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Cheetah Mobile Announces First Quarter 2019 Unaudited Consolidated Financial Results

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BEIJING, June 14, 2019 /PRNewswire/ -- Cheetah Mobile Inc. (NYSE:CMCM) ("Cheetah Mobile" or the "Company"), a leading mobile internet company with global market coverage, today announced its unaudited consolidated financial results for the first quarter ended March 31, 2019.

First Quarter 2019 Financial Highlights

  • Total revenues were RMB1,085.6 million (US$161.8 million), reaching the high end of Company's previous guidance range of RMB1,060 million to RMB1,090 million.
  • Revenues from the mobile entertainment business increased by 41.7% year over year to RMB556.2 million (US$82.9 million), accounting for 51.2% of total revenues in the first quarter of 2019.
  • Other revenues grew by 299.2% to RMB31.5 million (US$4.7 million), mainly driven by the sales of the artificial intelligence ("AI") based interpretation device, Cheetah Translator, in China.
  • Gross profit was RMB718.7 million (US$107.1 million) in the first quarter of 2019. Gross margin remained stable year over year at 66.2%.
  • Operating profit from utility products and related services was RMB123.2 million (US$18.4 million) in the first quarter of 2019. Operating loss for the mobile entertainment business further reduced to RMB44.1 million (US$6.6 million) in the first quarter of 2019 from RMB75.0 million in the same period last year.
  • Net income attributable to Cheetah Mobile shareholders was RMB7.1 million (US$1.1 million). Non-GAAP net income attributable to Cheetah Mobile shareholders was RMB33.8 million (US$5.0 million).
  • As of March 31, 2019, the Company had cash and cash equivalents, restricted cash, and short-term investments of RMB3,422.6 million (US$510.0 million).

First Quarter 2019 Operating Metrics

  • The average number of global mobile monthly active users ("Mobile MAUs") was 434.8 million in the first quarter of 2019. The number of Mobile MAUs from markets outside of China, or overseas markets, accounted for 70.3% of the total number of Mobile MAUs in the first quarter of 2019.

Mr. Sheng Fu, Cheetah Mobile's Chairman and Chief Executive Officer, stated, "Our AI businesses made strong progress in the first quarter of 2019. We continued to enrich our AI product portfolio and build more use cases for our AI products. As to consumer-facing products, we launched a tailor-made version of CM Translator for Chinese primary school students in the first quarter of 2019 to help them learn English at home. CM Translator has been the top seller among its peers since its launch in July 2018. As to enterprise-focused products, we expanded Cheetah GreetBot's consumer locations to university libraries to help students easily find the books they need. Looking ahead, we are quite excited about additional AI opportunities. We will continue to leverage our AI technologies and rich experience in developing applications to grow our AI businesses. Backed with our strong cash position and cash generation capability, we believe that our AI business will enable us to drive our long-term growth."

Mr. Vincent Jiang, Cheetah Mobile's Chief Financial Officer, commented, "Driven by the robust revenue growth in our mobile entertainment business and AI-related business, our total revenues in the first quarter of 2019 reached the high end of our previous guidance. Notably, revenues from the mobile games business increased by 73% year over year to RMB302 million, already accounted for 28% of total revenue in the quarter. On the profit side, our utility products and related services continued to generate solid profit of RMB123 million in the quarter. Losses from the mobile entertainment business continued to narrow in the quarter thanks to the reduced loss from our LiveMe business. Looking ahead, we are confident that our long-term growth prospects remain healthy. We believe that our strong cash generation capabilities and our high cash balance will allow us to continue to expand into the AI space."

First Quarter 2019 Consolidated Financial Results

REVENUES
Total revenues were RMB1,085.6 million (US$161.8 million) in the first quarter of 2019.

Revenues from utility products and related services decreased by 33.1% year over year to RMB497.9 million (US$74.2 million) in the first quarter of 2019. The year-over-year decrease was primarily due to continuous disruptions to the Company's overseas mobile utility business as a result of the negative publicity caused by a news article published in 2018. 

