Market Overview

AmerisourceBergen Reports Fiscal 2018 Third Quarter Results

Share:

Revenues of $43.1 Billion for the Third Quarter, an 11.5 Percent
Increase Year-Over-Year

Third Quarter GAAP Diluted EPS of $1.25 and Adjusted Diluted EPS of
$1.54

AmerisourceBergen Corporation (NYSE:ABC) today reported that in its
fiscal year 2018 third quarter ended June 30, 2018, revenue increased
11.5 percent to $43.1 billion. On the basis of U.S. generally accepted
accounting principles (GAAP), diluted earnings per share (EPS) was $1.25
for the June quarter of fiscal 2018, compared to $0.23 in the prior year
quarter. Adjusted diluted EPS, which is a non-GAAP measure that excludes
items described below, increased 7.7 percent to $1.54 in the fiscal
third quarter.

The Company continues to expect adjusted diluted EPS for fiscal year
2018 to be near the bottom of its guidance range of $6.45 to $6.65,
reflecting growth of 10 percent versus last fiscal year. The Company
does not provide forward-looking guidance on a GAAP basis, as discussed
below in Fiscal Year 2018 Expectations.

"AmerisourceBergen is continuing to execute, invest and innovate to
support customer growth and create significant value for our
manufacturer and provider partners. As an update on PharMEDium, we
notified the FDA two weeks ago that we were resuming limited production
at the Memphis facility and expect to commence commercial distribution
this month. We continue to expect production in Memphis to increase
gradually over time and be fully operational in fiscal 2019," said
Steven H. Collis, Chairman, President and Chief Executive Officer of
AmerisourceBergen.

"As we approach the end of fiscal 2018, we are confident that our
strategic long-term partnerships, leadership in specialty distribution
and services, innovative services and solutions and strong financial
stewardship position us to continue to deliver long-term value to all of
our stakeholders," Mr. Collis continued. "I am pleased with the
performance in the third quarter and thank all of our associates for
their ongoing execution, which continues to help AmerisourceBergen carry
out its purpose as we are united in our responsibility to create
healthier futures."

Third Quarter Fiscal Year 2018 Summary Results

             
      GAAP     Adjusted (Non-GAAP)
Revenue     $43.1B     $43.1B
Gross Profit     $1.2B     $1.2B
Operating Expenses     $822M     $697M
Operating Income     $389M     $474M
Interest Expense, Net     $47M     $47M
Tax Rate     19.5%     20.3%
Net Income Attributable to ABC     $276M     $341M
Diluted Shares Outstanding     221M     221M
Diluted Earnings Per Share     $1.25     $1.54
       

Below, AmerisourceBergen presents descriptive summaries of the Company's
GAAP quarterly results as well as its adjusted (Non-GAAP) quarterly
results. In the tables that follow, GAAP results and GAAP to Non-GAAP
reconciliations are presented. For more information related to Non-GAAP
financial measures, including our fiscal year 2018 expectations, please
refer to the Supplemental Information Regarding Non-GAAP Financial
Measures following the tables.

Third Quarter GAAP Results

  • Revenue: In the third quarter of fiscal
    2018, revenue was $43.1 billion, up 11.5 percent compared to the same
    quarter in the previous fiscal year, reflecting an 11.6 percent
    increase in Pharmaceutical Distribution Services revenue and an 8.8
    percent increase in revenue within Other.
  • Gross Profit: Gross profit in the fiscal
    2018 third quarter was $1.2 billion, a 12.2 percent increase compared
    to the same period in the previous fiscal year. The increase was
    primarily due to our revenue growth including the consolidation of
    Profarma and the acquisition of H. D. Smith. The current year quarter
    was favorably impacted by an increase in gains from antitrust
    litigation settlements and negatively impacted by a lower LIFO credit
    in comparison to the prior year period and a lower contribution from
    PharMEDium. Gross profit as a percentage of revenue was 2.81 percent,
    an increase of 2 basis points from the prior year quarter.
  • Operating Expenses: In the third quarter
    of fiscal 2018, operating expenses were $822.1 million, compared to
    $909.5 million in the same period last fiscal year. Operating expenses
    as a percentage of revenue in the fiscal 2018 third quarter was 1.91
    percent, compared to 2.35 percent for the same period in the previous
    fiscal year. The decline in operating expenses was due to a $273.4
    million litigation settlement in the prior year quarter, which was
    largely offset by increases in operating expenses due to the
    consolidation of Profarma and the specialty joint venture in Brazil,
    the acquisition of H. D. Smith and duplicate costs resulting from the
    implementation of new information technology systems.
  • Operating Income: In the fiscal 2018
    third quarter, operating income was $389.2 million versus $170.4
    million in the prior year quarter primarily due to the increase in
    gross profit. Operating income as a percentage of revenue increased 46
    basis points to 0.90 percent in the fiscal 2018 third quarter compared
    to the previous fiscal year's third quarter.
  • Interest Expense, Net: In the
    fiscal 2018 third quarter, net interest expense of $47.2 million was
    up 32.4 percent versus the prior year quarter, primarily due to the
    debt issued to finance the H. D. Smith acquisition and the
    consolidation of Profarma's debt and related interest expense.
  • Tax Rate: The effective tax rate of 19.5
    percent for the third quarter of fiscal 2018, down from 62.2 percent
    in the prior year quarter, primarily reflects the reduction in the
    U.S. federal income tax rate from 35% to 21%. The effective tax rate
    in the prior year quarter was negatively impacted by a non-deductible
    legal settlement charge.
  • Diluted Earnings Per Share: Diluted
    earnings per share was $1.25 in the third quarter of fiscal 2018
    compared to $0.23 in the previous fiscal year's third quarter.
  • Diluted Shares Outstanding: Diluted
    weighted average shares outstanding for the third quarter of fiscal
    2018 were 220.8 million, a 0.5 percent decline versus the prior fiscal
    year third quarter, due primarily to share repurchases, net of stock
    option exercises.

Definition of Adjusted (Non-GAAP) Results

The comments below compare adjusted results, which exclude:

  • Gain from antitrust litigation settlements;
  • LIFO expense (credit);
  • PharMEDium remediation costs;
  • Acquisition-related intangibles amortization;
  • Employee severance, litigation, and other;
  • Loss on consolidation of equity investments;
  • Impairment on non-customer note receivable;
  • Loss on early retirement of debt; and a
  • One-time tax reform adjustment.

In addition, we previously issued $600 million of 1.15 percent senior
notes that were repaid in May 2017 to fund our initial special share
repurchase program to mitigate the dilutive effect of the Warrants. The
interest expense incurred relating to this borrowing has been excluded
from the Non-GAAP presentation.

