Market Overview

JD.com Announces Second Quarter 2018 Results

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BEIJING, Aug. 16, 2018 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) -- JD.com, Inc. (NASDAQ:JD), China's leading technology driven e-commerce company and retail infrastructure service provider, today announced its unaudited financial results for the quarter ended June 30, 2018.

Second Quarter 2018 Highlights

  • Net revenues1 for the second quarter of 2018 were RMB122.3 billion (US$218.5 billion), an increase of 31.2% from the second quarter of 2017. Net service revenues for the second quarter of 2018 were RMB11.8 billion (US$1.8 billion), an increase of 51.0% from the second quarter of 2017.

  • Operating margin of JD Mall before unallocated items3 for the second quarter of 2018 was 1.1%, as compared to 0.8% for the same period last year.

  • Net loss from continuing operations attributable to ordinary shareholders for the second quarter of 2018 was RMB2,212.5 million (US$334.4 million), compared to RMB287.0 million for the same period last year. Non-GAAP net income from continuing operations attributable to ordinary shareholders4 for the second quarter of 2018 was RMB478.1 million (US$72.3 million), compared to RMB976.5 million for the same period last year.

  • Diluted EPS and Non-GAAP Diluted EPS. Diluted net loss per ADS from continuing operations for the second quarter of 2018 was RMB1.54 (US$0.23), compared to RMB0.20 for the second quarter of 2017. Non-GAAP diluted net income per ADS from continuing operations for the second quarter of 2018 was RMB0.33 (US$0.05), compared to RMB0.67 for the same quarter last year.

  • Annual active customer accounts increased by 21.5% to 313.8 million in the twelve months ended June 30, 2018 from 258.3 million in the twelve months ended June 30, 2017.

"As China's most trusted e-commerce platform, JD continues to win over quality-focused customers with a premium shopping experience and an unrivaled level of service, no matter where they choose to shop," said Richard Liu, Chairman and CEO of JD.com. "We are also seeing more corporate clients, both Chinese and international, leveraging JD's superior technology and retail infrastructure to help take their businesses to the next level. We will continue to prioritize technology innovation to empower our partners with enhanced capabilities and improved efficiency, helping us to realize our ‘Retail as a Service' strategy, and driving our next phase of growth."

"We are pleased to see continued healthy performance in the second quarter, with solid revenue growth and improved margins in our core JD Mall business," said Sidney Huang, Chief Financial Officer of JD.com. "Our new business initiatives continue to gain impressive traction across the industry. We will maintain a balanced, long-term approach to investing in the technologies that will define the future of retail."

Recent Business Developments

  • In June, Google invested $550 million in JD as part of a new strategic partnership. The companies will work together to explore joint development of retail solutions, enabling personalized and frictionless shopping experiences in several regions around the world. Furthermore, JD will join Google Shopping to offer a curated selection of high-quality products to consumers across multiple regions. In the future, the two companies will also explore cooperation opportunities in areas such as artificial intelligence ("AI"), augmented reality ("AR"), virtual reality and unmanned technology, among others.

  • In April, JD.com launched a strategic partnership with iQiyi, an innovative market-leading online entertainment service in China, to offer bundled memberships allowing users who purchase one-year memberships for either iQiyi or JD to enjoy the premium service and benefits of both platforms. JD will continue to introduce new diversified value-added services and benefits for JD Plus members, further enhancing its premium online shopping experience and expanding the company's paid-subscriber base.

  • In the second quarter, JD.com continued to strengthen its position as the go-to trusted platform in China for premium brands. For example, Japanese lifestyle brand, MUJI, launched its flagship store on JD, giving JD users access to its full range of high-quality products and a superior shopping experience by leveraging JD's integrated logistics services. In addition, the 130-year-old Swiss watch brand, Carl F. Bucherer, made its world e-commerce debut with the launch of its official online direct sales flagship store on JD, reflecting the trust top international brands have in JD as the most reliable online channel to tap into the Chinese market.

  • In July, international luxury brand, Balenciaga, launched an e-flagship store on JD's luxury platform TOPLIFE, complete with 24/7 customer service and JD's exclusive white glove delivery service, JD Luxury Express. By providing a premium experience on TOPLIFE that complements what luxury brands offer in their own brick-and-mortar stores, JD is enabling Balenciaga and other leading brands to strengthen their omnichannel strategies in China.

  • In August, as part of its boundaryless retail strategy, JD launched a cooperation with China-based home furnishing retailer Qumei. Leveraging JD's extensive product selection, Qumei expanded its offering from furniture to a wide range of home products. JD's ability to use big data to build accurate customer profiles has enabled Qumei to more effectively match its product selection with consumer demand. With the help of cutting-edge JD technologies such as AI-based facial recognition and AR features, the cooperation is enabling Qumei to deliver a fully-interactive shopping experience in its traditional offline stores.

  • In April, JD.com launched its open AI platform, NeuHub, offering a set of AI services ranging from natural language processing, speech recognition, computer vision, and machine learning. One of the platform's successful applications is the new sentiment analysis API on NeuHub. This API, developed fully in-house by JD, leverages a large volume of historical data on JD's platform to allow JIMI, JD's automated customer service assistant, to more precisely identify customers' emotions and express the appropriate sentiment when replying through online chat. The new functionality has significantly increased user satisfaction on JD's online chat service.

  • In the second quarter, to reduce product-to-customer distance and provide customers with innovative delivery options, JD Logistics launched its "Flash Delivery" initiative. JD Logistics is now able to offer delivery times ranging from several minutes to about one hour for selected merchandise in certain areas through optimally allocating merchandise across its distribution network, including front-line metropolitan distribution centers, delivery stations and partners' offline stores, based on its analysis of customer demands.

