NeoPhotonics Corp was incorporated in the State of Delaware in October 1996 as NanoGram Corporation, and it changed its name to NeoPhotonics Corporation in 2002. In October 2011, the Company acquired Santur Corporation, or Santur, a designer and manufacturer of optical indium phosphide (InP)-based PIC products and in March 2013, it acquired the optical semiconductor business unit of LAPIS Semiconductor Co., Ltd. (OCU) in Japan, a provider of lasers, drivers, and detectors for high speed 100Gbps applications. The Company is a designer and manufacturer of photonic integrated circuits (PIC) -based optoelectronic modules and subsystems for bandwidth-intensive, high-speed communications networks. Its PIC technology utilizes proprietary design elements that provide optical functionality on a silicon or III-V compound semiconductor chip and includes active PIC design elements including lasers, modulators and photodiodes. The Company has research and development and wafer fabrication facilities in San Jose and Fremont, California and in Tokyo, Japan which coordinate with its research and development and manufacturing facilities in Shenzhen and Wuhan, China, and Ottawa, Canada. Its products are categorized into three groups including High Speed, Agility, Access and Other Telecom. High Speed refers to the ability to transmit data at high data rates. The High Speed Product Category includes 100Gbps Products, DWDM Tunable Lasers, Tunable Laser Mach Zehnder, High Speed Transceivers, EML Lasers and Drivers and Avalanche photodiodes and transimpedance amplifiers. Agility refers to the tunability and re-configurability of products to support efficient bandwidth allocation for growing and changing traffic patterns over communications networks. The Agility Product Category includes Athermal Arrayed Waveguide Gratings and Optical add and drop multiplexers. Access refers to the ability to provide high-bandwidth connections to more devices and people over fixed and wireless networks. The Access Product Category includes Optical Line Terminals, Transceivers and Athermal AWGs and Splitters. Other telecom products refer to products that are used in other broadly deployed telecommunication systems. The Other Telecom Product Category includes Sonet/SDH Transceivers, Thermal Arrayed Waveguide Gratings and Variable Optical Attenuators. The Company's competitors include Accelink Technologies Co., Ltd., Avago Technologies Limited, Emcore Corporation, Finisar Corporation, JDS Uniphase Corporation, NTT Electronics Corporation, Source Photonics, Inc., Oclaro, Inc., and Sumitomo Electric Device Innovations, Inc. It also faces competition from some of its customers, including Huawei Technologies.