Third Quarter Adjusted (Non-GAAP) Results

  • Revenue: In the third quarter of fiscal
    2018, revenue was $43.1 billion, up 11.5 percent compared to the same
    quarter in the previous fiscal year, reflecting an 11.6 percent
    increase in Pharmaceutical Distribution Services revenue and an 8.8
    percent increase in revenue within Other.
  • Adjusted Gross Profit: Gross profit in
    the fiscal 2018 third quarter was $1.2 billion, which was up 11.0
    percent when compared to the same period in the previous year,
    primarily due to the increase in gross profit in Pharmaceutical
    Distribution Services, which reflects the acquisition of H. D. Smith
    and the consolidation of Profarma, offset in part by a lower
    contribution from PharMEDium. Gross profit as a percentage of revenue
    was 2.72 percent, a decrease of 1 basis point from the prior year
    quarter.
  • Adjusted Operating Expenses: In the third
    quarter of fiscal 2018, operating expenses were $697.2 million, an
    increase of 19.4 percent compared to the same period in the last
    fiscal year. Operating expenses as a percentage of revenue in the
    fiscal 2018 third quarter was 1.62 percent, compared to 1.51 percent
    for the same period in the previous fiscal year. The increase in
    operating expenses was primarily driven by the consolidation of
    Profarma and the specialty joint venture in Brazil, the acquisition of
    H. D. Smith and duplicate costs resulting from the implementation of
    new information technology systems.
  • Adjusted Operating Income: In the fiscal
    2018 third quarter, operating income of $474.4 million increased 0.7
    percent from the prior year period. Operating income as a percentage
    of revenue decreased 12 basis points to 1.10 percent in the fiscal
    2018 third quarter compared to the previous fiscal year's third
    quarter.
  • Adjusted Interest Expense, Net: In
    the fiscal 2018 third quarter, net interest expense of $47.2 million
    was up 36.5 percent versus the prior year quarter, primarily due to
    the debt issued to finance the H. D. Smith acquisition and the
    consolidation of Profarma's debt and related interest expense.
  • Adjusted Tax Rate: The effective tax rate
    for the third quarter of fiscal 2018 was 20.3 percent, down from 27.0
    percent in the previous fiscal year's third quarter, primarily driven
    by a reduction in the U.S. federal income tax rate from 35% to 21%.
  • Adjusted Diluted Earnings Per Share:
    Diluted earnings per share was up 7.7 percent to $1.54 in the third
    quarter of fiscal 2018 compared to $1.43 in the previous fiscal year's
    third quarter, driven by the benefit from U.S. tax reform.
  • Diluted Shares Outstanding: Diluted
    weighted average shares outstanding for the third quarter of fiscal
    2018 were 220.8 million, a 0.5 percent decline versus the prior fiscal
    year third quarter due primarily to share repurchases, net of stock
    option exercises.

Segment Discussion

The Company's operations are comprised of the Pharmaceutical
Distribution Services reportable segment and other operating segments
that are not significant enough to require separate reportable segment
disclosure and, therefore, have been included in Other for the purpose
of reportable segment presentation. Other consists of operating segments
that focus on global commercialization services and animal health and
includes AmerisourceBergen Consulting Services (ABCS), World Courier
and MWI Animal Health (MWI).

Pharmaceutical Distribution Services Segment

Pharmaceutical Distribution Services revenue was $41.6 billion, an
increase of 11.6 percent compared to the same quarter in the prior
fiscal year. Segment operating income of $392.7 million in the June
quarter of fiscal 2018 was up 3.3 percent compared to the same period in
the previous fiscal year, primarily due to an increase in gross profit,
largely offset by an increase in operating expenses.

Other

Revenue in Other was $1.6 billion in the third quarter of fiscal 2018,
an increase of 8.8 percent compared to the same period in the prior
fiscal year, primarily due to the consolidation of the specialty joint
venture in Brazil, ABCS's growth in its Canadian operations and World
Courier. Operating income in Other decreased 9.9 percent to $82.3
million in the third quarter of fiscal 2018. This decrease was primarily
driven by a decline in operating income at ABCS, specifically the Lash
Group, and was partially offset by the increased contribution from World
Courier.

Recent Company Highlights & Milestones

  • AmerisourceBergen has been recognized by DiversityInc. as a
    ‘Noteworthy' company for diversity, based on its hiring, retention and
    promotion of women, minorities, people with disabilities, LGBT and
    veterans. This marks the second year in a row AmerisourceBergen has
    received this notable distinction, which is awarded to companies that
    have shown continued momentum in diversity and inclusion practices.
  • AmerisourceBergen was ranked #19 on a list of the world's top 100 most
    innovative companies in 2018 compiled by Forbes.
  • Recorded our 18th consecutive quarter with 10 percent or greater
    revenue growth in Specialty distribution.
  • AmerisourceBergen and Good Neighbor Pharmacy announced new and
    enhanced programs that will help independent pharmacies strengthen the
    core of their businesses and expand their role within their
    communities. The programs and solutions, which were presented at
    ThoughtSpot 2018, Good Neighbor Pharmacy's annual tradeshow, reflect
    AmerisourceBergen and Good Neighbor Pharmacy's continued commitment to
    supporting independent pharmacies today and in the future.
  • Lash Group launched its newest solution for electronic benefit
    verification (eBV). Powered by SmartPointSM, a proprietary artificial
    intelligence (AI) technology, Lash Group's eBV solution will
    accelerate speed to therapy and improve the care delivery experience
    for patients and providers.

Fiscal Year 2018 Expectations

The Company does not provide forward-looking guidance on a GAAP basis as
certain financial information, the probable significance of which cannot
be determined, is not available and cannot be reasonably estimated.
Please refer to the Supplemental Information Regarding Non-GAAP
Financial Measures following the tables for additional information.

Fiscal Year 2018 Expectations on an Adjusted
(Non-GAAP) Basis

Based upon the Company's performance in the first three quarters of the
fiscal year, and evaluation of current business expectations and lower
than previously anticipated operating income contribution from the Lash
Group, AmerisourceBergen has updated the following aspects of its fiscal
year 2018 financial guidance:

  • Other, which is comprised of businesses focused on Global
    Commercialization Services and Animal Health, operating income decline
    in the range of down 4 percent to 7 percent;
  • Adjusted effective tax rate of approximately 22 percent.

All other previously communicated aspects of the Company's fiscal year
2018 financial guidance and assumptions remain the same.

