DISH Network Corp was organized in 1995 under the laws of the State of Nevada and started offering the DISH pay-TV service in March 1996. The Company offers local and national programming, featuring more national and local high definition (HD) channels than pay-TV providers. The Company has deployed substantial resources to develop the "DISH Network DBS System." The DISH Network DBS System consists of its licensed Federal Communications Commission authorized DBS and Fixed Satellite Service spectrum, its owned and leased satellites, receiver systems, third-party broadcast operations, customer service facilities, in-home service and call center operations and certain other assets utilized in its operations. DISH Network provides programming which includes more than 280 basic video channels, 70 Sirius Satellite Radio music channels, 30 premium movie channels, 35 regional and specialty sports channels, 3100 standard definition and high definition local channels, 300 Latino and international channels, and 70 channels of pay-per-view content. Although the Company distributes over 3,200 local channels, a subscriber typically may only receive the local channels available in the subscriber's home market. The principal digital broadcast operations centers the Company uses are EchoStar's facilities located in Cheyenne, Wyoming and Gilbert, Arizona. DISH Network also uses eight regional digital broadcast operations centers owned and operated by EchoStar. The Company's DISH Network programming is currently delivered to customers using satellites that operate in the "Ku" band portion of the microwave radio spectrum. The Company's conditional access system secures its programming content using encryption so that only paying customers can access its programming. The Company uses microchips embedded in credit card-sized access cards, called "smart cards" or security chips in its receiver systems to control access to authorized programming content. DISH Network faces substantial competition from established pay-TV providers and increasing competition from companies providing/facilitating the delivery of video content via the Internet, among other things, to computers, televisions, and mobile devices.
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