Market Overview

Casella Waste Systems, Inc. Announces Second Quarter 2018 Results

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  • The Company raises its revenue guidance range and reaffirms its Adjusted EBITDA* and Normalized Free Cash Flow* guidance ranges for the fiscal year ending December 31, 2018.

RUTLAND, Vt., Aug. 02, 2018 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) -- Casella Waste Systems, Inc. (NASDAQ:CWST), a regional solid waste, recycling and resource management services company, today reported its financial results for the three month period ended June 30, 2018.

Second Quarter and Year-To-Date Highlights:

  • Revenues were $165.6 million for the quarter, up $11.6 million, or 7.6%, from the same period in 2017.
  • Overall solid waste pricing for the quarter was up 4.3%, driven by strong collection pricing, up 4.9%, and robust landfill pricing, up 4.1%, from the same period in 2017.
  • Net income was $1.7 million for the quarter, an increase of $55.4 million from the same period in 2017.
  • Adjusted Net Income* was $9.6 million for the quarter, down $(1.2) million from the same period in 2017.
  • Adjusted EBITDA was $37.1 million for the quarter, up $1.0 million, or 2.8%, from the same period in 2017.
  • Net cash provided by operating activities was $48.1 million year-to-date, up $8.1 million, or 20.2%, from the same period in 2017.
  • Normalized Free Cash Flow was $16.1 million year-to-date, up $2.7 million, or 19.8%, from the same period in 2017.
  • The Company has acquired approximately $19.0 million of annualized revenues year-to-date, and is on track to exceed its target range for 2018 given its near-term pipeline.

"We had another strong operational quarter, as we continued to execute well against our key strategies as part of our 2021 plan," said John W. Casella, Chairman and CEO of Casella Waste Systems, Inc. "We remain focused on driving Normalized Free Cash Flow growth by increasing landfill returns, improving collection profitability, creating incremental value through resource solutions, using technology to drive profitable growth and efficiencies, and allocating capital to balance delevering with strategic growth."

"Year-to-date, Normalized Free Cash Flow grew by 19.8%, which is outpacing the target range set in our 2021 plan and reflects our continued success to date executing against our key strategies," Casella said.  "This robust growth was driven by strong pricing execution in our solid waste operations, sourcing new volumes at higher prices, and execution against our acquisition strategy."

"Our disciplined solid waste pricing programs continued to add value, with collection pricing up 4.9% and landfill pricing up 4.1%," Casella said.  "This strong pricing was coupled with 1.5% solid waste volume growth, mainly driven by higher volumes in the collection line-of-business coupled with the completion of a one-time soil remediation job that started in the first quarter."

"We continue to make substantial progress ramping up our acquisition pipeline and we are actively working on target acquisitions with over $40 million of annual revenues, " Casella said. "We are focused on acquiring well run businesses in strategic markets that will drive additional internalization to our landfills.  We are also focused on more effectively optimizing waste placement around the northeast as the ever-tightening disposal market is creating additional opportunity to source new volumes at higher prices."

"The recycling business continued to face headwinds as commodity pricing for recycled paper and cardboard declined further in the second quarter," Casella said.  "Our average commodity revenue per ton was down roughly 55% year-over-year in the quarter, and down roughly 12% sequentially from the first quarter to the second quarter.  Commodity prices have stabilized in June and into July, and we are pleased that our trailing SRA fee is now fully recovering higher recycling costs in our hauling operations, albeit the program is designed to recover costs and as a result has pressured margins.  However, we are still absorbing all of the commodity pricing risk on several legacy third-party processing contracts at our recycling facilities, and our variable costs have increased as we have had to slow processing lines to improve quality while incurring higher transportation costs to deliver commodities to new markets.   Looking forward to 2019, we expect recycling to provide a positive tailwind even if commodity prices stay at historically low levels as several third-party recycling processing contracts will reset over the next twelve months."

For the quarter, revenues were $165.6 million, up $11.6 million, or 7.6%, from the same period in 2017, with revenue growth mainly driven by: robust collection and disposal pricing; higher solid waste volumes; higher organics and customer solutions volumes; and the roll-over impact from acquisitions; partially offset by lower recycling commodity prices and volumes.

Net income was $1.7 million for the quarter, or $0.04 per diluted common share for the quarter, an increase in net income of $55.4 million, as compared to net loss of $(53.7) million, or $(1.28) per diluted common share for the same period in 2017. Adjusted Net Income was $9.6 million for the quarter, or Adjusted Diluted Earnings Per Common Share* of $0.22 for the quarter, as compared to Adjusted Net Income of $10.8 million, or Adjusted Diluted Earnings Per Common Share of $0.25 for the same period in 2017.

