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JD.com Announces Fourth Quarter and Full Year 2018 Results

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BEIJING, Feb. 28, 2019 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) -- February 28, 2019---JD.com, Inc. (NASDAQ:JD), China's leading technology driven e-commerce company and retail infrastructure service provider, today announced its unaudited financial results for the quarter and full year ended December 31, 2018.

Fourth Quarter and Full Year 2018 Highlights

  • Net revenues1 for the fourth quarter of 2018 were RMB134.8 billion (US$219.6 billion), an increase of 22.4% from the fourth quarter of 2017. Net service revenues for the fourth quarter of 2018 were RMB14.6 billion (US$2.1 billion), an increase of 45.7% from the fourth quarter of 2017. Net revenues for the full year of 2018 were RMB462.0 billion (US$67.2 billion), an increase of 27.5% from the full year of 2017. Net service revenues for the full year of 2018 were RMB45.9 billion (US$6.7 billion), an increase of 50.5% from the full year of 2017.
  • Operating margin of JD Mall before unallocated items3 for the fourth quarter of 2018 was 1.1%, as compared to 0.6% for the same period last year. Operating margin of JD Mall before unallocated items for the full year of 2018 was 1.6% as compared to 1.4% for the full year of 2017.

  • Net loss from continuing operations attributable to ordinary shareholders for the fourth quarter of 2018 was RMB4.8 billion (US$0.7 billion), compared to RMB0.9 billion for the same period last year. Non-GAAP net income from continuing operations attributable to ordinary shareholders4 for the fourth quarter of 2018 was RMB749.9 million (US$109.1 million), compared to RMB449.3 million for the same period last year. Net loss from continuing operations attributable to ordinary shareholders for the full year of 2018 was RMB2.5 billion (US$0.4 billion), compared to a net income from continuing operations attributable to ordinary shareholders of RMB116.8 million for the full year of 2017. Non-GAAP net income from continuing operations attributable to ordinary shareholders for the full year of 2018 was RMB3.5 billion (US$0.5 billion), compared to RMB5.0 billion for the full year of 2017.
  • Diluted EPS and Non-GAAP Diluted EPS. Diluted net loss per ADS from continuing operations for the fourth quarter of 2018 was RMB3.32 (US$0.48), compared to RMB0.64 for the fourth quarter of 2017. Non-GAAP diluted net income per ADS from continuing operations for the fourth quarter of 2018 was RMB0.51 (US$0.07), compared to RMB0.31 for the same quarter last year. Diluted net loss per ADS from continuing operations for the full year of 2018 was RMB1.73 (US$0.25), compared to diluted net income per ADS from continuing operations of RMB0.08 for the full year of 2017. Non-GAAP diluted net income per ADS from continuing operations for the full year of 2018 was RMB2.35 (US$0.34), as compared to RMB3.41 in the full year of 2017.

  • Annual active customer accounts increased to 305.3 million in the twelve months ended December 31, 2018 from 292.5 million in the twelve months ended December 31, 2017. Quarterly active customer accounts[5] in the fourth quarter and third quarter of 2018, on the other hand, increased by 20% and 22%, as compared to the same periods in 2017, respectively.

"In the fourth quarter of 2018, JD.com continued to outperform the industry across our key product categories," said Richard Liu, Chairman and CEO of JD.com. "Our investments in technology enhanced the customer experience and enabled greater operating efficiency. As JD.com pushes the boundaries of retail, we are committed to optimizing our resources across our business in order to deliver long term value to our shareholders."

"Overall, we saw healthy top line and bottom line performance in the fourth quarter, reflecting our balanced approach towards financial discipline and investing for the future," said Sidney Huang, Chief Financial Officer of JD.com. "In particular, our core JD Mall business has continued to grow with improving margin. We focused on developing industry leading technology innovation and infrastructure to drive greater efficiency and economies of scale in the future."

Recent Business Developments

  • In the fourth quarter, JD.com took significant steps to continue enhancing and expanding its Environmental, Social and Governance (ESG) program. In October, JD was ranked 131st on the Forbes World's Best Employers 2018 list, a significant increase from its 251st ranking in 2017. In October, JD held its second "Green Planet-Sustainable Week" program, partnering with the World Wide Fund (WWF) and The China Children and Teenagers' Fund (CCTF) to raise awareness around sustainable consumption through initiatives including recycling used clothing and appliances in around fifty cities across China.

