AllianceBernstein Holding L.P. is a Delaware Corporation. The Company provides research, diversified investment management and related services to a range of clients, including: institutional clients, including unaffiliated corporate and public employee pension funds, endowment funds, domestic and foreign institutions and governments, and affiliates; retail clients; private clients, including high-net-worth individuals, trusts and estates, charitable foundations, partnerships, private and family Corporations, and other entities; and institutional investors seeking independent research and related services. It also provides distribution, shareholder servicing, and administrative services to its sponsored mutual funds. To its institutional clients, it offers separately managed accounts, sub-advisory relationships, structured products, collective investment trusts, mutual funds, hedge funds and other investment vehicles (Institutional Investment Services); to its retail clients, it offers retail mutual funds sponsored by the Company, its subsidiaries and its affiliated joint venture companies, sub-advisory relationships with mutual funds sponsored by third parties, separately managed account programs sponsored by various financial intermediaries globally (Separately Managed Account Programs) and other investment vehicles (collectively, Retail Services); to its private clients, it offers diversified investment management services through separately managed accounts, hedge funds, mutual funds and other investment vehicles (Private Client Services); and to institutional investors, it offers independent research, portfolio strategy and brokerage-related services (Institutional Research Services). The Company's services include Value equities, generally targeting stocks that are out of favor and that might trade at bargain prices; Growth equities, generally targeting stocks with under-appreciated growth potential; Fixed income securities, including both taxable and tax-exempt securities; Blend strategies, combining style-pure investment components with systematic rebalancing; Passive management, including both index and enhanced index strategies; Alternative investments, such as hedge funds, currency management strategies and venture capital; and Asset allocation services, by which it offers specifically-tailored investment solutions for its clients. The financial services industry is intensely competitive and new entrants are continually attracted to it. No single or small group of competitors is dominant in the industry.