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Caterpillar Reports Second-Quarter 2018 Results

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Caterpillar Reports Second-Quarter 2018 Results

Record Second-Quarter Profit Per Share; Raised Full-Year Outlook on Continued Strength in End Markets

PR Newswire

DEERFIELD, Ill., July 30, 2018 /PRNewswire/ -- 


Second Quarter

($ in billions except profit per share)

2018

2017

Sales and Revenues

$14.0

$11.3

Profit Per Share

$2.82

$1.35

Adjusted Profit Per Share

$2.97

$1.49

 

  • Second-quarter sales and revenues up 24 percent
  • Profit per share doubled; adjusted profit per share nearly doubled
  • Raised full-year profit per share outlook
  • Repurchased $750 million of shares; increased quarterly dividend 10 percent

Caterpillar Inc. (NYSE:CAT) today announced second-quarter 2018 sales and revenues of $14.0 billion, compared with $11.3 billion in the second quarter of 2017, a 24 percent increase. Second-quarter 2018 profit per share of $2.82 was a second-quarter record. Profit per share was $1.35 in the second quarter of 2017. Adjusted profit per share in the second quarter of 2018 was $2.97, compared with second-quarter 2017 adjusted profit per share of $1.49.

During the second quarter of 2018, Machinery, Energy & Transportation (ME&T) operating cash flow was $2.1 billion, and the company repurchased $750 million of Caterpillar common stock. In June 2018, the board of directors approved an increase to the quarterly dividend of 10 percent to $0.86 per share. The second quarter of 2018 ended with an enterprise cash balance of $8.7 billion.

"Caterpillar delivered record second-quarter profit per share," said Caterpillar CEO Jim Umpleby. "Our team is doing a great job executing our strategy for profitable growth, focusing on operational excellence, expanded offerings and services."

2018 Outlook

The company is raising its 2018 profit per share outlook to a range of $10.50 to $11.50. Excluding restructuring costs of about $400 million, the company expects adjusted profit per share to be in a range of $11.00 to $12.00. The prior profit per share outlook range was $9.75 to $10.75, and the adjusted profit per share outlook range was $10.25 to $11.25.

"Based on outstanding results in the first half of the year and continued strength in many of our end markets, Caterpillar is again raising our profit outlook for 2018. We remain focused on operational excellence, cost discipline and investing for long-term profitable growth," said Umpleby.

Sales and revenues – Most end markets continue to improve, order rates are healthy, and the backlog remained solid in the quarter. For certain applications, particularly in oil and gas and mining, the company is seeing strong demand and taking orders for delivery well into 2019.

Operating profit – The company is raising the outlook range primarily due to the continued strength in many end markets. Recently imposed tariffs are expected to impact material costs in the second half of the year by approximately $100 million to $200 million, and the company expects supply chain challenges to continue to pressure freight costs. However, the company intends to largely offset these impacts through announced mid-year price increases and using the Operating & Execution Model to further drive operational excellence and structural cost discipline.

The outlook does not include a mark-to-market gain or loss for remeasurement of pension and other postemployment benefit (OPEB) plans, changes to provisional estimates recorded in 2017 for U.S. tax reform, or any impact from future geopolitical risks, including increased trade restrictions above those currently in place.

Share Repurchase; Authorization for New $10 Billion Share Repurchase Program

In January 2014, the board of directors authorized the repurchase of $10.0 billion of Caterpillar common stock. The current program expires at the end of this year. Under this authorization, the company repurchased $1.25 billion in common stock in the first half of 2018, of which $750 million was repurchased in the second quarter. As of June 30, 2018, $4.2 billion remained on the current authorization. The company currently expects share repurchases during the second half of 2018 to be in a similar range as the first half, but the amount could vary depending upon market conditions and investing priorities. Aligned with the cash deployment strategy, the company plans to be in the market for share repurchases on a fairly consistent basis.