Conference Call & Slide Presentation

The Company will host a conference call to discuss the results at 8:30
a.m. ET on August 2, 2018. A slide presentation for investors has also
been posted on the Company's website at investor.amerisourcebergen.com.
Participating in the conference call will be:

  • Steven H. Collis, Chairman, President & Chief Executive Officer
  • Tim G. Guttman, Executive Vice President & Chief Financial Officer

The dial-in number for the live call will be (612) 326-1011. No access
code is required. The live call will also be webcast via the Company's
website at investor.amerisourcebergen.com.
Users are encouraged to log on to the webcast approximately 10 minutes
in advance of the scheduled start time of the call.

Replays of the call will be made available via telephone and webcast. A
replay of the webcast will be posted on investor.amerisourcebergen.com
approximately two hours after the completion of the call and will remain
available for 30 days. The telephone replay will also be available
approximately two hours after the completion of the call and will remain
available for seven days. To access the telephone replay from within the
U.S., dial (800) 475-6701. From outside the U.S., dial (320) 365-3844.
The access code for the replay is 451454.

Upcoming Investor Events

AmerisourceBergen management will be attending the following investor
conferences in the coming months:

  • Baird Global Healthcare Conference, September 5-6, New York; and the
  • Morgan Stanley Annual Global Healthcare Conference, September
    12-14, New York.

Please check the website for updates regarding the timing of the live
presentation webcasts, if any, and for replay information.

About AmerisourceBergen

AmerisourceBergen provides pharmaceutical products, value-driving
services and business solutions that improve access to care. Tens of
thousands of healthcare providers, veterinary practices and livestock
producers trust us as their partner in the pharmaceutical supply chain.
Global manufacturers depend on us for services that drive commercial
success for their products. Through our daily work—and powered by our
21,000 associates—we are united in our responsibility to create
healthier futures. AmerisourceBergen is ranked #12 on the Fortune 500,
with more than $150 billion in annual revenue. The company is
headquartered in Valley Forge, Pa. and has a presence in 50+ countries.
Learn more at investor.amerisourcebergen.com.

AmerisourceBergen's Cautionary Note Regarding Forward-Looking
Statements

Certain of the statements contained in this press release are
"forward-looking statements" within the meaning of Section 27A of the
Securities Act of 1933 and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of
1934. Words such as "expect," "likely," "outlook," "forecast," "would,"
"could," "should," "can," "project," "intend," "plan," "continue,"
"sustain," "synergy," "on track," "believe," "seek," "estimate,"
"anticipate," "may," "possible," "assume," variations of such words, and
similar expressions are intended to identify such forward-looking
statements. These statements are based on management's current
expectations and are subject to uncertainty and change in circumstances.
These statements are not guarantees of future performance and are based
on assumptions that could prove incorrect or could cause actual results
to vary materially from those indicated. Among the factors that could
cause actual results to differ materially from those projected,
anticipated, or implied are the following: unfavorable trends in brand
and generic pharmaceutical pricing, including in rate or frequency of
price inflation or deflation; competition and industry consolidation of
both customers and suppliers resulting in increasing pressure to reduce
prices for our products and services; changes in pharmaceutical market
growth rates; changes in the United States healthcare and regulatory
environment, including changes that could impact prescription drug
reimbursement under Medicare and Medicaid; increasing governmental
regulations regarding the pharmaceutical supply channel and
pharmaceutical compounding; declining reimbursement rates for
pharmaceuticals; federal and state government enforcement initiatives to
detect and prevent suspicious orders of controlled substances and the
diversion of controlled substances; increased public concern over the
abuse of opioid medications; prosecution or suit by federal, state and
other governmental entities of alleged violations of laws and
regulations regarding controlled substances, and any related disputes,
including shareholder derivative lawsuits; increased federal scrutiny
and litigation, including qui tam litigation, for alleged violations of
laws and regulations governing the marketing, sale, purchase and/or
dispensing of pharmaceutical products or services, and associated
reserves and costs, including the reserve recorded in connection with
the proceedings with the United States Attorney's Office for the Eastern
District of New York; material adverse resolution of pending legal
proceedings; the retention of key customer or supplier relationships
under less favorable economics or the adverse resolution of any contract
or other dispute with customers or suppliers; changes to customer or
supplier payment terms; risks associated with the strategic, long-term
relationship between Walgreens Boots Alliance, Inc. and the Company,
including principally with respect to the pharmaceutical distribution
agreement and/or the global generic purchasing services arrangement;
changes in tax laws or legislative initiatives that could adversely
affect the Company's tax positions and/or the Company's tax liabilities
or adverse resolution of challenges to the Company's tax positions;
regulatory action in connection with the production, labeling or
packaging of products compounded by our compounded sterile preparations
(CSP) business; suspension of production of CSPs; failure to realize the
expected benefits from our reorganization and other business process
initiatives; managing foreign expansion, including non-compliance with
the U.S. Foreign Corrupt Practices Act, anti-bribery laws and economic
sanctions and import laws and regulations; declining economic conditions
in the United States and abroad; financial market volatility and
disruption; substantial defaults in payment, material reduction in
purchases by or the loss, bankruptcy or insolvency of a major customer;
the loss, bankruptcy or insolvency of a major supplier; changes to the
customer or supplier mix; malfunction, failure or breach of
sophisticated information systems to operate as designed; risks
generally associated with data privacy regulation and the international
transfer of personal data; natural disasters or other unexpected events
that affect the Company's operations; the impairment of goodwill or
other intangible assets (including with respect to foreign operations),
resulting in a charge to earnings; the acquisition of businesses that do
not perform as expected, or that are difficult to integrate or control,
including the integration of H. D. Smith and PharMEDium, or the
inability to capture all of the anticipated synergies related thereto or
to capture the anticipated synergies within the expected time period;
the effects of disruption from the transactions on the respective
businesses of the Company and H. D. Smith and the fact that the
transactions may make it more difficult to establish or maintain
relationships with employees, suppliers, customers and other business
partners; the disruption of the Company's cash flow and ability to
return value to its stockholders in accordance with its past practices;
interest rate and foreign currency exchange rate fluctuations; and other
economic, business, competitive, legal, tax, regulatory and/or
operational factors affecting the Company's business generally. Certain
additional factors that management believes could cause actual outcomes
and results to differ materially from those described in forward-looking
statements are set forth (i) in Item 1A (Risk Factors) in the Company's
Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended September 30,
2017 and elsewhere in that report and (ii) in other reports filed by the
Company pursuant to the Securities Exchange Act.

