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Columbia Financial, Inc. Announces Financial Results for the Second Quarter Ended June 30, 2020

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FAIR LAWN, N.J., July 29, 2020 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) -- Columbia Financial, Inc. (the "Company") (NASDAQ:CLBK), the mid-tier holding company for Columbia Bank (the "Bank"), reported net income of $15.1 million, or $0.14 per basic and diluted share, for the quarter ended June 30, 2020, as compared to net income of $12.0 million, or $0.11 per basic and diluted share, for the quarter ended June 30, 2019. Earnings for the three months ended June 30, 2020 reflected higher net interest income driven by asset growth, in part, due to the completion of the Company's acquisitions of Stewardship Financial Corporation and its wholly owned subsidiary, Atlantic Stewardship Bank ("Stewardship"), on November 1, 2019, and Roselle Bank and its parent companies ("Roselle") on April 1, 2020, and due to increases in loans, mainly granted as part of the Small Business Association's ("SBA") Paycheck Protection Program ("PPP"). These increases were partially offset by higher provision for loan losses, non-interest expense and income tax expense.

For the six months ended June 30, 2020, the Company reported net income of $21.9 million, or $0.20 per basic and diluted share, as compared to net income of $27.0 million, or $0.24 per basic and diluted share, for the six months ended June 30, 2019. Earnings for the six months ended June 30, 2020 reflected a higher provision for loan losses and non-interest expense, which was partially offset by higher net interest income.

The higher provision for loan losses for both the three and six months ended June 30, 2020 was primarily attributable to consideration of the deterioration of economic factors and loan performance due to the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic which resulted in increases to qualitative factors, and to a lesser extent, due to growth in the Bank's loan portfolio. The Company elected to defer the adoption of the Current Expected Credit Loss ("CECL") methodology permitted by the recently enacted Coronavirus Aid, Relief and Economic Security Act ("CARES Act"). The Company will adopt CECL at the earlier of December 31, 2020 or when the national emergency has concluded.

Mr. Thomas J. Kemly, President and Chief Executive Officer commented: "Our quarterly results were strong even though we are continuing to operate in a challenging environment, where our focus is on offering support to our customers, employees, and communities. We continue to provide branch services with enhanced sanitary protocols and special senior citizen banking hours and are leveraging our digital capabilities for both customers and our operating divisions of the Bank. We are actively working with our commercial and consumer borrowers to assist them through the pandemic by providing short-term loan modifications and granting loans through the SBA Paycheck Protection Program. We are now working with borrowers to return them to making contractual payments on loans previously deferred and guiding SBA PPP borrowers through the process of obtaining forgiveness. On April 1, 2020 we successfully completed our acquisition of Roselle and subsequently, in July 2020, completed the system conversion related to this acquisition. We continue to pursue prudent strategies within our business plan that result in conservative, disciplined balance sheet growth."

Results of Operations for the Quarters Ended June 30, 2020 and June 30, 2019

Net income of $15.1 million was recorded for the quarter ended June 30, 2020, an increase of $3.1 million, or 25.5%, compared to net income of $12.0 million for the quarter ended June 30, 2019. The increase in net income was primarily attributable to a $15.0 million increase in net interest income and a $233,000 increase in non-interest income, partially offset by a $5.6 million increase in the provision for loan losses, a $5.6 million increase in non-interest expense and a $969,000 increase in income tax expense.

Net interest income was $55.9 million for the quarter ended June 30, 2020, an increase of $15.0 million, or 36.8%, from $40.8 million for the quarter ended June 30, 2019. The increase in net interest income was primarily attributable to a $12.9 million increase in interest income coupled with a $2.2 million decrease in interest expense. The increase in interest income for the quarter ended June 30, 2020 was largely due to increases in the average balances on loans, securities and other interest-earning assets, which was the result of internal growth and the acquisitions of Stewardship and Roselle, partially offset by decreases in the average yields on these assets. Prepayment penalties, which are included in interest income on loans, totaled $964,000 for the quarter ended June 30, 2020 compared to $155,000 for the quarter ended June 30, 2019.

The average yield on loans for the quarter ended June 30, 2020 decreased 18 basis points to 3.96%, as compared to 4.14% for the quarter ended June 30, 2019, while the average yield on securities for the quarter ended June 30, 2020 decreased 33 basis points to 2.56%, as compared to 2.89% for the quarter ended June 30, 2019. The average yield on other interest-earning assets for the quarter ended June 30, 2020 decreased 324 basis points to 2.95%, as compared to 6.19% for the quarter ended June 30, 2019. Decreases in the average yields on these portfolios for the quarter ended June 30, 2020 were influenced by the lower interest rate environment as the Federal Reserve reduced interest rates by 75 basis points in the third and fourth quarters of 2019, and in response to COVID-19, reduced interest rates again by 150 basis points in March 2020.

Total interest expense was $19.7 million for the quarter ended June 30, 2020, a decrease of $2.2 million, or 9.9%, from $21.9 million for the quarter ended June 30, 2019. The decrease in interest expense was primarily attributable to a  41 basis point decrease in the average cost of interest-bearing deposits which more than offset the impact from the increase in the average balance of deposits. The decrease in the cost of deposits was driven by both an inflow of lower costing deposits and the repricing of existing deposits at a significantly reduced rate. Interest on borrowings decreased $1.8 million due to a decrease in the average balance of borrowings coupled with an 84 basis point decrease in the cost of these borrowings due to a lower interest rate environment.

