Market Overview

Leaf Group Ltd. Reports Second Quarter 2018 Results

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  • Q2 Leaf Group Revenue Grows 20% Year-over-Year to $34.3 Million
  • Q2 Marketplaces Revenue Grows 11% Year-over-Year to $19.7 Million
  • Q2 Media Revenue Grows 35% Year-over-Year to $14.7 Million
  • Leaf Group commences integration of wellness media company Well+Good

SANTA MONICA, Calif., Aug. 02, 2018 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) -- Leaf Group Ltd. (NYSE:LFGR), a diversified consumer internet company, today reported financial results for the second quarter ended June 30, 2018.

   
Financial Summary  
(In thousands, except per share amounts)  


                         
    Three months ended   Six months ended
    June 30,    June 30, 
    2018     2017     2018     2017  
Marketplaces revenue   $  19,655     $  17,691     $  40,622     $  33,568  
Media revenue      14,666        10,874        27,446        22,235  
Total revenue   $  34,321     $  28,565     $  68,068     $  55,803  
                         
Net loss   $  (6,293 )   $  (8,965 )   $  (12,218 )   $  (18,983 )
                         
EPS - basic and diluted   $  (0.25 )   $  (0.44 )   $  (0.51 )   $  (0.94 )
                         
Adjusted EBITDA(1)   $  (614 )   $  (3,933 )   $  (1,861 )   $  (8,358 )
                         
Net cash used in operating activities   $  (1,102 )   $  (4,084 )   $  (6,401 )   $  (11,783 )
Free cash flow(1)   $  (2,930 )   $  (5,069 )   $  (9,931 )   $  (13,784 )
                         

(1) These non-GAAP financial measures are described below and reconciled to their most directly comparable GAAP measures in the accompanying tables.

Q2 2018 Financial Summary:

Leaf Group is comprised of two reporting segments: Marketplaces and Media.

For the second quarter of 2018:

  • Total revenue increased 20% year-over-year from $28.6 million to $34.3 million due to an 11% increase in Marketplaces revenue and a 35% increase in Media revenue.
  • Marketplaces revenue increased 11% year-over-year from $17.7 million to $19.7 million due to an 11% increase in Society6 Group revenue, inclusive of Deny Designs, and a 12% increase in Saatchi Art Group revenue, inclusive of The Other Art Fair.

  • Society6 Group revenue growth was driven by an increase in average order value as a result of continued promotional discipline.

  • Saatchi Art Group revenue growth was driven by a 40% revenue increase on Saatchi Art as a result of increased transactions and higher average order value, offset by lower revenue from The Other Art Fair with one art fair hosted in the current period as compared to three fairs in the prior year period.
  • Media revenue increased 35% year-over-year from $10.9 million to $14.7 million. The increase in Media revenue was a result of improved revenue per visit and revenue attributable to Well+Good acquired in June 2018.

  • Net loss was $(6.3) million for the quarter, improving 30% year-over-year and Adjusted EBITDA was $(0.6) million for the quarter, improving 84% year-over-year.

  • Cash and cash equivalents was $32.0 million at period end with no debt outstanding.

  • On a consolidated basis, Leaf Group's properties reached 55 million monthly unique visitors in the U.S. in June 2018 (source: Jun 2018 U.S. comScore).

Operating Metrics:

Leaf Group has historically reported the number of visits to its Media properties as a key operating metric and has used internal data to derive the number of visits during the applicable reporting period. In the second quarter of 2018, Leaf Group began to report visits using data derived from Google Analytics, as Leaf Group is replacing its internal methodology with Google Analytics. On a transitional basis and for the remainder of 2018, the Company will report visits data derived from both its internal methodology and Google Analytics. Beginning in 2019, Leaf Group will only report visits using data derived from Google Analytics.