The second quarter included: a $0.2 million Southbridge Landfill closure charge primarily related to on-going legal expenses; $0.3 million of expense from acquisition activities and other items; and a $7.4 million loss on debt extinguishment primarily related to the refinancing of our senior secured credit facility. The same period in 2017 included a $64.1 million Southbridge landfill closure charge associated with our decision to cease operations at the site by December 31, 2018.

Operating income was $15.1 million for the quarter, as compared to operating loss of $(47.3) million for the same period in 2017. Adjusted Operating Income* was $15.7 million for the quarter, down $(1.2) million from the same period in 2017. Adjusted EBITDA was $37.1 million for the quarter, up $1.0 million from the same period in 2017, with growth mainly driven by improved performance in the Company's collection and disposal lines-of-business, partially offset by a decline in the recycling line-of-business.

For the six months ended June 30, 2018, revenues were $313.1 million, up $25.3 million, or 8.8%, from the same period in 2017, mainly driven by robust collection and disposal pricing, higher disposal volumes and higher volumes in our organics line-of-business, partially offset by lower commodity pricing and volumes.

Net loss was $(2.2) million, or $(0.05) per diluted common share year-to-date, a decrease in net loss of $51.7 million, as compared to net loss of $(53.9) million, or $(1.29) per diluted common share for the same period in 2017.

Operating income was $16.0 million year-to-date, as compared to operating loss of $(40.7) million for the same period in 2017. Adjusted Operating Income was $20.5 million year-to-date, down $(2.9) million from the same period in 2017. Adjusted EBITDA was $61.7 million year-to-date, up $2.5 million from the same period in 2017.

Net cash provided by operating activities was $48.1 million year-to-date, as compared to $40.1 million for the same period in 2017. Normalized Free Cash Flow was $16.1 million year-to-date, as compared to $13.4 million for the same period in 2017. Normalized Free Cash Flow for the current year-to-date period included the following adjustments: a $2.1 million contract settlement cash outlay related to the termination of a recycling brokerage contract, $1.7 million of cash outlays related to the planned closure of the Southbridge landfill, $0.1 million of cash outlays related to potential acquisitions, and $2.6 million of capital expenditures related to acquisitions or the assumption of new customers from a distressed market participant.

Outlook

"Our solid waste, customer solutions and organics operations all continued to outperform budget in the second quarter and we expect this outperformance to continue through the remainder of the year," Casella said.  "Despite the further deterioration of recycling commodity prices from the first quarter, and our expectation that commodity prices stay flat at the current historically low levels for the remainder of 2018, we have reaffirmed our Adjusted EBITDA and Normalized Free Cash Flow guidance ranges for the fiscal year ending December 31, 2018.  We have increased our revenue guidance range for the year given our higher cost recovery fees, including our SRA and Energy & Environmental fees, and higher organics volumes on a new transportation and disposal contract."

The estimated ranges are as follows:

  • Revenues between $630 million and $640 million (increased from a range of $618 million to $628 million);
  • Adjusted EBITDA between $135 million and $139 million; and
  • Normalized Free Cash Flow between $42 million and $46 million.

Adjusted EBITDA and Normalized Free Cash Flow related to the fiscal year ending December 31, 2018 are described in the Reconciliation of 2018 Outlook Non-GAAP Measures section of this press release.

Conference call to discuss quarter

The Company will host a conference call to discuss these results on Friday, August 3, 2018 at 9:00 a.m. Eastern Time. Individuals interested in participating in the call should dial (877) 838-4153 or for international participants (720) 545-0037 at least 10 minutes before start time. The call will also be webcast; to listen, participants should visit Casella Waste Systems' website at http://ir.casella.com and follow the appropriate link to the webcast.

A replay of the call will be available on the Company's website, or by calling (855) 859-2056 or (404) 537-3406 (Conference ID 174 7608) until 1:00 p.m. ET on August 10, 2018.

About Casella Waste Systems, Inc.

Casella Waste Systems, Inc., headquartered in Rutland, Vermont, provides solid waste management services consisting of collection, transfer, disposal, and recycling services in the northeastern United States. For further information, investors contact Ned Coletta, Chief Financial Officer at (802) 772-2239; media contact Joseph Fusco, Vice President at (802) 772-2247; or visit the Company's website at http://www.casella.com.

*Non-GAAP Financial Measures

In addition to disclosing financial results prepared in accordance with GAAP, the Company also discloses earnings before interest, taxes, and depreciation and amortization, adjusted for accretion, depletion of landfill operating lease obligations, the Southbridge Landfill closure charge, gains on asset sales, development project charges, contract settlement charges, legal settlement costs, tax settlement costs, bargain purchase gains, asset impairment charges, environmental remediation charges, severance and reorganization costs, expense from acquisition activities and other items, gains on the settlement of acquisition related contingent consideration, proxy contest costs, as well as impacts from divestiture transactions ("Adjusted EBITDA"), which is a non-GAAP financial measure.