In July 2018, the board of directors authorized the repurchase of up to $10.0 billion of Caterpillar common stock effective January 1, 2019, with no expiration date.

Notes:

  • Glossary of terms is included on pages 13-14; first occurrence of terms shown in bold italics.
  • Information on non-GAAP financial measures is included on page 15.
  • Caterpillar will conduct a teleconference and live webcast, with a slide presentation, beginning at 10 a.m. Central Time on Monday, July 30, 2018, to discuss its 2018 second-quarter financial results. The accompanying slides will be available before the webcast on the Caterpillar website at http://www.caterpillar.com/investors/events-and-presentations.

About Caterpillar:
For more than 90 years, Caterpillar Inc. has been making sustainable progress possible and driving positive change on every continent. Customers turn to Caterpillar to help them develop infrastructure, energy and natural resource assets. With 2017 sales and revenues of $45.462 billion, Caterpillar is the world's leading manufacturer of construction and mining equipment, diesel and natural gas engines, industrial gas turbines and diesel-electric locomotives. The company principally operates through its three primary segments - Construction Industries, Resource Industries and Energy & Transportation - and also provides financing and related services through its Financial Products segment. For more information, visit caterpillar.com. To connect with us on social media, visit caterpillar.com/social-media.

Forward-Looking Statements

Certain statements in this press release relate to future events and expectations and are forward-looking statements within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. Words such as "believe," "estimate," "will be," "will," "would," "expect," "anticipate," "plan," "project," "intend," "could," "should" or other similar words or expressions often identify forward-looking statements. All statements other than statements of historical fact are forward-looking statements, including, without limitation, statements regarding our outlook, projections, forecasts or trend descriptions. These statements do not guarantee future performance and speak only as of the date they are made, and we do not undertake to update our forward-looking statements.

Caterpillar's actual results may differ materially from those described or implied in our forward-looking statements based on a number of factors, including, but not limited to: (i) global and regional economic conditions and economic conditions in the industries we serve; (ii) commodity price changes, material price increases, fluctuations in demand for our products or significant shortages of material; (iii) government monetary or fiscal policies; (iv) political and economic risks, commercial instability and events beyond our control in the countries in which we operate; (v) international trade policies and their impact on demand for our products and our competitive position, including the imposition of new tariffs or changes in existing tariff rates; (vi) our ability to develop, produce and market quality products that meet our customers' needs; (vii) the impact of the highly competitive environment in which we operate on our sales and pricing; (viii) information technology security threats and computer crime; (ix) additional restructuring costs or a failure to realize anticipated savings or benefits from past or future cost reduction actions; (x) failure to realize all of the anticipated benefits from initiatives to increase our productivity, efficiency and cash flow and to reduce costs; (xi) inventory management decisions and sourcing practices of our dealers and our OEM customers; (xii) a failure to realize, or a delay in realizing, all of the anticipated benefits of our acquisitions, joint ventures or divestitures; (xiii) union disputes or other employee relations issues; (xiv) adverse effects of unexpected events including natural disasters; (xv) disruptions or volatility in global financial markets limiting our sources of liquidity or the liquidity of our customers, dealers and suppliers; (xvi) failure to maintain our credit ratings and potential resulting increases to our cost of borrowing and adverse effects on our cost of funds, liquidity, competitive position and access to capital markets; (xvii) our Financial Products segment's risks associated with the financial services industry; (xviii) changes in interest rates or market liquidity conditions; (xix) an increase in delinquencies, repossessions or net losses of Cat Financial's customers; (xx) currency fluctuations; (xxi) our or Cat Financial's compliance with financial and other restrictive covenants in debt agreements; (xxii) increased pension plan funding obligations; (xxiii) alleged or actual violations of trade or anti-corruption laws and regulations; (xxiv) additional tax expense or exposure, including the impact of U.S. tax reform; (xxv) significant legal proceedings, claims, lawsuits or government investigations; (xxvi) new regulations or changes in financial services regulations; (xxvii) compliance with environmental laws and regulations; and (xxviii) other factors described in more detail in Caterpillar's Forms 10-Q, 10-K and other filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission.