 
AMERISOURCEBERGEN CORPORATION
FINANCIAL SUMMARY
(In thousands, except per share data)
(unaudited)
         

Three
Months Ended
June 30, 2018

% of
Revenue

Three
Months Ended
June 30, 2017

% of
Revenue

%
Change

 
Revenue $ 43,142,309 $ 38,707,144 11.5%
 
Cost of goods sold 41,930,968   37,627,269   11.4%
 
Gross profit 1 1,211,341 2.81% 1,079,875 2.79% 12.2%
 
Operating expenses:
Distribution, selling, and administrative 626,548 1.45% 525,463 1.36% 19.2%
Depreciation and amortization 120,045 0.28% 99,519 0.26% 20.6%
Employee severance, litigation, and other 2 75,553   284,517  
Total operating expenses 822,146 1.91% 909,499 2.35% (9.6)%
 
Operating income 389,195 0.90% 170,376 0.44% 128.4%
 
Other (income) loss (3,158 ) 1,398
Interest expense, net 47,151   35,603   32.4%
 
Income before income taxes 345,202 0.80% 133,375 0.34% 158.8%
 
Income tax expense 67,327   83,023  
 
Net income 277,875 0.64% 50,352 0.13% 451.9%
 
Net income attributable to noncontrolling interest (2,066 )  
 
Net income attributable to AmerisourceBergen Corporation $ 275,809   0.64% $ 50,352   0.13% 447.8%
 
Earnings per share:
Basic $ 1.26 $ 0.23 447.8%
Diluted $ 1.25 $ 0.23 443.5%
 
Weighted average common shares outstanding:
Basic 218,569 218,676 —%
Diluted 220,760 221,873 (0.5)%
________________________________________

1

 

Includes a $35.6 million gain from antitrust litigation
settlements, $16.1 million LIFO credit, and $12.0 million of
remediation costs related to one of PharMEDium's compounding
facilities in the three months ended June 30, 2018. Includes $24.7
million LIFO credit in the three months ended June 30, 2017.

 

2

Includes $4.8 million of employee severance, $39.0 million of
litigation and opioid-related costs primarily related to opioid
lawsuits, investigations, and related initiatives, and $31.7
million of other costs related to business transformation efforts,
other restructuring initiatives, and acquisition-related deal and
integration costs in the three months ended June 30, 2018.
Includes $0.4 million of employee severance, $273.4 million for
litigation settlements, and $10.7 million of other costs due to
acquisition-related deal and integration costs, other
restructuring initiatives and business transformation efforts in
the three months ended June 30, 2017.

 
 
AMERISOURCEBERGEN CORPORATION
FINANCIAL SUMMARY
(In thousands, except per share data)
(unaudited)
         

Nine
Months Ended
June 30, 2018

% of
Revenue

Nine
Months Ended
June 30, 2017

% of
Revenue

%
Change

 
Revenue $ 124,642,499 $ 114,023,811 9.3%
 
Cost of goods sold 121,062,823   110,649,829   9.4%
 
Gross profit 1 3,579,676 2.87% 3,373,982 2.96% 6.1%
 
Operating expenses:
Distribution, selling, and administrative 1,802,496 1.45% 1,567,853 1.38% 15.0%
Depreciation and amortization 344,569 0.28% 293,268 0.26% 17.5%
Employee severance, litigation, and other 2 143,023   317,517  
Total operating expenses 2,290,088 1.84% 2,178,638 1.91% 5.1%
 
Operating income 1,289,588 1.03% 1,195,344 1.05% 7.9%
 
Other loss (income) 3 26,289 (3,958 )
Interest expense, net 131,652 109,874 19.8%
Loss on consolidation of equity investments 42,328
Loss on early retirement of debt 23,766    
 
Income before income taxes 1,065,553 0.85% 1,089,428 0.96% (2.2)%
 
Income tax (benefit) expense (356,335 ) 380,357  
 
Net income 1,421,888 1.14% 709,071 0.62% 100.5%
 
Net loss attributable to noncontrolling interest 3,229    
 
Net income attributable to AmerisourceBergen Corporation $ 1,425,117   1.14% $ 709,071   0.62% 101.0%
 
Earnings per share:
Basic $ 6.52 $ 3.25 100.6%
Diluted $ 6.44 $ 3.20 101.3%
 
Weighted average common shares outstanding:
Basic 218,698 218,336 0.2%
Diluted 221,297 221,698 (0.2)%
________________________________________
1   Includes a $35.9 million gain from antitrust litigation settlements,
$34.5 million of remediation costs related to one of PharMedium's
compounding facilities, and $16.1 million LIFO credit in the nine
months ended June 30, 2018. Includes $82.9 million LIFO credit and a
$1.4 million gain from antitrust litigation settlements in the nine
months ended June 30, 2017.
 
2 Includes $33.2 million of employee severance, $49.5 million of
litigation and opioid-related costs primarily related to opioid
lawsuits, investigations, and related initiatives, and $60.3 million
of other costs related to business transformation efforts,
acquisition-related deal and integration costs, and other
restructuring initiatives in the nine months ended June 30, 2018.
Includes $0.3 million of employee severance, $289.4 million for
litigation settlements, and $27.8 million of other costs due to
acquisition-related deal and integration costs, other restructuring
initiatives and business transformation efforts in the nine months
ended June 30, 2017.
 
3 Includes $30.0 million impairment on a non-customer note receivable
in the nine months ended June 30, 2018.
 
 
AMERISOURCEBERGEN CORPORATION
GAAP TO NON-GAAP RECONCILIATIONS
(in thousands, except per share data)
(unaudited)
 
Three Months Ended June 30, 2018

Gross Profit

 

Operating
Expenses

 

Operating
Income

 

Income
Before
Income Taxes

 

Income Tax
Expense

 

Net Income
Attributable to
Noncontrolling
Interest

 

Net Income
Attributable
to ABC

 

Diluted
Earnings
Per Share

 
GAAP $ 1,211,341 $ 822,146 $ 389,195 $ 345,202 $ 67,327 $ (2,066 ) $ 275,809 $ 1.25
 
Gain from antitrust litigation settlements (35,600 ) (35,600 ) (35,600 ) (9,678 ) (25,922 ) (0.12 )
 
LIFO credit (16,142 ) (16,142 ) (16,142 ) (4,391 ) (11,751 ) (0.05 )
 
PharMEDium remediation costs 12,043 (3,458 ) 15,501 15,501 3,860 11,641 0.05
 
Acquisition-related intangibles amortization (45,916 ) 45,916 45,916 11,152 (402 ) 34,362 0.16
 
Employee severance, litigation, and other (75,553 ) 75,553 75,553 19,484 56,069 0.25
 
Loss on early retirement of debt         (376 )   376    
 
Adjusted Non-GAAP 1,171,642 697,219 474,423 430,430 87,378 (2,468 ) 340,584 1.54
 
Less non-wholly owned subsidiaries 60,634   53,008   7,626   4,653     (2,468 ) 2,185   0.01  
 
Adjusted Non-GAAP excluding non-wholly owned subsidiaries $ 1,111,008   $ 644,211   $ 466,797   $ 425,777   $ 87,378   $   $ 338,399   $ 1.53  
 
Adjusted Non-GAAP % change vs. prior year quarter 11.0% 19.4% 0.7% (1.1)% (25.7)% 7.2% 7.7%
 
Adjusted Non-GAAP, excluding non-wholly owned subsidiaries, % change
vs. prior year quarter
5.3% 10.3% (0.9)% (2.2)% (25.7)% 6.5% 7.0%
   
Percentages of Revenue: GAAP

Adjusted
Non-GAAP

 
Gross profit 2.81% 2.72%
Operating expenses 1.91% 1.62%
Operating income 0.90% 1.10%
________________________________________
 
Note: For more information related to non-GAAP financial measures,
refer to the section titled "Supplemental Information Regarding
Non-GAAP Financial Measures" of this release.
 