                                           
    Three months ended           Six months ended  
    June 30,            June 30,   
    2018   2017  
Change
          2018   2017  
Change
 
Marketplaces Metrics:                                          
Number of Transactions(1)      273,280      298,229   (8 )%            581,215      565,997   3 %
Gross Transaction Value(2) (in thousands)   $  24,507   $  22,517   9  %         $  51,099   $  42,192   21 %
                                           
Media Metrics:                                          
Visits - Internal(3) (in thousands)      776,843      707,535   10 %            1,548,414      1,403,078   10 %
Revenue per Visit (RPV)(4)   $  18.88   $  15.37   23 %         $  17.73   $  15.85   12 %
Visits - Google Analytics(5) (in thousands)      770,460      721,973   7 %            1,556,774      1,435,479   8 %
Revenue per Visit (RPV)(4)   $  19.04   $  15.06   26 %         $  17.63   $  15.49   14 %

(1) Number of transactions is defined as the total number of transactions successfully completed by a customer during the applicable period, excluding certain transactions generated by Saatchi Art's The Other Art Fair that relate to the hosting of the art fairs, such as sales of leased space to artists, sponsorships fees and ticket sales.

(2) Gross transaction value is defined as the total dollar value of Marketplaces transactions, excluding certain transactions generated by Saatchi Art's The Other Art Fair that relate to the hosting of the art fairs, such as sales of leased space to artists, sponsorships fees and ticket sales. Gross transaction value is the total amount paid by the customer including the total product price, inclusive of artist margin, shipping charges, taxes, and is net of any promotional discounts. Gross transaction value does not reflect any subsequent cancellations, refunds or credits and does not represent revenue earned by the Company.

(3) Visits - Internal are defined as the total number of times users access the company's content across (a) one of its owned and operated properties and/or (b) one of its partners' properties, to the extent that the visited partner web pages are hosted by the company. In each case, breaks of access of at least 30 minutes constitute a unique visit.

(4) RPV is defined as Media revenue per one thousand visits.

(5) Visits per Google Analytics are defined as the total number of times users access the company's content across (a) one of its owned and operated properties and/or (b) one of its partners' properties, to the extent that the visited partner web pages are hosted by the company. In each case, breaks of access of at least 30 minutes constitute a unique visit. Additionally, a visit is also considered to have ended at midnight or if a user arrives via one campaign, leaves, and then comes back via a different campaign.

Conference Call and Webcast Information

Leaf Group will host a corresponding conference call and live webcast today at 4:30 p.m. Eastern time (1:30 p.m. Pacific time). To access the conference call, dial 833-287-0803 (U.S./CAN) or 647-689-4462 (International) and reference conference ID 6082389. To participate on the live call, analysts should dial-in at least 10 minutes prior to the commencement of the call. A live webcast also will be available on the Investor Relations section of Leaf Group's corporate website at http://ir.leafgroup.com and via replay beginning approximately two hours after the completion of the call. 

Use of Non-GAAP Financial Measures

To supplement its consolidated financial statements, which are prepared and presented in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles in the United States of America ("GAAP"), Leaf Group uses certain non-GAAP financial measures, as described below. These non-GAAP financial measures are presented to enhance the user's overall understanding of Leaf Group's financial performance and should not be considered a substitute for, or superior to, the financial information prepared and presented in accordance with GAAP. The non-GAAP financial measures presented in this release, together with the GAAP financial results, are the primary measures used by the company's management and board of directors to understand and evaluate the company's financial performance and operating trends, including period-to-period comparisons, because they exclude certain expenses and gains that management believes are not indicative of the company's core operating results. Management also uses these measures to prepare and update the company's short and long term financial and operational plans, to evaluate investment decisions, and in its discussions with investors, commercial bankers, equity research analysts and other users of the company's financial statements. Accordingly, the company believes that these non-GAAP financial measures provide useful information to investors and others in understanding and evaluating the company's operating results in the same manner as the company's management and in comparing operating results across periods and to those of Leaf Group's peer companies.

The use of non-GAAP financial measures has certain limitations because they do not reflect all items of income and expense, or cash flows, that affect the company's financial performance and operations. An additional limitation of non-GAAP financial measures is that they do not have standardized meanings, and therefore other companies, including peer companies, may use the same or similarly named measures but exclude or include different items or use different computations. Management compensates for these limitations by reconciling these non-GAAP financial measures to their most comparable GAAP financial measures in the tables captioned "Reconciliations of Non-GAAP Financial Measures" included at the end of this release. Investors and others are encouraged to review the company's financial information in its entirety and not rely on a single financial measure.