CONSOLIDATED RESULTS

Consolidated Sales and Revenues

Consolidated Sales and Revenues Comparison
Second Quarter 2018 vs. Second Quarter 2017

To access this chart, go to http://www.caterpillar.com/en/investors/quarterly-results.html for the downloadable version of Caterpillar 2Q 2018 earnings.

The chart above graphically illustrates reasons for the change in Consolidated Sales and Revenues between the second quarter of 2017 (at left) and the second quarter of 2018 (at right). Items favorably impacting sales and revenues appear as upward stair steps with the corresponding dollar amounts above each bar, while items negatively impacting sales and revenues appear as downward stair steps with dollar amounts reflected in parentheses above each bar. Caterpillar management utilizes these charts internally to visually communicate with the company's board of directors and employees.

Total sales and revenues were $14.011 billion in the second quarter of 2018, an increase of $2.680 billion, or 24 percent, compared with $11.331 billion in the second quarter of 2017. The increase was primarily due to higher sales volume driven by improved demand across the three primary segments, with the largest increase in Construction Industries. Sales were also higher due to currency impacts, primarily from a stronger euro and Chinese yuan.

























































Sales and Revenues by Geographic Region


North


Latin






External Sales




Total Sales


America


America


EAME


Asia/Pacific


and Revenues


Inter-Segment


and Revenues

(Millions of dollars)

$


% Chg


$


% Chg


$


% Chg


$


% Chg


$


% Chg


$


% Chg


$


% Chg

Second Quarter 2018




























Construction Industries

$2,739


18%


$392


8%


$1,171


21%


$1,835


43%


$6,137


24%


$35


21%


$6,172


24%

Resource Industries

804


31%


394


32%


569


44%


664


47%


2,431


38%


95


23%


2,526


38%

Energy & Transportation

2,582


30%


287


(8%)


1,153


7%


692


22%


4,714


20%


1,010


22%


5,724


20%

All Other Segments

17


70%


1


-


4


(64%)


19


73%


41


24%


83


(21%)


124


(10%)

Corporate Items and Eliminations

(40)




(3)




-




(1)




(44)




(1,223)




(1,267)



Machinery, Energy & Transportation

$6,102


25%


$1,071


10%


$2,897


18%


$3,209


39%


$13,279


25%


-


-


$13,279


25%





























Financial Products Segment

$537


6%


$71


(10%)


$101


-


$120


32%


$829


7%


-


-


$829


7%

Corporate Items and Eliminations

(57)




(11)




(7)




(22)




(97)




-




(97)



Financial Products Revenues

$480


6%


$60


(6%)


$94


(2%)


$98


26%


$732


6%


-


-


$732


6%





























Consolidated Sales and Revenues

$6,582


23%


$1,131


9%


$2,991


18%


$3,307


38%


$14,011


24%


-


-


$14,011


24%





























Second Quarter 2017




























Construction Industries

$2,318




$364




$964




$1,284




$4,930




$29




$4,959



Resource Industries

612




299




396




452




1,759




77




1,836



Energy & Transportation

1,982




312




1,079




568




3,941




827




4,768



All Other Segments

10




1




11




11




33




105




138



Corporate Items and Eliminations

(22)




-




(2)




-




(24)




(1,038)




(1,062)



Machinery, Energy & Transportation

$4,900




$976




$2,448




$2,315




$10,639




-




$10,639































Financial Products Segment

$505




$79




$101




$91




$776




-




$776



Corporate Items and Eliminations

(51)




(15)




(5)




(13)




(84)




-




(84)



Financial Products Revenues

$454




$64




$96




$78




$692




-




$692































Consolidated Sales and Revenues

$5,354




$1,040




$2,544




$2,393




$11,331




-




$11,331



























































 

