  • In July, JD.com deployed a team of drone engineers as well as drones and ancillary vehicles to support the Beijing municipal government's storm relief efforts. This was JD's first disaster relief effort following its establishment of China's first nationwide drone rescue team in May 2018. JD drones were previously called upon to transport emergency medicines and daily necessities to a remote cliff village in Sichuan province.

  • As of July 31, 2018, JD.com's joint venture, Dada-JD Daojia, had partnered with over 200 Walmart stores and 500 Yonghui stores, among numerous other supermarkets and grocery stores, to provide a premium online fresh grocery shopping experience with one-hour home delivery service. Dada-JD Daojia is China's leading on-demand logistics and omnichannel e-commerce platform.

  • During the second quarter, JD expanded its leadership position in fulfillment capabilities among China's e-commerce companies. As of June 30, 2018, JD.com operated 521 warehouses covering an aggregate gross floor area of 11.6 million square meters in China.

  • JD.com had over 170,000 merchants on its online marketplace, and a total of 173,904 full-time employees as of June 30, 2018.

Second Quarter 2018 Financial Results

Net Revenues.  For the second quarter of 2018, JD.com reported net revenues of RMB122.3 billion (US$18.5 billion), representing a 31.2% increase from the same period in 2017. Net product revenues increased by 29.4%, while net service revenues increased by 51.0% in the second quarter of 2018, from the second quarter of 2017.

Cost of Revenues.  Cost of revenues increased by 31.3% to RMB105.8 billion (US$16.0 billion) in the second quarter of 2018 from RMB80.6 billion in the second quarter of 2017. This increase was primarily due to the growth of the company's direct sales business, costs related to the logistics services provided to merchants and other partners, as well as traffic acquisition costs directly related to the online marketing services provided to merchants and suppliers.

Fulfillment Expenses.  Fulfillment expenses, which primarily include procurement, warehousing, delivery, customer service and payment processing expenses, increased by 28.7% to RMB8.2 billion (US$1.2 billion) in the second quarter of 2018 from RMB6.4 billion in the second quarter of 2017. Fulfillment expenses as a percentage of net revenues was 6.7%, compared to 6.8% in the same period last year.

Marketing Expenses.  Marketing expenses increased by 29.1% to RMB5.3 billion (US$0.8 billion) in the second quarter of 2018 from RMB4.1 billion in the second quarter of 2017.

Technology and Content Expenses.  Technology and content expenses increased by 79.8% to RMB2.8 billion (US$0.4 billion) in the second quarter of 2018 from RMB1.5 billion in the second quarter of 2017, as a result of the company's continual investment in top R&D talent and technology infrastructure.

General and Administrative ExpensesGeneral and administrative expenses increased by 23.1% to RMB1.3 billion (US$0.2 billion) in the second quarter of 2018 from RMB1.0 billion in the second quarter of 2017.

Loss from operations and Non-GAAP income from operations5.  Operating loss from continuing operations for the second quarter of 2018 was RMB1,033.9 million (US$156.2 million), compared to RMB403.0 million for the same period last year. Non-GAAP operating income from continuing operations for the second quarter of 2018 was RMB113.2 million (US$17.1 million), as compared to RMB581.9 million in the second quarter of 2017. Operating margin of JD Mall before unallocated items for the second quarter of 2018 was 1.1%, as compared to 0.8% for the same period last year.

Non-GAAP EBITDA6 from continuing operations for the second quarter of 2018 was RMB922.4 million (US$139.4 million), as compared to RMB1,109.4 million for the second quarter of 2017.

Others, netOthers, net from continuing operations for the second quarter of 2018 was a loss of RMB1,185.8 million (US$179.2 million), compared with an income of RMB114.4 million for the second quarter of 2017. The loss was primarily due to the loss from fair value change of long-term investments of RMB2.7 billion (US$0.4 billion) in accordance with the new financial instruments accounting standard adopted on January 1, 2018, partially offset by the realized gain from disposal of Ele.me of RMB1.3 billion (US$0.2 billion).

Net loss attributable to ordinary shareholders and Non-GAAP Net income attributable to ordinary shareholdersNet loss from continuing operations attributable to ordinary shareholders for the second quarter of 2018 was RMB2,212.5 million (US$334.4 million), compared to RMB287.0 million for the same period last year. Non-GAAP net income from continuing operations attributable to ordinary shareholders for the second quarter of 2018 was RMB478.1 million (US$72.3 million), compared to RMB976.5 million for the same period last year.

Diluted EPS and Non-GAAP Diluted EPS.  Diluted net loss per ADS from continuing operations for the second quarter of 2018 was RMB1.54 (US$0.23), compared to RMB0.20 for the second quarter of 2017. Non-GAAP diluted net income per ADS from continuing operations for the second quarter of 2018 was RMB0.33 (US$0.05), as compared to RMB0.67 for the second quarter of 2017.

Cash Flow and Working Capital

As of June 30, 2018, the company's cash and cash equivalents, restricted cash and short-term investments totaled RMB52.8 billion (US$8.0 billion), compared to RMB38.4 billion as of December 31, 2017. For the second quarter of 2018, free cash flow from continuing operations of the company was as follows:

    For the three months ended
    June 30,
2017
June 30,
2018
June 30,
2018
    RMB RMB USD
    (In thousands)
         
Net cash provided by operating activities from continuing operations   19,715,409   16,413,556   2,480,476  
Add: Impact from JD Finance related credit products included in the operating cash flow   3,748,681   1,479,633   223,607  
Less: Capital expenditures        
  Land use rights and construction in progress   (907,277 ) (3,837,257 ) (579,900 )
  Other CAPEX   (397,871 ) (906,750 ) (137,031 )
Free cash flow   22,158,942   13,149,182   1,987,152  

Net cash used in investing activities from continuing operations was RMB20.3 billion (US$3.1 billion) for the second quarter of 2018, consisting primarily of cash paid for capital expenditures of RMB4.7 billion, increases in investments in equity investees and investment securities of RMB11.2 billion, and increases in loans to JD Finance of RMB4.0 billion.

