Market Overview

CVR Energy Reports Second Quarter 2020 Results

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SUGAR LAND, Texas, Aug. 03, 2020 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) -- CVR Energy, Inc. ("CVR Energy") (NYSE:CVI) today announced a net loss of $5 million, or 5 cents per diluted share, inclusive of a $41 million pre-tax charge related to a goodwill impairment recognized within its Nitrogen Fertilizer Segment, on net sales of $675 million for the second quarter of 2020, compared to net income of $116 million, or $1.16 per diluted share, on net sales of $1.7 billion for the second quarter of 2019. Second quarter 2020 EBITDA was $68 million, compared to second quarter 2019 EBITDA of $273 million.

"CVR Energy's second quarter 2020 results were negatively impacted by narrow crack spreads and tight crude oil differentials that resulted from COVID-19 demand destruction and global crude oil price wars," said Dave Lamp, CVR Energy's Chief Executive Officer. "These negative impacts were partially offset by a favorable inventory valuation, a strong crude oil contango and realized derivative gains. We also safely completed the planned turnaround at the Coffeyville refinery, which downtime coincided with the lowest margin environment in the quarter. While the duration of impacts of COVID-19 remains uncertain, gasoline demand in the Midcontinent has since recovered to approximately 90 percent of pre-COVID-19 levels.

"Highlights of the second quarter 2020 for CVR Partners included strong utilization rates at both fertilizer facilities, a successful spring planting season and record shipments of ammonia by the East Dubuque fertilizer facility in April as favorable weather conditions continued to support strong nitrogen fertilizer application," Lamp said. "Pricing, however, has remained soft compared to a year ago as agriculture markets continue to be impacted by COVID-19.

"Looking ahead, we will remain focused on maximizing cash flow by maintaining safe and reliable operations while judiciously managing our costs and capital spending across our businesses," Lamp concluded.

Petroleum

The Petroleum Segment reported second quarter 2020 operating income of $5 million on net sales of $572 million, compared to operating income of $163 million on net sales of $1.6 billion in the second quarter of 2019.

Refining margin per total throughput barrel was $10.43 in the second quarter of 2020, compared to $15.66 during the same period in 2019. Narrow crack spreads contributed to the reduction in refining margins during the second quarter of 2020. Partially offsetting these impacts, crude oil prices rose during the quarter, which led to a favorable inventory valuation impact of $46 million, or $3.25 per total throughout barrel, compared to an unfavorable inventory valuation impact of less than $1 million, or 2 cents per total throughput barrel during the second quarter of 2019. The Petroleum Segment also recognized a second quarter 2020 derivative gain of $20 million, or $1.39 per total throughput barrel, compared to a gain of $4 million, or 22 cents per total throughput barrel, for the second quarter of 2019. Included in this derivative gain for the second quarter of 2020 was a nominal unrealized gain, compared to an unrealized gain of $3 million for the second quarter of 2019.

Second quarter 2020 combined total throughput was approximately 156,000 barrels per day (bpd), compared to approximately 216,000 bpd of combined total throughput for the second quarter of 2019. This decrease was primarily attributable to the turnaround at our Coffeyville refinery, however, the Wynnewood refinery did operate at minimum rates while product demand was at its lowest.

Fertilizer

The Nitrogen Fertilizer Segment reported an operating loss of $26 million on net sales of $105 million for the second quarter of 2020, compared to operating income of $35 million on net sales of $138 million for the second quarter of 2019. A non-cash goodwill impairment of $41 million was recognized in the second quarter of 2020.

Second quarter 2020 average realized gate prices for urea ammonia nitrate (UAN) decreased over the prior year, down 24 percent to $165 per ton, and ammonia was down 27 percent over the prior year to $332 per ton. Average realized gate prices for UAN and ammonia were $217 per ton and $456 per ton, respectively, for the second quarter of 2019.

CVR Partners' fertilizer facilities produced a combined 216,000 tons of ammonia during the second quarter of 2020, of which 79,000 net tons were available for sale while the rest was upgraded to other fertilizer products, including 321,000 tons of UAN. During the second quarter 2019, the fertilizer facilities produced 211,000 tons of ammonia, of which 71,000 net tons were available for sale while the remainder was upgraded to other fertilizer products, including 316,000 tons of UAN.

Corporate

The Company reported an income tax benefit of $5 million, or 13.9 percent of loss before income taxes, for the three months ended June 30, 2020, compared to income tax expense of $41 million, or 24.3 percent of income before income taxes for the three months ended June 30, 2019. The change in income tax (benefit) expense was due primarily to changes in pretax income during the three months ended June 30, 2020. The change in effective tax rate was due primarily to the effects of the Nitrogen Fertilizer Segment's goodwill impairment recorded during the three months ended June 30, 2020. Additionally, the Company recognized investment income from marketable securities of $21 million during the three months ended June 30, 2020.

