Comverse Inc is a provider of telecom business enablement solutions for communication service providers (or CSPs). The Company's operating segments are Business Support Systems (BSS) and Digital Services. Business Support Systems provide converged, prepaid and postpaid billing and active customer management systems (or BSS) for wireless, wireline, cable and multi-play CSPs, delivering a value proposition designed to enable an effective service and data monetization, a consistent, enhanced customer experience, reduced complexity and cost, and real-time choice and control. Digital Services enable voice and messaging services (including voicemail, visual voicemail, call completion, short messaging service (or SMS), and multimedia picture and video messaging (or MMS)), and digital lifestyle services and Internet Protocol (or IP) based rich communication services (including group chat, file transfer, video share, social, presence and geo-location information). Its product-based solutions and related services enhance wireless, wireline and cable networks both for end users and the CSPs themselves. The Company also provides CSPs with the ability to manage their data networks and to monetize their data network investment through its Policy Management and Policy Enforcement capabilities for wireless and wireline data networks. The manufacturing operations consist of installing software on externally purchased hardware components and final assembly and testing, which involves the application of extensive quality control procedures to materials, components, subassemblies and systems. The competitors of Company's BSS and Policy solutions include Amdocs, CSG Systems, Ericsson, HP, Huawei, NEC, Oracle, Redknee and ZTE. Competitors of its Digital Services solutions include Acision, Alcatel-Lucent, Ericsson, HP, Huawei, Mavenir, Movius, NEC, Nokia Siemens Networks, Openwave, Oracle, Tecnotree, Unisys and ZTE. The Company's operations are subject to certain foreign, federal, state and local regulatory requirements relating to environmental, waste management, labor and health and safety matters.