  • In October, JD.com formed a strategic partnership with Xinyu Group, the largest international watch retailer in China. The partnership creates one of the largest omnichannel watch sales and service alliances in China, allowing Chinese customers to enjoy seamless shopping experiences and convenient aftersales services. In addition, in the fourth quarter, Rado, Hamilton and Certina joined JD's platform, adding to the list of premium international watch brands available on JD.

  • Recently, JD.com continued to attract premium brands to its e-commerce platform through its reputation as China's most trusted retailer for quality products. Iconic New York-based luxury fashion brand DKNY, and Sulwhasoo, a leading luxury beauty brand in Korea owned by Amorepacific, launched flagship stores on JD.

  • In December, JD Fresh partnered with Japanese chemical manufacturing giant Mitsubishi Chemical to open the largest hydroponic "plant factory" featuring Japanese hydroponic technology in China, providing JD customers with new options for safe, nutritious and environmentally friendly produce both online and offline at JD's 7FRESH supermarkets.

  • As of the end of the fourth quarter, JD.com's joint venture, Dada-JD Daojia, had partnered with more than 100,000 stores from leading supermarket brands including Walmart, Yonghui, Carrefour and CR Vanguard, leveraging Dada's crowd-sourcing delivery network covering more than 450 cities. Dada-JD Daojia is China's leading on-demand logistics and omnichannel e-commerce platform.

  • During the fourth quarter, JD expanded its leadership position in fulfillment capabilities among China's e-commerce companies. As of December 31, 2018, JD.com operated over 550 warehouses covering an aggregate gross floor area of approximately 12 million square meters in China.

  • JD.com had over 210,000 merchants on its online marketplace, and over 178,000 full-time employees as of December 31, 2018.

Fourth Quarter 2018 Financial Results

Net Revenues.  For the fourth quarter of 2018, JD.com reported net revenues of RMB134.8 billion (US$19.6 billion), representing a 22.4% increase from the same period in 2017. Net product revenues increased by 20.1%, while net service revenues increased by 45.7% in the fourth quarter of 2018, as compared to the fourth quarter of 2017.

Cost of Revenues.  Cost of revenues increased by 20.7% to RMB115.7 billion (US$16.8 billion) in the fourth quarter of 2018 from RMB95.8 billion in the fourth quarter of 2017. This increase was primarily due to the growth of the company's online direct sales business, and costs related to the logistics services provided to merchants and other partners.

Fulfillment Expenses.  Fulfillment expenses, which primarily include procurement, warehousing, delivery, customer service and payment processing expenses, increased by 11.3% to RMB8.9 billion (US$1.3 billion) in the fourth quarter of 2018 from RMB8.0 billion in the fourth quarter of 2017. Fulfillment expenses as a percentage of net revenues was 6.6% in the fourth quarter of 2018, compared to 7.2% in the same period last year.

Marketing Expenses.  Marketing expenses increased by 33.9% to RMB6.4 billion (US$0.9 billion) in the fourth quarter of 2018 from RMB4.7 billion in the fourth quarter of 2017.

Technology and Content Expenses.  Technology and content expenses increased by 69.9% to RMB3.5 billion (US$0.5 billion) in the fourth quarter of 2018 from RMB2.1 billion in the fourth quarter of 2017 as a result of the company's continued investment in top R&D talent and technology infrastructure.

General and Administrative ExpensesGeneral and administrative expenses increased by 17.1% to RMB1.4 billion (US$0.2 billion) in the fourth quarter of 2018 from RMB1.2 billion in the fourth quarter of 2017.

Loss from operations and Non-GAAP income/(loss) from operations6.  Operating loss from continuing operations for the fourth quarter of 2018 was RMB938.9 million (US$136.6 million), compared to RMB1,596.2 million for the same period last year. Non-GAAP operating income from continuing operations for the fourth quarter of 2018 was RMB313.0 million (US$45.5 million) with a non-GAAP operating margin of 0.2%, as compared to non-GAAP operating loss of RMB595.8 million in the fourth quarter of 2017 with a non-GAAP operating margin of negative 0.5%. Operating margin of JD Mall before unallocated items for the fourth quarter of 2018 was 1.1%, compared to 0.6% for the fourth quarter of 2017.

Non-GAAP EBITDA7 from continuing operations for the fourth quarter of 2018 was RMB1.5 billion (US$0.2 billion) with a non-GAAP EBITDA margin of 1.1%, as compared to RMB138.0 million with a non-GAAP EBITDA margin of 0.1% for the fourth quarter of 2017.