Sales and Revenues by Segment










Inter-








Second


Sales


Price




Segment /


Second


$


%

(Millions of dollars)

Quarter 2017


Volume


Realization


Currency


Other


Quarter 2018


Change


Change

Construction Industries

$        4,959


$      1,126


$           (68)


$      149


$             6


$        6,172


$     1,213


24%

Resource Industries

1,836


565


94


13


18


2,526


690


38%

Energy & Transportation

4,768


641


64


68


183


5,724


956


20%

All Other Segments

138


6


-


2


(22)


124


(14)


(10%)

Corporate Items and Eliminations

(1,062)


(21)


1


-


(185)


(1,267)


(205)



















Machinery, Energy & Transportation

$       10,639


$      2,317


$            91


$      232


$              -


$      13,279


$     2,640


25%

















Financial Products Segment

$           776


$             -


$              -


$          -


$           53


$          829


$         53


7%

Corporate Items and Eliminations

(84)


-


-


-


(13)


(97)


(13)



Financial Products Revenues

$           692


$             -


$              -


$          -


$           40


$          732


$         40


6%

















Consolidated Sales and Revenues

$       11,331


$      2,317


$            91


$      232


$           40


$      14,011


$     2,680


24%

















Consolidated Operating Profit

Consolidated Operating Profit Comparison
Second Quarter 2018 vs. Second Quarter 2017

To access this chart, go to http://www.caterpillar.com/en/investors/quarterly-results.html for the downloadable version of Caterpillar 2Q 2018 earnings.

The chart above graphically illustrates reasons for the change in Consolidated Operating Profit between the second quarter of 2017 (at left) and the second quarter of 2018 (at right). Items favorably impacting operating profit appear as upward stair steps with the corresponding dollar amounts above each bar, while items negatively impacting operating profit appear as downward stair steps with dollar amounts reflected in parentheses above each bar. Caterpillar management utilizes these charts internally to visually communicate with the company's board of directors and employees. The bar entitled Other includes consolidating adjustments and Machinery, Energy & Transportation other operating (income) expenses.

Operating profit for the second quarter of 2018 was $2.167 billion, compared to $1.184 billion in the second quarter of 2017. The increase of $983 million was mostly due to higher sales volume. Favorable price realization was partially offset by higher manufacturing costs.

Manufacturing costs were higher due to increased freight and material costs, partially offset by lower warranty expense. Freight costs were unfavorable primarily due to supply chain inefficiencies as the industry responds to strong global demand. Material costs were higher primarily due to increases in steel prices.

Lower operating profit from Financial Products and slightly higher selling, general and administrative (SG&A) and research and development (R&D) expenses were partially offset by a decrease in restructuring costs.

















Profit by Segment


Second


Second


$


%

(Millions of dollars)

Quarter 2018


Quarter 2017


Change


Change

Construction Industries

$          1,154


$            900


$      254


28%

Resource Industries

411


99


312


315%

Energy & Transportation

1,012


694


318


46%

All Other Segments

23


(19)


42



Corporate Items and Eliminations

(466)


(589)


123



Machinery, Energy & Transportation

$          2,134


$         1,085


$   1,049


97%









Financial Products Segment

$            134


$            191


$      (57)


(30%)

Corporate Items and Eliminations

(5)


(5)


-



Financial Products

$            129


$            186


$      (57)


(31%)









Consolidating Adjustments

(96)


(87)


(9)











Consolidated Operating Profit

$          2,167


$         1,184


$      983


83%









Other Profit/Loss Items

  • Other income/expense in the second quarter of 2018 was income of $121 million, compared with income of $96 million in the second quarter of 2017. The favorable change was primarily a result of lower currency translation and hedging net losses, the impact from pension and OPEB plans and other miscellaneous items, mostly offset by the absence of a pretax gain of $85 million on the sale of Caterpillar's equity investment in IronPlanet in the second quarter of 2017.
  • The provision for income taxes in the second quarter of 2018 reflected an estimated annual tax rate of 24 percent, compared to 32 percent for the second quarter of 2017, excluding the discrete items discussed in the following paragraph. The decrease was primarily due to the reduction in the U.S. corporate tax rate beginning January 1, 2018, along with other changes in the geographic mix of profits from a tax perspective.

