Market Overview

Red Robin Gourmet Burgers Reports Results for the Fiscal Second Quarter Ended July 15, 2018

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Red Robin Gourmet Burgers, Inc. (NASDAQ:RRGB), a full-service
restaurant chain serving an innovative selection of high-quality gourmet
burgers in a family-friendly atmosphere, today reported financial
results for the quarter ended July 15, 2018.

Second Quarter 2018 Financial Highlights Compared to Second Quarter
2017

  • Total revenues were $315.4 million, a decrease of 0.6%;
  • Off-premise sales increased 260 basis points to 9.6% of total food and
    beverage sales;
  • Comparable restaurant revenue decreased 2.6% (using constant currency
    rates);
  • Comparable restaurant guest counts decreased 0.7%;
  • Restaurant labor costs as a percentage of restaurant revenue improved
    40 basis points to 34.3%;
  • GAAP (loss)/earnings per diluted share were $(0.14) compared to $0.53;
    and
  • Adjusted earnings per diluted share were $0.46 compared to $0.61 (see
    Schedule I).

"As stated in our pre-release, we were disappointed with our second
quarter topline sales and declines in dine-in traffic," said Denny Marie
Post, Red Robin Gourmet Burgers, Inc. chief executive officer. "We did
not execute as well as we know we are capable of, particularly at
critical peak demand hours when we must be prepared to serve dine-in
Guests and our rapidly growing off premise demand. We are moving
urgently to improve service execution with renewed and narrowed focus on
fundamentals while we continue to differentiate Red Robin as affordable
everyday with more burger options and stronger value tactics. We are
also adding resources to drive sales of our unique and well-received
Burger Bar catering program. We expect all of these elements to be in
place early in Q4."

Operating Results

Total revenues, which primarily include Company-owned restaurant revenue
and franchise royalties, decreased 0.6% to $315.4 million in the second
quarter of 2018 from $317.3 million in the second quarter of 2017.
Restaurant revenue decreased $2.0 million due to a $7.9 million, or
2.6%, decrease in comparable restaurant revenue and a $1.0 million
decrease from closed restaurants, partially offset by a $6.6 million
increase in revenue from new restaurant openings and a $0.3 million
favorable foreign currency exchange impact.

System-wide restaurant revenue (which includes franchised units) for the
second quarter of 2018 totaled $374.7 million, compared to $375.9
million for the second quarter of 2017.

Comparable restaurant revenue(1) decreased 2.6% in the second
quarter of 2018 compared to the same period a year ago, driven by a 1.9%
decrease in average guest check and a 0.7% decrease in guest counts. The
decrease in average guest check comprised a 2.4% decrease in menu mix,
offset by a 0.5% increase in pricing. The Company's comparable revenue
growth is calculated by comparing the same calendar weeks which, for the
second quarter of 2017, exclude the first week of the second quarter of
2017 and include the first week of the third quarter of 2017.

Net loss was $1.9 million for the second quarter of 2018 compared to
$6.9 million net income for the same period a year ago. Adjusted net
income was $6.0 million for the second quarter of 2018 (see Schedule I).

Restaurant-level operating profit margin (a non-GAAP financial measure)
was 19.3% in the second quarter of 2018 compared to 20.8% in the same
period a year ago. The 150 basis point decrease in the second quarter of
2018 resulted from a 40 basis point increase in cost of sales, a 50
basis point increase in occupancy costs, and a 90 basis point increase
in other restaurant operating expenses, offset by a 40 basis point
decrease in labor costs. Schedule II of this earnings release defines
restaurant-level operating profit, discusses why it is a useful metric
for investors, and reconciles this metric to income from operations and
net income, in each case under GAAP.

________________________________________
(1)   Comparable restaurants are those Company-owned restaurants that have
operated five full quarters during the period presented, and such
restaurants are only included in the comparable metrics if they are
comparable for the entirety of both periods presented.
 