Cash, Debt and Dividend

Consolidated cash and cash equivalents was $606 million at June 30, 2020. Consolidated total debt and finance lease obligations was $1.7 billion at June 30, 2020, including $634 million held by the Nitrogen Fertilizer Segment.

In May 2020, the Board of Directors of CVR Partners' general partner, on behalf of CVR Partners, authorized a unit repurchase program (the "Unit Repurchase Program"), which enables CVR Partners to repurchase up to $10 million of its common units. During the three and six months ended June 30, 2020, CVR Partners repurchased 890,218 common units on the open market at a cost of $1 million, inclusive of transaction costs, or an average price of $1.07 per common unit.

CVR Energy will not pay a cash dividend and CVR Partners will not pay a cash distribution for the 2020 second quarter.

Second Quarter 2020 Earnings Conference Call

CVR Energy previously announced that it will host its second quarter 2020 Earnings Conference Call on Tuesday, Aug. 4, at 1 p.m. Eastern. The Earnings Conference Call may also include discussion of Company developments, forward-looking information and other material information about business and financial matters.

The second quarter 2020 Earnings Conference Call will be webcast live and can be accessed on the Investor Relations section of CVR Energy's website at www.CVREnergy.com. For investors or analysts who want to participate during the call, the dial-in number is (877) 407-8291. The webcast will be archived and available for 14 days at https://edge.media-server.com/mmc/p/poe2cn3o. A repeat of the call also can be accessed for 14 days by dialing (877) 660-6853, conference ID 13706820.

Forward-Looking Statements
This news release may contain forward-looking statements within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended. Statements concerning current estimates, expectations and projections about future results, performance, prospects, opportunities, plans, actions and events and other statements, concerns, or matters that are not historical facts are "forward-looking statements," as that term is defined under the federal securities laws. These forward-looking statements include, but are not limited to, statements regarding future: impacts of COVID-19 including the duration thereof; gasoline demand, including recovery thereof in the Midcontinent; cash flow; safe and reliable operations; costs including management thereof; capital spending; derivatives activities and gains or losses associated therewith; income taxes including benefit or expense relating thereto, pretax income or loss and tax rates; value of securities, including marketability, income from and performance thereof; expectations for market conditions in the fertilizer industry; dividends and distributions including the timing, payment and amount (if any) thereof; impacts of global crude oil pricing; repurchases (if any) of CVR Partners common units including the amount and timing thereof; refinery throughput; crude oil prices including impacts to inventory valuation; direct operating expenses, capital expenditures, depreciation and amortization; turnaround expenditures and the impact of turnarounds; ammonia utilization rates; inventories and adjustments thereto; basis used for determining inventory value; and other matters. You can generally identify forward-looking statements by our use of forward-looking terminology such as "anticipate," "believe," "continue," "could," "estimate," "expect," "explore," "evaluate," "intend," "may," "might," "plan," "potential," "predict," "seek," "should," or "will," or the negative thereof or other variations thereon or comparable terminology. These forward-looking statements are only predictions and involve known and unknown risks and uncertainties, many of which are beyond our control. Investors are cautioned that various factors may affect these forward-looking statements, including the health and economic effects of COVID-19, the rate of any economic improvement, demand for fossil fuels, price volatility of crude oil, other feedstocks and refined products (among others); the ability of CVR Partners to make cash distributions; potential operating hazards; costs of compliance with existing, or compliance with new, laws and regulations and potential liabilities arising therefrom; impacts of planting season on CVR Partners; general economic and business conditions; and other risks. For additional discussion of risk factors which may affect our results, please see the risk factors and other disclosures included in our most recent Annual Report on Form 10-K, any subsequently filed Quarterly Reports on Form 10-Q and our other SEC filings. These and other risks may cause our actual results, performance or achievements to differ materially from any future results, performance or achievements expressed or implied by these forward-looking statements. Given these risks and uncertainties, you are cautioned not to place undue reliance on such forward-looking statements. The forward-looking statements included in this news release are made only as of the date hereof. CVR Energy disclaims any intention or obligation to update publicly or revise any forward-looking statements, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise, except to the extent required by law.

About CVR Energy, Inc.

Headquartered in Sugar Land, Texas, CVR Energy is a diversified holding company primarily engaged in the petroleum refining and marketing business through its interest in CVR Refining and the nitrogen fertilizer manufacturing business through its interest in CVR Partners, LP. CVR Energy subsidiaries serve as the general partner and own 35 percent of the common units of CVR Partners.

For further information, please contact:

Investor Relations:
Richard Roberts
CVR Energy, Inc.
(281) 207-3205
InvestorRelations@CVREnergy.com   

Media Relations:
Brandee Stephens
CVR Energy, Inc.
(281) 207-3516
MediaRelations@CVREnergy.com

Non-GAAP Measures

Our management uses certain non-GAAP performance measures to evaluate current and past performance and prospects for the future to supplement our GAAP financial information presented in accordance with U.S. GAAP. These non-GAAP financial measures are important factors in assessing our operating results and profitability and include the performance and liquidity measures defined below.