Net cash provided by financing activities from continuing operations was RMB4.8 billion (US$0.7 billion) for the second quarter of 2018, consisting primarily of proceeds from issuance of ordinary shares of RMB3.5 billion and proceeds from long-term borrowings of RMB2.9 billion, partially offset by repayment of nonrecourse securitization debt of RMB1.8 billion.

For working capital turnover days, see table under "Supplemental Financial Information and Business Metrics."

Half-Year Supplemental Information

The table below sets forth the half-year segment operating results:

    For the six months ended
    June 30,
2017
June 30,
2018
June 30,
2018
    RMB RMB USD
    (In thousands)
Net revenues:        
  JD Mall   165,868,107   216,427,623    32,707,323  
  New businesses*    2,338,800    6,035,208    912,062  
  Inter-segment**    (201,344 )  (521,366 )  (78,790 )
Total segment net revenues   168,005,563   221,941,465    33,540,595  
Unallocated items    414,599    477,466    72,156  
Total consolidated net revenues   168,420,162   222,418,931    33,612,751  
         
Operating income:        
  JD Mall    2,389,006    3,377,223   510,378  
  New businesses    (379,634 )  (2,415,888 )  (365,096 )
Total segment operating income    2,009,372    961,335    145,282  
Unallocated items    (1,751,033 )  (1,990,823 )  (300,860 )
Total consolidated operating income    258,339    (1,029,488 )  (155,578 )

* New businesses of the company include logistics services provided to third parties, technology initiatives, and overseas business.
** The inter-segment eliminations mainly consisted of services provided by JD Mall to the overseas business, and services provided by JD Logistics to the vendors of JD Mall, which were recorded as a deduction of cost of revenues at the consolidated level.


The table below sets forth the half-year revenue information:

    For the six months ended
    June 30,
2017
June 30,
2018
June 30,
2018
    RMB RMB USD
    (In thousands)
     
Electronics and home appliance revenues    112,424,887  139,329,043 21,055,907
General merchandise revenues    42,786,575  62,657,814 9,469,075
Net product revenues    155,211,462 201,986,857 30,524,982
         
Marketplace and advertising revenues7   11,174,495 15,321,947 2,315,508
Logistics and other service revenues7   2,034,205 5,110,127 772,261
Net service revenues    13,208,700  20,432,074 3,087,769
         
Total net revenues   168,420,162 222,418,931  33,612,751

Recent Development

In the second quarter of 2018, JD Finance entered into a definitive agreement with certain investors, including China International Capital Corporation, Bank of China, China Securities Co. and CITIC Capital, for its Series B financing round, valuing JD Finance at over RMB130 billion on a post-money basis. The transaction is subject to customary closing conditions and is expected to close in the third quarter of 2018. As of June 30, 2017, JD Finance has been deconsolidated from JD.com as a result of the reorganization of JD Finance. Pursuant to the agreements relating to the reorganization of JD Finance, in exchange for certain licenses and services provided by JD.com to JD Finance, JD.com will receive 40% of the future pre-tax profit of JD Finance when JD Finance has a positive pre-tax income on a cumulative basis, and JD.com may be able to convert its profit-sharing right into 40% of JD Finance's equity interest, subject to applicable regulatory approvals. Upon completion of JD Finance's series B financing, the foregoing percentage of profit sharing and maximum equity interest issuance to JD.com will be diluted proportionally to approximately 36%.

Third Quarter 2018 Guidance

Net revenues for the third quarter of 2018 are expected to be between RMB104.5 billion and RMB109.0 billion, representing a growth rate between 25% and 30% compared with the third quarter of 2017. This forecast reflects JD.com's current and preliminary expectation, which is subject to change.

Conference Call

JD.com's management will hold a conference call at 8:00 am, Eastern Time on August 16, 2018, (8:00 pm, Beijing/Hong Kong Time on August 16, 2018) to discuss the second quarter 2018 financial results.

Listeners may access the call by dialing the following numbers:

US Toll Free: +1-845-675-0437 or +1-866-519-4004
Hong Kong +852-3018-6771 or 800-906-601
Mainland China 400-6208-038 or 800-8190-121
International +65-6713-5090
Passcode: 3184909

A telephone replay will be available from 11:00 am, Eastern Time on August 16, 2018 through 09:59 am, Eastern Time on August 24, 2018. The dial-in details are as follows:

US Toll Free: +1-855-452-5696 or +1-646-254-3697
International +61-2-8199-0299
Passcode: 3184909

Additionally, a live and archived webcast of the conference call will also be available on the company's investor relations website at http://ir.jd.com.

About JD.com

JD.com is a leading technology driven e-commerce company and retail infrastructure service provider in China. Its cutting-edge retail infrastructure enables consumers to buy whatever they want, whenever and wherever they want it. The company has opened its technology and infrastructure to partners, brands and other sectors, as part of its Retail as a Service offering to help drive productivity and innovation across a range of industries. JD.com is the largest retailer in China, a member of the NASDAQ100 and a Fortune Global 500 company.