Restaurant Revenue Performance

 
        Q2 2018     Q2 2017
Average weekly sales per unit(1):
Company-owned – Total $ 53,341 $ 55,288
Company-owned – Comparable(2) $ 53,632 $ 55,123
Franchised units – Comparable $ 61,315 $ 60,580
Total operating weeks:
Company-owned units 5,819 5,655
Franchised units 1,052 1,043
________________________________________
(1)   Calculated using constant currency rates. Using historical currency
rates, the average weekly sales per unit in the second quarter of
2017 for Company-owned – Total and Company-owned – Comparable was
$55,234 and $55,068. The Company calculates non-GAAP constant
currency average weekly sales per unit by translating prior year
local currency average weekly sales per unit to U.S. dollars based
on current quarter average exchange rates. The Company considers
non-GAAP constant currency average weekly sales per unit to be a
useful metric to investors and management as they facilitate a more
useful comparison of current performance to historical performance.
 
(2) Using the same calendar weeks as compared to the second quarter
2018, the average weekly sales per unit in the second quarter of
2017, using constant currency rates, was $55,063.
 

Other Results

Depreciation and amortization costs increased to $22.3 million in the
second quarter of 2018 from $21.2 million in the second quarter of 2017.
The increased depreciation was primarily related to new restaurant
technology implemented beginning in third quarter 2017 and new
restaurants opened since the second quarter of 2017.

General and administrative costs were $20.4 million, or 6.5% of total
revenues, in the second quarter of 2018, compared to $21.9 million, or
6.9% of total revenues in the same period a year ago. The decrease was
primarily due to decreases in salaries and team member benefits related
to the reorganization in the first quarter 2018 and lower corporate
marketing costs.

Selling expenses were $15.2 million, or 4.8% of total revenues, in the
second quarter of 2018, compared to $14.4 million, or 4.5% of total
revenues, during the same period in the prior year. The increase was
primarily due to an increase in national media spend.

Pre-opening costs were $0.6 million in the second quarter of 2018,
compared to $1.4 million in the same period a year ago. The decrease was
primarily due to the number of restaurant openings.

Other charges in the second quarter of 2018 included asset impairment of
$9.6 million, disposal of spiral menus of $0.5 million, and $0.5 million
reorganization costs.

The Company's effective tax rate in the second quarter of 2018 was 71.6%
benefit, compared to an effective tax rate of 0.3% benefit in the second
quarter of 2017. The change in the effective tax rate is primarily due
to the decrease in income, as well as the decrease in the federal
statutory rate from 35% to 21% that occurred in the first quarter of
2018.

Loss per diluted share for the second quarter of 2018 was $0.14 compared
to diluted earnings per share of $0.53 in second quarter of 2017.
Excluding charges of $0.54 for asset impairment, $0.03 for spiral menu
disposal, and $0.03 per diluted share for reorganization costs, adjusted
earnings per diluted share for the second quarter ended July 15, 2018
were $0.46. See Schedule I for a reconciliation of adjusted net income
and adjusted earnings per share (each, a non-GAAP financial measure) to
net income and earnings per share.

Restaurant Development

During the second quarter of 2018, the Company opened two Red Robin
restaurants and our franchisees opened one Red Robin restaurant. The
Company plans to open two Red Robin restaurants and our franchisees plan
to open two Red Robin restaurants during the remainder of 2018.

The following table details restaurant unit data for Company-owned and
franchised locations for the periods indicated:

    Twelve Weeks Ended     Twenty-eight Weeks Ended
July 15, 2018     July 9, 2017 July 15, 2018     July 9, 2017
Company-owned:
Beginning of period 484 469 480 465
Opened during the period 2 3 6 9
Acquired from franchisees
Closed during the period (2 )   (2 ) (2 )
End of period 484   472   484   472  
Franchised:
Beginning of period 87 87 86 86
Opened during the period 1 2 1
Sold or closed during the period   (1 )   (1 )
End of period 88   86   88   86  
Total number of restaurants 572   558   572   558  
 

Balance Sheet and Liquidity

As of July 15, 2018, the Company had cash and cash equivalents of $21.9
million and total debt of $221.4 million, excluding $10.6 million of
capital lease liabilities. The Company funded construction of new
restaurants and other capital expenditures with cash flow from
operations and made net repayments of $10.0 million on its credit
facility during the second quarter of 2018. As of July 15, 2018, the
Company had outstanding borrowings under its credit facility of $220.5
million, in addition to amounts issued under letters of credit of $7.5
million, which reduce the amount available under its credit facility but
are not recorded as debt.

