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Forex Trading in Venezuela

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The bolívar soberano (VES) was introduced as Venezuela’s national currency in August 2018. Forex trading is now legal in Venezuela, so you may be able to trade this new currency or any of the major and minor currency pairs by opening up a forex trading margin account at an online broker. 

Learn more about forex trading in Venezuela with Benzinga’s guide.

Get Started with Forex in Venezuela

Named after Simon Bolivar, the hero of Latin American independence, the bolívar soberano is the official national currency of Venezuela. 

Venezuela has experienced harsh economic climates since the 1980s. Due to hyperinflation, Venezuela has replaced its currency multiple times in less than 50 years. 

As of August 2018, the Venezuelan bolivar soberano (VES) has served as the currency in circulation. It was preceded by the bolivar fuerte. The bolivar soberano has denominations of 2, 5, 10, 20, 50, 100, 200, 500, 10,000, 20,000 and 50,000. These banknotes have images of Venezuela’s national parks and indigenous animals depicted on them. 

Banknotes of Venezuelan Bolivar Soberano

The Central Bank of Venezuela was established in 1939. It was enacted by law to ease social, political and economic tensions in Venezuela at the start of WWII. The Central Bank of Venezuela has the sole right to issue Venezuelan currency. 

Oil is Venezuela’s main export. It is the 6th largest member of the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) by oil production. Beyond oil, Venezuela also manufactures and exports industrial products such as steel, aluminum and cement. 

The Venezuelan government has instilled a currency control board to handle forex procedures. The board offers a limited sum of foreign currency to local merchants to help them pay for foreign goods. 

Since the government limits foreign currency to individuals, merchants in Venezuela resort to the black market to get more foreign currency. This has increased the printing of bolivar notes and has caused inflation over the years.    

Here’s a step-by-step guide to help you get started with forex trading in Venezuela.

Step 1: Get a digital device with fast internet connectivity. 

You can use your desktop, laptop, tablet or smartphone to trade forex. The value of the currency pairs listed frequently fluctuate. Having a personal device to constantly track these changes is often essential to successful forex trading. 

Step 2: Find an online forex broker. 

There are various forex brokers available online. Go through each broker’s website, and choose a broker that lets you trade the currency pairs you are interested in.

Be sure to check the footer of each website for information on the broker’s overseeing regulatory bodies. If you can’t find any such information from the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC), the UK’s Financial Conduct Authority (FCA) or other reputable regulatory bodies, then the broker can’t be trusted. 

Step 3: Sign-up for an account. 

You can open a new account with the forex broker on their website. Some forex brokers require a minimum deposit amount to open an account. These brokers also offer different kinds of accounts based on initial deposits and trading strategies. Choose the one that’s right for you. 

Step 4: Transfer funds to your account.

Once you’ve signed up for an account, you need to transfer funds to start trading forex. Depending on the broker you’ve chosen, you can choose your accounting currency and fund your account using several options. Generally, these funding options include bank wire transfers, eWallet transfers and debit cards. 

Step 5: Download a forex trading platform.

You may need to download a forex trading platform supported by your broker onto your computer or smartphone. Take the time to customize the look and feel of the platform to help you have the best chance of identifying forex trading opportunities. 

Step 6: Begin your forex trading journey. 

Before you start trading forex, you might want to open a demo account to trade using virtual money. These demo accounts can help you get used to the interface of the forex broker’s platform without risking your money. After you feel confident using the platform and have developed a decent strategy, you can start trading forex using real money.

Forex Trading Strategies from Venezuela

Experienced forex traders rely on several tried-and-true strategies to increase their chances of making a profit and limiting losses. 

These forex trading strategies can include the following:

Swing trading

Swing traders typically operate by using momentum indicators to identify likely market reversal points. This short- to mid-term forex trading strategy can help you also profit from corrections while following an overall trend. 

Range trading

Range trading is a strategy that involves identifying a set of similar highs and similar lows for a specific forex currency pair. You do this by looking at the past performance of a currency pair and then aiming to either buy on a dip to the lows and sell on a rally near the highs or sell on a rally and buy on a dip. 

Scalping

Scalping is a forex trading strategy that involves quickly entering and exiting the market aiming to profit from small exchange rate movements. This very short-term strategy is typically time-consuming and generally requires access to real-time market data to make it work. If you’re not fast enough with your scalping trades, you may miss opportunities or let profits turn into losses. 

Position trading

Position or trend traders generally have a long-term outlook on the overall direction of the exchange rate of a forex currency pair. This method of trading typically requires you to hold positions in forex currency pairs until there is a significant change in their exchange rate. With this strategy, you can look past minor market changes. It can take months or even years before you close out a profitable position, although the gains tend to be higher when you do compared to scalping, for instance. 