Revenues from the mobile entertainment business increased by 41.7% year over year to RMB556.2 million (US$82.9 million), driven by the growth of both mobile games business and LiveMe business. Revenues from the mobile entertainment business contributed to 51.2% of the total revenue in the first quarter of 2019, up from 34.3% in the first quarter of 2018.

  • Revenues from the mobile games business increased by 72.5% year over year to RMB301.5 million (US$44.9 million) in the quarter. The increase was mainly attributable to the strong performance of Bricks n Balls, which started to ramp up from the middle of July 2018. The Company's flagship titles, including Piano Tiles 2, Rolling Sky, and Dancing Line, also exhibited very strong performance in the first quarter of 2019. In the first quarter of 2019, we also launched a number of casual games, which also contributed to the revenue growth, although their aggregate revenue contributions were still insignificant.
  • Revenues from LiveMe, increased by 17.0% year over year to RMB254.8 million (US$38.0 million). The increase was primarily driven by higher average revenue per paying user. LiveMe introduced several new features in the quarter to enhance user interaction, competition, and engagement.

Other revenues grew by 299.2% year over year to RMB31.5 million (US$4.7 million), mainly driven by the sales of the AI-based interpretation device, Cheetah Translator, in China. Revenues from others represented 2.9% of total revenues in the first quarter of 2019, up from 0.7% in the first quarter of 2018.

COST OF REVENUES AND GROSS PROFIT 

Cost of revenues decreased by 6.2% year over year to RMB366.9 million (US$54.7 million) in the first quarter of 2019. The year-over-year decrease resulted from the reduced traffic acquisition costs associated with the Company's third-party advertising platform business, partially offset by an increase in content and channel costs in relation to the Company's mobile game business, as well as increased costs associated with the AI business. Non-GAAP cost of revenues decreased by 6.3% year over year to RMB366.8 million (US$54.7 million) in the first quarter of 2019.

Gross profit decreased by 4.7% year over year to RMB718.7 million (US$107.1 million) in the first quarter of 2019. Non-GAAP gross profit decreased by 4.6% year over year to RMB718.9 million (US$107.1 million). Gross margin and non-GAAP gross margin remained stable at 66.2% year over year.

OPERATING INCOME AND EXPENSES 

Total operating expenses increased by 19.2% year over year to RMB736.4 million (US$109.7 million) in the first quarter of 2019. Total non-GAAP operating expenses increased by 16.7% year over year to RMB709.9 million (US$105.8 million) in the first quarter of 2019. 

  • Research and development (R&D) expense increased by 33.7% year over year to RMB196.9 million (US$29.3 million) in the first quarter of 2019. The increase primarily resulted from higher share-based compensation expenses and increased R&D headcount in relation to the Company's mobile games and AI-related businesses. Non-GAAP R&D expenses, which exclude share-based compensation expenses, increased by 17.6% year over year to RMB180.4 million (US$26.9 million) in the first quarter of 2019.
  • Selling and marketing expenses increased by 11.6% year over year to RMB436.6 million (US$65.1 million) in the first quarter of 2019. The increase was mainly due to increased promotion efforts for the Company's mobile games and AI-related business. Non-GAAP selling and marketing expenses, which exclude share-based compensation expenses, increased by 10.9% year over year to RMB433.8 million (US$64.6 million) in the first quarter of 2019.
  • General and administrative expenses increased by 16.8% year over year to RMB105.8 million (US$15.8 million) in the first quarter of 2019. The year-over-year increase was primarily due to higher professional service fees and increased employee benefits for general and administrative staff. Non-GAAP general and administrative expenses, which exclude share-based compensation expenses, increased by 30.3% year over year to RMB98.7 million (US$14.7 million) in the first quarter of 2019.

Operating loss was RMB17.7 million (US$2.6 million) in the first quarter of 2019 compared to an operating profit of RMB136.4 million in the same period last year. Non-GAAP operating profit was RMB9.0 million (US$1.3 million) in the first quarter of 2019 compared to RMB145.3 million in the same period last year.