The following are non-GAAP measures presented for the period ended June 30, 2020:

EBITDA - Consolidated net income (loss) before (i) interest expense, net, (ii) income tax expense and (iii) depreciation and amortization expense.

Petroleum EBITDA and Nitrogen Fertilizer EBITDA - Segment net income (loss) before segment (i) interest expense, net, (ii) income tax expense (benefit), and (iii) depreciation and amortization.

Refining Margin - The difference between our Petroleum Segment net sales and cost of materials and other.

Petroleum EBITDA and Refining Margin, adjusted for Inventory Valuation Impacts - Petroleum EBITDA and Refining Margin adjusted to exclude the impact of current period market price and volume fluctuations on crude oil and refined product inventories purchased in prior periods and lower of cost or net realizable value adjustments, if applicable. We record our commodity inventories on the first-in-first-out basis. As a result, significant current period fluctuations in market prices and the volumes we hold in inventory can have favorable or unfavorable impacts on our refining margins as compared to similar metrics used by other publicly-traded companies in the refining industry.

Refining Margin and Refining Margin adjusted for Inventory Valuation Impacts, per Throughput Barrel - Refining Margin divided by the total throughput barrels during period, which is calculated as total throughput barrels per day times the number of days in the period.

Direct Operating Expenses per Throughput Barrel - Direct operating expenses for our Petroleum Segment divided by total throughput barrels for the period, which is calculated as total throughput barrels per day times the number of days in the period.

Adjusted (Loss) Earnings per Share - (Loss) Earnings per share adjusted for inventory valuation impacts and other significant non-cash items on an after-tax basis.

Net Debt and Finance Lease Obligations Exclusive of Nitrogen Fertilizer - Net debt is total debt and finance lease obligations reduced for cash and cash equivalents.

Total Debt and Net Debt and Finance Lease Obligations to EBITDA Exclusive of Nitrogen Fertilizer - Total debt and net debt and finance lease obligations is calculated as the consolidated debt and net debt and finance lease obligations less the Nitrogen Fertilizer Segment debt and net debt and finance lease obligations as of the most recent period ended divided by EBITDA exclusive of the Nitrogen Fertilizer Segment for the most recent twelve-month period.

Free Cash Flow - Net cash provided by (used in) operating activities less capital expenditures and capitalized turnaround expenditures.

We present these measures because we believe they may help investors, analysts, lenders and ratings agencies analyze our results of operations and liquidity in conjunction with our U.S. GAAP results, including but not limited to our operating performance as compared to other publicly-traded companies in the refining industry, without regard to historical cost basis or financing methods and our ability to incur and service debt and fund capital expenditures. Non-GAAP measures have important limitations as analytical tools, because they exclude some, but not all, items that affect net earnings and operating income. These measures should not be considered substitutes for their most directly comparable U.S. GAAP financial measures. See "Non-GAAP Reconciliations" section included herein for reconciliation of these amounts. Due to rounding, numbers presented within this section may not add or equal to numbers or totals presented elsewhere within this document.

Items or Events Impacting Comparability

Our results over the past two years have been affects by the following events, the understanding of which will aid in assessing the comparability of our period to period financial performance and financial condition.

Petroleum Segment

Coffeyville Refinery - During the three and six months ended June 30, 2020, we capitalized costs of $27 million and $149 million, respectively, related the planned turnaround which began in March 2020 and was completed in April 2020.

Nitrogen Fertilizer Segment

Goodwill Impairment

As of December 31, 2019, the Company had a goodwill balance of $41 million associated with our Coffeyville Facility reporting unit for which the estimated fair value had been in excess of carrying value based on our 2018 and 2019 assessments. As a result of lower expectations for market conditions in the fertilizer industry, the market performance of CVR Partners' common units, a qualitative analysis, and additional risks associated with the business, the Company concluded a triggering event had occurred that required an interim quantitative impairment assessment of goodwill for this reporting unit as of June 30, 2020. Significant assumptions inherent in the valuation methodologies for goodwill include, but are not limited to, prospective financial information, growth rates, discount rates, inflationary factors, and cost of capital. The results of the impairment test indicated that the carrying amount of the Coffeyville Facility reporting unit exceeded the estimated fair value of the reporting unit, and a full impairment of the asset was required. No such charge was recognized during 2019.