 
AMERISOURCEBERGEN CORPORATION
GAAP TO NON-GAAP RECONCILIATIONS
(in thousands, except per share data)
(unaudited)
   
Three Months Ended June 30, 2017
Gross Profit  

Operating
Expenses

  Operating
Income
  Interest
Expense, Net
 

Income Before
Income Taxes

 

Income Tax
Expense

 

Net Income
Attributable
to ABC

  Diluted
Earnings
Per Share
 
GAAP $ 1,079,875 $ 909,499 $ 170,376 $ 35,603 $ 133,375 $ 83,023 $ 50,352 $ 0.23
 
Warrants expense 1 (1,049 ) 1,049 184 865
 
Gain from antitrust litigation settlements 55 (55 )
 
LIFO credit (24,723 ) (24,723 ) (24,723 ) (6,009 ) (18,714 ) (0.08 )
 
Acquisition-related intangibles amortization (40,946 ) 40,946 41,041 10,758 30,283 0.14
 
Employee severance, litigation, and other 2   (284,517 ) 284,517     284,517   29,556   254,961   1.15  
 
Adjusted Non-GAAP $ 1,055,152   $ 584,036   $ 471,116   $ 34,554   $ 435,259   $ 117,567   $ 317,692   $ 1.43   3
   
Percentages of Revenue: GAAP

Adjusted
Non-GAAP

 
Gross profit 2.79% 2.73%
Operating expenses 2.35% 1.51%
Operating income 0.44% 1.22%
 
________________________________________
 
1   In connection with the fiscal 2014 special $650 million share
repurchase program, which was established to mitigate the dilutive
effect of the Warrants, the Company issued $600 million of 1.15%
senior notes that were repaid in May 2017. The interest expense
incurred relating to this borrowing has been excluded from the
non-GAAP presentation.
 
2 Includes $273.4 million for litigation settlements with no
corresponding income tax benefit.
 
3 The sum of the components does not equal the total due to rounding.
 
Note: For more information related to non-GAAP financial measures,
refer to the section titled "Supplemental Information Regarding
Non-GAAP Financial Measures" of this release.
 
AMERISOURCEBERGEN CORPORATION
GAAP TO NON-GAAP RECONCILIATIONS
(in thousands, except per share data)
(unaudited)
 
Nine Months Ended June 30, 2018

Gross Profit

 

Operating
Expenses

 

Operating
Income

 

Income
Before
Income Taxes

 

Income Tax
(Benefit)
Expense

 

Net Loss
Attributable to
Noncontrolling
Interest

 

Net Income
Attributable
to ABC

 

Diluted
Earnings
Per Share

 
GAAP $ 3,579,676 $ 2,290,088 $ 1,289,588 $ 1,065,553 $ (356,335 ) $ 3,229 $ 1,425,117 $ 6.44
 
Gain from antitrust litigation settlements (35,938 ) (35,938 ) (35,938 ) (9,775 ) (26,163 ) (0.12 )
 
LIFO credit (16,142 ) (16,142 ) (16,142 ) (4,391 ) (11,751 ) (0.05 )
 
PharMEDium remediation costs 34,549 (3,458 ) 38,007 38,007 10,338 27,669 0.13
 
Acquisition-related intangibles amortization (130,267 ) 130,267 130,392 35,469 (1,071 ) 93,852 0.42
 
Employee severance, litigation, and other (143,023 ) 143,023 143,023 38,905 104,118 0.47
 
Loss on consolidation of equity investments 42,328 42,328 0.19
 
Impairment on non-customer note receivable 30,000 30,000 0.14
 
Loss on early retirement of debt 23,766 6,465 17,301 0.08
 
Tax reform 1         587,595     (587,595 ) (2.66 )
 
Adjusted Non-GAAP 3,562,145 2,013,340 1,548,805 1,420,989 308,271 2,158 1,114,876 5.04
 
Less non-wholly owned subsidiaries 97,841   93,538   4,303   (2,754 )   2,158   (595 )  
 
Adjusted Non-GAAP excluding non-wholly owned subsidiaries $ 3,464,304   $ 1,919,802   $ 1,544,502   $ 1,423,743   $ 308,271   $   $ 1,115,471   $ 5.04  
 
Adjusted Non-GAAP % change vs. prior year period 8.3% 15.5% 0.2% (1.7)% (29.2)% 10.3% 10.5%
 
Adjusted Non-GAAP, excluding non-wholly owned subsidiaries, % change
vs. prior year period
5.3% 10.1% (0.1)% (1.5)% (29.2)% 10.4% 10.5%
   
Percentages of Revenue: GAAP

Adjusted
Non-GAAP

 
Gross profit 2.87% 2.86%
Operating expenses 1.84% 1.62%
Operating income 1.03% 1.24%
 
1 Includes the impact of applying a lower U.S. federal income tax rate
to the Company's net deferred tax liabilities as of December 31,
2017, offset in part by a one-time transition tax on historical
foreign earnings and profits through December 31, 2017.
 
Note: For more information related to non-GAAP financial measures,
refer to the section titled "Supplemental Information Regarding
Non-GAAP Financial Measures" of this release.
 