The Company's net interest margin for the quarter ended June 30, 2020 increased 20 basis points to 2.73%, when compared to 2.53% for the quarter ended June 30, 2019. The weighted average yield on interest-earning assets decreased 20 basis points to 3.69% for the quarter ended June 30, 2020 as compared to 3.89% for the quarter ended June 30, 2019. The average cost of interest-bearing liabilities decreased 51 basis points to 1.25% for the quarter ended June 30, 2020 as compared to 1.76% for the quarter ended June 30, 2019. The decrease in yields and costs for the quarter ended June 30, 2020 were largely driven by a lower interest rate environment. The net interest margin increased for the quarter as the cost of interest-bearing liabilities repriced lower more rapidly than the yields on interest-earning assets.

The provision for loan losses was $5.7 million for the quarter ended June 30, 2020, an increase of $5.6 million, from $112,000 for the quarter ended June 30, 2019. The increase was primarily attributable to consideration of the deterioration of economic conditions and loan performance due to the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic which resulted in increases to qualitative factors.

Non-interest income was $7.0 million for the quarter ended June 30, 2020, an increase of $233,000, or 3.4%, from $6.8 million for the quarter ended June 30, 2019.  The increase was primarily attributable to increases in the change in fair value of equity securities of $572,000, gain on sale of loans of $599,000 and other non-interest income of $728,000, partially offset by decreases in demand deposit account fees of $431,000, income from loan fees and service charges of $967,000 and gains on securities transactions of $339,000. The increase in other non-interest income consists of increases in ATM, check card and wealth management related activities. Demand deposit account fees and loan fees and service charges were lower due to the decrease in fees related to customer swaps and the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic, which resulted in higher fee waivers as well as customers carrying higher deposit balances related to government stimulus programs.

Non-interest expense was $37.4 million for the quarter ended June 30, 2020, an increase of $5.6 million, or 17.6%, from $31.8 million for the quarter ended June 30, 2019. The increase was primarily attributable to an increase in compensation and employee benefits expense of $4.9 million, an increase in occupancy expense of $877,000 and an increase in other non-interest expense of $860,000, partially offset by a decrease of $943,000 in advertising expense. The increase in compensation and employee benefits expense was primarily attributable to an increase of $2.2 million in expense recorded in connection with grants made under the Company's 2019 Equity Incentive Plan and an increase in expense due to a larger number of employees in the 2020 period, which included continuing employees of Stewardship and Roselle. During the quarter ended June 30, 2020, the Bank implemented a Voluntary Early Retirement Program which offers early retirement incentives for qualified employees. Employees may elect to retire during the third quarter of 2020 if they meet criteria established under the existing Columbia Bank Retirement Plan, with additional incentives under the program. There have been no expenses related to this program recorded through June 30, 2020, although management anticipates approximately $3.0 million in additional compensation and employee benefits expense related to the program in the third quarter. The increase in occupancy expense was primarily the result of an increase in the number of branch offices acquired from Stewardship and Roselle. In light of our focus during the pandemic of delivering our services digitally, the Bank plans to temporarily suspend de novo branching activities with an increased focus of enhancing digital capabilities. The increase in other non-interest expense includes $1.3 million related to interest rate swap transactions.

Income tax expense was $4.6 million for the quarter ended June 30, 2020, an increase of $1.0 million, as compared to $3.6 million for the quarter ended June 30, 2019. The increase in tax expense is attributable to higher pretax income during the quarter. The Company's effective tax rate was 23.4% and 23.2% for the quarters ended June 30, 2020 and 2019, respectively.

Results of Operations for the Six Months Ended June 30, 2020 and June 30, 2019

Net income of $21.9 million was recorded for the six months ended June 30, 2020, a decrease of $5.1 million, or 18.9%, compared to net income of $27.0 million for the six months ended June 30, 2019. The decrease in net income was primarily attributable to a $14.8 million increase in provision for loan losses and a $14.6 million increase in non-interest expense, partially offset by a $23.3 million increase in net interest income and a $587,000 increase in non-interest income.

Net interest income was $106.6 million for the six months ended June 30, 2020, an increase of $23.3 million, or 28.1%, from $83.2 million for the six months ended June 30, 2019. The increase in net interest income was primarily attributable to a $24.7 million increase in interest income and a $1.3 million increase in interest expense. The increase in interest income for the six months ended June 30, 2020 was largely due to increases in the average balances on loans, securities and other interest-earning assets, which were the result of internal growth and the acquisitions of Stewardship and Roselle, partially offset by decreases in the average yields on these assets. Prepayment penalties, which are included in interest income on loans, totaled $1.6 million for the six months ended June 30, 2020 compared to $877,000 for the six months ended June 30, 2019.

The average yield on loans for the six months ended June 30, 2020 decreased 15 basis points to 4.05%, as compared to 4.20% for the six months ended June 30, 2019, while the average yield on securities for the six months ended June 30, 2020 decreased 27 basis points to 2.64%, as compared to 2.91% for the six months ended June 30, 2019. The average yield on other interest-earning assets for the six months ended June 30, 2020 decreased 259 basis points to 3.81%, as compared to 6.40% for the six months ended June 30, 2019. Decreases in the average yields on these portfolios for the six months ended June 30, 2020 were influenced by the lower interest rate environment.

Total interest expense was $43.7 million for the six months ended June 30, 2020, an increase of $1.3 million, or 3.09%, from $42.4 million for the six months ended June 30, 2019. The increase in interest expense on interest-bearing deposits was primarily attributable to a $1.1 billion increase in average balances, partially offset by a 22 basis point decrease in the average cost of interest-bearing deposits. The decrease in the cost of deposits was driven by both an inflow of lower costing deposits and the repricing of existing deposits at a significantly reduced rate. Interest on borrowings decreased $1.5 million due to a 60 basis point decrease in the cost of these borrowings due to a lower interest rate environment, which was partially offset by an increase in the average balance of borrowings.

