Deutsche Bank AG, founded in 1870, is a stock corporation organized under the laws of Germany. The Bank provides investment banking products and services. The Bank is organized into five corporate divisions Corporate Banking & Securities, Global Transaction Banking, Deutsche Asset & Wealth Management, Private & Business Clients and Non-Core Operations Unit. CB&S is made up of the business divisions Corporate Finance and Markets. These businesses offer financial products worldwide including the underwriting of stocks and bonds, trading services for investors and the tailoring of solutions for companies' financial requirements. Within Corporate Finance Business Division, its clients are offered mergers and acquisitions, equity and debt financing and general corporate finance advice. In addition, it provides a variety of financial services to the public sector. GTB delivers commercial banking products and services to corporate clients and financial institutions, including domestic and cross-border payments, financing for international trade, as well as the provision of trust, agency, depositary, custody and related services. Its business divisions consist of Trade Finance and Cash Management Corporates and Trust & Securities Services and Cash Management Financial Institutions. DeAWM comprises the former Private Wealth Management (PWM) and Asset Management (AM) businesses, as well as passive and third party alternatives businesses that were transferred from CB&S in the fourth quarter 2012. The combined division has sizable franchises in wealth management and both retail and institutional asset management, allowing clients and Deutsche Bank Group to benefit from its scale. PBC operates under a single retail banking business model across Europe and selected Asian markets. PBC serves retail and affluent clients as well as small and medium sized business customers. The PBC Corporate Division comprises three business units under one strategic steering, supported by a joint services and IT platform Private & Commercial Banking, which comprises all of PBC's activities in Germany under Deutsche Bank brand; Advisory Banking International, which covers PBC's activities in Europe (outside Germany) and Asia including its stake in and partnership with Hua Xia Bank; and Postbank, which comprises among others Postbank, norisbank, BHW. NCOU operates as a separate division alongside Deutsche Bank's core businesses. The NCOU's portfolio includes activities that are non-core to the Bank's strategy going forward; assets materially affected by business, environment, legal or regulatory changes; assets earmarked for de-risking; assets suitable for separation; assets with significant capital absorption but low returns; and assets exposed to legal risks. The infrastructure group is organized to reflect the areas of responsibility of those Management Board members that are not in charge of a specific business line. The infrastructure group is organized into COO functions (i.e., global technology, global business services, global logistics services and group strategy, CFO functions (i.e., finance, tax, insurance and treasury), CRO functions (i.e., credit risk management and market risk management), CEO functions (i.e., communications & corporate social responsibility and Deutsche Bank Research) and HR, Legal & Compliance functions. Deutsche Bank's competitors include other universal banks, commercial banks, savings banks, public sector banks, brokers and dealers, investment banking firms, asset management firms, private banks, investment advisors, payments services providers, and insurance companies. The Bank's operations are subject to extensive federal and state banking, securities and derivatives regulation and supervision in the United States.