Others, net.  Others, net from continuing operations for the fourth quarter of 2018 was a loss of RMB4.0 billion (US$0.6 billion), compared with an income of RMB0.7 billion in the fourth quarter of 2017. The loss was primarily attributable to loss from fair value change of long-term investments of RMB4.1 billion (US$0.6 billion) due to market volatility during the quarter.

Net loss attributable to ordinary shareholders and Non-GAAP net income attributable to ordinary shareholdersNet loss from continuing operations attributable to ordinary shareholders for the fourth quarter of 2018 was RMB4.8 billion (US$0.7 billion), compared to RMB0.9 billion for the same period last year. Non-GAAP net income from continuing operations attributable to ordinary shareholders for the fourth quarter of 2018 was RMB749.9 million (US$109.1 million), compared to RMB449.3 million for the same period last year.

Diluted EPS and Non-GAAP Diluted EPS.  Diluted net loss per ADS from continuing operations for the fourth quarter of 2018 was RMB3.32 (US$0.48), compared to RMB0.64 for the fourth quarter of 2017. Non-GAAP diluted net income per ADS from continuing operations for the fourth quarter of 2018 was RMB0.51 (US$0.07), as compared to RMB0.31 for the fourth quarter of 2017.

Cash Flow and Working Capital

As of December 31, 2018, the company's cash and cash equivalents, restricted cash and short-term investments totaled RMB39.5 billion (US$5.8 billion), compared to RMB38.4 billion as of December 31, 2017. For the fourth quarter of 2018, free cash flow from continuing operations of the company was as follows:

  For the three months ended
  December 31,
2017
December 31,
2018
December 31,
2018
  RMB RMB US$
  (In thousands)
   
Net cash provided by operating activities from continuing operations 3,386,634   6,028,130   876,755  
Less: Impact from decreasing JD Digits (formerly known as JD Finance) related credit products included in the operating cash flow (2,873,809 ) (5,793,961 ) (842,697 )
Less: Capital expenditures      
Capital expenditures related to development projects available for sale* (1,295,382 ) (2,515,276 ) (365,830 )
Other capital expenditures** (894,554 ) (1,720,252 ) (250,201 )
Free cash flow (1,677,111 ) (4,001,359 ) (581,973 )

* Including projects developed by the Company's property management group for internal and external leasing, which may be disposed through various joint ventures or investment fund structures in the future.
** Including capital expenditures related to the Company's headquarters in Beijing and all other CAPEX.

Net cash used in investing activities from continuing operations was RMB2.2 billion (US$0.3 billion) for the fourth quarter of 2018, consisting primarily of cash paid for capital expenditures of RMB4.2 billion, and increases in investments in equity investees and investment securities of RMB1.6 billion, partially offset by decreases in short-term investments of RMB3.1 billion.

Net cash used in financing activities from continuing operations was RMB3.9 billion (US$0.6 billion) for the fourth quarter of 2018, consisting primarily of repayment of nonrecourse securitization debt and short-term borrowings.

For working capital turnover days, see table under "Supplemental Financial Information and Business Metrics."

Full Year 2018 Financial Results

Net Revenues.  For the full year of 2018, JD.com reported net revenues of RMB462.0 billion (US$67.2 billion), representing a 27.5% increase from the full year of 2017. Net product revenues increased by 25.4%, while net service revenues increased by 50.5% in the full year of 2018, as compared to the full year of 2017.

Cost of Revenues.  Cost of revenues increased by 27.1% to RMB396.1 billion (US$57.6 billion) in the full year of 2018 from RMB311.5 billion in the full year of 2017. This increase was primarily due to the growth of the company's online direct sales business, and costs related to the logistics services provided to merchants and other partners.

Fulfillment Expenses.  Fulfillment expenses, which primarily include procurement, warehousing, delivery, customer service and payment processing expenses, increased by 23.8% to RMB32.0 billion (US$4.7 billion) in the full year of 2018 from RMB25.9 billion in the full year of 2017. Fulfillment expenses as a percentage of net revenues was 6.9%, compared to 7.1% in the full year of 2017.

Marketing Expenses.  Marketing expenses increased by 28.9% to RMB19.2 billion (US$2.8 billion) in the full year of 2018 from RMB14.9 billion in the full year of 2017.