CVR Energy, Inc.
(all information in this release is unaudited)

Financial and Operational Data

  Three Months Ended
June 30,
  Six Months Ended
June 30,
(in millions, except share data) 2020   2019   2020   2019
Consolidated Statement of Operations Data              
Net sales $ 675        $ 1,687       $ 1,806       $ 3,173    
Operating costs and expenses:              
Cost of materials and other 444       1,267       1,501       2,368    
Direct operating expenses (exclusive of depreciation and amortization as reflected below) 119       132       237       258    
Depreciation and amortization 71       76       134       141    
Cost of sales 634       1,475       1,872       2,767    
Selling, general and administrative expenses (exclusive of depreciation and amortization as reflected below) 22       27       47       57    
Depreciation and amortization 3       2       4       4    
Loss (gain) on asset disposals 1       (9 )     2       (7 )  
Goodwill impairment 41       —        41       —     
Operating (loss) income (26 )     192       (160 )     352    
Other (expense) income:              
Interest expense, net (31 )     (26 )     (67 )     (52 )  
Investment income from marketable securities 21       —        52       —     
Other (expense) income, net (1 )     3       —        6    
(Loss) income before income tax expense (37 )     169       (175 )     306    
Income tax (benefit) expense (5 )     41       (42 )     76    
Net (loss) income (32 )     128       (133 )     230    
Less: Net (loss) income attributable to noncontrolling interest (27 )     12       (41 )     13    
Net (loss) income attributable to CVR Energy stockholders $ (5 )     $ 116       $ (92 )     $ 217    
               
Basic and diluted (loss) earnings per share $ (0.05 )     $ 1.16       $ (0.92 )     $ 2.16    
Dividends declared per share $ 0.40       $ 0.75       $ 1.20       $ 1.50    
               
EBITDA* $ 68       $ 273       $ 30       $ 503    
               
Weighted-average common shares outstanding - basic and diluted 100.5       100.5       100.5       100.5    


See "Non-GAAP Reconciliations" section below.


Selected Balance Sheet Data

(in millions) June 30, 2020   December 31, 2019
Cash and cash equivalents $ 606      $ 652   
Working capital 890      678   
Total assets 3,928      3,905   
Total debt and finance lease obligations, including current portion 1,690      1,195   
Total liabilities 2,515      2,237   
Total CVR stockholders' equity 1,180      1,393   

Selected Cash Flow Data

  Three Months Ended
June 30,
  Six Months Ended
June 30,
(in millions) 2020   2019   2020   2019
Net cash flow provided by (used in):              
Operating activities $ 9     $ 156     $ (49 )     $ 384  
Investing activities (165 )   (1 )   (361 )     (43 )
Financing activities (43 )   (82 )   364       (469 )
Net increase in cash and cash equivalents $ (199 )   $ 73     $ (46 )     $ (128 )
               
Free cash flow* $ (158 )   $ 119     $ (273 )     $ 305  


   
* See "Non-GAAP Reconciliations" section below.

Selected Segment Data

(in millions) Petroleum   Nitrogen Fertilizer   Consolidated
Three Months Ended June 30, 2020          
Net sales $ 572     $ 105     $ 675  
Operating (loss) income 5     (26 )   (26 )
Net loss 6     (42 )   (32 )
EBITDA* 54     (2 )   68  
           
Capital expenditures (1)          
Maintenance capital expenditures $ 16     $ 2     $ 19  
Growth capital expenditures 6     1     7  
Total capital expenditures $ 22     $ 3     $ 26  
           
Six Months Ended June 30, 2020          
Net sales $ 1,629     $ 180     $ 1,806  
Operating loss (122 )   (31 )   (160 )
Net loss (124 )   (62 )   (133 )
EBITDA* (23 )   8     30  
           
Capital expenditures (1)          
Maintenance capital expenditures $ 54     $ 6     $ 62  
Growth capital expenditures 9     2     11  
Total capital expenditures $ 63     $ 8     $ 73  


(in millions) Petroleum   Nitrogen Fertilizer   Consolidated
Three Months Ended June 30, 2019          
Net sales $ 1,552      $ 138      $ 1,687   
Operating income 163      35      192   
Net income (loss) 158      19      128   
EBITDA* 216      60      273   
           
Capital expenditures (1)          
Maintenance capital expenditures $ 15      $     $ 20   
Growth capital expenditures     —       
Total capital expenditures $ 17      $     $ 22   
           
Six months ended June 30, 2019          
Net sales $ 2,949      $ 230      $ 3,173   
Operating income (loss) 319      44      352   
Net income (loss) 307      13      230   
EBITDA* 425      86      503   
           
Capital expenditures (1)          
Maintenance capital expenditures $ 34      $     $ 42   
Growth capital expenditures     —       
Total capital expenditures $ 38      $     $ 46   


* See "Non-GAAP Reconciliations" section below.
(1) Capital expenditures are shown exclusive of capitalized turnaround expenditures and capitalized software costs.