The Company's lease adjusted leverage ratio was 3.94x as of July 15,
2018. The lease adjusted leverage ratio is defined in Section 1.1 of the
Company's credit facility, which is filed as Exhibit 10.32 in the Annual
Report on Form 10-K filed on February 21, 2017.

The Company's board of directors recently authorized an increase to the
Company's share repurchase program of approximately $21 million to a
total of $75 million of the Company's common stock. The share repurchase
authorization will terminate upon completing repurchases of $75 million
of common stock unless otherwise terminated by the board. Pursuant to
the repurchase program, purchases may be made from time to time at the
Company's discretion and the Company is not obligated to acquire any
particular amount of common stock.

Outlook for 2018

  • Total revenues is projected to range from $1.350 billion to $1.365
    billion for full-year 2018.
  • Comparable restaurant revenue is projected to decrease 1.0% to 2.0%
    for full-year 2018. The Company expects comparable restaurant revenue
    to be in the lower end of this range in the third quarter of 2018.
  • Earnings per diluted share is projected to range from $1.80 to $2.20
    for full-year 2018.

Guidance Policy

The Company provides guidance as it relates to selected information
related to the Company's financial and operating performance, and such
measures may differ from year to year.

Investor Conference Call and Webcast

Red Robin will host an investor conference call to discuss its second
quarter 2018 results today at 5:00 p.m. ET. The conference call number
is (888) 254-3590, or for international callers (323) 994-2093. The
financial information that the Company intends to discuss during the
conference call is included in this press release and will be available
in the "Company" section of the Company's website at www.redrobin.com
by selecting the "Investor Relations" link, then the "Calendar of
Events" link. Prior to the conference call, the Company will post
supplemental financial information that will be discussed during the
call and live webcast.

To access the supplemental financial information and webcast, please
visit www.redrobin.com
and select the "Company" section, then the "Investor Relations" link,
then the "Presentations" link. A replay of the live conference call will
be available from two hours after the call until midnight on Tuesday,
August 28, 2018. The replay can be accessed by dialing (844) 512-2921,
or (412) 317-6671 for international callers. The conference ID is
2893335.

About Red Robin Gourmet Burgers, Inc. (NASDAQ:RRGB)

Red Robin Gourmet Burgers, Inc. (www.redrobin.com),
a casual dining restaurant chain founded in 1969 that operates through
its wholly-owned subsidiary, Red Robin International, Inc., and under
the trade name Red Robin Gourmet Burgers and Brews, is the Gourmet
Burger Authority, famous for serving more than two dozen
craveable, high-quality burgers with Bottomless Steak Fries® in
a fun environment welcoming to guests of all ages. Whether a family
dining with kids, adults grabbing a drink at the bar, or teens enjoying
a meal, Red Robin offers an unparalleled experience for its guests. In
addition to its many burger offerings, Red Robin serves a wide variety
of salads, soups, appetizers, entrees, desserts, and signature
beverages. Red Robin offers a variety of options behind the bar,
including its extensive selection of local and regional beers, and
innovative adult beer shakes and cocktails, earning the restaurant a
VIBE Vista Award for Best Beer Program in a Multi-Unit Chain Restaurant.
There are more than 570 Red Robin restaurants across the United States
and Canada, including locations operating under franchise agreements.
Red Robin… YUMMM®! Connect with Red Robin on Facebook,
Instagram,
and Twitter.