Day trading

Day trading is a forex trading strategy that generally requires you to exit all your positions by the end of the day’s trading session. This strategy is most suitable for short-term traders who have the time to regularly monitor the market. Day traders can trade once or twice per day or more, and they have the benefit of avoiding the major market volatility that occurs overnight. 

Forex Trading Example in Venezuela

Venezuelan merchants often need U.S. dollars to pay for imports and the country receives US dollars for its oil exports. That makes the USD/VES an especially interesting currency pair for some Venezuelans.  

The USD/VES pair is currently trading at 241,365.85, so that means it costs 241,365.85 bolivars to buy 1 U.S. dollar. If your broker allows you to trade VES, then you can take a long $100,000 position against the VES if you have sufficient margin in your trading account. 

If the USD/VES exchange rate has risen to 251,365.85 after 3 months, then you can sell your position for a profit of 1,000,000,000 VES. Of course, you could also lose money if the exchange rate declined instead. 

Make Money with Forex in Venezuela

To counter the collapse of the economy, the Central Bank of Venezuela has allowed local banks to open foreign currency trading platforms. Although the weakening of the series of Venezuelan bolivars has been the subject of many economic reforms in the country, it may have benefitted some lucky forex traders. 

It’s not the 1st time that the national currency of Venezuela has faced hyperinflation. The U.S. dollar was worth 7,518.80 bolivars in June 2019. The price of a USD skyrocketed to 292,167.00 by August 2020. You could have potentially earned $97,426.54 with a $100,000 long USD/VES trade using a 1-year buy-and-hold strategy if you could actually get an online broker to allow you to make that trade.

Best Online Forex Brokers in Venezuela

Online brokers let you instantly track the exchange rate of and trade currency pairs in the forex market. You can sign-up for an account on their website and start trading forex within minutes. These brokers may even give you access to financial data such as 52-week highs and lows, exchange rate forecasts and historical levels on a single platform. 

Many forex brokers also help keep you up-to-date with current events and news that shape the world’s economies. They often provide a plethora of educational resources and expert analysis to help you gain an edge in your trading tactics. 

Account Minimum
100 of your selected base currency
Pairs Offered
80+
Get started securely through FOREX.com’s website
Account Minimum
100 of your selected base currency
Pairs Offered
80+
1 Minute Review

FOREX.com is a one-stop-shop for forex traders. With a massive range of tradable currencies, low account minimums and an impressive trading platform, FOREX.com is an excellent choice for brokers searching for a home base for their currency trading. New traders and seasoned veterans alike will love FOREX.com’s extensive education and research center that provides free, informative forex trading courses at multiple skill levels. While FOREX.com is impressive, remember that it isn’t a standard broker. You can’t invest in the stock or bond market through your FOREX.com and you cannot open an account with tax advantages. The confusing pricing and margin structures may also be overwhelming for new forex traders.

Best For
  • MetaTrader 4 users
  • Beginner forex traders
  • Active forex traders
Pros
  • Impressive, easy-to-navigate platform
  • Wide range of education and research tools
  • Access to over 80 currencies to buy and sell
  • Leverage available up to 50:1
Cons
  • Cannot buy and sell other securities (like stocks and bonds)
  • Confusing margin requirements that vary by currency
  • Limited customer support options
  • Cannot open an IRA or other retirement account
Commissions
$10 value per pip
Account Minimum
$0
Get started securely through IG Group’s website
Commissions
$10 value per pip
Account Minimum
$0
1 Minute Review

IG is a comprehensive forex broker that offers full access to the currency market and support for over 80 currency pairs. The broker only offers forex trading to its U.S.-based customers, the brokerage does it spectacularly well. Novice traders will love IG’s intuitive mobile and desktop platforms, while advanced traders will revel in the platform’s selection of indicators and charting tools. Though IG could work on its customer service and fees, the broker is an asset to new forex traders and those who prefer a more streamlined interface.  