The Company's net interest margin for the six months ended June 30, 2020 increased 8 basis points to 2.69%, when compared to 2.61% for the six months ended June 30, 2019. The weighted average yield on interest-earning assets decreased 15 basis points to 3.80% for the six months ended June 30, 2020 as compared to 3.95% for the six months ended June 30, 2019. The average cost of interest-bearing liabilities decreased 31 basis points to 1.41% for the six months ended June 30, 2020 as compared to 1.72% for the six months ended June 30, 2019. The decrease in yields and costs for the six months ended June 30, 2020 were largely driven by a lower interest rate environment. The net interest margin increased for the six months ended June 30, 2020 as the cost of interest-bearing liabilities repriced lower more rapidly than the yields on interest-earning assets.

The provision for loan losses was $15.3 million for the six months ended June 30, 2020, an increase of $14.8 million, from $548,000 for the six months ended June 30, 2019. The increase was primarily attributable to consideration of the deterioration of economic conditions and loan performance due to the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic which resulted in increases to qualitative factors.

Non-interest income was $13.4 million for the six months ended June 30, 2020, an increase of $587,000, or 4.6%, from $12.8 million for the six months ended June 30, 2019.  The increase was primarily attributable to increases in gain on sale of loans of $1.2 million and other non-interest income of $441,000, partially offset by decreases in loan fees and service charges of $1.1 million and a change in fair value of equity securities of $188,000. The increase in gain on sale of loans is due to increased activities related to loan sales, and the increase in other non-interest income consists of increases in ATM, check card and wealth management related activities. Loan fees and service charges were lower due to the decrease in fees related to customer swaps, and the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic which resulted in higher fee waivers.

Non-interest expense was $76.0 million for the six months ended June 30, 2020, an increase of $14.6 million, or 23.7%, from $61.4 million for the six months ended June 30, 2019. The increase was primarily attributable to an increase in compensation and employee benefits expense of $9.8 million, occupancy expense of $1.8 million and other non-interest expense of $3.2 million. The increase in compensation and employee benefits expense was primarily attributable to an increase of $4.4 million in expense recorded in connection with grants made under the Company's 2019 Equity Incentive Plan and an increase in expense due to a larger number of employees in the 2020 period, which included continuing employees of Stewardship and Roselle. As noted above, during the period ended June 30, 2020, the Bank implemented a Voluntary Early Retirement Program for qualified employees. There have been no expenses related to this program recorded through June 30, 2020, although management anticipates approximately $3.0 million in additional compensation and employee benefits expense related to the program in the third quarter. The increase in occupancy expense was primarily the result of an increase in the number of branch offices acquired from Stewardship and Roselle, and the increase in other non-interest expense was due to losses of $1.3 million recorded in connection with the branch consolidation resulting from the Stewardship merger and includes $2.2 million related to interest rate swap transactions. In light of our focus during the pandemic on delivering our services digitally, the Bank plans to temporarily suspend de novo branching activities with an increased focus on enhancing digital capabilities.

Balance Sheet Summary

Total assets increased $774.5 million, or 9.5%, to $9.0 billion at June 30, 2020 from $8.2 billion at December 31, 2019. The increase in total assets was primarily attributable to increases in cash and cash equivalents of $150.3 million, debt securities available for sale of $79.6 million, loans receivable, net, of $430.0 million, bank-owned life insurance of $20.2 million, goodwill and intangible assets of $24.1 million and other assets of $71.4 million.

Cash and cash equivalents increased $150.3 million, or 199.0% to $225.9 million at June 30, 2020 from $75.5 million at December 31, 2019. The increase was primarily attributable to $155.2 million in cash acquired due to the Roselle merger, higher prepayments of loans and strong growth in deposits, partially offset by $53.4 million in repurchases of common stock under our stock repurchase program.

Debt securities available for sale increased $79.6 million, or 7.2%, to $1.2 billion at June 30, 2020 from $1.1 billion at December 31, 2019. The increase was attributable to $51.5 million of investments acquired in the Roselle merger, purchases of $111.1 million in mortgage-backed securities, partially offset by maturities and calls of $12.4 million in U.S. agency obligations and municipal securities, repayments of $82.4 million, and sales of $20.8 million. The gross unrealized gain on debt securities available for sale increased by $32.8 million during the six months ended June 30, 2020.

Loans receivable, net, increased $430.0 million, or 7.0%, to $6.6 billion at June 30, 2020 from $6.1 billion at December 31, 2019. The increase included $171.6 million of loans which were acquired due to the Roselle merger mainly consisting of one-to-four family real estate loans. The increases in one-to-four family real estate loans, construction and commercial business loans of $87.1 million, $27.4 million, and $416.3 million, respectively, were partially offset by decreases in multifamily and commercial real estate and home equity loans and advances of $46.0 million and $28.3 million, respectively. A significant portion of the increase in commercial business loans included loans granted as part of the SBA Paycheck Protection Program, which totaled $467.0 million at June 30, 2020. The allowance for loan loss balance increased $12.3 million to $74.0 million at June 30, 2020 from $61.7 million at December 31, 2019, which was primarily attributable to consideration of the deterioration of economic conditions and loan performance due to the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic resulting from increases to qualitative factors. The current allowance for loan losses was calculated utilizing the existing incurred loss methodology.