Forward-Looking Statements

Forward-looking statements in this press release regarding the Company's
future performance, restaurant sales and guest traffic, earnings per
share, new unit development, implementation of technology, and
statements under the heading "Outlook for 2018," and all other
statements that are not historical facts, are made under the safe harbor
provisions of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995.
These statements are based on assumptions believed by the Company to be
reasonable and speak only as of the date on which such statements are
made. Without limiting the generality of the foregoing, words such as
"expect," "believe," "anticipate," "intend," "plan," "project," "will"
or "estimate," or the negative or other variations thereof or comparable
terminology are intended to identify forward-looking statements. Except
as required by law, the Company undertakes no obligation to update such
statements to reflect events or circumstances arising after such date,
and cautions investors not to place undue reliance on any such
forward-looking statements. Forward-looking statements involve risks and
uncertainties that could cause actual results to differ materially from
those described in the statements based on a number of factors,
including but not limited to the following: the effectiveness of the
Company's strategic initiatives including the Company's affordability
initiatives to drive traffic and sales; the effectiveness of the
Company's marketing strategies and promotions to achieve restaurant
sales growth; the cost and availability of key food products, labor, and
energy; the ability to achieve anticipated revenue and cost savings from
anticipated new technology systems and tools in the restaurants; the
ability to develop, test, implement and increase online ordering, to-go
services, catering, and other off-premise sales; the ability to increase
labor productivity through alternative labor models, and to train our
workforce for service execution complexities related to growth of
multiple revenue streams in the restaurant; our ability to repurchase
shares at all or at the times or in the amounts we currently anticipate
or to achieve anticipated benefits of a share repurchase program;
availability of capital or credit facility borrowings; the adequacy of
cash flows or available debt resources to fund operations and growth
opportunities; the impact of federal, state, and local regulation of the
Company's business; and other risk factors described from time to time
in the Company's Form 10-K, Form 10-Q, and Form 8-K reports (including
all amendments to those reports) filed with the U.S. Securities and
Exchange Commission.

 
RED ROBIN GOURMET BURGERS, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS
(In thousands, except per share data)
(Unaudited)
 
    Twelve Weeks Ended     Twenty-eight Weeks Ended
July 15, 2018     July 9, 2017 July 15, 2018     July 9, 2017
Revenues:
Restaurant revenue $ 310,392 $ 312,351 $ 725,094 $ 725,802
Franchise and other revenue 4,996   4,959   11,813   12,138
Total revenues 315,388   317,310   736,907   737,940
 
Costs and expenses:

Restaurant operating costs (exclusive of depreciation and
amortization shown separately below):

Cost of sales 74,874 73,903 173,389 168,510
Labor 106,476 108,422 249,491 253,941
Other operating 42,668 40,057 97,693 92,121
Occupancy 26,460 25,140 61,470 58,259
Depreciation and amortization 22,323 21,173 51,516 49,217
General and administrative 20,408 21,927 48,996 52,840
Selling 15,209 14,361 32,939 31,412
Pre-opening costs 569 1,377 1,706 3,232
Other charges 10,615   1,584   16,902   1,584
Total costs and expenses 319,602   307,944   734,102   711,116
 
Income (loss) from operations (4,214 ) 9,366 2,805 26,824
 
Other expense:
Interest expense, net and other 2,385   2,453   5,792   5,437
 
Income (loss) before income taxes (6,599 ) 6,913 (2,987 ) 21,387
(Benefit) provision for income taxes (4,725 ) (18 ) (5,493 ) 2,889
Net income (loss) $ (1,874 ) $ 6,931   $ 2,506   $ 18,498
Earnings (loss) per share:
Basic $ (0.14 ) $ 0.54   $ 0.19   $ 1.44
Diluted $ (0.14 ) $ 0.53   $ 0.19   $ 1.43
Weighted average shares outstanding:
Basic 12,982 12,896 12,979 12,872
Diluted 12,982 13,008 13,080 12,971
 
 
RED ROBIN GOURMET BURGERS, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
(In thousands, except per share amounts)
 
