. Customers use these products to quickly and accurately analyze the composition of materials in small samples to optimize workflows in academic, life sciences, pharmaceutical, and industrial applications. These products are used by customers in healthcare, clinical, pharmaceutical, industrial and food safety laboratories. Laboratory Products and Services segment provides virtually everything needed for the laboratory, including a combination of self-manufactured and sourced products and an extensive service offering. These products and services are used by customers in pharmaceutical, biotechnology, academic, government and other research and industrial markets, as well as the clinical laboratory. The Company serves their customers through four brands, Thermo Scientific, Life Technologies, Fisher Scientific and Unity Lab Services. The Company markets and sells its products and services through a direct sales force, customer-service professionals, electronic commerce, third-party distributors and various catalogs. It encounters aggressive and able competition in virtually all of the markets it serves. It is subject to various laws and governmental regulations concerning environmental matters and employee safety and health in the United States and other countries. Company protect some of it's technology as trade secrets and, where appropriate, it use trademarks or register trademarks used in connection with products and also enter into license agreements with others to grant and/or receive rights to patents and know-how.