Bank-owned life insurance increased $20.2 million, or 9.5%, to $231.6 million at June 30, 2020 from $211.4 million at December 31, 2019.  The increase was primarily attributable to $17.2 million acquired in connection with the Roselle merger.

Goodwill and intangible assets increased $24.1 million, or 35.1%, to $92.6 million at June 30, 2020 from $68.6 million at December 31, 2019. The increase was primarily attributable to $23.8 million in goodwill recorded in connection with the Roselle merger.

Other assets increased $71.4 million, or 49.0%, to $217.1 million at June 30, 2020 from $145.7 million at December 31, 2019.  The increase in other assets consisted of a $20.8 million balance of a right-of-use asset recognized in connection with the adoption of Accounting Standards Update ("ASU") 2016-02-Leases, a $31.5 million increase in the collateral balance related to our swap agreement obligations, and a $17.2 million increase in interest rate swap fair value adjustments.

Total liabilities increased $716.0 million, or 9.9%, to $7.9 billion at June 30, 2020 from $7.2 billion at December 31, 2019. The increase was primarily attributable to an increase in total deposits of $935.3 million, or 16.6%, and an increase in accrued expenses and other liabilities of $56.6 million, or 48.0%, partially offset by a decrease in borrowings of $277.0 million, or 19.7%. The increase in total deposits was primarily driven by $333.2 million in deposits assumed due to the Roselle merger and increases in non-interest-bearing and interest-bearing demand deposits of $358.1 million and $205.6 million, respectively, which were mainly related to borrowers depositing funds received from SBA PPP loans into their business accounts. Money market accounts, savings and club deposits, and certificates of deposits also increased $91.6 million, $109.1 million and $170.9 million, respectively, during the period. The increase in accrued expenses and other liabilities consisted of a $21.9 million balance of the lease liability recognized in connection with the adoption of ASU 2016-02-Leases, and a $32.9 million increase in interest rate swap liabilities. The decrease in borrowings was primarily driven by maturing long-term borrowings of $116.5 million and a net decrease in short-term borrowings of $287.8 million, partially offset by new long-term borrowings of $90.0 million and $ 37.7 million in borrowings assumed from Roselle.

Total stockholders' equity increased $58.5 million, or 6.0%, to $1.0 billion at June 30, 2020 from $982.5 million at December 31, 2019. The net increase was primarily attributable to net income of $21.9 million, an increase in additional capital of $68.5 million due to the issuance of 4,759,048 shares of Company common stock to Columbia Bank MHC related to the Roselle merger, and improved fair values on debt securities within our available for sale portfolio of $25.9 million, partially offset by the repurchase of approximately 3,456,200 shares of common stock totaling $53.4 million under our stock repurchase program. The repurchases under the stock repurchase program were completed in April 2020.

Asset Quality

The Company's non-performing loans at June 30, 2020 totaled $13.5 million, or 0.20% of total gross loans, as compared to $6.7 million, or 0.11% of total gross loans, at December 31, 2019. The $6.8 million increase in non-performing loans was primarily attributable to increases of $3.4 million in one-to-four family real estate loans, $1.7 million in multifamily and commercial real estate loans and $1.8 million in commercial business loans. The increase in non-performing one-to-four family real estate loans was due to an increase in the number of loans from 10 non-performing loans at December 31, 2019 to 27 non-performing loans at June 30, 2020. The increase in multifamily and commercial real estate loans was due to an increase in the number of loans from seven non-performing loans at December 31, 2019 to 12 non-performing loans at June 30, 2020. The increase in non-performing commercial business loans included the addition of a $1.1 million commercial loan during the period. Non-performing assets as a percentage of total assets totaled 0.15% at June 30, 2020 as compared to 0.08% at December 31, 2019.

For the quarter ended June 30, 2020, net charge-offs totaled $2.9 million as compared to $480,000 for the quarter ended June 30, 2019.  For the six months ended June 30, 2020, net charge-offs totaled $3.0 million as compared to $487,000 for the six months ended June 30, 2019.  The increase in net charge-offs during the three and six month periods was primarily attributable to a $2.8 million charge-off of one commercial business loan.

The Company's allowance for loan losses was $74.0 million, or 1.12% of total loans, at June 30, 2020, compared to $61.7 million, or 1.00% of total loans, at December 31, 2019. The increase in the allowance for loan losses is primarily attributable to consideration of economic conditions and loan performance due to the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic which resulted in increases to qualitative factors and, to a lesser extent, due to the growth in the Bank's loan portfolio.

COVID-19

Through June 30, 2020, the Company granted $768.0 million of commercial loan modification requests with respect to multifamily, commercial, and construction real estate loans, and $195.0 million of consumer-related loan modification requests with respect to one-to-four family real estate loans and home equity loans and advances from our customers affected by the COVID-19 pandemic. These short-term loan modifications will be treated in accordance with Section 4013 of the CARES Act and will not be treated as troubled debt restructurings during the short-term modification period if the loan was not in arrears at December 31, 2019. Furthermore, these loans will continue to accrue interest and will not be tested for impairment during the short-term modification period. Commercial loan modification requests include various industries and property types. The following table is a summary of loan modifications that have not begun to remit full payment as of July 21, 2020:

   Balance at July 21, 2020   Percent of Total Loans at June 30, 2020
  (Dollars in thousands)    
Real estate loans:      
One-to-four family $ 73,502     3.40 %
Multifamily and commercial 447,925     15.59 %
Construction 13,525     4.14 %
Commercial business loans 34,059     3.79 %
Home equity loans and advances 8,427     2.34 %
Total loans $ 577,438     8.72 %

At July 21, 2020, $248.0 million of the commercial loans in the above table are remitting partial payments and $162.0 million were granted an additional deferral period.