The company defines Adjusted earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation and amortization (Adjusted EBITDA) as net income (loss) excluding interest (income) expense, income tax expense (benefit), and certain other non-cash or non-recurring items impacting net income (loss) from time to time, principally comprised of depreciation and amortization, stock-based compensation and acquisition, disposition and realignment costs. Management believes that the exclusion of certain expenses and gains in calculating Adjusted EBITDA provides a useful measure for period-to-period comparisons of the company's underlying core revenue and operating costs that is focused more closely on the current costs necessary to operate the company's businesses, and reflects its ongoing business in a manner that allows for meaningful analysis of trends. Management also believes that excluding certain non-cash charges can be useful because the amounts of such expenses is the result of long-term investment decisions made in previous periods rather than day-to-day operating decisions.

The company defines Segment Operating Contribution as net income (loss) excluding corporate or unallocated expenses, interest (income) expense, income tax expense (benefit), and certain other non-cash or non-recurring items impacting net income (loss) from time to time, principally comprised of depreciation and amortization, and stock-based compensation. Management believes that the exclusion of certain expenses and gains in calculating Segment Operating Contribution provides a useful measure for period-to-period comparisons of the segment's underlying revenue and operating costs that is focused more closely on the current costs necessary to operate the segment, and reflects the segment's ongoing business in a manner that allows for meaningful analysis of trends. Management also believes that excluding certain non-cash charges can be useful because the amounts of such expenses is the result of long-term investment decisions made in previous periods rather than day-to-day operating decisions.

The company defines Free Cash Flow as net cash provided by (used in) operating activities net of cash flows from acquisition, disposition and realignment activities; capital expenditures to acquire property and equipment; and purchases of intangible assets. Management believes that Free Cash Flow provides investors with useful information to measure operating liquidity because it reflects the company's underlying cash flows from recurring operating activities after investing in capital assets and intangible assets. Free Cash Flow is used by management, and may also be useful for investors, to assess the company's ability to generate cash flow for a variety of strategic opportunities, including reinvesting in its businesses, pursuing new business opportunities and potential acquisitions, paying dividends and repurchasing shares.

About Leaf Group

Leaf Group Ltd. (NYSE:LFGR) is a diversified consumer internet company that builds enduring, creator-driven brands that reach passionate audiences in large and growing lifestyle categories, including fitness and wellness (Well+Good and Livestrong.com), and art and design (Saatchi Art, Society6 and Hunker). For more information about Leaf Group, visit www.leafgroup.com.

Cautionary Information Regarding Forward-Looking Statements

This press release contains forward-looking statements within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended. The forward-looking statements set forth in this press release include statements regarding potential synergies achieved from acquisitions, the impact of strategic operational changes and our future financial performance. In addition, statements containing words such as "guidance," "may," "believe," "anticipate," "expect," "intend," "plan," "project," "projections," "business outlook," and "estimate" or similar expressions constitute forward-looking statements. Actual results may differ materially from the results predicted, and reported results should not be considered an indication of future performance. These forward-looking statements involve risks and uncertainties regarding the company's future financial performance; could cause actual results or developments to differ materially from those indicated due to a number of factors affecting Leaf Group's operations, markets, products and services; and are based on current expectations, estimates and projections about the company's industry, financial condition, operating performance and results of operations, including certain assumptions related thereto. Potential risks and uncertainties that could affect the company's operating and financial results are described in Leaf Group's annual report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ending December 31, 2017 filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission (http://www.sec.gov) on March 1, 2018, as such risks and uncertainties may be updated from time to time in Leaf Group's quarterly reports on Form 10-Q filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission, including, without limitation, information under the captions "Risk Factors" and "Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations." These risks and uncertainties include, among others: the company's ability to successfully drive and increase traffic to its marketplaces and media properties; the company's ability to attract new and repeat customers and artists to its marketplaces and successfully grow its marketplace businesses; the impact of increasing mobile usage on the company's marketplace businesses; changes in the methodologies of internet search engines, including ongoing algorithmic changes made by Google, Bing and Yahoo!; the effects of shifting consumption of media content and online shopping from desktop to mobile devices and/or social media platforms; the potential impact on advertising based revenue of lower ad unit rates, a reduction in online advertising spending, a loss of advertisers, lower advertising yields, increased availability of ad blocking software, particularly on mobile devices and/or ongoing changes in ad unit formats; the impact of certain changes made to the business model for the company's media properties, including the ability to successfully launch, manage and grow new vertically focused web properties; the company's ability to effectively integrate, manage, operate and grow acquired businesses; the company's dependence on various agreements with a specific business partner for a significant portion of its advertising revenue; the company's ability to effectively manage its expected uses of the proceeds from its recent follow-on offering of common stock; the company's ability to successfully expand its current lines of business and grow new lines of business; changes in amortization or depreciation expense due to a variety of factors; potential write downs, reserves against or impairment of assets including receivables, goodwill, intangibles (including media content) or other assets; and the company's ability to retain key personnel. From time to time, the company may consider acquisitions or divestitures that, if consummated, could be material. Any forward-looking statements regarding financial metrics are based upon the assumption that no such acquisition or divestiture is consummated during the relevant periods. If an acquisition or divestiture were consummated, actual results could differ materially from any forward-looking statements. The company does not intend to revise or update the information set forth in this press release, except as required by law, and may not provide this type of information in the future.