    The provision for income taxes in the second quarter of 2018 also included a $25 million benefit for the release of a valuation allowance against the deferred tax assets of a non-U.S. subsidiary. In addition, a discrete tax benefit of $9 million was recorded in the second quarter of 2018, compared to $10 million in the second quarter of 2017, for the settlement of stock-based compensation awards with associated tax deductions in excess of cumulative U.S. GAAP compensation expense.

Global Workforce

Caterpillar worldwide, full-time employment was about 101,600 at the end of the second quarter of 2018. The increase of about 6,800 full-time employees from the end of the second quarter of 2017 was primarily due to an increase in production employment to support higher volumes. The flexible workforce increased by about 3,300, also primarily due to higher production volumes. In total, the global workforce increased by about 10,100 from the end of the second quarter of 2017.



June 30



2018


2017


Increase

Full-time employment


101,600


94,800


6,800

Flexible workforce


19,700


16,400


3,300

Total


121,300


111,200


10,100








Geographic summary







U.S. workforce


52,900


48,500


4,400

Non-U.S. workforce


68,400


62,700


5,700

Total


121,300


111,200


10,100

 

CONSTRUCTION INDUSTRIES



(Millions of dollars)

Segment Sales


Second
Quarter 2017


Sales
Volume


Price
Realization


Currency


Inter-
Segment


Second
Quarter 2018


$
Change


%
Change

















Total Sales

$4,959


$1,126


($68)


$149


$6


$6,172


$1,213


24%

















Sales by Geographic Region


















Second
Quarter 2018


Second
Quarter 2017


$
Change


%
Change









North America

$2,739


$2,318


$421


18%









Latin America

392


364


28


8%









EAME

1,171


964


207


21%









Asia/Pacific

1,835


1,284


551


43%









External Sales

$6,137


$4,930


$1,207


24%









Inter-segment

35


29


6


21%









Total Sales

$6,172


$4,959


$1,213


24%

























Segment Profit


Second
Quarter 2018


Second
Quarter 2017



Change


%
Change









Segment Profit

$1,154


$900


$254


28%









Segment Profit Margin

18.7%


18.1%


 0.6 pts



























Construction Industries' total sales were $6.172 billion in the second quarter of 2018, compared with $4.959 billion in the second quarter of 2017. The increase was mostly due to higher sales volume for construction equipment. Sales were also higher due to currency impacts, primarily from a stronger Chinese yuan and euro, partially offset by unfavorable price realization.

Sales increased in all regions.

  • In North America, the sales increase was mostly due to higher demand for construction equipment, primarily due to oil and gas, including pipelines, and non-residential construction activities. The sales increase was partially offset by unfavorable price realization.
  • Although construction activities remained weak in Latin America, sales were slightly higher in the region.
  • Sales increased in EAME primarily due to higher demand and the favorable impact of currency, mostly from a stronger euro. Higher demand was driven by increased construction activities across several countries in the region.
  • Sales in Asia/Pacific were higher across the region, with most of the improved demand in China stemming from increased building construction and infrastructure investment. The favorable impact of a stronger Chinese yuan also contributed to increased sales.

Construction Industries' profit was $1.154 billion in the second quarter of 2018, compared with $900 million in the second quarter of 2017. The increase in profit was a result of higher sales volume, partially offset by unfavorable price realization, higher material and freight costs, and increased SG&A/R&D expenses.

