PACCAR Inc was incorporated under the laws of Delaware in 1971, is the successor to Pacific Car and Foundry Company which was incorporated in Washington in 1924. The Company has two industry segments: design, manufacture and distribution of light-, medium- and heavy-duty trucks and related aftermarket parts; and finance and leasing products and services provided to customers and dealers. The Company and its subsidiaries design and manufacture heavy-duty diesel trucks which are marketed under the Kenworth, Peterbilt and DAF nameplates. These trucks, which are built in three plants in the United States, three in Europe and one each in Australia, Canada and Mexico, are used for over-the-road and off-highway hauling of freight, petroleum, wood products, construction and other materials. The Company's subsidiary PACCAR Financial Services (PFS) operates in 23 countries principally in North America, Europe, South America and Australia through wholly owned finance companies operating under the PACCAR Financial trade name. PFS provides inventory financing for independent dealers selling PACCAR products, and retail loan and lease financing for new and used trucks and other transportation equipment sold mainly by its independent dealers. Receivables are secured by the products financed or leased. The terms of loan and lease contracts vary with the type and usage of equipment but generally range from three to five years. Payment is required on dealer inventory financing when the floored truck is sold to a customer or upon maturity of the flooring loan whichever comes first. Dealer inventory loans generally mature within one to two years. PFS also conducts full service leasing operations through wholly owned subsidiaries in North America and Germany under the PacLease trade name. Selected dealers in North America are franchised to provide full service leasing. PFS provides its franchisees equipment financing and administrative support. PFS also operates full service lease outlets on its own behalf. PFS funds its financing activities primarily through commercial paper, bank loans and by issuing medium-term debt through public debt markets. PFS attempts to match the maturity and interest rate characteristics of its debt with the maturity and interest rate characteristics of loans and leases. PFS incurs credit losses when customers are unable to pay the full amounts due under loan and finance lease contracts. The Company's Financial Services segment competes with banks, other commercial finance companies and financial services firms. As a manufacturer of highway trucks, the Company is subject to the National Traffic and Motor Vehicle Safety Act and Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standards promulgated by the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration as well as environmental laws and regulations in the United States, and is subject to similar regulations in Canada, Mexico, Australia and Europe.