Non-GAAP Measures

In evaluating the business, the company considers and uses non-GAAP measures, such as non-GAAP income/(loss) from operations, non-GAAP operating margin, non-GAAP net income/(loss) attributable to ordinary shareholders, non-GAAP net margin, free cash flow, non-GAAP EBITDA, non-GAAP EBITDA margin, non-GAAP net income/(loss) per weighted average number of shares and non-GAAP net income/(loss) per ADS, as supplemental measures to review and assess operating performance. The presentation of these non-GAAP financial measures is not intended to be considered in isolation or as a substitute for the financial information prepared and presented in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America ("U.S. GAAP"). The company defines non-GAAP income/(loss) from operations as income/(loss) from operations excluding share-based compensation, amortization of intangible assets resulting from assets and business acquisitions, revenue from business cooperation arrangements with equity investees and impairment of goodwill and intangible assets. The company defines non-GAAP net income/(loss) attributable to ordinary shareholders as net income/(loss) attributable to ordinary shareholders excluding share-based compensation, amortization of intangible assets resulting from assets and business acquisitions, revenue from business cooperation arrangements with equity investees, gain on disposals/revaluation of investments, preferred shares redemption value accretion, income from non-compete agreement, reconciling items on the share of equity method investments, fair value change of long-term investments, impairment of goodwill, intangible assets and investments. The company defines free cash flow as operating cash flow adding back the impact from JD Finance related credit products included in the operating cash flow and less capital expenditures, which include purchase of property, equipment and software, cash paid for construction in progress, purchase of intangible assets and land use rights. The company defines non-GAAP EBITDA as non-GAAP income/(loss) from operations plus depreciation and amortization excluding amortization of intangible assets resulting from assets and business acquisitions.

The company presents these non-GAAP financial measures because they are used by management to evaluate operating performance and formulate business plans. Non-GAAP income/(loss) from operations, non-GAAP net income/(loss) attributable to ordinary shareholders and non-GAAP EBITDA reflect the company's ongoing business operations in a manner that allows more meaningful period-to-period comparisons. Free cash flow enables management to assess liquidity and cash flow while taking into account the impact from JD Finance related credit products included in the operating cash flow and the demands that the expansion of fulfillment infrastructure and technology platform has placed on financial resources. The company also believes that the use of the non-GAAP financial measures facilitates investors to understand and evaluate the company's current operating performance and future prospects in the same manner as management does, if they so choose. The company also believes that the non-GAAP financial measures provide useful information to both management and investors by excluding certain expenses, gain/loss and other items that are not expected to result in future cash payments or that are non-recurring in nature or may not be indicative of the company's core operating results and business outlook.

The non-GAAP financial measures have limitations as analytical tools. The company's non-GAAP financial measures do not reflect all items of income and expense that affect the company's operations or not represent the residual cash flow available for discretionary expenditures. Further, these non-GAAP measures may differ from the non-GAAP information used by other companies, including peer companies, and therefore their comparability may be limited. The company compensates for these limitations by reconciling the non-GAAP financial measures to the nearest U.S. GAAP performance measure, all of which should be considered when evaluating performance. The company encourages you to review the company's financial information in its entirety and not rely on a single financial measure.

CONTACTS:

Investor Relations
Ruiyu Li
Senior Director of Investor Relations
+86 (10) 8912-6805
IR@JD.com

Media
+86 (10) 8911-6155
Press@JD.com

Safe Harbor Statement

This announcement contains forward-looking statements. These statements are made under the "safe harbor" provisions of the U.S. Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. These forward-looking statements can be identified by terminology such as "will," "expects," "anticipates," "future," "intends," "plans," "believes," "estimates," "confident" and similar statements. Among other things, the business outlook and quotations from management in this announcement, as well as JD.com's strategic and operational plans, contain forward-looking statements. JD.com may also make written or oral forward-looking statements in its periodic reports to the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (the "SEC"), in its annual report to shareholders, in press releases and other written materials and in oral statements made by its officers, directors or employees to third parties. Statements that are not historical facts, including statements about JD.com's beliefs and expectations, are forward-looking statements. Forward-looking statements involve inherent risks and uncertainties. A number of factors could cause actual results to differ materially from those contained in any forward-looking statement, including but not limited to the following: JD.com's growth strategies; its future business development, results of operations and financial condition; its ability to attract and retain new customers and to increase revenues generated from repeat customers; its expectations regarding demand for and market acceptance of its products and services; trends and competition in China's e-commerce market; changes in its revenues and certain cost or expense items; the expected growth of the Chinese e-commerce market; Chinese governmental policies relating to JD.com's industry and general economic conditions in China. Further information regarding these and other risks is included in JD.com's filings with the SEC. All information provided in this press release and in the attachments is as of the date of this press release, and JD.com undertakes no obligation to update any forward-looking statement, except as required under applicable law.

_____________________________

1 The financial information and non-GAAP financial information disclosed in this press release is presented on a continuing operations basis, unless otherwise specifically stated.

2 The U.S. dollar (US$) amounts disclosed in this press release, except for those transaction amounts that were actually settled in U.S. dollars, are presented solely for the convenience of the readers. The conversion of Renminbi (RMB) into US$ in this press release is based on the exchange rate set forth in the H.10 statistical release of the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System as of June 29, 2018, which was RMB6.6171 to US$1.00. The percentages stated in this press release are calculated based on the RMB amounts.

3 Unallocated items are consistent with non-GAAP adjustments and include revenue from business cooperation arrangements with equity investees, share-based compensation, amortization of intangible assets resulting from assets and business acquisitions, and impairment of goodwill and intangible assets, which are not allocated to segments.

4 Non-GAAP net income/(loss) attributable to ordinary shareholders is defined to exclude share-based compensation, amortization of intangible assets resulting from acquisitions, fair value changes of long-term investments, gain on disposals/revaluation of investments, and certain other non-cash gain or loss items from net income/(loss) attributable to ordinary shareholders. See "Reconciliation of GAAP and Non-GAAP Results" at the end of this press release.

5 Non-GAAP income/(loss) from operations is defined to exclude share-based compensation, amortization of intangible assets resulting from acquisitions, and certain other non-cash gain or loss items from income/(loss) from operations. Non-GAAP operating margin is calculated by dividing non-GAAP income/(loss) from operations by net revenues. See "Reconciliation of GAAP and Non-GAAP Results" at the end of this press release.