At June 30, 2020, the Company had originated 2,284 loans for $467.0 million under the SBA Paycheck Protection Program. Approximately eighty-one percent of the total number of loans granted have original balances of $250,000 or less.

About Columbia Financial, Inc.

The consolidated financial results include the accounts of Columbia Financial, Inc. its wholly-owned subsidiary Columbia Bank (the "Bank") and the Bank's wholly-owned subsidiaries. Columbia Financial, Inc. is a Delaware corporation organized as Columbia Bank's mid-tier stock holding company. Columbia Financial, Inc. is a majority-owned subsidiary of Columbia Bank, MHC.  Columbia Bank is a federally chartered savings bank headquartered in Fair Lawn, New Jersey. The Bank offers traditional financial services to consumers and businesses in our market areas. We currently operate 66 full-services banking offices.

Forward Looking Statements

Certain statements herein constitute forward-looking statements within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, and Section 21E of the Exchange Act and are intended to be covered by the safe harbor provisions of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. Such statements may be identified by words such as "believes," "will," "would," "expects," "projects," "may," "could," "developments," "strategic," "launching," "opportunities," "anticipates," "estimates," "intends," "plans," "targets" and similar expressions. These statements are based upon the current beliefs and expectations of the Company's management and are subject to significant risks and uncertainties. Actual results may differ materially from those set forth in the forward-looking statements as a result of numerous factors. Factors that could cause such differences to exist include, but are not limited to, adverse conditions in the capital and debt markets and the impact of such conditions on the Company's business activities; changes in interest rates; competitive pressures from other financial institutions; the effects of general economic conditions on a national basis or in the local markets in which the Company operates, including changes that adversely affect a borrowers' ability to service and repay the Company's loans; the effect of the COVID-19 pandemic, including on our credit quality and business operations, as well as its impact on general economic and financial market conditions; changes in the value of securities in the Company's portfolio; changes in loan default and charge-off rates; fluctuations in real estate values; the adequacy of loan loss reserves; decreases in deposit levels necessitating increased borrowing to fund loans and securities; legislative changes and changes in government regulation; changes in accounting standards and practices; the risk that goodwill and intangibles recorded in the Company's consolidated financial statements will become impaired; demand for loans in the Company's market area; the Company's ability to attract and maintain deposits; risks related to the implementation of acquisitions, dispositions, and restructurings; the risk that the Company may not be successful in the implementation of its business strategy, and changes in assumptions used in making such forward-looking statements which are subject to numerous risks and uncertainties, including but not limited to, those set forth in Item 1A of the Company's Annual Report on Form 10-K as supplemented  by its Quarterly Reports on Form 10-Q as filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission (the "SEC"), which are available at the SEC's website, www.sec.gov. Should one or more of these risks materialize or should underlying beliefs or assumptions prove incorrect, Columbia Financial, Inc.'s actual results could differ materially from those discussed. Readers are cautioned not to place undue reliance on these forward-looking statements, which speak only as of the date of this release. The Company disclaims any obligation to publicly update or revise any forward-looking statements to reflect changes in underlying assumptions or factors, new information, future events or other changes, except as required by law.

Non-GAAP Financial Measures

Reported amounts are presented in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles ("GAAP"). This press release also contains certain supplemental non-GAAP information that the Company's management uses in its analysis of the Company's financial results. Specifically, the Company provides measures based on what it believes are its operating earnings on a consistent basis, and excludes material non-routine operating items which affect the GAAP reporting of results of operations. The Company's management believes that providing this information to analysts and investors allows them to better understand and evaluate the Company's core financial results for the periods in question. Because non-GAAP financial measures are not standardized, it may not be possible to compare these financial measures with other companies' non-GAAP financial measures having the same or similar names.

The Company also provides measurements and ratios based on tangible stockholders' equity. These measures are commonly utilized by regulators and market analysts to evaluate a company's financial condition and, therefore, the Company's management believes that such information is useful to investors.

A reconciliation of GAAP to non-GAAP financial measures are included at the end of this press release. See "Reconciliation of GAAP to Non-GAAP Financial Measures".

Contact: Tony Rose
  1st Senior Vice President/Marketing Director
  201-794-5828


COLUMBIA FINANCIAL, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
Consolidated Statements of Financial Condition
(In thousands)

  June 30,   December 31,
  2020   2019
Assets (Unaudited)    
Cash and due from banks $ 225,743     $ 75,420  
Short-term investments 138     127  
Total cash and cash equivalents 225,881     75,547  
       
Debt securities available for sale, at fair value 1,177,925     1,098,336  
Debt securities held to maturity, at amortized cost (fair value of $289,836, and $289,505 at June 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019, respectively) 273,997     285,756  
Equity securities, at fair value 4,710     2,855  
Federal Home Loan Bank stock 57,843     69,579  
Loans held-for-sale, at fair value 9,639      
       
Loans receivable 6,639,874     6,197,566  
Less: allowance for loan losses 74,015     61,709  
Loans receivable, net 6,565,859     6,135,857  
       
Accrued interest receivable 28,414     22,092  
Office properties and equipment, net 77,588     72,967  
Bank-owned life insurance 231,596     211,415  
Goodwill and intangible assets 92,642     68,582  
Other assets 217,098     145,708  
Total assets $ 8,963,192     $ 8,188,694  
       
Liabilities and Stockholders' Equity      
Liabilities:      
Deposits $ 6,581,109     $ 5,645,842  
Borrowings 1,129,979     1,407,022  
Advance payments by borrowers for taxes and insurance 36,706     35,507  
Accrued expenses and other liabilities 174,410     117,806  
Total liabilities 7,922,204     7,206,177  
       
