How to Stake Ethereum

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Contributor, Benzinga
March 16, 2021

What to jump straight to the answer? You can stake ETH on with Uphold today!

Outside of Bitcoin, the most important cryptocurrency by far is Ether (often referred to as Ethereum), the currency of the Ethereum network. 

Staking Ethereum with Ether (ETH) that you own helps to maintain this network, strengthening it and allowing it to expand. You gain rewards in ETH for staking, which can be a great way to make a 4-13% passive income off of your crypto holdings. Compared to a regular savings account, this is absolutely incredible.

Staking Ether for the Ethereum 2.0 blockchain upgrade has never been easier and more accessible. In this guide, we’ll cover all the basics and help you figure out how to make the most money. 

Disclosure: ²Sum of median estimated savings and rewards earned, per user in 2021 across multiple Coinbase programs (excluding sweepstakes). This amount includes fee waivers from Coinbase One (excluding the subscription cost), rewards from Coinbase Card, and staking rewards. ³Crypto rewards is an optional Coinbase offer. Upon purchase of USDC, you will be automatically opted in to rewards. If you’d like to opt out or learn more about rewards, you can click here. The rewards rate is subject to change and can vary by region. Customers will be able to see the latest applicable rates directly within their accounts

Main Takeaways: Staking Ethereum

Know these tips to help you stake Ethereum:

  • Ethereum 2.0 upgrades the network to proof of stake.
  • Proof of stake is more secure and environmentally friendly.
  • Platforms offer different Annual Percentage Yield (APY) for any amount of staked ETH
    • Coinbase 3.25% APY
    • Uphold 4.25% APY
    • Kraken 4-7% APY
    • Gemini 1.26% APY

What is Ethereum Staking?

Every blockchain project relies on its decentralized network of miners to provide its backbone. Ethereum is no different. Staking is a new method of securing blockchain that has its own unique incentive system to go along with it. 

Staking is locking up currency for a period of time in order to gain a reward. Staking Ether can generate different APYs. But, where does this money come from and how can the yield be so high compared to traditional banking?

Proof of Work vs Proof of Stake

A major difference between the Bitcoin and Ethereum networks is the way that it validates transactions. The Bitcoin network uses proof of work (PoW) while Ethereum is migrating from PoW to proof of stake (PoS). Proof of work involves miners running computers dedicated to solving cryptographically hard algorithms in order to secure the network. In contrast, proof of stake means that you show your commitment to the network by staking, or locking up, a deposit of ETH to participate as a validator of the network. 

As a network validator, you are awarded the privilege of validating some network transactions and getting paid for it. The amount of money a validator can make is directly related to how much currency they are willing to stake. As a typical validator, you can expect to earn around 4.2% annual return on your stake. 

Staking can be thought of as a new form of cryptocurrency mining — without the energy-intensive computers — and with better security.


Ethereum 2.0

Ethereum 2.0 will upgrade its network to proof-of-stake, an improvement to be completed sometime in August of 2022. Although, the exact date has not yet been determined.

The main goals of Ethereum 2.0 are to be more scalable, secure, and sustainable.

But, you don’t have to wait until 2.0 comes out to become a validator and start earning rewards. You can start earning yields today, but here’s the catch — ETH tokens staked for the 2.0 upgrade cannot be withdrawn until the conversion to 2.0 is complete. Because this is still an unknown amount of time, it’s best not to stake any Ether you might want to trade in the medium term. 

There are three main parts to Eth 2.0. One being the Beacon chain which will transition the network to proof-of-stake. This has already been implemented on a parallel network and won't go live until the merge takes place. The second part is the merge which is planned to happen in the second quarter of 2022. And the third part is the shard chains which expand Ethereum's capacity to process transactions and store data.

How to Stake Ethereum

Staking Ethereum has never been easier. Until recently, becoming a validator required setting up (and running) your own Ethereum node, with a minimum stake of 32 ETH. Today, the biggest exchanges are taking care of the nitty-gritty for you — and removing the hefty 32 ETH requirement. 

Here are the top platforms offering staking now or in the near future:

  • Kraken: You can stake ETH on Kraken today and receive an average of 4% to 7% per year according to its website.
  • Uphold: You can earn a massive 4.25% APY on your Ether on Uphold as well as stake a myriad of other cryptos for high interest.
  • Coinbase: Coinbase has officially launched the Eth 2.0 staking waitlist after announcing full support for the 2.0 upgrade in 2020. Coinbase currently offers a APR of 3.675% per year.
  • Gemini: Gemini also offers 1.25% per year on Ethereum.
  • Other staking pools: There are hundreds of other services that pool together the funds of those with less than 32 ETH and split the rewards. The Ethereum Foundation recommends this site but warns users to do independent research before joining any of the pools. 
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Should you Stake for Ethereum 2.0?

Risks of Staking

Staking Ethereum and being a validator gives a person direct access to the way that the Ethereum network develops. As such, validators have the potential to introduce false information, double spend and participate in groups to increase rewards for staking. To deter validators from participating in activities that are detrimental to the network, the concept of “slashing” has been introduced.

Any validators found to be maliciously hurting the network may have their stake slashed or partially taken from them. The worst offenses are punished by taking the entire stake and disconnecting the validator from the network.

If you plan to stake through an exchange, you are trusting them to properly handle your stake and prevent it from being slashed.

Despite the harsh penalties, experts believe the risk of actually being slashed or taken off the network is relatively low. There are essentially no reasons for the exchange to do anything that would get the pool slashed so it's quite unlikely.

The other largest issue with staking on ETH 2.0 is that once you deposite regular Ether, you can't withdraw it until after the merge is completed. However, some exchanges do let you withdraw from the pool though it can be a complicated process. This shouldn't an issue for long term Ether investors but it could be problematic for short term traders looking for a bit of interest before selling.

A Stake is a Belief

Staking Ethereum is a great way to safely gain a return on your initial crypto investment. It is a great way to supplement your activities on a crypto trading platform. Being a validator requires some blockchain expertise, but once you get over the learning curve, you’ll find yourself in rarefied air. But it is much more important to know why you are staking — hopefully, because you believe in the project.

Frequently Asked Questions


How much can you earn by staking?


In reality, the returns on staking are set by the market and the amount of total Eth staked at any given moment, but currently it can reach as high as 7% on some platforms.


What’s the future of Ethereum?


Ethereum’s projected growth as a network is high. The blockchain is not only used for smart contracts and transactions, but actual crypto assets are often built on Ethereum’s blockchain.

There is much positivity surrounding cryptocurrencies, and Ethereum potential is booming. Ethereum could rise like Bitcoin, and it’s hard to tell how high the price of Ethereum may go.

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