The Company also discloses earnings before interest and taxes, adjusted for the Southbridge Landfill closure charge, gains on asset sales, development project charges, contract settlement charges, legal settlement costs, tax settlement costs, bargain purchase gains, asset impairment charges, environmental remediation charges, severance and reorganization costs, expense from acquisition activities and other items, gains on the settlement of acquisition related contingent consideration, proxy contest costs, as well as impacts from divestiture transactions ("Adjusted Operating Income"), which is a non-GAAP financial measure.

The Company also discloses net income (loss), adjusted for the U.S. tax reform impact, the Southbridge Landfill closure charge, gains on asset sales, development project charges, contract settlement charges, legal settlement costs, tax settlement costs, bargain purchase gains, asset impairment charges, environmental remediation charges, severance and reorganization costs, expense from acquisition activities and other items, gains on the settlement of acquisition related contingent consideration, proxy contest costs, impacts from divestiture transactions, losses on debt modifications, as well as impairment of investments ("Adjusted Net Income"), which is a non-GAAP financial measure.

The Company also discloses Adjusted Diluted Earnings Per Common Share, which is Adjusted Net Income divided by Adjusted Diluted Weighted Average Shares Outstanding, which includes the dilutive effect of options and restricted / performance stock units. Adjusted Diluted Earnings Per Common Share is a non-GAAP financial measure.

The Company also discloses net cash provided by operating activities, less capital expenditures, less payments on landfill operating lease contracts, plus proceeds from divestiture transactions, plus proceeds from the sale of property and equipment, plus proceeds from property insurance settlement, plus (less) contributions from (distributions to) noncontrolling interest holders ("Free Cash Flow"), which is a non-GAAP financial measure.

The Company also discloses Free Cash Flow plus certain cash outflows associated with landfill closure, site improvement and remediation expenditures, plus certain cash outflows associated with new contract and project capital expenditures, plus certain cash outflows associated with contract settlement costs, plus certain cash outflows associated with expense from acquisition activities and other items, plus certain cash outflows associated with capital expenditures related to acquisitions or assumption of new customers from a distressed or defunct market participant, (less) plus cash (inflows) outflows associated with certain business dissolutions, plus cash interest outflows associated with the timing of refinancing transactions ("Normalized Free Cash Flow"), which is a non-GAAP financial measure.

The Company also discloses net cash provided by operating activities, plus changes in assets and liabilities, net of effects of acquisitions and divestitures, gains on sale of property and equipment, environmental remediation charges, losses on debt extinguishment, stock based compensation expense, development project charges, the non-cash Southbridge Landfill closure charge, interest expense - less amortization, provisions for income taxes, net of deferred taxes, and adjustments as allowed by the Company's credit facility agreement ("Consolidated EBITDA") and total long-term debt and capital leases, less unencumbered cash and cash equivalents in excess of $2.0 million ("Consolidated Funded Debt, Net" and, divided by Consolidated EBITDA, the "Consolidated Net Leverage Ratio"), which are non-GAAP financial measures.

Adjusted EBITDA, Adjusted Operating Income and Adjusted net income are reconciled to net income (loss); Adjusted Diluted Earnings Per Common Share is reconciled to diluted earnings per common share; Free Cash Flow, Normalized Free Cash Flow and Consolidated EBITDA are reconciled to net cash provided by operating activities; and Consolidated Funded Debt, Net is reconciled to total long-term debt and capital leases.

The Company presents Adjusted EBITDA, Adjusted Operating Income, Adjusted Net Income, Adjusted Diluted Earnings Per Common Share, Free Cash Flow, Normalized Free Cash Flow, Consolidated EBITDA, Consolidated Funded Debt, Net and the Consolidated Net Leverage Ratio because it considers them important supplemental measures of its performance and believes they are frequently used by securities analysts, investors and other interested parties in the evaluation of the Company's results. Management uses these non-GAAP financial measures to further understand its "core operating performance." The Company believes its "core operating performance" is helpful in understanding its ongoing performance in the ordinary course of operations. The Company believes that providing Adjusted EBITDA, Adjusted Operating Income, Adjusted Net Income, Adjusted Diluted Earnings Per Common Share, Free Cash Flow, Normalized Free Cash Flow, Consolidated EBITDA, Consolidated Funded Debt, Net and the Consolidated Net Leverage Ratio to investors, in addition to corresponding income statement and cash flow statement measures, affords investors the benefit of viewing its performance using the same financial metrics that the management team uses in making many key decisions and understanding how the core business and its results of operations has performed. The Company further believes that providing this information allows its investors greater transparency and a better understanding of its core financial performance.