6 Non-GAAP EBITDA is defined as non-GAAP income/(loss) from operations plus depreciation and amortization excluding amortization of intangible assets resulting from assets and business acquisitions, and non-GAAP EBITDA margin is calculated by dividing non-GAAP EBITDA by net revenues. See "Reconciliation of GAAP and Non-GAAP Results" at the end of this press release.

7 Marketplace and advertising revenues were RMB10,719 million, RMB17,075 million, and RMB25,391 million, and logistics and other service revenues were RMB2,387 million, RMB3,272 million, and RMB5,116 million, for the years ended December 31, 2015, 2016 and 2017, respectively.

 

JD.com, Inc.
Unaudited Interim Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets
(In thousands)
     
    As of
    December 31,
2017
June 30,
2018
June 30,
2018
    RMB RMB US$
ASSETS        
Current assets        
Cash and cash equivalents   25,688,327   35,233,948   5,324,681
Restricted cash   4,110,210  4,790,145  723,904
Short-term investments   8,587,852  12,752,469  1,927,199
Accounts receivable, net (including JD Baitiao of RMB13.7 billion and RMB14.3 billion as of June 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017, respectively)(1)   16,359,147    17,190,336    2,597,866
Advance to suppliers   394,574    330,997    50,021
Inventories, net   41,700,379 43,402,631 6,559,162
Prepayments and other current assets   7,391,602 9,480,073 1,432,663
Amount due from related parties   10,796,561 8,609,031 1,301,028
Total current assets   115,028,652 131,789,630 19,916,524
Non-current assets        
Property, equipment and software, net   12,574,178  16,045,853  2,424,907
Construction in progress   3,196,516  4,844,185  732,071
Intangible assets, net   6,692,717  5,986,162  904,650
Land use rights, net   7,050,809  7,180,304  1,085,113
Goodwill   6,650,570 6,823,776 1,031,234
Investment in equity investees   18,551,319  26,591,550  4,018,611
Investment securities   10,027,813  12,125,927  1,832,514
Deferred tax assets   158,250  132,402  20,009
Other non-current assets (including JD Baitiao of RMB0.6 billion and RMB0.9 billion as of June 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017, respectively)(1)   2,227,942  5,223,664  789,419
Amount due from related parties   1,896,200  1,896,200  286,561
Total non-current assets   69,026,314 86,850,023 13,125,089
Total assets   184,054,966 218,639,653 33,041,613



JD.com, Inc.
Unaudited Interim Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets
(In thousands)
     
    As of
    December 31,
2017
June 30,
2018
June 30,
2018
    RMB RMB US$
LIABILITIES        
Current liabilities        
Short-term borrowings   200,000 - -
Nonrecourse securitization debt(1)   12,684,881  11,858,267  1,792,064
Accounts payable   74,337,708 87,499,004 13,223,165
Advances from customers   13,605,298 11,934,138 1,803,530
Deferred revenues   1,592,332 1,905,517 287,969
Taxes payable   658,220 283,739 42,880
Amount due to related parties   54,342  193,448  29,235
Accrued expenses and other current liabilities   15,117,840 19,698,400 2,976,893
Total current liabilities   118,250,621  133,372,513 20,155,736
Non-current liabilities        
Deferred revenues   1,273,545  869,828  131,452
Nonrecourse securitization debt(1)   4,475,238  304,563  46,027
Unsecured senior notes   6,447,357  6,535,424  987,657
Deferred tax liabilities   882,248 884,974 133,740
Long-term borrowings   - 2,977,470 449,966
Other non-current liabilities   337,254 302,103 45,655
Total non-current liabilities   13,415,642 11,874,362 1,794,497
Total liabilities   131,666,263 145,246,875 21,950,233



JD.com, Inc.
Unaudited Interim Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets
(In thousands)
         
    As of
    December 31,
2017
June 30,
2018
June 30,
2018
    RMB RMB US$
         
Redeemable non-controlling interests   -  14,483,822  2,188,847
         
SHAREHOLDERS' EQUITY        
Total JD.com, Inc. shareholders' equity (US$0.00002 par value, 100,000,000 shares authorized, 2,965,816 shares issued and 2,892,535 shares outstanding as of June 30, 2018)   52,040,814 58,257,287 8,804,050
Non-controlling interests   347,889 651,669 98,483
Total shareholders' equity   52,388,703  58,908,956  8,902,533
Total liabilities, redeemable non-controlling interests and shareholders' equity   184,054,966  218,639,653  33,041,613
         
(1) Due to certain pre-existing contractual arrangement, the company remains as the legal owner of the consumer credit (known as JD Baitiao) receivables until they are repaid or sold through the new asset-backed securitization ("ABS") plan as described below. JD Finance continues to perform the credit risk assessment services for the JD Baitiao business and purchase the over-due receivables from the company at carrying value to absorb the risks and obtain the rewards from JD Baitiao business. The company also assisted JD Finance in various ABS to raise funds to support the JD Baitiao business. JD Finance acts as the servicer of the ABS and also subscribes to the subordinate tranche. Due to the company's continuing involvement right in ABS under the historical arrangement prior to October 2017, the company was not able to derecognize the related Baitiao receivables through the legacy ABS under U.S. GAAP. Beginning October 2017, the company revised certain structural arrangements for the issuance of ABS to relinquish its continuing involvement right, and has been able to derecognize certain Baitiao receivables through the new ABS plan. As a result, the balances of Baitiao receivables are expected to decrease gradually in the future with the adoption of the new ABS plan, and nonrecourse securitization debt balance will gradually decrease upon the settlement of the legacy ABS plan.


