Yandex NV was incorporated under the laws of the Netherlands in June 2004. The Company is an internet and technology company and operates internet search engine in Russia. It also serves Turkey, Ukraine, Belarus and Kazakhstan. Its homepage provides a gateway to the wealth of information available online. Users can find answers to their explicit questions through search box, as well as their implicit questions through current news, weather and road traffic reports, TV and movie schedules, personal email and other services. Its homepage can easily be customized by users to address their individual interests. It offers a broad range of search, location-based, personalized and mobile services that are free to its users and that enable them to find relevant and objective information quickly and easily and to communicate and connect over the internet, from both their desktops and mobile devices. Yandex is a registered trademark in Russia for certain services (classes 35 and 38 under the International Classification of Goods and Services) among relevant consumers on the basis of intensive use. The Company faces competition from global players such as Google and local players such as Mail.ru, both of which offer proprietary search and other services. It is subject to an extensive and constantly developing legal framework resulting in a number of laws and regulations in Russia and other jurisdictions applicable to the internet business.