Non-GAAP financial measures are not in accordance with or an alternative for GAAP. Adjusted EBITDA, Adjusted Operating Income, Adjusted Net Income, Adjusted Diluted Earnings Per Common Share, Free Cash Flow, Normalized Free Cash Flow, Consolidated EBITDA, Consolidated Funded Debt, Net and the Consolidated Net Leverage Ratio should not be considered in isolation from or as a substitute for financial information presented in accordance with GAAP, and may be different from Adjusted EBITDA, Adjusted Operating Income, Adjusted Net Income, Adjusted Diluted Earnings Per Common Share, Free Cash Flow, Normalized Free Cash Flow, Consolidated EBITDA, Consolidated Funded Debt, Net and the Consolidated Net Leverage Ratio presented by other companies.

Safe Harbor Statement

Certain matters discussed in this press release, including, but not limited to, the statements regarding financial results and guidance, are "forward-looking statements" intended to qualify for the safe harbors from liability established by the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995.  These forward-looking statements can generally be identified as such by the context of the statements, including words such as "believe," "expect," "anticipate," "plan," "may," "would," "intend," "estimate," "will," "guidance" and other similar expressions, whether in the negative or affirmative. These forward-looking statements are based on current expectations, estimates, forecasts and projections about the industry and markets in which the Company operates and management's beliefs and assumptions. The Company cannot guarantee that it actually will achieve the financial results, plans, intentions, expectations or guidance disclosed in the forward-looking statements made. Such forward-looking statements, and all phases of the Company's operations, involve a number of risks and uncertainties, any one or more of which could cause actual results to differ materially from those described in its forward-looking statements.

Such risks and uncertainties include or relate to, among other things: new policies adopted by China as part of its "National Sword" program that will restrict imports of recyclable materials into China and have a material impact on the Company's financial results; the planned capping and closure of the Southbridge Landfill and the pending litigation relating to the Southbridge Landfill, and the lawsuit relating to the North Country Landfill could result in unexpected material costs; adverse weather conditions may negatively impact the Company's revenues and its operating margin; the Company may be unable to increase volumes at its landfills or improve its route profitability; the Company's need to service its indebtedness may limit its ability to invest in its business; the Company may be unable to reduce costs or increase pricing or volumes sufficiently to achieve estimated Adjusted EBITDA and other targets; landfill operations and permit status may be affected by factors outside the Company's control; the Company may be required to incur capital expenditures in excess of its estimates; fluctuations in energy pricing or the commodity pricing of its recyclables may make it more difficult for the Company to predict its results of operations or meet its estimates; the Company may be unable to achieve its acquisition or development targets on favorable pricing or at all; and the Company may incur environmental charges or asset impairments in the future.

There are a number of other important risks and uncertainties that could cause the Company's actual results to differ materially from those indicated by such forward-looking statements. These additional risks and uncertainties include, without limitation, those detailed in Item 1A, "Risk Factors" in the Company's Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2017, and in other filings that the Company may make with the Securities and Exchange Commission in the future.

The Company undertakes no obligation to update publicly any forward-looking statements whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise, except as required by law.

Investors:
Ned Coletta
Chief Financial Officer
(802) 772-2239
 
Media:
Joseph Fusco
Vice President
(802) 772-2247
http://www.casella.com
 


CASELLA WASTE SYSTEMS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS
(Unaudited)
(In thousands, except for per share data)

  Three Months Ended
June 30,
  Six Months Ended
June 30,
  2018   2017   2018   2017
Revenues $ 165,649     $ 154,016     $ 313,104     $ 287,818  
Operating expenses:              
Cost of operations 111,800     102,519     217,409     197,063  
General and administration 20,793     18,794     41,820     37,638  
Depreciation and amortization 17,386     15,868     33,370     29,717  
Expense from acquisition activities and other items 349         349      
Southbridge Landfill closure charge (1) 172     64,114     1,759     64,114  
Contract settlement charge         2,100      
Development project charge         311      
  150,500     201,295     297,118     328,532  
Operating income (loss) 15,149     (47,279 )   15,986     (40,714 )
Other expense (income):              
Interest expense, net 6,390     6,282     12,814     12,663  
Loss on debt extinguishment 7,352     46     7,352     517  
Other income (342 )   (326 )   (431 )   (405 )
Other expense, net 13,400     6,002     19,735     12,775  
Income (loss) before income taxes 1,749     (53,281 )   (3,749 )   (53,489 )
Provision (benefit) for income taxes 45     394     (1,543 )   411  
Net income (loss) $ 1,704     $ (53,675 )   $ (2,206 )   $ (53,900 )
Basic weighted average common shares outstanding 42,661     41,811     42,516     41,698  
Basic earnings per common share $ 0.04     $ (1.28 )   $ (0.05 )   $ (1.29 )
Diluted weighted average common shares outstanding 43,916     41,811     42,516     41,698  
Diluted earnings per common share $ 0.04     $ (1.28 )   $ (0.05 )   $ (1.29 )
                               