Stockholders' equity:      
Total stockholders' equity 1,040,988     982,517  
Total liabilities and stockholders' equity $ 8,963,192     $ 8,188,694  


COLUMBIA FINANCIAL, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
Consolidated Statements of Income
(In thousands, except share and per share data)

  Three Months Ended
June 30,
  Six Months Ended
June 30,
  2020   2019   2020   2019
Interest income: (Unaudited)   (Unaudited)
Loans receivable $ 65,235     $ 51,709     $ 129,253     $ 103,969  
Debt securities available for sale and equity securities 7,292     7,900     14,620     15,559  
Debt securities held to maturity 1,993     2,115     4,058     4,022  
Federal funds and interest-earning deposits 27     134     216     223  
Federal Home Loan Bank stock dividends 1,040     874     2,130     1,846  
Total interest income 75,587     62,732     150,277     125,619  
Interest expense:              
Deposits 14,911     15,250     31,743     28,929  
Borrowings 4,805     6,639     11,961     13,463  
Total interest expense 19,716     21,889     43,704     42,392  
               
Net interest income 55,871     40,843     106,573     83,227  
               
Provision for loan losses 5,736     112     15,304     548  
               
Net interest income after provision for loan losses 50,135     40,731     91,269     82,679  
               
Non-interest income:              
Demand deposit account fees 620     1,051     1,919     2,010  
Bank-owned life insurance 1,519     1,345     2,936     2,665  
Title insurance fees 996     1,099     2,227     2,140  
Loan fees and service charges 533     1,500     1,261     2,320  
Gain on securities transactions 0     339     370     465  
Change in fair value of equity securities 643     71     59     247  
Gain on sale of loans 795     196     1,549     328  
Other non-interest income 1,902     1,174     3,078     2,637  
Total non-interest income 7,008     6,775     13,399     12,812  
               
Non-interest expense:              
Compensation and employee benefits 25,218     20,343     49,683     39,923  
Occupancy 4,701     3,824     9,496     7,655  
Federal deposit insurance premiums 626     462     736     887  
Advertising 447     1,390     1,591     2,778  
Professional fees 1,083     1,431     2,449     2,678  
Data processing 816     669     1,581     1,307  
Merger-related expenses 432     462     1,507     462  
Other non-interest expense 4,120     3,260     8,908     5,710  
Total non-interest expense 37,443     31,841     75,951     61,400  
               
Income before income tax expense 19,700     15,665     28,717     34,091  
               
Income tax expense 4,603     3,634     6,855     7,141  
               
Net income $ 15,097     $ 12,031     $ 21,862     $ 26,950  
               
Earnings per share-basic and diluted $ 0.14     $ 0.11     $ 0.20     $ 0.24  
Weighted average shares outstanding-basic and diluted 111,102,306     111,553,203     109,770,239     111,544,339  


 COLUMBIA FINANCIAL, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
Average Balances/Yields

  For the Three Months Ended June 30,
  2020   2019
  Average Balance   Interest and Dividends   Yield / Cost   Average Balance   Interest and Dividends   Yield / Cost
  (Dollars in thousands)
Interest-earnings assets:                      
Loans $ 6,629,428     $ 65,235     3.96 %   $ 5,012,533     $ 51,709     4.14 %
Securities 1,458,442     9,285     2.56 %   1,391,009     10,015     2.89 %
Other interest-earning assets 145,677     1,067     2.95 %   65,348     1,008     6.19 %
Total interest-earning assets 8,233,547     75,587     3.69 %   6,468,890     62,732     3.89 %
Non-interest-earning assets 652,255             370,746          
Total assets $ 8,885,802             $ 6,839,636          
                       
Interest-bearing liabilities:                      
Interest-bearing demand $ 1,862,312     $ 3,014     0.65 %   $ 1,355,796     $ 4,432     1.31 %
Money market accounts 485,675     644     0.53 %   261,110     516     0.79 %
Savings and club deposits 633,118     279     0.18 %   490,271     190     0.16 %
Certificates of deposit 2,217,765     10,974     1.99 %   1,816,313     10,112     2.23 %
Total interest-bearing deposits 5,198,870     14,911     1.15 %   3,923,490     15,250     1.56 %
FHLB advances 1,133,975     4,565     1.62 %   1,066,725     6,639     2.50 %
Subordinated notes 17,438     169     3.90 %           %
Junior subordinated debentures 7,582     67     3.55 %           %
Other borrowings 7,692     4     0.21 %           %
Total borrowings 1,166,687     4,805     1.66 %   1,066,725     6,639     2.50 %
Total interest-bearing liabilities 6,365,557     $ 19,716     1.25 %   4,990,215     $ 21,889     1.76 %
                       
Non-interest-bearing liabilities:                      
Non-interest-bearing deposits 1,280,181             725,684          
Other non-interest-bearing liabilities 209,199             119,913          
Total liabilities 7,854,937             5,835,812          
Total stockholders' equity 1,030,865             1,003,824          
Total liabilities and stockholders' equity $ 8,885,802             $ 6,839,636          
                       
Net interest income     $ 55,871             $ 40,843      
Interest rate spread         2.44 %           2.13 %
Net interest-earning assets $ 1,867,990             $ 1,478,675          
Net interest margin         2.73 %           2.53 %
Ratio of interest-earning assets to interest-bearing liabilities 129.35 %           129.63 %        

 COLUMBIA FINANCIAL, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
Average Balances/Yields