     
AMERISOURCEBERGEN CORPORATION
GAAP TO NON-GAAP RECONCILIATIONS
(in thousands, except per share data)
(unaudited)
 
Nine Months Ended June 30, 2017
        Net Income   Diluted
Operating Operating Interest Income Before Income Tax Attributable Earnings
Gross Profit Expenses Income Expense, Net Income Taxes Expense to ABC Per Share
 
GAAP $ 3,373,982 $ 2,178,638 $ 1,195,344 $ 109,874 $ 1,089,428 $ 380,357 $ 709,071 $ 3.20
 
Warrants expense 1

(5,358 ) 5,358 1,792 3,566 0.02
 
Gain from antitrust litigation settlements

(1,395

)

(1,395 ) (1,395 ) (466 ) (929 )
 
LIFO credit

(82,919

)

(82,919 ) (82,919 ) (27,735 ) (55,184 ) (0.25 )
 
Acquisition-related intangibles amortization (117,234 ) 117,234 117,515 39,307 78,208 0.35
 
Employee severance, litigation, and other 2     (317,517 ) 317,517     317,517   41,876   275,641   1.24  
 
Adjusted Non-GAAP $ 3,289,668   $ 1,743,887   $ 1,545,781   $ 104,516   $ 1,445,504   $ 435,131   $ 1,010,373   $ 4.56  
 

 

Adjusted

Percentages of Revenue: GAAP

Non-GAAP

 
Gross profit 2.96 %

2.89

%

Operating expenses 1.91 %

1.53

%

Operating income 1.05 %

1.36

%

________________________________________
 
1   In connection with the fiscal 2014 special $650 million share
repurchase program, which was established to mitigate the dilutive
effect of the Warrants, the Company issued $600 million of 1.15%
senior notes that were repaid in May 2017. The interest expense
incurred relating to this borrowing has been excluded from the
non-GAAP presentation.
 
2 Includes $289.4 million for litigation settlements with no
corresponding tax benefit.
 
Note: For more information related to non-GAAP financial measures,
refer to the section titled "Supplemental Information Regarding
Non-GAAP Financial Measures" of this release.
 
 
AMERISOURCEBERGEN CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
GAAP SUPPLEMENTAL INFORMATION
(In thousands)
(unaudited)
 
Three Months Ended June 30, 2018
AmerisourceBergen          
Corporation and % Change Consolidated % Change
Wholly Owned vs. Prior Year Non-Wholly Owned Noncontrolling AmerisourceBergen vs. Prior Year
Subsidiaries Quarter Subsidiaries Interest Corporation Quarter
 
Revenue $ 42,774,288 10.5 % $ 368,021 $ $ 43,142,309 11.5 %
Gross profit $ 1,150,707 6.6 % $ 60,634 $ $ 1,211,341 12.2 %
Operating expenses $ 767,561 (15.6 )% $ 54,585 $ $ 822,146 (9.6 )%
Operating income $ 383,146 124.9 % $ 6,049 $ $ 389,195 128.4 %
Interest expense, net $ 40,729 14.4 % $ 6,422 $ $ 47,151 32.4 %
Net income $ 273,842 443.9 % $ 4,033 $ (2,066 ) $ 275,809 447.8 %
 
 
Nine Months Ended June 30, 2018
AmerisourceBergen
Corporation and % Change vs. Consolidated % Change vs.
Wholly Owned Prior Year Non-Wholly Owned Noncontrolling AmerisourceBergen Prior Year
Subsidiaries Period Subsidiaries Interest Corporation Period
 
Revenue $ 124,012,106 8.8 % $ 630,393 $ $ 124,642,499 9.3 %
Gross profit $ 3,481,835 3.2 % $ 97,841 $ $ 3,579,676 6.1 %
Operating expenses $ 2,193,810 0.7 % $ 96,278 $ $ 2,290,088 5.1 %
Operating income $ 1,288,025 7.8 % $ 1,563 $ $ 1,289,588 7.9 %
Interest expense, net $ 122,270 11.3 % $ 9,382 $ $ 131,652 19.8 %
Net income (loss) $ 1,426,425 101.2 % $ (4,537 ) $ 3,229 $ 1,425,117 101.0 %
 
 
AMERISOURCEBERGEN CORPORATION
SUMMARY SEGMENT INFORMATION
(dollars in thousands)
(unaudited)
 
Three Months Ended June 30,
Revenue 2018   2017   % Change
Pharmaceutical Distribution Services $ 41,581,866 $ 37,255,195 11.6 %
Other 1,597,223 1,467,536 8.8 %
Intersegment eliminations (36,780 ) (15,587 )
 
Revenue $ 43,142,309   $ 38,707,144   11.5 %
 
Three Months Ended June 30,
Operating income 2018 2017 % Change
Pharmaceutical Distribution Services $ 392,652 $ 379,976 3.3 %
Other 82,296 91,338 (9.9 )%
Intersegment eliminations (525 ) (198 )
Total segment operating income 474,423 471,116 0.7 %
 
Gain from antitrust litigation settlements 35,600
PharMEDium remediation costs (15,501 )
LIFO credit 16,142 24,723
Acquisition-related intangibles amortization (45,916 ) (40,946 )
Employee severance, litigation, and other (75,553 ) (284,517 )
 
Operating income $ 389,195   $ 170,376  
 
Percentages of revenue:
 
Pharmaceutical Distribution Services
Gross profit 2.07 % 2.03 %
Operating expenses 1.13 % 1.01 %
Operating income 0.94 % 1.02 %
 
Other
Gross profit 19.40 % 20.26 %
Operating expenses 14.25 % 14.03 %
Operating income 5.15 % 6.22 %
 
AmerisourceBergen Corporation (GAAP)
Gross profit 2.81 % 2.79 %
Operating expenses 1.91 % 2.35 %
Operating income 0.90 % 0.44 %
 
AmerisourceBergen Corporation (Non-GAAP)
Adjusted gross profit 2.72 % 2.73 %
Adjusted operating expenses 1.62 % 1.51 %
Adjusted operating income 1.10 % 1.22 %
 
Note: For more information related to non-GAAP financial measures,
refer to the section titled "Supplemental Information Regarding
Non-GAAP Financial Measures" of this release.
 