Best For
  • New forex traders who are still learning the ropes
  • Traders who prefer a simple, clean interface
  • Forex traders who trade primarily on a tablet
Pros
  • Easy-to-navigate platform is easy for beginners to master
  • Mobile and tablet platforms offer full functionality of the desktop version
  • Margin rates are easy to understand and affordable
  • Access to over 80 currency pairs
Cons
  • U.S. traders can currently only trade forex
  • Customer service options are lacking
  • No 2-factor authentication on mobile
Account Minimum
$50 USD
Pairs Offered
47
Get started securely through eToro’s website
Account Minimum
$50 USD
Pairs Offered
47
1 Minute Review

Though Australian and British traders might know eToro for its easy stock and mobile trading, the broker is now expanding into the United States with cryptocurrency trading. U.S. traders can begin buying and selling both major cryptocurrencies (like Bitcoin and Ethereum) as well as smaller names (like Tron Coin and Stellar Lumens).

eToro offers traders the opportunity to invest their assets into premade portfolios or cryptocurrencies, similar to services offered by robo-advisors through traditional brokers. Though eToro isn’t a one-stop-shop for everything an investor needs, its easy-to-use platform and low spreads is a great way to enter the cryptocurrency market.

Best For
  • International Forex/CFD Traders
  • New cryptocurrency traders looking for an easy-to-use platform
  • Traders who want to buy and sell cryptocurrencies on-the-go
Pros
  • Simple platform that is easy to master
  • CopyTrader feature that allows new traders to copy the same strategies used by professionals
  • Virtual dummy account that gives you $100,000 to practice trades
Cons
  • U.S. traders currently limited to cryptocurrencies
  • Only 15 major coins available to trade
Account Minimum
$100 USD (or equivalent)
Pairs Offered
69
Get started securely through HYCM’s website
Account Minimum
$100 USD (or equivalent)
Pairs Offered
69
1 Minute Review

HYCM is 1 of the world’s leading forex brokers, offering investors access to over 69 unique currency pairs. However, forex isn’t the only thing the broker offers — HYCM also offers high rates of leverage, stock and ETF trading, commodity investing and much more. Getting started with HYCM is quick and easy, and most investors can open an account in as little as 10 minutes.

HYCM offers a varying fee structure, which allows investors to choose the spread option that’s best for them. A wide range of educational and investing tools are available, which can be equally beneficial to both experienced and novice traders. Though HYCM isn’t currently available in the United States, it can be a great choice for residents of the other 140 countries where it offers service. 

Best For
  • Investors who want a customizable fee schedule
  • Traders comfortable using the MetaTrader platform
  • Islamic traders who need swap-free accounts that don’t build interest
Pros
  • Wide range of currency pairs available
  • Excellent selection of educational tools
  • $0 deposit and withdrawal fees
Cons
  • Not currently available to traders based in the U.S.
Account Minimum
100 EURO
Pairs Offered
50+
Get started securely through AvaTrade’s website
Account Minimum
100 EURO
Pairs Offered
50+
1 Minute Review

A fully regulated broker with a presence in Europe, South Africa, the Middle East, British Virgin Islands, Australia and Japan, Avatrade deals with mainly forex and CFDs on stocks, commodities, indexes, forex, cryptocurrencies, etc. This brokerage is headquartered in Dublin, Ireland and began offering its services in 2006. It offers multiple trading platforms and earns mainly through spreads.

Best For
  • Beginners
  • Advanced traders
  • Traders looking for a well-diversified portfolio
Pros
  • Controlled by regulatory agencies of multiple countries
  • Choice offered in terms of trading platforms
  • Support available in 14 languages and trading platforms in 20 languages
  • Practice/demo account available for trying out
  • Breadth of trading assets
Cons
  • Does not accept customers from the U.S. as it isn’t regulated in the U.S.
  • Transferring funds to the account may take up to five days; withdrawals could take up to 10 days

Forex Terminology

Before you begin trading forex, you should be familiar with certain terms and meanings. A grasp of this financial lingo will help you understand the forex market better. 

  • Pip. The smallest unit of movement in an exchange rate. Generally, forex currency pairs are quoted out to the 4th decimal point. 
  • Lot size. A standardized trading amount, usually 100,000 base currency units at online forex brokers. You can also buy and sell smaller lot sizes at many brokers, such as mini and micro lots.
  • Orders. A command given to your broker to execute a transaction either at the market or based on other conditions you specify. To go long a currency pair, you enter an order to buy the base currency and sell the counter currency. To go short a currency pair, you enter an order to sell the base currency and buy the counter currency. 
  • Margin calls. If your account margin is insufficient to continue to hold your outstanding positions, your broker might issue a margin call. Most online forex brokers will instead automatically close out your positions. 

Trade Forex in Venezuela

Most of Venezuela’s income is generated by oil. The extreme hyperinflation rates in Venezuela have created numerous profitable entry and exit points in the USD/VES exchange rate over the last decade. 

You can trade forex in Venezuela to put your capital at risk speculating on exchange rate movements. Start with our recommended broker to start trading forex in Venezuela today.

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