  For the Six Months Ended June 30,
  2020   2019
  Average Balance   Interest and Dividends   Yield / Cost   Average Balance   Interest and Dividends   Yield / Cost
  (Dollars in thousands)
Interest-earnings assets:                      
Loans $ 6,413,943     $ 129,253     4.05 %   $ 4,997,253     $ 103,969     4.20 %
Securities 1,422,649     18,678     2.64 %   1,357,565     19,581     2.91 %
Other interest-earning assets 123,686     2,346     3.81 %   65,152     2,069     6.40 %
Total interest-earning assets 7,960,278     150,277     3.80 %   6,419,970     125,619     3.95 %
Non-interest-earning assets 608,023             369,779          
Total assets $ 8,568,301             $ 6,789,749          
                       
Interest-bearing liabilities:                      
Interest-bearing demand $ 1,809,100     $ 7,686     0.85 %   $ 1,337,477     $ 8,649     1.30 %
Money market accounts 452,453     1,715     0.76 %   259,730     958     0.74 %
Savings and club deposits 588,368     494     0.17 %   496,851     386     0.16 %
Certificates of deposit 2,116,873     21,848     2.08 %   1,770,836     18,936     2.16 %
Total interest-bearing deposits 4,966,794     31,743     1.29 %   3,864,894     28,929     1.51 %
FHLB advances 1,250,119     11,456     1.84 %   1,092,542     13,463     2.48 %
Subordinated notes 17,285     336     3.91 %           %
Junior subordinated debentures 7,515     165     4.42 %           %
Other borrowings 3,846     4     0.21 %           %
Total borrowings 1,278,765     11,961     1.88 %   1,092,542     13,463     2.48 %
Total interest-bearing liabilities 6,245,559     $ 43,704     1.41 %   4,957,436     $ 42,392     1.72 %
                       
Non-interest-bearing liabilities:                      
Non-interest-bearing deposits 1,120,061             722,130          
Other non-interest-bearing liabilities 197,295             118,415          
Total liabilities 7,562,915             5,797,981          
Total stockholders' equity 1,005,386             991,768          
Total liabilities and stockholders' equity $ 8,568,301             $ 6,789,749          
                       
Net interest income     $ 106,573             $ 83,227      
Interest rate spread         2.39 %           2.23 %
Net interest-earning assets $ 1,714,719             $ 1,462,534          
Net interest margin         2.69 %           2.61 %
Ratio of interest-earning assets to interest-bearing liabilities 127.46 %           129.50 %        


COLUMBIA FINANCIAL, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
Components of Net Interest Rate Spread and Margin

  Average Yields/Costs by Quarter
  June 30, 2020   March 31, 2020   December 31, 2019   September 30, 2019   June 30, 2019
Yield on interest-earning assets:                  
Loans 3.96 %   4.15 %   4.14 %   4.16 %   4.14 %
Securities 2.56     2.72     2.73     2.79     2.89  
Other interest-earning assets 2.95     5.06     4.87     6.10     6.19  
Total interest-earning assets 3.69 %   3.91 %   3.87 %   3.89 %   3.89 %
                   
Cost of interest-bearing liabilities:                  
Total interest-bearing deposits 1.15 %   1.43 %   1.48 %   1.60 %   1.56 %
Total borrowings 1.66     2.07     2.21     2.40     2.50  
Total interest-earning liabilities 1.25 %   1.58 %   1.64 %   1.77 %   1.76 %
                   
Interest rate spread 2.44 %   2.33 %   2.23 %   2.12 %   2.13 %
Net interest margin 2.73 %   2.65 %   2.59 %   2.52 %   2.53 %
                   
Ratio of interest-earning assets to interest-bearing liabilities 129.35 %   125.49 %   127.34 %   129.63 %   129.63 %



  COLUMBIA FINANCIAL, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
Selected Financial Highlights

               
  For the Three Months Ended June 30,   For the Six Months Ended June 30,
  2020   2019   2020   2019
SELECTED FINANCIAL RATIOS (1):              
Return on average assets 0.68 %   0.71 %   0.51 %   0.80 %
Core return on average assets 0.70 %   0.71 %   0.55 %   0.80 %
Return on average equity 5.89 %   4.81 %   4.37 %   5.48 %
Core return on average equity 6.03 %   4.84 %   4.72 %   5.48 %
Interest rate spread 2.44 %   2.13 %   2.39 %   2.23 %
Net interest margin 2.73 %   2.53 %   2.69 %   2.61 %
Non-interest expense to average assets 1.69 %   1.87 %   1.78 %   1.82 %
Efficiency ratio 59.55 %   66.87 %   63.31 %   63.93 %
Core efficiency ratio 58.86 %   66.37 %   61.26 %   63.76 %
Average interest-earning assets to average interest-bearing liabilities 129.35 %   129.63 %   127.46 %   129.50 %
Net charge-offs to average outstanding loans 0.18 %   0.04 %   0.09 %   0.02 %
               
(1) Ratios for the three months are annualized when appropriate.              