        (Unaudited)    
July 15, 2018 December 31, 2017
Assets:
Current Assets:
Cash and cash equivalents $ 21,896 $ 17,714
Accounts receivable, net 13,992 26,499
Inventories 29,294 29,553
Prepaid expenses and other current assets 17,798   31,038  
Total current assets 82,980   104,804  
 
Property and equipment, net 607,305 638,151
Goodwill 96,315 96,979
Intangible assets, net 36,627 38,273
Other assets, net 39,218   32,408  
Total assets $ 862,445   $ 910,615  
 
Liabilities and Stockholders' Equity:
Current Liabilities:
Accounts payable $ 33,691 $ 35,347
Accrued payroll and payroll related liabilities 37,665 32,777
Unearned revenue 40,627 55,915
Accrued liabilities and other 39,850   36,300  
Total current liabilities 151,833   160,339  
 
Deferred rent 76,930 74,980
Long-term debt 221,375 266,375
Long-term portion of capital lease obligations 9,804 10,197
Other non-current liabilities 10,685   11,289  
Total liabilities 470,627   523,180  
 
Stockholders' Equity:
Common stock; $0.001 par value: 45,000 shares authorized; 17,851 and
17,851 shares issued; 13,003 and 12,954 shares outstanding
18 18
Preferred stock, $0.001 par value: 3,000 shares authorized; no
shares issued and outstanding
Treasury stock 4,848 and 4,897 shares, at cost (200,482 ) (202,485 )
Paid-in capital 211,351 210,708
Accumulated other loss, net of tax (4,336 ) (3,566 )
Retained earnings 385,266   382,760  
Total stockholders' equity 391,817   387,435  
Total liabilities and stockholders' equity $ 862,445   $ 910,615  
 
 

Schedule I

Reconciliation of Non-GAAP Results to GAAP Results
(In
thousands, except per share data)

In addition to the results provided in accordance with Generally
Accepted Accounting Principles ("GAAP") throughout this press release,
the Company has provided non-GAAP measurements which present the 12 and
28 weeks ended July 15, 2018 and July 9, 2017, net income (loss) and
basic and diluted earnings (loss) per share, excluding the effects of
litigation contingencies, reorganization costs, and the related income
tax effects. The Company believes the presentation of net income (loss)
and earnings (loss) per share exclusive of the identified item gives the
reader additional insight into the ongoing operational results of the
Company. This supplemental information will assist with comparisons of
past and future financial results against the present financial results
presented herein. Income tax effect of reconciling items was calculated
based on the change in the total tax provision calculation after
adjusting for the identified item. The non-GAAP measurements are
intended to supplement the presentation of the Company's financial
results in accordance with GAAP.

        Twelve Weeks Ended     Twenty-eight Weeks Ended
July 15, 2018     July 9, 2017 July 15, 2018     July 9, 2017
Net income (loss) as reported $ (1,874 ) $ 6,931 $ 2,506 $ 18,498
Asset impairment 9,643 1,584 9,643 1,584
Litigation contingencies 4,000
Spiral menu disposal 506 506
Reorganization costs 466 2,753
Income tax effect of reconciling items (2,777 ) (618 ) (4,394 ) (618 )
Adjusted net income $ 5,964   $ 7,897   $ 15,014   $ 19,464  
 
Basic net income per share:
Net income (loss) as reported $ (0.14 ) $ 0.54 $ 0.19 $ 1.44
Asset Impairment 0.74 0.12 0.74 0.12
Litigation contingencies 0.31
Spiral menu disposal 0.04 0.04
Reorganization costs 0.04 0.21
Income tax effect of reconciling items (0.22 ) (0.05 ) (0.34 ) (0.05 )
Adjusted earnings per share - basic $ 0.46   $ 0.61   $ 1.15   $ 1.51  
 