Selected Balance Sheet Data

(in millions) Petroleum   Nitrogen Fertilizer   Consolidated
June 30, 2020          
Cash and cash equivalents (1) $ 306      $ 33      $ 606   
Total assets 2,872      1,043      3,928   
Total debt and finance lease obligations, including current portion (2) 62      634      1,690   
           
December 31, 2019          
Cash and cash equivalents (1) $ 583      $ 37      $ 652   
Total assets 3,187      1,138      3,905   
Total debt and finance lease obligations, including current portion (2) 563      632      1,195   


(1)  Corporate cash and cash equivalents consisted of $267 million and $32 million at June 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019, respectively.
(2) Corporate total debt and finance lease obligations, including current portion consisted of $994 million at June 30, 2020, with no debt held at December 31, 2019.

Petroleum Segment

Key Operating Metrics per Total Throughput Barrel

  Three Months Ended
June 30,
  Six Months Ended
June 30,
  2020   2019   2020   2019
Refining margin * $ 10.43      $ 15.66      $ 5.97      $ 16.10   
Refining margin adjusted for inventory valuation impacts * 7.18      15.68      9.12      15.28   
Direct operating expenses * 5.52      4.40      5.69      4.57   


 ∗ See "Non-GAAP Reconciliations" section below.

Throughput Data by Refinery

  Three Months Ended
June 30,
  Six Months Ended
June 30,
(in bpd) 2020   2019   2020   2019
Coffeyville              
Regional crude 34,193      49,979      36,534      45,808   
WTI 40,002      75,090      34,731      71,075   
Midland WTI —      863      —      6,750   
Condensate 6,873      3,125      5,780      4,203   
Heavy Canadian 1,531      3,511      2,040      5,526   
Other feedstocks and blendstocks 5,085      8,083      6,393      8,685   
Wynnewood              
Regional crude 49,377      52,359      50,600      48,383   
WTL 6,335      —      6,153      —   
Midland WTI 2,719      13,410      2,369      12,961   
Condensate 6,784      7,038      8,107      7,394   
Other feedstocks and blendstocks 3,469      2,825      3,737      3,770   
Total throughput 156,369      216,283      156,443      214,555   

Production Data by Refinery

  Three Months Ended
June 30,
  Six Months Ended
June 30,
(in bpd) 2020   2019   2020   2019
Coffeyville              
Gasoline 46,464      70,506      45,492      72,170   
Distillate 34,144      59,049      33,703      59,288   
Other liquid products 4,011      6,786      3,864      6,631   
Solids 2,401      5,113      2,560      5,042   
Wynnewood              
Gasoline 35,381      39,153      37,442      36,746   
Distillate 28,293      31,997      28,524      29,689   
Other liquid products 2,428      1,360      2,441      3,728   
Solids 26      33      26      31   
Total production 153,148      213,997      154,052      213,325   
               
Light product yield (as % of crude throughput) (1) 97.6  %   97.7  %   99.2  %   97.9  %
Liquid volume yield (as % of total throughput) (2) 96.4  %   96.6  %   96.8  %   97.1  %
Distillate yield (as % of crude throughput) (3) 42.2  %   44.3  %   42.5  %   44.0  %


(1) Total Gasoline and Distillate divided by total Regional crude, WTI, WTL, Midland WTI, Condensate, and Heavy Canadian throughput.
(2) Total Gasoline, Distillate, and Other liquid products divided by total throughput.
(3) Total Distillate divided by total Regional crude, WTI, WTL, Midland WTI, Condensate, and Heavy Canadian throughput.


  Three Months Ended
June 30,
  Six Months Ended
June 30,
  2020   2019   2020   2019
Market Indicators (dollars per barrel)              
West Texas Intermediate (WTI) NYMEX $ 28.00     $ 59.91     $ 36.82     $ 57.44  
Crude Oil Differentials to WTI:              
Brent 5.39     8.56     5.29     8.72  
WCS (heavy sour) (9.45 )   (12.63 )   (13.58 )   (11.59 )
Condensate (2.61 )   (1.26 )   (1.99 )   (1.23 )
Midland Cushing 0.40     (2.27 )   0.17     (1.74 )
NYMEX Crack Spreads:              
Gasoline 11.52     21.37     10.95     16.64  
Heating Oil 13.05     23.46     15.99     24.90  
NYMEX 2-1-1 Crack Spread 12.29     22.41     13.47     20.77  
PADD II Group 3 Basis:              
Gasoline (5.37 )   (2.56 )   (4.25 )   (2.31 )
Ultra Low Sulfur Diesel (1.69 )   (0.93 )   (1.75 )   (1.24 )
PADD II Group 3 Product Crack Spread:              
Gasoline 6.15     18.81     6.69     14.33  
Ultra Low Sulfur Diesel 11.35     22.52     14.24     23.65  
PADD II Group 3 2-1-1 8.75     20.67     10.47     18.99  

Q3 2020 Petroleum Segment Outlook

The table below summarizes our outlook for certain operational statistics and financial information for the third quarter of 2020. See "Forward-Looking Statements" above.