CASELLA WASTE SYSTEMS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
(In thousands)

  June 30,
2018
  December 31,
2017
ASSETS (Unaudited)    
CURRENT ASSETS:      
Cash and cash equivalents $ 2,092     $ 1,995  
Accounts receivable - trade, net of allowance for doubtful accounts 78,920     65,953  
Other current assets 15,863     16,432  
Total current assets 96,875     84,380  
Property, plant and equipment, net of accumulated depreciation and amortization 378,782     361,547  
Goodwill 130,317     122,605  
Intangible assets, net of accumulated amortization 9,715     8,149  
Restricted assets 1,198     1,220  
Cost method investments 12,333     12,333  
Deferred income taxes 10,558     11,567  
Other non-current assets 12,796     13,148  
Total assets $ 652,574     $ 614,949  
LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS' DEFICIT      
CURRENT LIABILITIES:      
Current maturities of long-term debt and capital leases $ 1,796     $ 4,926  
Accounts payable 54,623     47,081  
Other accrued liabilities 39,324     36,562  
Total current liabilities 95,743     88,569  
Long-term debt and capital leases, less current maturities 502,094     477,576  
Other long-term liabilities 89,453     86,666  
Total stockholders' deficit (34,716 )   (37,862 )
Total liabilities and stockholders' deficit $ 652,574     $ 614,949  
               

CASELLA WASTE SYSTEMS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
(Unaudited)
(In thousands)

  Six Months Ended
June 30,
  2018   2017
Cash Flows from Operating Activities:      
Net loss $ (2,206 )   $ (53,900 )
Adjustments to reconcile net loss to net cash provided by operating activities:      
Depreciation and amortization 33,370     29,717  
Depletion of landfill operating lease obligations 4,993     4,173  
Interest accretion on landfill and environmental remediation liabilities 2,862     1,939  
Amortization of debt issuance costs and discount on long-term debt 1,290     1,320  
Stock-based compensation 4,198     2,912  
Gain on sale of property and equipment (370 )   (97 )
Southbridge Landfill non-cash closure charge (1) 1,273     63,526  
Non-cash expense from acquisition activities and other items 211      
Development project charge 311      
Loss on debt extinguishment 7,352     517  
Deferred income taxes (725 )   284  
Changes in assets and liabilities, net of effects of acquisitions and divestitures (4,480 )   (10,382 )
Net cash provided by operating activities 48,079     40,009  
Cash Flows from Investing Activities:      
Acquisitions, net of cash acquired (19,369 )   (2,694 )
Additions to property, plant and equipment (35,492 )   (24,548 )
Payments on landfill operating lease contracts (3,467 )   (3,177 )
Proceeds from sale of property and equipment 469     382  
Net cash used in investing activities (57,859 )   (30,037 )
Cash Flows from Financing Activities:      
Proceeds from long-term borrowings 528,900     117,000  
Principal payments on long-term debt (513,854 )   (126,238 )
Payments of debt issuance costs (5,567 )   (1,451 )
Proceeds from the exercise of share based awards 398     858  
Net cash provided by (used in) financing activities 9,877     (9,831 )
Net increase in cash and cash equivalents 97     141  
Cash and cash equivalents, beginning of period 1,995     2,544  
Cash and cash equivalents, end of period $ 2,092     $ 2,685  
Supplemental Disclosure of Cash Flow Information:      
Cash interest $ 11,423     $ 14,079  
Cash income taxes, net of refunds $ 84     $ 189  
Supplemental Disclosure of Non-Cash Investing and Financing Activities:      
Non-current assets obtained through long-term obligations $ 3,267     $ 2,813  
               

CASELLA WASTE SYSTEMS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)
(In thousands)

Note 1:  Southbridge Landfill Closure Charge

In June 2017, we initiated the plan to cease operations of our Southbridge Landfill. Accordingly, in the three and six months ended June 30, 2018, we recorded charges associated with the closure of our Southbridge Landfill as follows:

  Three Months Ended
June 30,
  Six Months Ended
June 30,
  2018   2017   2018   2017
Asset impairment charge (1) $     $ 47,999     $     $ 47,999  
Project development charge (2)     9,148         9,148  
Environmental remediation charge (3)     6,379         6,379  
Charlton settlement charge (4)         1,216      
Legal and transaction costs (5) 172     588     543     588  
Southbridge Landfill closure charge $ 172     $ 64,114     $ 1,759     $ 64,114  
                               
  1. We performed a test of recoverability under Financial Accounting Standards Board ("FASB") Accounting Standards Codification ("ASC") 360, which indicated that the carrying value of our asset group that includes the Southbridge Landfill was no longer recoverable and, as a result, the asset group was assessed for impairment with an impairment charge allocated to the long-lived assets of the Southbridge Landfill in accordance with FASB ASC 360.
  2. We wrote-off deferred costs associated with Southbridge Landfill permitting activities no longer deemed viable.
  3. We recorded an environmental remediation charge associated with the future installation of a municipal waterline.
  4. We established a reserve associated with settlement of the Town of Charlton's claim against us.
  5. We incurred legal and other transaction costs associated with various matters as part of the Southbridge Landfill closure.