Diluted net income (loss) per share (1):
Net income (loss) as reported $ (0.14 ) $ 0.53 $ 0.19 $ 1.43
Asset Impairment 0.74 0.12 0.74 0.12
Litigation contingencies 0.31
Spiral menu disposal 0.04 0.04
Reorganization costs 0.04 0.21
Income tax effect of reconciling items (0.22 ) (0.04 ) (0.34 ) (0.05 )
Adjusted earnings per share - diluted $ 0.46   $ 0.61   $ 1.15   $ 1.50  
 
Weighted average shares outstanding
Basic 12,982 12,896 12,979 12,872
Diluted (1) 13,072 13,008 13,080 12,971
(1)   For the second quarter of 2018, the impact of dilutive shares is
included in the calculations as the adjustments for the quarter
resulted in adjusted net income. For diluted shares reported on the
condensed consolidated statement of operations, the impact of
dilutive shares is excluded due to the reported net loss for the
quarter.
 
 

Schedule II

Reconciliation of Non-GAAP Restaurant-Level Operating Profit to
Income from Operations and Net Income

(In thousands)

The Company believes that restaurant-level operating profit is an
important measure for management and investors because it is widely
regarded in the restaurant industry as a useful metric by which to
evaluate restaurant-level operating efficiency and performance. The
Company defines restaurant-level operating profit to be restaurant
revenue minus restaurant-level operating costs, excluding restaurant
impairment and closure costs. The measure includes restaurant-level
occupancy costs, which include fixed rents, percentage rents, common
area maintenance charges, real estate and personal property taxes,
general liability insurance, and other property costs, but excludes
depreciation related to restaurant buildings and leasehold improvements.
The measure excludes depreciation and amortization expense,
substantially all of which is related to restaurant-level assets,
because such expenses represent historical sunk costs which do not
reflect current cash outlay for the restaurants. The measure also
excludes selling, general, and administrative costs, and therefore
excludes occupancy costs associated with selling, general, and
administrative functions, and pre-opening costs. The Company excludes
restaurant closure costs as they do not represent a component of the
efficiency of continuing operations. Restaurant impairment costs are
excluded, because, similar to depreciation and amortization, they
represent a non-cash charge for the Company's investment in its
restaurants and not a component of the efficiency of restaurant
operations. Restaurant-level operating profit is not a measurement
determined in accordance with GAAP and should not be considered in
isolation, or as an alternative, to income from operations or net income
as indicators of financial performance. Restaurant-level operating
profit as presented may not be comparable to other similarly titled
measures of other companies in our industry. The table below sets forth
certain unaudited information for the 12 and 28 weeks ended July 15,
2018 and July 9, 2017, expressed as a percentage of total revenues,
except for the components of restaurant-level operating profit, which
are expressed as a percentage of restaurant revenue.

    Twelve Weeks Ended     Twenty-eight Weeks Ended
July 15, 2018     July 9, 2017 July 15, 2018     July 9, 2017
Restaurant revenue $ 310,392   98.4 % $ 312,351   98.4 % $ 725,094   98.4 % $ 725,802   98.4 %
Restaurant operating costs (1):
Cost of sales 74,874 24.1 % 73,903 23.7 % 173,389 23.9 % 168,510 23.2 %
Labor 106,476 34.3 % 108,422 34.7 % 249,491 34.4 % 253,941 35.0 %
Other operating 42,668 13.7 % 40,057 12.8 % 97,693 13.5 % 92,121 12.7 %
Occupancy 26,460   8.5 % 25,140   8.0 % 61,470   8.5 % 58,259 8.0 %
Restaurant-level operating profit 59,914   19.3 % 64,829   20.8 % 143,051   19.7 % 152,971 21.1 %
 