  Q3 2020
  Low   High
Total throughput (bpd) 190,000      210,000   
Direct operating expenses (1) (in millions) $ 75      $ 85   
Total capital expenditures (2) (in millions) $ 15      $ 25   


(1) Direct operating expenses are shown exclusive of depreciation and amortization.
(2) Capital expenditures are disclosed on an accrual basis.

Nitrogen Fertilizer Segment:

Key Operating Data:

Ammonia Utilization Rates (3) Two Years Ended June 30,
(capacity utilization) 2020   2019
Consolidated 94 %   92 %
Coffeyville 95 %   94 %
East Dubuque 94 %   90 %


(3)  Reflects ammonia utilization rates on a consolidated basis and at each of the Nitrogen Fertilizer facilities. Utilization is an important measure used by management to assess operational output at each of the facilities. Utilization is calculated as actual tons produced divided by capacity. The Nitrogen Fertilizer Segment presents utilization on a two-year rolling average to take into account the impact of  current turnaround cycles on any specific period. The two-year rolling average is a more useful presentation of the long-term utilization performance of our plants. Additionally, we present utilization solely on ammonia production rather than each nitrogen product as it provides a comparative baseline against industry peers and eliminates the disparity of plant configurations for upgrade of ammonia into other nitrogen products. With the Nitrogen Fertilizer Segments' efforts being primarily focused on ammonia upgrade capabilities, this measure provides a meaningful view of how well the facilities operate.

Sales and Production Data

  Three Months Ended
June 30,
  Six Months Ended
June 30,
  2020   2019   2020   2019
Consolidated sales (thousand tons):              
Ammonia 111      110      164      146   
UAN 337      340      621      628   
               
Consolidated product pricing at gate (dollars per ton) (1):              
Ammonia $ 332      $ 456      $ 310      $ 434   
UAN 165      217      166      219   
               
Consolidated production volume (thousand tons):              
Ammonia (gross produced) (2) 216      211      417      390   
Ammonia (net available for sale) (2) 79      71      157      112   
UAN 321      316      638      651   
               
Feedstock:              
Petroleum coke used in production (thousand tons) 138      134      263      266   
Petroleum coke (dollars per ton) $ 31.13      $ 34.60      $ 37.59      $ 36.14   
Natural gas used in production (thousands of MMBtu) (3) 2,131      2,070      4,272      3,510   
Natural gas used in production (dollars per MMBtu) (3) $ 1.94      $ 2.61      $ 2.18      $ 3.11   
Natural gas in cost of materials and other (thousands of MMBtus) (3) 3,216      3,185      4,633      4,193   
Natural gas in cost of materials and other (dollars per MMBtu) (3) $ 2.17      $ 3.32      $ 2.36      $ 3.45   


(1)  Product pricing at gate represents sales less freight revenue divided by product sales volume in tons and is shown in order to provide a pricing measure that is comparable across the fertilizer industry.
(2) Gross tons produced for ammonia represent total ammonia produced, including ammonia produced that was upgraded into other fertilizer products. Net tons available for sale represent ammonia available for sale that was not upgraded into other fertilizer products.
(3) The feedstock natural gas shown above does not include natural gas used for fuel. The cost of fuel natural gas is included in direct operating expense.

Key Market Indicators

  Three Months Ended
June 30,
  Six Months Ended
June 30,
  2020   2019   2020   2019
Ammonia — Southern Plains (dollars per ton) $ 261      $ 382      $ 266      $ 404   
Ammonia — Corn belt (dollars per ton) 346      495      355      496   
UAN — Corn belt (dollars per ton) 183      226      176      228   
               
Natural gas NYMEX (dollars per MMBtu) $ 1.75      $ 2.51      $ 1.81      $ 2.69   

Q3 2020 Nitrogen Fertilizer Segment Outlook

The table below summarizes our outlook for certain operational statistics and financial information for the third quarter of 2020. See "Forward-Looking Statements" above.

  Q3 2020
  Low   High
Ammonia utilization rates (1)      
Consolidated 95  %   100  %
Coffeyville 95  %   100  %
East Dubuque 95  %   100  %
       
Direct operating expenses (2) (in millions) $ 37      $ 42   
       
Total capital expenditures (3) (in millions) $     $  


(1) Ammonia utilization rates exclude the impact of Turnarounds.
(2) Direct operating expenses are shown exclusive of depreciation and amortization, turnaround expenses, and impacts of inventory adjustments.
(3) Capital expenditures are disclosed on an accrual basis.