(Tables Follow)

   
Investor Contacts:  
Jantoon Reigersman
Chief Financial Officer
(310) 656-6253
IR@leafgroup.com

Shawn Milne
Investor Relations
(415) 264-3419
shawn.milne@leafgroup.com

Media Contact:
Sharna Daduk
(310) 917-6405
sharna.daduk@leafgroup.com
 
   


Leaf Group Ltd. and Subsidiaries

Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations
(In thousands, except per share amounts)

                       
  Three months ended   Six months ended
  June 30,    June 30, 
  2018     2017     2018     2017  
Revenue:                      
Product revenue $  17,192     $  15,349     $  35,644     $  29,933  
Service revenue    17,129        13,216        32,424        25,870  
Total revenue    34,321        28,565        68,068        55,803  
Operating expenses:                      
Product costs (exclusive of amortization of intangible assets shown separately below)(1)    12,464        11,538        25,801        22,072  
Service costs (exclusive of amortization of intangible assets shown separately below)(1)(2)    6,561        5,098        12,848        10,888  
Sales and marketing(1)(2)    7,859        7,196        14,848        13,920  
Product development(1)(2)    5,095        5,029        9,805        9,779  
General and administrative(1)(2)    7,661        7,225        14,969        14,878  
Amortization of intangible assets    956        1,396        1,982        3,233  
Total operating expenses    40,596        37,482        80,253        74,770  
Loss from operations    (6,275 )      (8,917 )      (12,185 )      (18,967 )
Interest income    30        39        48        82  
Interest expense    (1 )      (1 )      (2 )      (3 )
Other (expense) income, net    (25 )      (6 )      (33 )      (3 )
Loss before income taxes    (6,271 )      (8,885 )      (12,172 )      (18,891 )
Income tax expense    (22 )      (80 )      (46 )      (92 )
Net loss $  (6,293 )   $  (8,965 )   $  (12,218 )   $  (18,983 )
                       
Net loss per share - basic and diluted $  (0.25 )   $  (0.44 )   $  (0.51 )   $  (0.94 )
                       
Weighted average number of shares - basic and diluted    24,854        20,392        23,910        20,169  
 __________________                      
                       
(1) Depreciation expense included in the above line items:                      
Product costs $  213     $  19     $  395     $  19  
Service costs    737        702        1,391        1,445  
Sales and marketing    8        9        16        18  
Product development    18        23        38        46  
General and administrative    514        650        1,079        1,305  
Total depreciation $  1,490     $  1,403     $  2,919     $  2,833  
                       
(2) Stock-based compensation included in the above line items:                      
Service costs $  177     $  143     $  326     $  298  
Sales and marketing    258        176        468        377  
Product development    651        481        1,159        877  
General and administrative    1,590        1,366        2,931        2,692  
Total stock-based compensation $  2,676     $  2,166     $  4,884     $  4,244  
                       


Leaf Group Ltd. and Subsidiaries
Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets
(In thousands)

             
    June 30,    December 31, 
    2018   2017
Assets            
Current assets            
Cash and cash equivalents   $  31,952     $  31,344  
Accounts receivable, net      11,234        8,663  
Prepaid expenses and other current assets      3,011        2,741  
Total current assets      46,197        42,748  
Property and equipment, net      12,451        11,665  
Intangible assets, net      8,470        10,431  
Goodwill      27,028        17,152  
Other assets      1,181        1,246  
Total assets   $  95,327     $  83,242  
             
