Finisar Corp was incorporated in California in April 1987 and reincorporated in Delaware in November 1999. The Company is a provider of optical subsystems and components that are used in data communication and telecommunication applications. The Company supplies optical transceivers and transponders that allow point-to-point communications on a fiber using a single specified wavelength or, bundled with multiplexing technologies, can be used to supply multi-Gbps bandwidth over several wavelengths on the same fiber. It also provides products known as wavelength selective switches, or WSS. In long-haul and metro networks, each fiber may carry approximately 50 to 100 different high-speed optical channels, each with its own specific optical wavelength. WSS are switches that are used to switch network traffic from one optical fiber to multiple other fibers without first converting the optical signal to an electronic signal. The wavelength selective feature means that WSS enable any wavelength or combination of wavelengths to be switched from the input fiber to the output fibers. WSS products are sometimes combined with other components and sold as linecards that plug into a system chassis referred to as a reconfigurable optical add/drop multiplexer, or ROADM. Its line of optical components consists of packaged lasers and photo detectors for data communication and telecommunication applications and passive optical components used in telecommunication applications. Its manufacturing operations are vertically integrated and it utilize internal sources for many of the key components used in making its products including lasers, photo detectors and integrated circuits, or ICs, designed by its internal IC engineering teams. It also has internal assembly and test capabilities that make use of internally designed equipment for the automated testing of its optical subsystems and components. It sell its optical products to manufacturers of storage systems, networking equipment and telecommunication equipment, such as Alcatel-Lucent, Brocade, Ciena, Cisco Systems, EMC, Emulex, Ericsson, Fujitsu, Hewlett-Packard Company, Huawei, IBM, Juniper, Qlogic, Nokia-Siemens and Tellabs, as well as their contract manufacturers. The Company manufactures its optical subsystems at its production facility in Ipoh, Malaysia. It designs and develops various key components of its products, including photo detectors, lasers, ASICs, printed circuit boards and software. The Company's competitors for optical transceivers sold for data communication applications include Avago Technologies, JDS Uniphase and Opnext. Its competitors for optical transceivers sold for telecommunication applications include JDS Uniphase, Oclaro, Opnext and Sumitomo. Its main competitors for WSS ROADM products include CoAdna, JDS Uniphase, Oclaro and Oplink.
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