JD.com, Inc.
Unaudited Interim Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations
(In thousands, except per share data)
               
  For the three months ended   For the six months ended
  June 30,
2017
June 30,
2018
 June 30,
2018
  June 30,
2017
June 30,
2018
June 30,
2018
  RMB RMB US$   RMB RMB US$
Net revenues              
Net product revenues 85,386,013    110,488,781    16,697,463      155,211,462   201,986,857    30,524,982  
Net service revenues  7,815,962    11,802,249    1,783,598      13,208,700    20,432,074    3,087,769  
Total net revenues 93,201,975    122,291,030    18,481,061     168,420,162   222,418,931    33,612,751  
Operating expenses(4)(5)              
Cost of revenues (80,554,156 ) (105,777,074 ) (15,985,413 )   (144,947,882 ) (191,746,673 ) (28,977,448 )
Fulfillment  (6,380,658 )  (8,214,954 )  (1,241,473 )   (11,531,242 ) (15,388,353 )  (2,325,543 )
Marketing  (4,075,143 )  (5,261,139 )  (795,082 )    (6,874,674 )  (8,752,558 )  (1,322,718 )
Technology and content  (1,546,390 )  (2,780,551 )  (420,207 )    (2,835,451 )  (5,193,585 )  (784,873 )
General and administrative  (1,048,612 )  (1,291,231 )  (195,135 )    (1,972,574 )  (2,367,250 )  (357,747 )
Total operating expenses (93,604,959 )  (123,324,949 )  (18,637,310 )   (168,161,823 )  (223,448,419 ) (33,768,329 )
Income/(loss) from operations (402,984 ) (1,033,919 )   (156,249 )    258,339   (1,029,488 )  (155,578 )
Other income/(expenses)              
Share of results of equity investees  (372,648 )  (260,249 )  (39,330 )    (892,689 )  (756,846 )  (114,377 )
Interest income(2)  542,282   606,022   91,584      914,607   1,151,747   174,056  
Interest expense(3)  (208,434 )  (239,894 )  (36,254 )    (398,540 )  (468,558 )  (70,810 )
Others, net  114,393   (1,185,801 )  (179,203 )    159,157    617,568    93,329  
Income/(loss) before tax (327,391 ) (2,113,841 ) (319,452 )    40,874   (485,577 ) (73,380 )
               
(2) Interest income charged to JD Finance in relation to nonrecourse securitization debt were RMB140.3 million and RMB161.5 million for the three months ended June 30, 2017 and 2018, respectively, same as the interest expense below.
(3) Interest expense in relation to nonrecourse securitization debt were RMB140.3 million and RMB161.5 million for the three months ended June 30, 2017 and 2018, respectively.


JD.com, Inc.
Unaudited Interim Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations
(In thousands, except per share data)
               
  For the three months ended   For the six months ended
  June 30,
2017
June 30,
2018
June 30,
2018
  June 30,
2017
June 30,
2018
June 30,
2018
  RMB RMB US$   RMB RMB US$
               
Income/(loss) before tax (327,391 ) (2,113,841 ) (319,452 )    40,874   (485,577 ) (73,380 )
Income tax expenses 16,267   (163,334 ) (24,684 )   (73,416 ) (314,352 ) (47,506 )
Net loss from continuing operations (311,124 ) (2,277,175 ) (344,136 )    (32,542 ) (799,929 ) (120,886 )
Net income/(loss) from discontinued operations, net of tax (70,199 ) -   -      6,915    -    -  
Net loss (381,323 ) (2,277,175 ) (344,136 )    (25,627 ) (799,929 ) (120,886 )
Net loss from continuing operations attributable to non-controlling interests shareholders (24,112 ) (65,434 ) (9,889 )    (44,304 )  (113,306 )  (17,123 )
Net loss from discontinued operations attributable to non-controlling interests shareholders (2,717 ) -   -     (5,030 ) -   -  
Net income from continuing operations attributable to mezzanine classified non-controlling interests shareholders -   729   110      -     907    137  
Net income from discontinued operations attributable to mezzanine classified non-controlling interests shareholders 141,882   -   -      281,021    -    -  
Net loss attributable to ordinary shareholders (496,376 ) (2,212,470 ) (334,357 )    (257,314 ) (687,530 ) (103,900 )
               
Including: Net loss from discontinued operations attributable to ordinary shareholders (209,364 ) -   -     (269,076 ) -   -  
Net income/(loss) from continuing operations attributable to ordinary shareholders (287,012 ) (2,212,470 ) (334,357 )    11,762   (687,530 ) (103,900 )


JD.com, Inc.
Unaudited Interim Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations
(In thousands, except per share data)
                 
    For the three months ended   For the six months ended
    June 30,
2017
June 30,
2018
June 30,
2018
  June 30,
2017
June 30,
2018
June 30,
2018
    RMB RMB US$   RMB RMB US$
(4) Includes share-based compensation expenses as follows:
Cost of revenues    (5,558 )  (14,535 )  (2,197 )    (9,316 )  (27,956 )  (4,225 )
Fulfillment    (119,567 )  (113,113 )  (17,094 )    (196,538 )  (196,405 )  (29,681 )
Marketing    (38,689 )  (50,669 )  (7,657 )    (59,462 )  (85,172 )  (12,871 )
Technology and content    (176,344 )  (291,078 )  (43,989 )    (292,728 )  (466,980 )  (70,572 )
General and administrative    (407,070 )  (468,388 )  (70,784 )    (725,372 )  (795,378 )  (120,200 )
(5) Includes amortization of intangible assets resulting from assets and business acquisitions as follows:
Fulfillment    (40,673 )  (41,892 )  (6,331 )    (82,217 )  (83,779 )  (12,661 )
Marketing    (304,430 )  (307,140 )  (46,416 )    (605,531 )  (610,951 )  (92,329 )
Technology and content    (20,661 )  (24,261 )  (3,666 )    (41,322 )  (48,522 )  (7,333 )
General and administrative    (76,820 )  (76,820 )  (11,609 )    (153,146 )  (153,146 )  (23,144 )
                 