Non-GAAP Reconciliations:

Reconciliation of Net (Loss) Income to EBITDA

  Three Months Ended
June 30,
  Six Months Ended
June 30,
(in millions) 2020   2019   2020   2019
Net (loss) income $ (32 )     $ 128      $ (133 )     $ 230  
Add:              
Interest expense, net 31       26      67       52  
Income tax (benefit) expense (5 )     41      (42 )     76  
Depreciation and amortization 74       78      138       145  
EBITDA $ 68       $ 273      $ 30       $ 503  

Reconciliation of Net Cash (Used In) Provided By Operating Activities to Free Cash Flow

  Three Months Ended
June 30,
  Six Months Ended
June 30,
  2020   2019   2020   2019
Net cash (used in) provided by operating activities $ 9       $ 156       $ (49 )     $ 384    
Less:              
Capital expenditures (42 )     (26 )     (77 )     (55 )  
Capitalized turnaround expenditures (125 )     (11 )     (147 )     (24 )  
Free cash flow $ (158 )     $ 119       $ (273 )     $ 305    

Reconciliation of Petroleum Segment Net Income (Loss) to EBITDA and EBITDA Adjusted for Inventory Valuation Impacts

  Three Months Ended
June 30,
  Six Months Ended
June 30,
(in millions) 2020   2019   2020   2019
Petroleum net (loss) income $ 6       $ 158     $ (124 )     $ 307  
Add:              
Interest (income) expense, net (2 )     6     2       17  
Depreciation and amortization 50       52     99       101  
Petroleum EBITDA 54       216     (23 )     425  
Inventory valuation impacts, (favorable) unfavorable (1) (2) (46 )     —      90       (32 )
Petroleum EBITDA adjusted for inventory valuation impacts $ 8       $ 216     $ 67       $ 393  


(1)  The Petroleum Segment's basis for determining inventory value under GAAP is First-In, First-Out ("FIFO"). Changes in crude oil prices can cause fluctuations in the inventory valuation of crude oil, work in process and finished goods, thereby resulting in a favorable inventory valuation impact when crude oil prices increase and an unfavorable inventory valuation impact when crude oil prices decrease. The inventory valuation impact is calculated based upon inventory values at the beginning of the accounting period and at the end of the accounting period. In order to derive the inventory valuation impact per total throughput barrel, we utilize the total dollar figures for the inventory valuation impact and divide by the number of total throughput barrels for the period.
(2) Includes an inventory valuation charge of $58 million recorded in the first quarter of 2020, as inventories were reflected at the lower of cost or net realizable value. No such charge was recognized in the second quarter of 2020 or the 2019 periods.

Reconciliation of Petroleum Segment Gross Profit to Refining Margin and Refining Margin Adjusted for Inventory Valuation Impacts

  Three Months Ended
June 30,
  Six Months Ended
June 30,
(in millions) 2020   2019   2020   2019
Net sales $ 572       $ 1,552      $ 1,629       $ 2,949    
Cost of materials and other 424       1,244      1,459       2,324    
Direct operating expenses (exclusive of depreciation and amortization as reflected below) 79       86      162       177    
Depreciation and amortization 50       52      99       101    
Gross profit (loss) 19       170      (91 )     347    
Add:              
Direct operating expenses (exclusive of depreciation and amortization as reflected below) 79       86      162       177    
Depreciation and amortization 50       52      99       101    
Refining margin 148       308      170       625    
Inventory valuation impacts, (favorable) unfavorable (3) (4) (46 )     —      90       (32 )  
Refining margin adjusted for inventory valuation impacts $ 102       $ 308      $ 260       $ 593    


 (3) The Petroleum Segment's basis for determining inventory value under GAAP is First-In, First-Out ("FIFO"). Changes in crude oil prices can cause fluctuations in the inventory valuation of crude oil, work in process and finished goods, thereby resulting in a favorable inventory valuation impact when crude oil prices increase and an unfavorable inventory valuation impact when crude oil prices decrease. The inventory valuation impact is calculated based upon inventory values at the beginning of the accounting period and at the end of the accounting period. In order to derive the inventory valuation impact per total throughput barrel, we utilize the total dollar figures for the inventory valuation impact and divide by the number of total throughput barrels for the period.
(4) Includes an inventory valuation charge of $58 million recorded in the first quarter of 2020, as inventories were reflected at the lower of cost or net realizable value. No such charge was recognized in the second quarter of 2020 or the 2019 periods.

