Rubicon Technology Inc was incorporated on February 7, 2001. The Company is a manufacturer of high-quality sapphire substrates and optical windows that are used in monocrystalline sapphire for applications in light-emitting diodes (LEDs), optical systems and specialty electronic devices. For the LED market, it sell two to four-inch material mainly in core form and six and eight-inch material primarily in polished wafer form. The Company fabricates its products from the boules and sells them in four general categories: core, as-cut, as-ground and polished. It currently offer two, three, four, six and eight-inch diameter wafers, in C, R, A, and M planar orientations. A sapphire crystal has multiple orientation planes resulting from its crystalline structure symmetry. Its core product line consists of its sapphire cores drilled from sapphire boules with high-precision. Its as-cut product line consists of sapphire cores sliced using a wire saw machine. Its as-ground product line consists of cut sapphire wafers that undergo a double-sided lapping and edge grinding process. Its polished product line primarily consists of finely polished, ultra-clean, six and eight-inch sapphire wafers. Its polished wafers undergo two polishing phases including both a mechanical and a chemical mechanical planarization phase. Its patterned sapphire substrates (PSS) product line consists of finely polished, ultra-clean, four and six-inch patterned sapphire wafers. The Company also offers optically-polished windows and ground window blanks of sapphire. It provides sapphire and other crystal products in many sizes, shapes and product formats for specialty applications. The Company market and sell its products through its direct sales force to customers in Asia, Australia, North America and Europe. Its customers are semiconductor device manufacturers and wafer polishing companies. It is subject to a variety of foreign, federal, state and local laws and regulations governing the protection of the environment.