Liabilities and Stockholders' Equity            
Current liabilities            
Accounts payable   $  1,468     $  1,980  
Accrued expenses and other current liabilities      15,675        17,182  
Deferred revenue      2,623        2,064  
Total current liabilities      19,766        21,226  
Deferred tax liability      51        40  
Other liabilities      2,353        3,456  
Total liabilities      22,170        24,722  
Commitments and contingencies            
Stockholders' equity            
Common stock      2        2  
Additional paid-in capital      549,895        523,012  
Treasury stock      (35,706 )      (35,706 )
Accumulated other comprehensive income (loss)      (45 )      (17 )
Accumulated deficit      (440,989 )      (428,771 )
Total stockholders' equity      73,157        58,520  
Total liabilities and stockholders' equity   $  95,327     $  83,242  


Leaf Group Ltd. and Subsidiaries

Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows
(In thousands)

                           
    Three months ended June 30,    Six months ended June 30,   
    2018     2017     2018     2017    
Cash flows from operating activities                          
Net loss   $  (6,293 )   $  (8,965 )   $  (12,218 )   $  (18,983 )  
Adjustments to reconcile net loss to net cash used in operating activities:                          
Depreciation and amortization      2,446        2,799        4,901        6,066    
Deferred income taxes      (1 )      66        10        9    
Stock-based compensation      2,676        2,166        4,884        4,244    
Other      (46 )      (49 )      54        (48 )  
Change in operating assets and liabilities, net of effect of acquisitions and disposals:                          
Accounts receivable, net      327        281        4        415    
Prepaid expenses and other current assets      500        312        21        1,215    
Other long-term assets      24        (33 )      79        (32 )  
Accounts payable      (496 )      (1,240 )      (883 )      (1,200 )  
Accrued expenses and other liabilities      207        474        (2,679 )      (3,019 )  
Deferred revenue      (446 )      105        (574 )      (450 )  
Net cash used in operating activities      (1,102 )      (4,084 )      (6,401 )      (11,783 )  
Cash flows from investing activities                          
Purchases of property and equipment      (1,828 )      (1,180 )      (3,501 )      (2,238 )  
Purchases of intangible assets      —        (75 )      (29 )      (121 )  
Cash received from disposal of businesses and online properties, net of cash disposed      —        —        —        385    
Cash paid for acquisitions, net of cash acquired      (10,349 )      (6,304 )      (10,349 )      (6,304 )  
Restricted deposits      —        —        —        606    
Other      —        2        —        3    
Net cash used in investing activities      (12,177 )      (7,557 )      (13,879 )      (7,669 )  
Cash flows from financing activities                          
Proceeds from exercises of stock options and purchases under ESPP      481        1,216        629        1,525    
Repurchases of common stock      —        —        —        (65 )  
Proceeds from issuance of common stock      —        —        23,367        —    
Taxes paid on net share settlements of restricted stock units      (866 )      (576 )      (2,268 )      (2,367 )  
Cash paid for acquisition holdback      —        —        —        (119 )  
Cash paid for contingent consideration liability      (905 )      —        (905 )      —    
Other      (17 )      (16 )      (34 )      (32 )  
Net cash (used in) provided by financing activities      (1,307 )      624        20,789        (1,058 )  
Effect of foreign currency on cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash      15        (17 )      (3 )      (21 )  
Change in cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash      (14,571 )      (11,034 )      506        (20,531 )  
Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash, beginning of period      47,377        42,460        32,300        51,957    
Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash, end of period   $  32,806     $  31,426     $  32,806     $  31,426    
                           
Reconciliation of cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash                          
Cash and cash equivalents   $  31,952     $  30,470     $  31,952     $  30,470    
Restricted cash included in other current assets      136        136        136        136    
Restricted cash included in other long-term assets      718        820        718        820    
Total cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash shown in the statement of cash flows   $  32,806     $  31,426     $  32,806     $  31,426    


Leaf Group Ltd. and Subsidiaries

Reconciliations of Non-GAAP Financial Measures
(In thousands)