The Company has reported its operating profit (loss) along the following segments since the second quarter of 2017:

  • Operating profit for utility products and related services was RMB123.2 million (US$18.4 million) in the first quarter of 2019, decreasing from RMB 264.7 million in the first quarter of 2018, mainly due to the revenue decrease in the overseas market.
  • Operating loss for the mobile entertainment business was RMB44.1 million (US$6.6 million) in the first quarter of 2019 compared to operating loss of RMB75.0 million in the same period last year. The reduced losses were mainly attributable to the increasing operational leverage and stricter cost and expense management for LiveMe, as well as the improved operating profits for the Company's flagship games, partially offset by initiatives to launch new titles.

Share-based compensation expenses was RMB26.7 million (US$4.0 million) in the first quarter of 2019 compared to RMB8.9 million in the same period last year, as the Company granted a certain number of restricted shares to key employees.  

NET INCOME ATTRIBUTABLE TO CHEETAH MOBILE SHAREHOLDERS
Net income attributable to Cheetah Mobile shareholders was RMB7.1 million (US$1.1 million) in the first quarter of 2019. Non-GAAP net income attributable to Cheetah Mobile shareholders was RMB33.8 million (US$5.0 million) in the first quarter of 2019.

NET INCOME PER ADS
Diluted loss per ADS was RMB0.02 (US$0.00) in the first quarter of 2019. Non-GAAP diluted income per ADS was RMB0.17 (US$0.03) in the first quarter of 2019. 

ADJUSTED EBITDA
Adjusted EBITDA (Non-GAAP) decreased by 85.0% year over year to RMB25.3 million (US$3.8 million) in the first quarter of 2019. 

BALANCE SHEET
As of March 31, 2019, the Company had cash and cash equivalents, restricted cash, and short-term investments of RMB3,422.6 million (US$510.0 million). 

SHARES ISSUED AND OUTSTANDING
As of March 31, 2019, the Company had a total of 1,433,343,199 Class A and Class B ordinary shares issued and outstanding. One ADS represents 10 Class A ordinary shares.

SHARE REPURCHASE PROGRAM
On September 13, 2018, the Company announced that its board of directors had approved a share repurchase program of up to US$100 million of the Company's outstanding ADSs for a period not to exceed 12 months. Cheetah funded repurchases made under this program from its available cash balance. As of June 14, 2019, the Company had repurchased approximately 4.5 million ADSs for approximately US$32 million under this program.

Business Outlook
For the second quarter of 2019, the Company expects its total revenues to be between RMB920 million (US$137 million) and RMB950 million (US$142 million). This estimate represents management's preliminary view as of the date of this release, which is subject to change.

Conference Call Information
The Company will hold a conference call on Friday, June 14, 2019 at 8:00 a.m. Eastern Time or 8:00 p.m. Beijing Time to discuss the financial results. Listeners may access the call by dialing the following numbers:

International: +1-412-902-4272
United States Toll Free: +1-888-346-8982
China Toll Free: 4001-201-203
Hong Kong Toll Free: 800-905-945
Conference ID: Cheetah Mobile

The replay will be accessible through June 21, 2019 by dialing the following numbers:

International: 

+1-412-317-0088

United States Toll Free: 

+1-877-344-7529


Access Code: 

10131962


A live and archived webcast of the conference call will also be available at the Company's investor relations website at http://ir.cmcm.com.

EXCHANGE RATE

This press release contains translations of certain Renminbi amounts into U.S. dollars at specified rates solely for the convenience of readers. Unless otherwise noted, all translations from Renminbi to U.S. dollars in this press release were made at a rate of RMB 6.7112 to US$1.00, the exchange rate in effect as of March 31, 2018, as set forth in the H.10 statistical release of the Federal Reserve Board.  Such translations should not be construed as representations that RMB amounts could be converted into U.S. dollars at that rate or any other rate, or to be the amounts that would have been reported under accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America ("U.S. GAAP").

ABOUT CHEETAH MOBILE INC.