CASELLA WASTE SYSTEMS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
RECONCILIATION OF CERTAIN NON-GAAP MEASURES
(Unaudited)
(In thousands)

Following is a reconciliation of Adjusted EBITDA and Adjusted Operating Income from Net income (loss):

  Three Months Ended
June 30,
  Six Months Ended
June 30,
  2018   2017   2018   2017
Net income (loss) $ 1,704     $ (53,675 )   $ (2,206 )   $ (53,900 )
Net income (loss) as a percentage of revenues 1.0 %   (34.9 )%   (0.7 )%   (18.7 )%
Provision (benefit) for income taxes 45     394     (1,543 )   411  
Other income (342 )   (326 )   (431 )   (405 )
Loss on debt extinguishment 7,352     46     7,352     517  
Interest expense, net 6,390     6,282     12,814     12,663  
Expense from acquisition activities and other items 349         349      
Southbridge Landfill closure charge 172     64,114     1,759     64,114  
Contract settlement charge         2,100      
Development project charge         311      
Depreciation and amortization 17,386     15,868     33,370     29,717  
Depletion of landfill operating lease obligations 2,601     2,409     4,993     4,173  
Interest accretion on landfill and environmental remediation liabilities 1,440     974     2,862     1,939  
Adjusted EBITDA $ 37,097     $ 36,086     $ 61,730     $ 59,229  
Adjusted EBITDA as a percentage of revenues 22.4 %   23.4 %   19.7 %   20.6 %
Depreciation and amortization (17,386 )   (15,868 )   (33,370 )   (29,717 )
Depletion of landfill operating lease obligations (2,601 )   (2,409 )   (4,993 )   (4,173 )
Interest accretion on landfill and environmental remediation liabilities (1,440 )   (974 )   (2,862 )   (1,939 )
Adjusted Operating Income $ 15,670     $ 16,835     $ 20,505     $ 23,400  
Adjusted Operating Income as a percentage of revenues 9.5 %   10.9 %   6.5 %   8.1 %
                       

Following is a reconciliation of Adjusted Net Income from Net income (loss):

  Three Months Ended
June 30,
  Six Months Ended
June 30,
  2018   2017   2018   2017
Net income (loss) $ 1,704     $ (53,675 )   $ (2,206 )   $ (53,900 )
Loss on debt extinguishment 7,352     46     7,352     517  
Southbridge Landfill closure charge 172     64,114     1,759     64,114  
Contract settlement charge         2,100      
Development project charge         311      
Expense from acquisition activities and other items 349         349      
Tax effect (i) (23 )   316     (27 )   318  
Adjusted Net Income $ 9,554     $ 10,801     $ 9,638     $ 11,049  
Diluted weighted average common shares outstanding 43,916     41,811     42,516     41,698  
Dilutive effect of options and other stock awards     1,137     1,246     1,132  
Adjusted Diluted Weighted Average Common Shares Outstanding 43,916     42,948     43,762     42,830  
Adjusted Diluted Earnings Per Common Share $ 0.22     $ 0.25     $ 0.22     $ 0.26  
                               
  1. The aggregate tax effect of the adjustments, including any impact of deferred tax adjustments.

Following is a reconciliation of Adjusted Diluted Earnings Per Common Share from Diluted earnings per common share:

  Three Months Ended
June 30,
  Six Months Ended
June 30,
  2018   2017   2018   2017
Diluted earnings per common share $ 0.04     $ (1.28 )   $ (0.05 )   $ (1.29 )
Loss on debt extinguishment 0.17         0.17     0.01  
Southbridge Landfill closure charge     1.52     0.03     1.53  
Contract settlement charge         0.05      
Development project charge         0.01      
Expense from acquisition activities and other items 0.01         0.01      
Tax effect     0.01         0.01  
Adjusted Diluted Earnings Per Common Share $ 0.22     $ 0.25     $ 0.22     $ 0.26  
                               

Following is a reconciliation of Free Cash Flow* and Normalized Free Cash Flow from Net cash provided by operating activities:

  Three Months Ended
June 30,
  Six Months Ended
June 30,
  2018   2017   2018   2017
Net cash provided by operating activities $ 35,285     $ 29,333     $ 48,079     $ 40,009  
Capital expenditures (26,574 )   (15,856 )   (35,492 )   (24,548 )
Payments on landfill operating lease contracts (2,958 )   (2,200 )   (3,467 )   (3,177 )
Proceeds from sale of property and equipment 127     298     469     382  
Free Cash Flow $ 5,880     $ 11,575     $ 9,589     $ 12,666  
Contract settlement costs (i)         2,100      
Landfill closure, site improvement and remediation expenditures (ii) 1,237     588     1,663     588  
Expense from acquisition activities and other items (iii) 138         138      
Non-recurring capital expenditures (iv) 1,607     118     2,605     176  
Normalized Free Cash Flow $ 8,862     $ 12,281     $ 16,095     $ 13,430  
                               
  1. Includes a contract settlement cash outlay associated with exiting a contract.
  2. Includes cash outlays associated with the Southbridge Landfill closure.
  3. Includes cash outlays associated with potential acquisition activities.
  4. Includes capital expenditures related to acquisitions or assumption of new customers from a distressed or defunct market participant.

Following is the Consolidated Net Leverage Ratio* and the reconciliations of Consolidated Funded Debt, Net* from long-term debt and capital leases and Consolidated EBITDA* from Net cash provided by operating activities:

  Twelve Months Ended June 30, 2018  
Consolidated Net Leverage Ratio (i) 3.68  
     
  1. Our credit agreement requires us to maintain a maximum consolidated net leverage ratio, to be measured at the end of each fiscal quarter ("Consolidated Net Leverage Ratio"). The Consolidated Net Leverage Ratio is calculated as consolidated long-term debt and capital leases, net of unencumbered cash and cash equivalents in excess of $2,000 ("Consolidated Funded Debt, Net", calculated at $515,900 as of June 30, 2018, or $515,992 of consolidated long-term debt and capital leases, less $92 of cash and cash equivalents in excess of $2,000 as of June 30, 2018), divided by consolidated EBITDA as defined by our credit agreement ("Consolidated EBITDA"). Consolidated EBITDA is based on operating results for the twelve months preceding the measurement date of June 30, 2018. A reconciliation of Consolidated EBITDA from Net cash provided by operating activities is as follows:
  Twelve Months Ended June 30, 2018
Net cash provided by operating activities $ 115,608  
Changes in assets and liabilities, net of effects of acquisitions and divestitures (1,318 )
Gain on sale of property and equipment 224  
Non-cash expense from acquisition activities and other items (211 )
Developmental project charge (311 )
Loss on debt extinguishment (7,352 )
Stock based compensation (7,718 )
Southbridge Landfill non-cash closure charge (1,273 )
Interest expense, less amortization of debt issuance costs and discount on long-term debt 22,636  
Provision for income taxes, net of deferred taxes (673 )
Adjustments as allowed by the credit agreement 20,532  
Consolidated EBITDA $ 140,144  
       

CASELLA WASTE SYSTEMS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
RECONCILIATION OF 2018 OUTLOOK NON-GAAP MEASURES
(Unaudited)
(In thousands)

Following is a reconciliation of the Company's anticipated Adjusted EBITDA from anticipated Net income for the fiscal year ending December 31, 2018:

  (Anticipated)
Fiscal Year Ending
December 31, 2018
Net income $23,481 - $27,481
Interest expense, net 25,500
Expense from acquisition activities and other items 349
Southbridge Landfill closure charge 1,759
Contract settlement charge 2,100
Development project charge 311
Depreciation and amortization 65,000
Depletion of landfill operating lease obligations 11,000
Interest accretion on landfill and environmental remediation liabilities 5,500
Adjusted EBITDA $135,000 - $139,000
   

Following is a reconciliation of the Company's anticipated Free Cash Flow and Normalized Free Cash Flow from anticipated Net cash provided by operating activities for the fiscal year ending December 31, 2018:

  (Anticipated)
Fiscal Year Ending
December 31, 2018
Net cash provided by operating activities $112,000 - $116,000
Capital expenditures (74,000)
Payments on landfill operating lease contracts (7,500)
Proceeds from sale of property and equipment (500)
Free Cash Flow $30,000 - $34,000
Contract settlement costs (i) 2,100
Landfill closure, site improvement and remediation expenditures (ii) 3,000
Expense from acquisition activities and other items (iii) 400
Non-recurring capital expenditures (iv) 6,500
Normalized Free Cash Flow $42,000 - $46,000
   
  1. Includes a contract settlement cash outlay associated with exiting a contract.
  2. Includes cash outlays associated with the Southbridge Landfill closure.
  3. Includes cash outlays associated with potential acquisition activities.
  4. Includes capital expenditures related to acquisitions or assumption of new customers from a distressed or defunct market participant.et participant.

