SYDNEY, Aug. 5, 2022 /PRNewswire/ -- Kazia Therapeutics Limited KZIAKZA)), an oncology-focused drug development company, is pleased to announce the presentation of promising new data from an ongoing phase I clinical trial of paxalisib in combination with radiotherapy for the treatment of brain metastases, sponsored by Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center in New York, NY.
Interim data from the first stage of the study reports that all 9 evaluable patients experienced complete or partial response, representing an overall response rate (ORR) of 100%. For comparison, a typical ORR associated with whole brain radiotherapy alone can commonly range from 20-45% in published studies, of which some representative examples are indicated below.
The data has been accepted for an oral presentation at the upcoming 2022 Annual Conference on CNS Clinical Trials and Brain Metastases, jointly organised by the Society for Neuro-Oncology (SNO) and the American Society for Clinical Oncology (ASCO), and held in Toronto, Canada from 12-13 August 2022.
- Approximately 200,000 cancer patients develop brain metastases in the United States each year. Brain metastases are typically very challenging to treat and are associated with poor prognosis. Radiotherapy remains a mainstay of clinical management.
- Dr. Jonathan Yang, Director, Metastatic Disease, Department of Radiation Oncology at Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center is the Principal Investigator of this clinical trial that is examining the combination of paxalisib with whole brain radiotherapy for patients with brain metastases (NCT04192981). The trial is designed in two stages: an initial exploratory stage and a confirmatory expansion stage.
- 9 of 12 patients in the initial stage were evaluable for efficacy. All 9 patients exhibited complete or partial response, according to RANO-BM criteria, representing an ORR of 100%.
- The patients comprised a range of primary tumours, with breast cancer the most common, representing one third of patients.
- The safety profile of paxalisib in combination was broadly consistent with monotherapy experience in other clinical trials, and a maximum tolerated dose (MTD) of 45mg daily in combination with radiotherapy was confirmed.
- Recruitment to the expansion stage has already commenced, with the objective of recruiting an additional 12 patients.
Kazia CEO, Dr. James Garner, commented, "We are encouraged by this data and by the potential benefit it may indicate to this substantial and high-need group of patients. Radiotherapy is a ubiquitous component of the treatment paradigm for brain metastases, but resistance is common. Dr. Yang's study has shown a very promising signal that paxalisib may help to potentiate the effect of radiotherapy. We also learned recently that the ongoing Alliance study in brain metastases had graduated to an expansion stage in the breast cancer cohort, so this now represents the second positive signal for paxalisib in brain metastases, which we increasingly believe represents a very promising opportunity for the product candidate."
It is estimated that as many as 20% of all patients with cancer will develop brain metastases (secondary tumours in the central nervous system). The most common primary tumours that spread to the brain include lung, breast, colorectal, melanoma, and renal cell carcinoma. Median overall survival for patients diagnosed with brain metastases ranges from 2.3 to 7.7 months. It is estimated that approximately 200,000 patients are diagnosed with brain metastases each year in the United States alone.
Radiotherapy is the mainstay of treatment for brain metastases, and generally consists in either stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) or whole brain radiotherapy (WBRT) or some combination thereof. The efficacy of WBRT differs according to the type of tumour and the number and volume of brain metastases, but several recent publications cite overall response rates of 20-45%.
Clinical Study Rationale and Design
Research by Dr. Yang and others has shown that activation of the PI3K pathway is common in brain metastases, even in some cases where it is not present in the primary tumour. Moreover, PI3K pathway activation appears to be induced by radiotherapy, and to confer upon the tumour resistance to radiotherapy. These observations provide a strong rationale for testing the combination of a brain-penetrant PI3K inhibitor with radiotherapy.
This phase I study is a single-arm prospective trial comprising patients with brain metastases or leptomeningeal metastases from any primary tumour. The primary objective is safety and tolerability. All patients have PI3K pathway mutations at baseline. The first stage of the study is intended to establish the MTD of paxalisib in combination with WBRT and to characterise safety and tolerability. The second stage is intended to elicit confirmatory signals of efficacy, with the intent to recruit a further 12 patients.
Enrolment to the second stage of the study is already underway and we currently estimate preliminary data from the second part of the phase I clinical trial in CY2023.
Kazia expects to discuss emerging data from this study, along with other research in brain metastases, with its scientific advisors and regulatory consultants in due course, with potential FDA consultation at a future date.
Summary of Abstract
Session 2: Multimodality Approaches to Primary and Secondary Brain Tumors - Invited
Speakers and Oral Abstracts
Friday, 12 August 2022
11am – 1pm
Abstract MMAP-05 - Phase I study of concurrent paxalisib and radiation therapy in patients with solid tumor brain metastases or leptomeningeal metastases harboring PI3K pathway mutations: results from the dose-escalation cohort (NCT04192981)
Lead Author: T Jonathan Yang, MD, PhD
Institution: Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, New York, NY
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About Kazia Therapeutics Limited
Kazia Therapeutics Limited KZIAKZA)) is an oncology-focused drug development company, based in Sydney, Australia.
Our lead program is paxalisib, a brain-penetrant inhibitor of the PI3K / Akt / mTOR pathway, which is being developed to treat glioblastoma, the most common and most aggressive form of primary brain cancer in adults. Licensed from Genentech in late 2016, paxalisib commenced recruitment to GBM AGILE, a pivotal study in glioblastoma, in January 2021. Seven additional studies are active in various forms of brain cancer. Paxalisib was granted Orphan Drug Designation for glioblastoma by the US FDA in February 2018, and Fast Track Designation for glioblastoma by the US FDA in August 2020. In addition, paxalisib was granted Rare Pediatric Disease Designation and Orphan Designation by the US FDA for DIPG in August 2020, and for AT/RT in June 2022.
Kazia is also developing EVT801, a small-molecule inhibitor of VEGFR3, which was licensed from Evotec SE in April 2021. Preclinical data has shown EVT801 to be active against a broad range of tumour types and has provided compelling evidence of synergy with immuno-oncology agents. A phase I study commenced recruitment in November 2021.
For more information, please visit www.kaziatherapeutics.com or follow us on Twitter @KaziaTx.
This announcement may contain forward-looking statements, which can generally be identified as such by the use of words such as "may," "intend," "potential," "prospective," or other similar words, and may include statements regarding the therapeutic potential of Kazia's product candidates and anticipated results from clinical trials. Kazia's product candidates may include paxalisib, EVT801, or other molecules, administered alone or in combination with other therapies for any disease. Any statement describing Kazia's future plans, strategies, intentions, expectations, objectives, goals or prospects, and other statements that are not historical facts, are also forward-looking statements. Such statements are based on Kazia's expectations and projections about future events and future trends affecting our business and are subject to certain risks and uncertainties that could cause actual results to differ materially from those anticipated in the forward-looking statements, including risks and uncertainties associated with clinical trials and product development and the impact of global economic conditions. These and other risks and uncertainties, are described more fully in Kazia's Annual Report, filed on form 20-F with the SEC, and in subsequent filings to SEC. Kazia undertakes no obligation to publicly update any forward-looking statement, whether as a result of new information, future events, or otherwise, except as required under applicable law. You should not place undue reliance on these forward-looking statements, which apply only as of the date of this announcement. Actual results could differ materially from those discussed in this announcement.
This document was authorized for release to the ASX by James Garner, Chief Executive Officer, Managing Director.
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Mr Iain Ross Chairman, Non-Executive Director
Mr Bryce Carmine Non-Executive Director
Mr Steven Coffey Non-Executive Director
Dr James Garner Chief Executive Officer, Managing Director
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