Technology and Content Expenses.  Technology and content expenses increased by 82.6% to RMB12.1 billion (US$1.8 billion) in the full year of 2018 from RMB6.7 billion in the full year of 2017, as a result of the company's continued investment in top R&D talent and technology infrastructure.

General and Administrative ExpensesGeneral and administrative expenses increased by 22.4% to RMB5.2 billion (US$0.8 billion) in the full year of 2018 from RMB4.2 billion in the full year of 2017.

Loss from operations and Non-GAAP income from operations.  Operating loss from continuing operations for the full year of 2018 was RMB2.6 billion (US$0.4 billion), compared to RMB0.8 billion for the full year of 2017. Non-GAAP operating income from continuing operations for the full year of 2018 was RMB1.9 billion (US$0.3 billion) with a non-GAAP operating margin of 0.4%, as compared to RMB2.9 billion for the full year of 2017 with a non-GAAP operating margin of 0.8%. Operating margin of JD Mall before unallocated items for the full year of 2018 was 1.6%, compared to 1.4% for the full year of 2017.

Non-GAAP EBITDA from continuing operations for the full year of 2018 totaled RMB5.7 billion (US$0.8 billion) with a non-GAAP EBITDA margin of 1.2%, increased from RMB5.3 billion with a non-GAAP EBITDA margin of 1.5% for the full year of 2017.

Net income/(loss) attributable to ordinary shareholders and Non-GAAP net income attributable to ordinary shareholdersNet loss from continuing operations attributable to ordinary shareholders for the full year of 2018 was RMB2.5 billion (US$0.4 billion), compared to net income from continuing operations attributable to ordinary shareholders of RMB116.8 million for the full year of 2017. Non-GAAP net income from continuing operations attributable to ordinary shareholders for the full year of 2018 was RMB3.5 billion (US$0.5 billion), compared to RMB5.0 billion for the full year of 2017.

Diluted EPS and Non-GAAP Diluted EPS.  Diluted net loss per ADS from continuing operations for the full year of 2018 was RMB1.73 (US$0.25), compared to diluted net income per ADS from continuing operations of RMB0.08 for the full year of 2017. Non-GAAP diluted net income per ADS from continuing operations for the full year of 2018 was RMB2.35 (US$0.34) as compared to RMB3.41 in the full year of 2017.

Cash Flow and Working Capital

For the full year of 2018, free cash flow from continuing operations of the company was as follows:

  For the year ended
  December 31,
2017
December 31,
2018
December 31,
2018
  RMB RMB US$
  (In thousands)
   
Net cash provided by operating activities from continuing operations 29,342,468   20,881,422   3,037,077  
Less: Impact from decreasing JD Digits related credit products included in the operating cash flow (289,214 ) (7,369,421 ) (1,071,838 )
Less: Capital expenditures      
Capital expenditures related to development projects available for sale* (3,848,531 ) (8,857,569 ) (1,288,280 )
Other capital expenditures** (7,507,344 ) (12,511,925 ) (1,819,784 )
Free cash flow 17,697,379   (7,857,493 ) (1,142,825 )

* Including projects developed by the Company's property management group for internal and external leasing, which may be disposed through various joint ventures or investment fund structures in the future.
** Including capital expenditures related to the Company's headquarters in Beijing, which totaled RMB4.2 billion and RMB2.6 billion for the years ended December 31, 2017 and 2018, respectively.

Net cash used in investing activities from continuing operations was RMB26.1 billion (US$3.8 billion) for the full year of 2018, consisting primarily of cash paid for capital expenditures of RMB21.4 billion, and increase in investment in equity investees and investment securities of RMB22.0 billion, partially offset by decrease in short-term investments of RMB6.5 billion, and decrease in loans to JD Digits of RMB6.3 billion.

Net cash provided by financing activities from continuing operations was RMB11.2 billion (US$1.6 billion) for the full year of 2018, consisting primarily of proceeds from JD Logistics financing of RMB16.0 billion, proceeds from issuance of ordinary shares of RMB3.5 billion and net proceeds from long-term borrowings of RMB2.8 billion, partially offset by repayment of nonrecourse securitization debt of RMB12.0 billion.

For working capital turnover days, see table under "Supplemental Financial Information and Business Metrics."

Full-Year Supplemental Information

The table below sets forth the full year segment operating results:

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    For the year ended
    December 31,
2017
December 31,
2018
December 31,
2018

    RMB
RMB
US$
   
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