Reconciliation of Petroleum Segment Total Throughput Barrels

  Three Months Ended
June 30,
  Six Months Ended
June 30,
  2020   2019   2020   2019
Total throughput barrels per day 156,369      216,283      156,443      214,555   
Days in the period 91      91      182      181   
Total throughput barrels 14,229,541      19,681,753      28,472,702      38,834,455   

Reconciliation of Petroleum Segment Refining Margin per Total Throughput Barrels

  Three Months Ended
June 30,
  Six Months Ended
June 30,
(in millions, except for per throughput barrel data) 2020   2019   2020   2019
Refining margin $ 148      $ 308      $ 170      $ 625   
Divided by: total throughput barrels 14      20      28      39   
Refining margin per total throughput barrel $ 10.43      $ 15.66      $ 5.97      $ 16.10   

Reconciliation of Petroleum Segment Refining Margin Adjusted for Inventory Valuation Impact per Total Throughput Barrel

  Three Months Ended
June 30,
  Six Months Ended
June 30,
(in millions, except for throughput barrel data) 2020   2019   2020   2019
Refining margin adjusted for inventory valuation impacts $ 102      $ 308      $ 260      $ 593   
Divided by: total throughput barrels 14      20      28      39   
Refining margin adjusted for inventory valuation impacts per total throughput barrel $ 7.18      $ 15.68      $ 9.12      $ 15.28   

Reconciliation of Petroleum Segment Direct Operating Expenses per Total Throughput Barrel

  Three Months Ended
June 30,
  Six Months Ended
June 30,
(in millions, except for throughput barrel data) 2020   2019   2020   2019
Direct operating expenses (exclusive of depreciation and amortization) $ 79      $ 86      $ 162      $ 177   
Divided by: total throughput barrels 14      20      28      39   
Direct operating expenses per total throughput barrel $ 5.52      $ 4.40      $ 5.69      $ 4.57   

Reconciliation of Nitrogen Fertilizer Segment Net Loss to EBITDA

  Three Months Ended
June 30,
  Six Months Ended
June 30,
(in millions) 2020   2019   2020   2019
Nitrogen fertilizer net loss $ (42 )     $ 19      $ (62 )     $ 13   
Add:              
Interest expense, net 16       16      31       31   
Depreciation and amortization 24       25      39       42   
Nitrogen Fertilizer EBITDA $ (2 )     $ 60      $ 8       $ 86   

Reconciliation of Basic and Diluted (Loss) Earnings per Share to Adjusted (Loss) Earnings per Share

  Three Months Ended
June 30,
  Six Months Ended
June 30,
  2020   2019   2020   2019
Basic and diluted (loss) earnings per share $ (0.05 )     $ 1.16      $ (0.92 )     $ 2.16    
Adjustments:              
Inventory valuation impacts (1) (0.34 )     —      0.66       (0.24 )  
Unrealized gain on marketable securities (1) (0.13 )     —      (0.35 )     —     
Goodwill impairment (1) (2) 0.08       —      0.07       —     
Adjusted (loss) earnings per share $ (0.44 )     $ 1.16      $ (0.54 )     $ 1.92    


(1) Amounts are shown after-tax, using the Company's marginal tax rate, and are presented on a per share basis using the weighted average shares outstanding for each period.
(2)  Amount is shown exclusive of noncontrolling interests.

Reconciliation of Total Debt and Net Debt and Finance Lease Obligations to EBITDA Exclusive of Nitrogen Fertilizer

  Twelve Months Ended
June 30, 2020
Total debt and finance lease obligations (1) $ 1,690   
Less:  
Nitrogen Fertilizer debt and finance lease obligations (1) $ 634   
Total debt and finance lease obligations exclusive of Nitrogen Fertilizer 1,056   
   
EBITDA exclusive of Nitrogen Fertilizer $ 376   
   
Total debt and finance lease obligations to EBITDA exclusive of Nitrogen Fertilizer 2.81   
   
Consolidated cash and cash equivalents $ 606   
Less:  
Nitrogen Fertilizer cash and cash equivalents 33   
Cash and cash equivalents exclusive of Nitrogen Fertilizer 573   
   
Net debt and finance lease obligations exclusive of Nitrogen Fertilizer (2) $ 483   
   
Net debt and finance lease obligations to EBITDA exclusive of Nitrogen Fertilizer (2) 1.28   


(1) Amounts are shown inclusive of the current portion of long-term debt and finance lease obligations.
(2) Net debt represents total debt and finance lease obligations exclusive of cash and cash equivalents.


  Three Months Ended   Twelve Months Ended
June 30, 2020
  September 30, 2019   December 31, 2019   March 31,
2020
  June 30,
2020
 
Consolidated                  
Net income (loss) $ 104       $ 28       $ (101 )     $ (32 )     $ (1 )  
Add:                  
Interest expense, net 26       24       35       31       116    
Income tax expense (benefit) 34       19       (36 )     (5 )     12    
Depreciation and amortization 71       71       64       74       280    
EBITDA $ 235       $ 142       $ (38 )     $ 68       $ 407    
                   
Nitrogen Fertilizer                  
Net (loss) income $ (23 )     $ (25 )     $ (21 )     $ (42 )     (111 )  
Add:                  
Interest expense, net 16       16       16       16       64    
Depreciation and amortization 18       20       16       24       78    
EBITDA $ 11       $ 11       $ 11       $ (2 )     $ 31    
                   
EBITDA exclusive of Nitrogen Fertilizer $ 224       $ 131       $ (49 )     $ 70       $ 376    

 

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