AthenaHealth Inc was incorporated in Delaware on August 21, 1997, as Athena Healthcare Incorporated. The Company changed its name to athenahealth, Inc. on November 17, 2000. The Company provides cloud-based business services that help medical caregivers collect more revenue and greatly reduce their administrative work burden. It offers a suite of four, seamlessly integrated services: athenaCollector for revenue cycle and practice management; athenaClinicals for electronic health records ("EHR"); athenaCommunicator for automated, live, and online patient communications; and athenaCoordinator for care coordination. The Company also offers subscription-based and sponsored clinical information and decision support services under the Epocrates brand. Via the athenaNet platform, it provides a single instance of cloud-based software to clients; every health care provider across the network always accesses the same continuously updated services. The software is the primary conduit through which the Company shares information among clients, insurance payers, and staff of experts. The Company's customers consist of medical group practices ranging in size throughout the United States of America. The competitors of the Company includes Allscripts-Misys Healthcare Solutions, Inc.; CareCloud Corporation; Cerner Corporation; eClinicalWorks, LLC; Epic Systems Corporation; Greenway Medical Technologies, Inc.; McKesson Corp.; NextGen Healthcare Information Systems, LLC; OptumInsight, Inc.; Practice Fusion, Inc.; SCI Solutions, Inc.; and Vitera Healthcare Solutions, LLC, which operates under the Greenway brand. The Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996, as amended, and the regulations that have been issued under it (collectively, "HIPAA") contain substantial restrictions and requirements with respect to the use and disclosure of individuals' protected health information. These are embodied in the Privacy Rule and Security Rule portions of HIPAA. The HIPAA Privacy Rule prohibits a covered entity from using or disclosing an individual's protected health information unless the use or disclosure is authorized by the individual or is specifically required or permitted under the Privacy Rule. Under the HIPAA Security Rule, covered entities must establish administrative, physical, and technical safeguards to protect the confidentiality, integrity, and availability of electronic protected health information maintained or transmitted by them or by others on their behalf.