RESOURCE INDUSTRIES



(Millions of dollars)

Segment Sales


Second
Quarter 2017


Sales
Volume


Price
Realization


Currency


Inter-
Segment


Second
Quarter 2018


$
Change


%
 Change

















Total Sales

$1,836


$565


$94


$13


$18


$2,526


$690


38%

















Sales by Geographic Region


















Second
Quarter 2018


Second
Quarter 2017


$
Change


%
Change









North America

$804


$612


$192


31%









Latin America

394


299


95


32%









EAME

569


396


173


44%









Asia/Pacific

664


452


212


47%









External Sales

$2,431


$1,759


$672


38%









Inter-segment

95


77


18


23%









Total Sales

$2,526


$1,836


$690


38%

























Segment Profit


Second
Quarter 2018


Second
Quarter 2017



Change


%
Change









Segment Profit

$411


$99


$312


315%









Segment Profit Margin

16.3%


5.4%


 10.9 pts



























Resource Industries' total sales were $2.526 billion in the second quarter of 2018, an increase of $690 million from the second quarter of 2017. The increase was primarily due to higher demand for equipment across all regions. Commodity prices remained strong in the second quarter of 2018, and the company saw mining customers invest in current fleets and mine expansions, resulting in higher equipment sales. However, the company believes mining customers have not yet commenced full-scale fleet replacements. Increased mine production and higher machine utilization resulted in improved aftermarket parts sales. In addition, global economic growth contributed to stronger sales for heavy construction equipment.  Favorable price realization also contributed to increased sales.

Resource Industries' profit was $411 million in the second quarter of 2018, compared with $99 million in the second quarter of 2017. The improvement was mostly due to higher sales volume and favorable price realization. Manufacturing costs were favorable primarily due to lower warranty expense, partially offset by higher freight costs. The favorable warranty was mostly driven by the absence of a customer warranty program that occurred in the second quarter of 2017.

ENERGY & TRANSPORTATION



(Millions of dollars)

Segment Sales


Second
Quarter 2017


Sales
Volume


Price
Realization


Currency


Inter-
Segment


Second
Quarter 2018


$
Change


%
 Change

















Total Sales

$4,768


$641


$64


$68


$183


$5,724


$956


20%

















Sales by Application


















Second
Quarter 2018


Second
Quarter 2017


$
Change


%
Change









Oil and Gas

$1,467


$1,053


$414


39%









Power Generation

992


877


115


13%









Industrial

969


884


85


10%









Transportation

1,286


1,127


159


14%









External Sales

$4,714


$3,941


$773


20%









Inter-segment

1,010


827


183


22%









Total Sales

$5,724


$4,768


$956


20%

























Segment Profit


Second
Quarter 2018


Second
Quarter 2017



Change


%
Change









Segment Profit

$1,012


$694


$318


46%









Segment Profit Margin

17.7%


14.6%


 3.1 pts



























Energy & Transportation's total sales were $5.724 billion in the second quarter of 2018, compared with $4.768 billion in the second quarter of 2017. The increase was primarily due to higher sales volume across all applications. Favorable currency impacts, mostly from a stronger euro, and favorable price realization also contributed to the increase in sales.

  • Oil and Gas – Sales increased due to higher demand in North America for gas compression, well servicing and production applications. Higher energy prices and growth in U.S. onshore oil and gas drove increased sales for reciprocating engines and related aftermarket parts. Sales in North America were also positively impacted by the timing of turbine project deliveries.
  • Power Generation – Sales improved mostly due to higher demand in EAME, primarily from growth in the gas power generation market and favorable currency impacts.
  • Industrial – Sales were higher in North America and Asia/Pacific due to favorable economic conditions.
  • Transportation – Sales were higher for rail services, driven primarily by acquisitions in Asia/Pacific and EAME, and increased rail traffic in North America. Marine sales were higher in EAME primarily due to activity in the cruise sector and favorable currency.