CAPITAL RATIOS:      
  June 30,   December 31,
  2020   2019
Company:      
Total capital (to risk-weighted assets) 18.22 %   17.25 %
Tier 1 capital (to risk-weighted assets) 16.79 %   16.05 %
Common equity tier 1 capital (to risk-weighted assets) 16.67 %   15.94 %
Tier 1 capital (to adjusted total assets) 11.56 %   12.92 %
       
Bank:      
Total capital (to risk-weighted assets) 15.58 %   14.25 %
Tier 1 capital (to risk-weighted assets) 14.33 %   13.21 %
Common equity tier 1 capital (to risk-weighted assets) 14.33 %   13.21 %
Tier 1 capital (to adjusted total assets) 9.79 %   10.25 %


ASSET QUALITY:      
  June 30,   December 31,
  2020   2019
  (Dollars in thousands)
Non-accrual loans $ 13,502     $ 6,687  
90+ and still accruing      
Non-performing loans 13,502     6,687  
Real estate owned      
Total non-performing assets $ 13,502     $ 6,687  
       
Non-performing loans to total gross loans 0.20 %   0.11 %
Non-performing assets to total assets 0.15 %   0.08 %
Allowance for loan losses $ 74,015     $ 61,709  
Allowance for loan losses to total non-performing loans 548.18 %   922.82 %
Allowance for loan losses to gross loans 1.12 %   1.00 %
Allowance for loan losses to gross loans, excluding SBA PPP loans 1.20 %   %
Unamortized purchase accounting fair value credit marks on acquired loans $ 4,660     $  


LOAN DATA:      
  June 30,   December 31,
  2020   2019
Real estate loans: (In thousands)
One-to-four family $ 2,164,185     $ 2,077,079  
Multifamily and commercial 2,874,019     2,919,985  
Construction 326,343     298,942  
Commercial business loans * 899,506     483,215  
Consumer loans:      
Home equity loans and advances 359,813     388,127  
Other consumer loans 1,600     1,960  
Total gross loans 6,625,466     6,169,308  
Purchased credit-impaired ("PCI") loans 6,881     7,021  
Net deferred loan costs, fees and purchased premiums and discounts ** 7,527     21,237  
Allowance for loan losses (74,015 )   (61,709 )
Loans receivable, net $ 6,565,859     $ 6,135,857  
       
*  At June 30, 2020 includes SBA PPP loans totaling $467.0 million.      
** At June 30, 2020 includes SBA PPP net deferred loan fees totaling $13.5 million.      


Reconciliation of GAAP to Non-GAAP Financial Measures
       
Book and Tangible Book Value per Share
  June 30,   December 31,
  2020   2019
       
Total stockholders' equity $ 1,040,988     $ 982,517  
Less: goodwill (85,426 )   (60,763 )
Less: core deposit intangible (6,731 )   (7,245 )
Total tangible stockholders' equity $ 948,831     $ 914,509  
       
Shares outstanding 115,067,114     113,765,387  
       
Book value per share $ 9.05     $ 8.64  
Tangible book value per share $ 8.25     $ 8.04  


Reconciliation of Core Net Income              
  Three Months Ended June 30,   Six Months Ended June 30,
  2020   2019   2020   2019
  (In thousands)
               
Net income $ 15,097     $ 12,031     $ 21,862     $ 26,950  
Less: gain on securities transactions, net of tax     (260 )   (279 )   (360 )
Add: merger-related expenses, net of tax 366     355     1,184     355  
Add: branch closure expenses, net of tax         878      
Core net income $ 15,463     $ 12,126     $ 23,645     $ 26,945  


Return on Average Assets              
  Three Months Ended June 30,   Six Months Ended June 30,
  2020   2019   2020   2019
  (Dollars in thousands)
               
Net income $ 15,097     $ 12,031     $ 21,862     $ 26,950  
               
Average assets $ 8,885,802     $ 6,839,636     $ 8,568,301     $ 6,789,749  
               
Return on average assets 0.68 %   0.71 %   0.51 %   0.80 %
               
Core net income $ 15,463     $ 12,126     $ 23,645     $ 26,945  
               
Core return on average assets 0.70 %   0.71 %   0.55 %   0.80 %

Reconciliation of GAAP to Non-GAAP Financial Measures (continued)

Return on Average Equity              
  Three Months Ended June 30,   Six Months Ended June 30,
  2020   2019   2020   2019
  (Dollars in thousands)
               
Total average stockholders' equity $ 1,030,865     $ 1,003,824     $ 1,005,386     $ 991,768  
Less: gain on securities transactions, net of tax     (260 )   (279 )   (360 )
Add: merger-related expenses, net of tax 366     355     1,184     355  
Add: branch closure expenses, net of tax         878      
Core average stockholders' equity $ 1,031,231     $ 1,003,919     $ 1,007,169     $ 991,763  
               
Return on average equity 5.89 %   4.81 %   4.37 %   5.48 %
               
Core return on core average equity 6.03 %   4.84 %   4.72 %   5.48 %


Efficiency Ratios              
  Three Months Ended June 30,   Six Months Ended June 30,
  2020   2019   2020   2019
  (Dollars in thousands)
               
Net interest income $ 55,871     $ 40,843     $ 106,573     $ 83,227  
Non-interest income 7,008     6,775     13,399     12,812  
Total income $ 62,879     $ 47,618     $ 119,972     $ 96,039  
               
Non-interest expense $ 37,443     $ 31,841     $ 75,951     $ 61,400  
               
Efficiency ratio 59.55 %   66.87 %   63.31 %   63.93 %
               
Non-interest income $ 7,008     $ 6,775     $ 13,399     $ 12,812  
Less: gain on securities transactions     (339 )   (370 )   (465 )
Core non-interest income $ 7,008     $ 6,436     $ 13,029     $ 12,347  
               
Non-interest expense $ 37,443     $ 31,841     $ 75,951     $ 61,400  
Less: merger-related expenses (432 )   (462 )   (1,507 )   (462 )
Less: branch closure expenses         (1,170 )    
Core non-interest expense $ 37,011     $ 31,379     $ 73,274     $ 60,938  
               
Core efficiency ratio 58.86 %   66.37 %   61.26 %   63.76 %

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