Net income/(loss) per share:                
Basic                
Continuing operations    (0.10 ) (0.77 ) (0.12 )   0.004   (0.24 ) (0.04 )
Discontinued operations    (0.07 ) -   -     (0.09 ) -   -  
Net loss per share    (0.17 ) (0.77 ) (0.12 )   (0.09 ) (0.24 ) (0.04 )
Diluted                
Continuing operations    (0.10 ) (0.77 ) (0.12 )   0.004   (0.24 ) (0.04 )
Discontinued operations    (0.07 ) -   -     (0.09 ) -   -  
Net loss per share    (0.17 ) (0.77 ) (0.12 )   (0.09 ) (0.24 ) (0.04 )
                 
Net income/(loss) per ADS:                
Basic                
Continuing operations    (0.20 )  (1.54 )  (0.23 )   0.01   (0.48 ) (0.07 )
Discontinued operations    (0.15 )  -     -      (0.19 ) -   -  
Net loss per ADS    (0.35 )  (1.54 )  (0.23 )   (0.18 ) (0.48 ) (0.07 )
Diluted                
Continuing operations    (0.20 )  (1.54 )  (0.23 )   0.01   (0.48 ) (0.07 )
Discontinued operations    (0.15 )  -     -      (0.19 ) -   -  
Net loss per ADS    (0.35 )  (1.54 )  (0.23 )   (0.18 ) (0.48 ) (0.07 )


JD.com, Inc.
Unaudited Non-GAAP Net Income Per ADS from Continuing Operations
(In thousands, except per share data)
                 
    For the three months ended   For the six months ended
    June 30,
2017
June 30,
2018
 June 30,
2018
  June 30,
2017
June 30,
2018
June 30,
2018
    RMB RMB US$   RMB RMB US$
                 
Non-GAAP net income from continuing operations attributable to ordinary shareholders   976,545 478,137 72,255    2,298,480 1,525,552 230,549
                 
Weighted average number of shares:                
Basic    2,845,374  2,868,756  2,868,756    2,841,289  2,861,562  2,861,562
Diluted   2,845,374 2,868,756 2,868,756   2,898,342 2,861,562 2,861,562
Diluted (Non-GAAP)    2,908,746  2,940,271  2,940,271    2,898,342  2,939,725  2,939,725
                 
Non-GAAP net income per ADS from continuing operations(6):                
Basic   0.69 0.33 0.05    1.62  1.07  0.16
Diluted   0.67 0.33 0.05    1.59 1.04 0.16
                 
(6) Non-GAAP basic net income/(loss) per share is calculated by dividing non-GAAP net income/(loss) attributable to ordinary shareholders by the weighted average number of ordinary shares outstanding during the periods. Non-GAAP diluted net income/(loss) per share is calculated by dividing non-GAAP net income/(loss) attributable to ordinary shareholders by the weighted average number of ordinary shares and dilutive potential ordinary shares outstanding during the periods, including the dilutive effect of share-based awards as determined under the treasury stock method. Non-GAAP net income/(loss) per ADS is equal to non-GAAP net income/(loss) per share multiplied by two.


JD.com, Inc.
Unaudited Interim Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows and Free Cash Flow
(In thousands)
               
    For the three months ended   For the six months ended
    June 30,
2017
June 30,
2018
June 30,
2018
  June 30,
2017
June 30,
2018
June 30,
2018
    RMB RMB US$   RMB RMB US$
Net cash provided by continuing operating activities   19,715,409   16,413,556   2,480,476     25,603,545   12,640,631   1,910,298  
Net cash used in discontinued operating activities   (1,068,979 ) -   -     (2,485,741 ) -   -  
Net cash provided by operating activities   18,646,430   16,413,556   2,480,476     23,117,804   12,640,631   1,910,298  
Net cash used in continuing investing activities   (16,311,812 ) (20,347,156 ) (3,074,936 )   (20,549,369 ) (21,288,296 ) (3,217,164 )
Net cash used in discontinued investing activities   (15,363,936 ) -   -     (17,871,171 ) -   -  
Net cash used in investing activities   (31,675,748 ) (20,347,156 ) (3,074,936 )   (38,420,540 ) (21,288,296 ) (3,217,164 )
Net cash provided by continuing financing activities   8,210,989   4,829,045   729,783     10,527,638    18,136,118   2,740,796  
Net cash provided by discontinued financing activities   8,381,910   -   -     14,054,620   -   -  
Net cash provided by financing activities   16,592,899   4,829,045   729,783     24,582,258    18,136,118   2,740,796  
Effect of exchange rate changes on cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash   (93,457 )  1,191,602    180,079     (130,078 )  737,103    111,393  
Net increase in cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash   3,470,124   2,087,047   315,402     9,149,444   10,225,556   1,545,323  
Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash at beginning of period   29,842,970   37,937,046   5,733,183     24,163,650    29,798,537    4,503,262  
Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash at end of period   33,313,094   40,024,093   6,048,585     33,313,094   40,024,093   6,048,585  
                 
Net cash provided by continuing operating activities   19,715,409   16,413,556   2,480,476     25,603,545   12,640,631   1,910,298  
Add: Impact from JD Finance related credit products included in the operating cash flow   3,748,681   1,479,633   223,607     4,143,977   200,179   30,252  
Less: Capital expenditures                
Land use rights and construction in progress   (907,277 ) (3,837,257 ) (579,900 )   (1,290,650 ) (5,156,576 ) (779,280 )
Other CAPEX   (397,871 ) (906,750 ) (137,031 )   (677,879 ) (3,353,489 ) (506,792 )
Free cash flow   22,158,942   13,149,182   1,987,152     27,778,993   4,330,745   654,478  
 


JD.com, Inc.
Supplemental Financial Information and Business Metrics
    Q2 2017 Q3 2017 Q4 2017 Q1 2018 Q2 2018
             
Free cash flow (in RMB billions)   22.2  (8.4 )  (1.7 )  (8.8 )  13.1
Inventory turnover days(7) – TTM   36.3 36.9   38.1   37.2   37.9
Accounts payable turnover days(8) – TTM   56.2 58.4   59.1   58.2   60.9
Accounts receivable turnover days(9) – TTM   1.2 1.3   1.4   1.6   1.9
GMV(10) (in RMB billions)   335.3 302.5   403.4   330.2   437.4
Annual active customer accounts(11) (in millions)   258.3 266.3   292.5   301.8   313.8
                   
(7) Inventory turnover days are the quotient of average inventory over five quarter ends to total cost of revenues for the last twelve months and then multiplied by 360 days.