Cheetah Mobile is a leading mobile Internet company with global market coverage. It has attracted hundreds of millions of monthly active users through its mobile utility products such as Clean Master and Cheetah Keyboard, casual games such as Piano Tiles 2, Bricks n Balls, and live streaming product LiveME. The Company provides its advertising customers, which include direct advertisers and mobile advertising networks through which advertisers place their advertisements, with direct access to highly targeted mobile users and global promotional channels. The Company also provides value-added services to its mobile application users through the sale of in-app virtual items on selected mobile products and games. Cheetah Mobile is committed to leveraging its cutting-edge artificial intelligence technologies to power its products and make the world smarter. It has been listed on the New York Stock Exchange since May 2014. 

SAFE HARBOR STATEMENT

This press release contains forward-looking statements. These statements, including management quotes and business outlook, constitute forward-looking statements under the U.S. Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. These forward-looking statements can be identified by terminology such as "will," "expects," "anticipates," "future," "intends," "plans," "believes," "estimates" and similar statements. Such statements involve inherent risks and uncertainties. A number of factors could cause actual results to differ materially from those contained in the forward-looking statements, including but are not limited to the following: Cheetah Mobile's growth strategies; Cheetah Mobile's ability to retain and increase its user base and expand its product and service offerings; Cheetah Mobile's ability to monetize its platform; Cheetah Mobile's future business development, financial condition and results of operations; competition with companies in a number of industries including internet companies that provide online marketing services and internet value-added services; expected changes in Cheetah Mobile's revenues and certain cost or expense items; and general economic and business condition globally and in China. Further information regarding these and other risks is included in Cheetah Mobile's filings with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission. Cheetah Mobile does not undertake any obligation to update any forward-looking statement as a result of new information, future events or otherwise, except as required under applicable law.

USE OF NON-GAAP FINANCIAL MEASURES

To supplement Cheetah Mobile's consolidated financial information presented in accordance with U.S. GAAP, Cheetah Mobile uses the following non-GAAP financial measures:

  • Non-GAAP cost of revenues reflects cost of revenues excluding the portion of share-based compensation expenses allocated to cost of revenues.
  • Non-GAAP gross profit reflects gross profit excluding the portion of share-based compensation expenses allocated to gross profit.
  • Non-GAAP operating income and expenses reflect operating income and expenses excluding the portion of share-based compensation expenses allocated to operating expenses.
  • Non-GAAP operating profit reflects operating profit excluding share-based compensation expenses.
  • Non-GAAP net income attributable to Cheetah Mobile shareholders is net income attributable to Cheetah Mobile shareholders excluding share-based compensation expenses.
  • Non-GAAP diluted earnings per ADS is non-GAAP net income attributable to Cheetah Mobile shareholders excluding net income attributable to redeemable non-controlling interests, divided by weighted average number of diluted ADSs.
  • Adjusted EBITDA is earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation, amortization, other non-operating income and share-based compensation expenses.
  • Free cash flow is net cash generated by operating activities less capital expenditure.

The Company believes that separate analysis and exclusion of share-based compensation expenses and the use of Adjusted EBITDA add clarity to the constituent parts of its performance from the cash perspective. The Company reviews these non-GAAP financial measures together with GAAP financial measures to obtain a better understanding of its operating performance. It uses the non-GAAP financial measures for planning, forecasting and measuring results against the forecast. The Company believes that non-GAAP financial measures are useful supplemental information for investors and analysts to assess its operating performance without the effect of share-based compensation expenses, which have been and will continue to be significant recurring expenses in its business. However, the use of non-GAAP financial measures has material limitations as an analytical tool. One of the limitations of using non-GAAP financial measures is that they do not include all items that impact the Company's net income for the period. In addition, because non-GAAP financial measures are not measured in the same manner by all companies, they may not be comparable to other similarly titled measures used by other companies. In light of the foregoing limitations, you should not consider non-GAAP financial measure in isolation from or as an alternative to the financial measure prepared in accordance with U.S. GAAP. For more information on these non-GAAP financial measures, please see the tables captioned "Cheetah Mobile Inc.  Reconciliations of GAAP

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