 
AMERISOURCEBERGEN CORPORATION
SUMMARY SEGMENT INFORMATION
(dollars in thousands)
(unaudited)
 
Nine Months Ended June 30,
Revenue 2018   2017   % Change
Pharmaceutical Distribution Services $ 119,972,917 $ 109,798,844 9.3 %
Other 4,736,552 4,267,876 11.0 %
Intersegment eliminations (66,970 ) (42,909 )
 
Revenue $ 124,642,499   $ 114,023,811   9.3 %
 
Nine Months Ended June 30,
Operating income 2018 2017 % Change
Pharmaceutical Distribution Services $ 1,269,940 $ 1,243,914 2.1 %
Other 279,626 302,079 (7.4 )%
Intersegment eliminations (761 ) (212 )
Total segment operating income 1,548,805 1,545,781 0.2 %
 
Gain from antitrust litigation settlements 35,938 1,395
PharMEDium remediation costs (38,007 )
LIFO credit 16,142 82,919
Acquisition-related intangibles amortization (130,267 ) (117,234 )
Employee severance, litigation, and other (143,023 ) (317,517 )
 
Operating income $ 1,289,588   $ 1,195,344  
 
Percentages of revenue:
 
Pharmaceutical Distribution Services
Gross profit 2.17 % 2.17 %
Operating expenses 1.11 % 1.03 %
Operating income 1.06 % 1.13 %
 
Other
Gross profit 20.20 % 21.35 %
Operating expenses 14.30 % 14.27 %
Operating income 5.90 % 7.08 %
 
AmerisourceBergen Corporation (GAAP)
Gross profit 2.87 % 2.96 %
Operating expenses 1.84 % 1.91 %
Operating income 1.03 % 1.05 %
 
AmerisourceBergen Corporation (Non-GAAP)
Adjusted gross profit 2.86 % 2.89 %
Adjusted operating expenses 1.62 % 1.53 %
Adjusted operating income 1.24 % 1.36 %
 
Note: For more information related to non-GAAP financial measures,
refer to the section titled "Supplemental Information Regarding
Non-GAAP Financial Measures" of this release.
 
   
AMERISOURCEBERGEN CORPORATION
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
(in thousands)
(unaudited)
 
June 30, September 30,
2018 2017
ASSETS
 
Current assets:
Cash and cash equivalents $ 2,388,928 $ 2,435,115
Accounts receivable, net 11,764,614 10,303,324
Merchandise inventories 12,074,347 11,461,428
Prepaid expenses and other 176,512   103,432
Total current assets 26,404,401 24,303,299
 
Property and equipment, net 1,903,357 1,797,945
Goodwill and other intangible assets 9,713,641 8,877,562
Other long-term assets 288,193   337,664
 
Total assets $ 38,309,592   $ 35,316,470
 
LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY
 
Current liabilities:
Accounts payable $ 26,449,542 $ 25,404,042
Other current liabilities 1,650,129   1,414,123
Total current liabilities 28,099,671 26,818,165
 
Long-term debt 4,198,112 3,429,934
 
Accrued income taxes 369,789 84,257
Deferred income taxes 1,877,480 2,492,612
Other long-term liabilities 488,608 427,041
 
Total equity 3,275,932 2,064,461
   
Total liabilities and equity $ 38,309,592   $ 35,316,470
 
 
AMERISOURCEBERGEN CORPORATION
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
(in thousands)
(unaudited)
 
Nine Months Ended June 30,
2018   2017
 
Operating Activities:
Net income attributable to AmerisourceBergen Corporation $ 1,425,117 $ 709,071
Net loss attributable to noncontrolling interest 3,229    
Net income 1,421,888 709,071
Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by
operating activities 1, 2
(241,226 ) 522,765
Changes in operating assets and liabilities, excluding the effects
of acquisitions and divestitures:
Accounts receivable (1,107,631 ) (1,419,099 )
Merchandise inventories (51,724 ) (829,903 )
Accounts payable 463,939 876,977
Other 3 260,797   263,873  
Net cash provided by operating activities 746,043   123,684  
 
Investing Activities:
Capital expenditures (248,359 ) (371,428 )
Cost of acquired companies, net of cash acquired (783,262 ) (61,633 )
Net proceeds from investment securities available-for-sale 21,373
Other 5,749   5,122  
Net cash used in investing activities (1,025,872 ) (406,566 )
 
Financing Activities:
Net borrowings (repayments) 4 699,159 (757,252 )
Purchases of common stock 5 (300,444 ) (229,928 )
Payment of premium on early retirement of debt (22,348 )
Exercises of stock options 127,509 94,325
Cash dividends on common stock (250,964 ) (240,168 )
Other (19,270 ) (14,460 )
Net cash provided by (used in) financing activities 233,642   (1,147,483 )
 
Decrease in cash and cash equivalents (46,187 ) (1,430,365 )
 
Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period 2,435,115   2,741,832  
 
Cash and cash equivalents at end of period $ 2,388,928   $ 1,311,467  
________________________________________
 
1   Includes a $16.1 million LIFO credit in the nine months ended June
30, 2018. Includes an $82.9 million LIFO credit in the nine months
ended June 30, 2017.
 
2 Includes $747.4 million benefit for deferred income taxes for the
nine months ended June 30, 2018, primarily as a result of applying a
lower U.S. federal income tax rate to the Company's net deferred tax
liabilities as of December 31, 2017 in connection with tax reform.
 
3 Includes a $269.5 million increase in income taxes payable for the
nine months ended June 30, 2018, primarily as a result of a one-time
transition tax on historical foreign earnings and profits through
December 31, 2017 in connection with tax reform.
 
4 Net borrowings in the nine months ended June 30, 2018 were primarily
used to finance the acquisition of H.D. Smith, which was completed
in January 2018.
 
5 Additional purchases made in June 2018 totaling $25.0 million cash
settled in July 2018.
 

SUPPLEMENTAL INFORMATION REGARDING
NON-GAAP FINANCIAL
MEASURES

To supplement the financial measures prepared in accordance with U.S.
generally accepted accounting principles (GAAP), the Company uses the
non-GAAP financial measures described below. The non-GAAP financial
measures should be viewed in addition to, and not in lieu of, financial
measures calculated in accordance with GAAP. These supplemental measures
may vary from, and may not be comparable to, similarly titled measures
by other companies.

The non-GAAP financial measures are presented because management uses
non-GAAP financial measures to evaluate the Company's operating
performance, to perform financial planning, and to determine incentive
compensation. Therefore, the Company believes that the presentation of
non-GAAP financial measures provides useful supplementary information
to, and facilitates additional analysis by, investors. The presented
non-GAAP financial measures exclude items that management does not
believe reflect the Company's core operating performance because such
items are outside the control of the Company or are inherently unusual,
non-operating, unpredictable, non-recurring, or non-cash. We have
included the following non-GAAP earnings-related financial measures in
this release:

  • Adjusted gross profit and adjusted gross profit margin: Adjusted
    gross profit is a non-GAAP financial measure that excludes the gain
    from antitrust litigation settlements, certain PharMEDium remediation
    costs, and LIFO expense (credit). Gain from antitrust litigation
    settlements and LIFO expense (credit) are excluded because the Company
    cannot control the amounts recognized or timing of these items.
    PharMEDium remediation costs are excluded because they are
    unpredictable and non-recurring expenses. Adjusted gross profit margin
    is the ratio of adjusted gross profit to total revenue. Management
    believes that these non-GAAP financial measures are useful to
    investors as a supplemental measure of the Company's ongoing operating
    performance. The gain from antitrust litigation settlements relates to
    the settlement of class action lawsuits that have been filed against
    brand pharmaceutical manufacturers alleging that the manufacturer, by
    itself or in concert with others, took improper actions to delay or
    prevent generic drugs from entering the market. The PharMEDium
    remediation costs relate to costs incurred in connection with
    suspended production activities following U.S. Food and Drug
    Administration inspections. LIFO expense (credit) is affected by
    changes in inventory quantities, product mix, and manufacturer pricing
    practices, which may be impacted by market and other external
    influences.
  • Adjusted operating expenses and adjusted operating expense margin: Adjusted
    operating expenses is a non-GAAP financial measure that excludes
    acquisition-related intangibles amortization, employee severance,
    litigation, and other, and certain PharMEDium remediation costs.
    Adjusted operating expense margin is the ratio of adjusted operating
    expenses to total revenue. The acquisition-related intangibles
    amortization is excluded because it is a non-cash item and does not
    reflect the operating performance of the acquired companies. We
    exclude employee severance amounts that relate to unpredictable and/or
    non-recurring business restructuring. We exclude the amount of
    litigation settlements and other expenses, as well as PharMEDium
    remediation costs, that are unusual, non-operating, unpredictable,
    non-recurring or non-cash in nature because we believe these
    exclusions facilitate the analysis of our ongoing operational
    performance.
  • Adjusted operating income and adjusted operating income margin: Adjusted
    operating income is a non-GAAP financial measure that excludes the
    same items that are described above and excluded from adjusted gross
    profit and adjusted operating expenses. Adjusted operating income
    margin is the ratio of adjusted operating income to total revenue.
    Management believes that these non-GAAP financial measures are useful
    to investors as a supplemental way to evaluate the Company's
    performance because the adjustments are unusual, non-operating,
    unpredictable, non-recurring or non-cash in nature.
  • Adjusted interest expense, net: Adjusted interest expense is a
    non-GAAP financial measure that excludes the interest expense on our
    $600 million of 1.15% senior notes that were repaid in May 2017 (the
    "2017 Notes"). The 2017 Notes were issued to fund a special $650
    million share repurchase program under which we purchased shares to
    reduce the dilution related to the warrants that we issued in March
    2013 to wholly-owned subsidiaries of Walgreens Boots Alliance, Inc.
    Management believes that this non-GAAP financial measure is useful to
    investors in evaluating the Company's ongoing interest expense, net.
  • Adjusted income before income taxes: Adjusted income before
    income taxes is a non-GAAP financial measure that excludes the same
    items that are described above and excluded from adjusted operating
    income. In addition, the loss on consolidation of equity investments,
    impairment on a non-customer note receivable, and the loss on the
    early retirement of debt are also excluded from adjusted income before
    income taxes. Management believes that this non-GAAP financial measure
    is useful to investors because it facilitates the calculation of the
    Company's adjusted tax rate.
  • Adjusted tax rate: Adjusted tax rate is a non-GAAP financial
    measure that is determined by dividing adjusted income tax
    expense/benefit by adjusted income before income taxes.
  • Adjusted net income attributable to ABC: Adjusted net income
    attributable to ABC is a non-GAAP financial measure that excludes the
    same items that are described above and excluded from adjusted income
    before income taxes. In addition, the one-time impact of U.S. tax
    reform ("Tax Reform") is excluded from adjusted net income
    attributable to ABC. Tax Reform includes a benefit from applying a
    lower U.S. federal income tax rate to the Company's net deferred tax
    liabilities as of December 31, 2017, offset in part by a one-time
    transition tax on historical foreign earnings and profits through
    December 31, 2017. Management believes that this non-GAAP financial
    measure is useful to investors as a supplemental way to evaluate the
    Company's performance because the adjustments are unusual,
    non-operating, unpredictable, non-recurring or non-cash in nature.
  • Adjusted net income (loss) attributable to noncontrolling interest: Adjusted
    net income attributable to noncontrolling interest excludes the
    non-controlling interest portion of acquisition-related intangibles
    amortization. Management believes that this non-GAAP financial measure
    is useful to investors because it facilitates the calculation of
    adjusted net income attributable to ABC.
  • Adjusted diluted earnings per share: Adjusted diluted earnings
    per share excludes the per share impact of adjustments including gain
    from antitrust litigation settlements; LIFO expense (credit);
    PharMEDium remediation costs; acquisition-related intangibles
    amortization; employee severance, litigation, and other; loss on
    consolidation of equity investments; impairment on a non-customer note
    receivable; the interest expense incurred in connection with the 2017
    Notes; and the loss on early retirement of debt; in each case net of
    the tax effect calculated using the applicable effective tax rate for
    those items. In addition, the per share impact of Tax Reform is
    excluded from adjusted diluted earnings per share. Management believes
    that this non-GAAP financial measure is useful to investors because it
    eliminates the per share impact of the items that are outside the
    control of the Company or that we consider to not be indicative of our
    ongoing operating performance due to their inherent unusual,
    non-operating, unpredictable, non-recurring, or non-cash nature.
  • Each of the non-GAAP financial metrics discussed in this appendix has
    been adjusted to exclude non-wholly owned subsidiaries. Management
    believes that these further adjusted non-GAAP financial measures are
    useful to investors to provide comparable information to historical
    non-GAAP financial measures that do not reflect the consolidation of
    non-wholly owned subsidiaries.

In addition, the Company has provided non-GAAP fiscal year 2018 guidance
for diluted earnings per share, operating expense, operating income, and
effective income tax rate that excludes the same or similar items as
those that are excluded from the historical non-GAAP financial measures,
as well as significant items that are outside the control of the Company
or inherently unusual, non-operating, unpredictable, non-recurring or
non-cash in nature. In addition, it has provided 2018 free cash flow
guidance. For fiscal year 2018, we have defined the non-GAAP financial
measure of free cash flow as net cash provided by operating activities,
excluding other significant unpredictable or non-recurring cash payments
or receipts relating to legal settlements, minus capital expenditures.
Consistent with previous guidance, the fiscal 2018 guidance excludes the
financial performance of non-wholly owned subsidiaries that were
consolidated in our financial statements in the quarter ended March 31,
2018. The Company does not provide forward looking guidance on a GAAP
basis for such metrics because certain financial information, the
probable significance of which cannot be determined, is not available
and cannot be reasonably estimated. For example, LIFO expense (credit)
is largely dependent upon the future inflation or deflation of brand and
generic pharmaceuticals, which is out of the Company's control, and
acquisition-related intangibles amortization depends on the timing and
amount of future acquisitions, which cannot be reasonably estimated.
Similarly, the timing and amount of litigation settlements is
unpredictable and non-recurring.

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