(8) Accounts payable turnover days are the quotient of average accounts payable over five quarter ends to total cost of revenues for the last twelve months and then multiplied by 360 days. Presented are the accounts payable turnover days for the direct sales business.

(9) Accounts receivable turnover days are the quotient of average accounts receivable over five quarter ends to total net revenues of the last twelve months and then multiplied by 360 days. Presented are the accounts receivable turnover days excluding the impact from JD Baitiao.

(10) GMV is defined as the total value of all orders for products and services placed in the company's online direct sales business and on the company's online marketplaces, regardless of whether the goods are sold or delivered or whether the goods are returned. GMV includes orders placed on our websites and mobile apps as well as orders placed on third-party websites and mobile apps that are fulfilled by us or by our third-party merchants. GMV includes shipping charges paid by buyers to sellers and for prudent consideration excludes certain transactions over certain amounts that are comparable to the disclosed parameters in GMV definition by our major industry peer. The company believes that GMV provides a measure of the overall volume of transactions that flow through our platform in a given period and is only useful for the purposes of industry and peer comparisons.

(11) Annual active customer accounts are customer accounts that made at least one purchase during the twelve months ended on the respective dates, whether through online direct sales or online marketplaces. 


JD.com, Inc.
Unaudited Reconciliation of GAAP and Non-GAAP Results
(In thousands, except percentage data)
  For the three months ended   For the six months ended
  June 30,
2017
June 30,
2018
June 30,
2018
  June 30,
2017
June 30,
2018
June 30,
2018
  RMB RMB US$   RMB RMB US$
               
Income/(loss) from operations from continuing operations (402,984 ) (1,033,919 ) (156,249 )    258,339   (1,029,488 ) (155,578 )
Reversal of: Revenue from business cooperation arrangements with equity investees (204,968 )  (240,729 )  (36,380 )    (414,599 )  (477,466 )  (72,156 )
Add: Share-based compensation 747,228    937,783    141,721      1,283,416    1,571,891    237,549  
Add: Amortization of intangible assets resulting from assets and business acquisitions 442,584    450,113    68,022      882,216    896,398    135,467  
Non-GAAP income from operations from continuing operations 581,860   113,248   17,114      2,009,372   961,335   145,282  
Add: Depreciation and amortization excluding amortization of intangible assets resulting from assets and business acquisitions 527,588    809,119    122,278      1,040,144    1,557,379    235,357  
Non-GAAP EBITDA from continuing operations 1,109,448   922,367   139,392      3,049,516   2,518,714   380,639  
               
Total net revenues 93,201,975   122,291,030    18,481,061     168,420,162   222,418,931    33,612,751  
               
Non-GAAP operating margin from continuing operations 0.6 % 0.1 % 0.1 %   1.2 % 0.4 % 0.4 %
               
Non-GAAP EBITDA margin from continuing operations 1.2 % 0.8 % 0.8 %   1.8 % 1.1 % 1.1 %


JD.com, Inc.
Unaudited Reconciliation of GAAP and Non-GAAP Results
(In thousands, except percentage data)
                 
    For the three months ended   For the six months ended
    June 30,
2017
June 30,
2018
June 30,
2018
  June 30,
2017
June 30,
2018
June 30,
2018
    RMB RMB US$   RMB RMB US$
Net income/(loss) from continuing operations attributable to ordinary shareholders   (287,012 ) (2,212,470 ) (334,357 )    11,762   (687,530 ) (103,900 )
Add: Share-based compensation   747,228    937,783    141,721      1,283,416    1,571,891    237,549  
Add: Amortization of intangible assets resulting from assets and business acquisitions   442,584    450,113    68,022      882,216    896,398    135,467  
Add: Reconciling items on the share of equity method investments(12)   231,158    162,285    24,525      453,441    463,884    70,104  
Add: Impairment of goodwill, intangible assets, and investments   67,963   -   -      123,157    6,088    920  
Add: Loss from fair value change of long-term investments, net of tax   -   2,683,962   405,610     -   1,069,586   161,640  
Reversal of: Revenue from business cooperation arrangements with equity investees   (204,968 )  (240,729 )  (36,380 )    (414,599 )  (477,466 )  (72,156 )
Reversal of: Gain on disposals/revaluation of investments   -   (1,410,201 ) (213,115 )   -   (1,410,201 ) (213,115 )
Reversal of: Income from non-compete agreement   (20,408 )  (18,995 )  (2,871 )    (40,913 )  (37,943 )  (5,734 )
Add: Tax effects on non-GAAP adjustments   -   126,389   19,100     -   130,845   19,774  
Non-GAAP net income from continuing operations attributable to ordinary shareholders   976,545   478,137   72,255      2,298,480   1,525,552   230,549  
                 
Total net revenues   93,201,975   122,291,030    18,481,061     168,420,162   222,418,931   33,612,751  
                 
Non-GAAP net margin from continuing operations   1.0 % 0.4 % 0.4 %   1.4 % 0.7 % 0.7 %
               
(12) To exclude the non-GAAP to GAAP reconciling items on the share of equity method investments, net of share of amortization of intangibles not on their books. Earning from equity method investments in publicly listed companies and certain privately held companies is recorded one quarter in arrears.


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