CASELLA WASTE SYSTEMS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
SUPPLEMENTAL DATA TABLES
(Unaudited)
(In thousands)

Amounts of total revenues attributable to services provided for the three and six months ended June 30, 2018 and 2017 are as follows:

  Three Months Ended June 30,
  2018   % of Total
Revenue
  2017   % of Total
Revenue
Collection $ 74,564     45.0 %   $ 66,308     43.1 %
Disposal 47,246     28.5 %   42,172     27.4 %
Power generation 1,295     0.8 %   1,554     1.0 %
Processing 2,347     1.4 %   2,137     1.3 %
Solid waste operations 125,452     75.7 %   112,171     72.8 %
Organics 14,647     8.9 %   11,005     7.2 %
Customer solutions 15,950     9.6 %   14,629     9.5 %
Recycling 9,600     5.8 %   16,211     10.5 %
Total revenues $ 165,649     100.0 %   $ 154,016     100.0 %
                           


  Six Months Ended June 30,
  2018   % of Total
Revenue
  2017   % of Total
Revenue
Collection $ 141,039     45.0 %   $ 126,145     43.8 %
Disposal 87,480     27.9 %   73,454     25.5 %
Power generation 3,094     1.0 %   2,906     1.0 %
Processing 3,768     1.3 %   3,796     1.4 %
Solid waste operations 235,381     75.2 %   206,301     71.7 %
Organics 26,847     8.6 %   20,219     7.0 %
Customer solutions 31,119     9.9 %   28,452     9.9 %
Recycling 19,757     6.3 %   32,846     11.4 %
Total revenues $ 313,104     100.0 %   $ 287,818     100.0 %
                           

Components of revenue growth for the three months ended June 30, 2018 compared to the three months ended June 30, 2017 are as follows:

  Amount   % of
Related
Business
  % of Solid
Waste
Operations
  % of Total
Company
Solid Waste Operations:              
Collection $ 3,250     4.9 %   2.9 %   2.1 %
Disposal 1,527     3.6 %   1.4 %   1.0 %
Solid Waste Price 4,777         4.3 %   3.1 %
Collection 526         0.5 %   0.4 %
Disposal 1,104         1.0 %   0.7 %
Processing 35         %   %
Solid Waste Volume 1,665         1.5 %   1.1 %
Fuel surcharge and other fees 2,048         1.8 %   1.3 %
Commodity price and volume (84 )       (0.1 )%   (0.1 )%
Acquisitions, net divestitures 4,875         4.3 %   3.2 %
Total Solid Waste 13,281         11.8 %   8.6 %
Organics 3,642             2.4 %
Customer Solutions 1,321             0.9 %
Recycling Operations:         % of Recycling
Operations
   
Price (4,182 )       (25.8 )%   (2.7 )%
Volume (2,429 )       (15.0 )%   (1.6 )%
Total Recycling (6,611 )       (40.8 )%   (4.3 )%
Total Company $ 11,633             7.6 %
                     

Solid waste internalization rates by region for the three and six months ended June 30, 2018 and 2017 are as follows:

  Three Months Ended
June 30,
  Six Months Ended
June 30,
  2018   2017   2018   2017
Eastern region 50.6 %   55.8 %   50.5 %   52.0 %
Western region 75.0 %   73.2 %   74.8 %   71.0 %
Solid waste internalization 61.5 %   63.7 %   61.5 %   60.8 %
                       

Components of capital expenditures (i) for the three and six months ended June 30, 2018 and 2017 are as follows:

  Three Months Ended
June 30,
  Six Months Ended
June 30,
  2018   2017   2018   2017
Growth Capital Expenditures $ 399     $ 973     $ 960     $ 1,955  
Non-Recurring Capital Expenditures 1,607     118     2,605     176  
Replacement Capital Expenditures:              
Landfill development 11,087     9,276     13,225     12,090  
Vehicles, machinery, equipment and containers 12,720     4,370     16,687     8,341  
Facilities 650     585     1,256     1,165  
Other 111     534     759     821  
Replacement Capital Expenditures 24,568     14,765     31,927     22,417  
Capital Expenditures $ 26,574     $ 15,856     $ 35,492     $ 24,548  
                               
  1. The Company's capital expenditures are broadly defined as pertaining to either growth, replacement or non-recurring activities. Growth capital expenditures are defined as costs related to development of new airspace, permit expansions, and new recycling contracts along with incremental costs of equipment and infrastructure added to further such activities. Growth capital expenditures include the cost of equipment added directly as a result of organic business growth as well as expenditures associated with adding infrastructure to increase throughput at transfer stations and recycling facilities. Replacement capital expenditures are defined as landfill cell construction costs not related to expansion airspace, costs for normal permit renewals, and replacement costs for equipment due to age or obsolescence. Non-recurring capital expenditures are defined as costs of equipment added directly as a result of new business growth related to an acquisition or assumption of significant new customers from a distressed or defunct market participant.

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