Add – Franchise and other revenue 4,996 1.6 % 4,959 1.6 % 11,813 1.6 % 12,138 1.6 %
Deduct – other operating:
Depreciation and amortization 22,323 7.1 % 21,173 6.7 % 51,516 7.0 % 49,217 6.7 %
General and administrative expenses 20,408 6.5 % 21,927 6.9 % 48,996 6.6 % 52,840 7.2 %
Selling 15,209 4.8 % 14,361 4.5 % 32,939 4.5 % 31,412 4.3 %
Pre-opening costs 569 0.2 % 1,377 0.4 % 1,706 0.2 % 3,232 0.4 %
Other charges 10,615   3.4 % 1,584   0.5 % 16,902   2.3 % 1,584 0.2 %
Total other operating 69,124   21.9 % 60,422   19.0 % 152,059   20.6 % 138,285 18.8 %
 
Income (loss) from operations (4,214 ) (1.3 )% 9,366 3.0 % 2,805 0.4 % 26,824 3.6 %
 
Interest expense, net and other 2,385 0.8 % 2,453 0.8 % 5,792 0.8 % 5,437 0.7 %
Income tax (benefit) provision (4,725 ) (1.5 )% (18 ) % (5,493 ) (0.7 )% 2,889 0.4 %
Total other (2,340 ) (0.7 )% 2,435   0.8 % 299   (0.1 )% 8,326 1.1 %
 
Net income (loss) $ (1,874 ) (0.6 )% $ 6,931   2.2 % $ 2,506   0.3 % $ 18,498 2.5 %
(1) Excluding depreciation and amortization, which is shown
separately.
 
Certain percentage amounts in the table above do not total due to
rounding as well as the fact that components of restaurant-level
operating profit are expressed as a percentage of restaurant revenue
and not total revenues.
 
 

Schedule III

Reconciliation of Net Income to EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA
(In
thousands, unaudited)

The Company defines EBITDA as net income (loss) before interest expense,
provision (benefit) for income taxes, and depreciation and amortization.
EBITDA and adjusted EBITDA are presented because the Company believes
investors' understanding of our performance is enhanced by including
these non-GAAP financial measures as a reasonable basis for evaluating
our ongoing results of operations without the effect of non-cash charges
such as depreciation and amortization expenses, asset disposals, and
asset impairment and restaurant closure charges. EBITDA and adjusted
EBITDA are supplemental measures of operating performance that do not
represent and should not be considered as alternatives to net income
(loss) or cash flow from operations, as determined by GAAP, and our
calculation thereof may not be comparable to that reported by other
companies in our industry or otherwise. Adjusted EBITDA further adjusts
EBITDA to reflect the additions and eliminations shown in the table
below. The use of adjusted EBITDA as a performance measure permits a
comparative assessment of our operating performance relative to our
performance based on our GAAP results, while isolating the effects of
some items that vary from period to period without any correlation to
core operating performance. Adjusted EBITDA as presented may not be
comparable to other similarly-titled measures of other companies, and
our presentation of adjusted EBITDA should not be construed as an
inference that our future results will be unaffected by excluded or
unusual items. We have not provided a reconciliation of our adjusted
EBITDA outlook to the most comparable GAAP measure of net income (loss).
Providing net income guidance is potentially misleading and not
practical given the difficulty of projecting event-driven transactional
and other non-core operating items that are included in net income,
including asset impairments and income tax valuation adjustments. The
reconciliations of adjusted EBITDA to net income (loss) for the
historical periods presented below are indicative of the reconciliations
that will be prepared upon completion of the periods covered by the
non-GAAP guidance.

    Twelve Weeks Ended     Twenty-eight Weeks Ended
July 15, 2018     July 9, 2017 July 15, 2018     July 9, 2017
Net income (loss) as reported $ (1,874 ) $ 6,931 $ 2,506 $ 18,498
Interest expense, net 2,458 2,626 5,735 5,875
(Benefit) provision for income taxes (4,725 ) (18 ) (5,493 ) 2,889
Depreciation and amortization 22,323   21,173   51,516   49,217
EBITDA 18,182   30,712   54,264   76,479
 
Asset Impairment 9,643 1,584 9,643 1,584
Litigation contingencies 4,000
Spiral menu disposal 506 506
Reorganization costs 466     2,753  
Adjusted EBITDA $ 28,797   $ 32,296   $ 71,166   $ 78,063

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