                           
    Three months ended June 30,    Six months ended June 30,   
    2018     2017     2018     2017    
Adjusted EBITDA:                          
Net loss   $  (6,293 )   $  (8,965 )   $  (12,218 )   $  (18,983 )  
Add (deduct):                          
Income tax (benefit) expense      22        80        46        92    
Interest (income) expense, net      (29 )      (38 )      (46 )      (79 )  
Other expense (income), net      25        6        33        3    
Depreciation and amortization(1)      2,446        2,799        4,901        6,066    
Stock-based compensation(2)      2,676        2,166        4,884        4,244    
Acquisition, disposition and realignment costs(3)      539        19        539        299    
Adjusted EBITDA   $  (614 )   $  (3,933 )   $  (1,861 )   $  (8,358 )  
                           
Free Cash Flow:                          
Net cash used in operating activities   $  (1,102 )   $  (4,084 )   $  (6,401 )   $  (11,783 )  
Purchases of property and equipment      (1,828 )      (1,180 )      (3,501 )      (2,238 )  
Purchases of intangible assets      —        (75 )      (29 )      (121 )  
Acquisition, disposition and realignment cash flows(3)      —        270        —        358    
Free Cash Flow   $  (2,930 )   $  (5,069 )   $  (9,931 )   $  (13,784 )  
                           

(1) Represents depreciation expense of the company's long-lived tangible assets and amortization expense of its finite-lived intangible assets, including amortization expense related to its investment in media content assets as included in the company's GAAP results of operations.

(2) Represents the expense related to stock-based awards granted to employees, as included in the company's GAAP results of operations.

(3) Represents such items, when applicable, as (a) legal, accounting and other professional fees directly attributable to acquisition, disposition or corporate realignment activities and (b) employee severance, contingent payments to certain key employees/equity holders of acquired businesses and other payments attributable to acquisition, disposition or corporate realignment activities.
 

Leaf Group Ltd. and Subsidiaries
Reconciliation of Segment Disclosure
(In thousands)

                         
    Three months ended June 30,    Six months ended June 30, 
    2018     2017     2018     2017  
Segment Revenue:                        
Marketplaces   $  19,655     $  17,691     $  40,622     $  33,568  
Media      14,666        10,874        27,446        22,235  
Total revenue   $  34,321     $  28,565     $  68,068     $  55,803  
                         
Segment Operating Contribution:                        
Marketplaces(1)   $  (548 )   $  (1,743 )   $  (491 )   $  (3,148 )
Media(1)      6,219        4,398        11,680        8,013  
Add (deduct):                        
Corporate expenses(2)      (6,824 )      (6,607 )      (13,589 )      (13,522 )
Acquisition, disposition and realignment costs(3)      539        19        539        299  
Adjusted EBITDA   $  (614 )   $  (3,933 )   $  (1,861 )   $  (8,358 )
                         
Reconciliation to consolidated pre-tax income (loss):                        
Adjusted EBITDA   $  (614 )   $  (3,933 )   $  (1,861 )   $  (8,358 )
Add (deduct):                        
Interest income (expense), net      29        38        46        79  
Other income (expense), net      (25 )      (6 )      (33 )      (3 )
Depreciation and amortization(4)      (2,446 )      (2,799 )      (4,901 )      (6,066 )
Stock-based compensation(5)      (2,676 )      (2,166 )      (4,884 )      (4,244 )
Acquisition, disposition and realignment costs(3)      (539 )      (19 )      (539 )      (299 )
Loss before income taxes   $  (6,271 )   $  (8,885 )   $  (12,172 )   $  (18,891 )
                         

(1) Segment operating contribution reflects earnings before corporate and unallocated expenses and also excludes: (a) depreciation expense; (b) amortization of intangible assets; (c) share-based compensation expense; (d) interest and other income (expenses); and (e) income taxes.

(2) Corporate expenses include corporate and unallocated operating expenses that are not directly attributable to the operating segments, including: corporate information technology, marketing and general and administrative support functions and also excludes the following: (a) depreciation expense; (b) amortization of intangible assets; (c) share-based compensation expense; (d) interest and other income (expenses); and (e) income taxes.

(3) Represents such items, when applicable, as (a) legal, accounting and other professional fees directly attributable to acquisition, disposition or corporate realignment activities and (b) employee severance, contingent payments to certain key employees/equity holders of acquired businesses and other payments attributable to acquisition, disposition or corporate realignment activities.

(4) Represents depreciation expense of the company's long-lived tangible assets and amortization expense of its finite-lived intangible assets, including amortization expense related to its investment in media content assets, included in the company's GAAP results of operations.

(5) Represents the expense related to stock-based awards granted to employees as included in the company's GAAP results of operations.

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