Energy & Transportation's profit was $1.012 billion in the second quarter of 2018, compared with $694 million in the second quarter of 2017. The improvement was due to higher sales volume, favorable price realization and lower short-term incentive compensation expense. This was partially offset by higher freight costs and increased spending for targeted investments.

FINANCIAL PRODUCTS SEGMENT



(Millions of dollars)

Revenues by Geographic Region










Second
Quarter 2018


Second
Quarter 2017


$
Change


%
Change

North America

$537


$505


$32


6%

Latin America

71


79


(8)


(10%)

EAME

101


101


-


-

Asia/Pacific

120


91


29


32%

Total

$829


$776


$53


7%









Segment Profit


Second
Quarter 2018


Second
Quarter 2017



Change


%
Change

Segment Profit

$134


$191


($57)


(30%)









Financial Products' segment revenues were $829 million in the second quarter of 2018, an increase of $53 million, or 7 percent, from the second quarter of 2017. The increase was primarily due to higher average financing rates in North America and higher average earning assets in Asia/Pacific and North America, partially offset by lower intercompany lending activity in North America and lower average earning assets in Latin America.

Financial Products' segment profit was $134 million in the second quarter of 2018, compared with $191 million in the second quarter of 2017. The decrease was primarily due to an increase in the provision for credit losses at Cat Financial, partially offset by an increase in net yield on average earning assets and a favorable impact from higher average earning assets.

At the end of the second quarter of 2018, past dues at Cat Financial were 3.16 percent, compared with 2.71 percent at the end of the second quarter of 2017. Write-offs, net of recoveries, in the second quarter of 2018 were $80 million, compared with $26 million in the second quarter of 2017. The increase in write-offs, net of recoveries, was primarily driven by a small number of customers in the Cat Power Finance portfolio and recent collection experience in the Latin America portfolio.

As of June 30, 2018, Cat Financial's allowance for credit losses totaled $416 million, or 1.48 percent of finance receivables, compared with $403 million, or 1.45 percent of finance receivables at March 31, 2018. The allowance for credit losses at year-end 2017 was $365 million, or 1.33 percent of finance receivables.

Corporate Items and Eliminations

Expense for corporate items and eliminations was $471 million in the second quarter of 2018, a decrease of $123 million from the second quarter of 2017. Corporate items and eliminations include: restructuring costs; corporate-level expenses; timing differences, as some expenses are reported in segment profit on a cash basis; currency differences for ME&T, as segment profit is reported using annual fixed exchange rates; cost of sales methodology differences, as segments use a current cost methodology; and inter-segment eliminations.

The decrease in expense was primarily due to lower restructuring costs and cost of sales methodology differences. Restructuring costs were $114 million in the second quarter of 2018, compared to $169 million in the second quarter of 2017.

QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS

Q1:

Can you discuss changes in dealer inventories during the second quarter of 2018?



A:

Dealer machine and engine inventories increased about $100 million in the second quarter of 2018, compared to a decrease of about $300 million in the second quarter of 2017. During the first six months of 2018, dealer machine and engine inventories increased about $1.3 billion, compared to a decrease of about $100 million in the first six months of 2017.



Q2:

Can you discuss changes to your order backlog by segment?



A:

At the end of the second quarter of 2018, the order backlog was $17.7 billion, about flat with the first quarter of 2018. Energy & Transportation's order backlog increased, while Construction Industries' order backlog decreased. It is not uncommon for the construction order backlog to decline during the second-quarter selling season. Resource Industries' order backlog was about flat as increased order rates were about offset by increased production and sales.




Compared with the second quarter of 2017, the order backlog increased about $2.9 billion with increases across the three primary segments.



Q3:

Can you comment on expense related to your 2018 short-term incentive compensation plans and the impact on the 2018 outlook?



A:

Short-term incentive compensation expense is directly related to financial and operational performance, measured against targets set annually. Second-quarter 2018 expense was about $360 million, compared to second-quarter 2017 expense of about $415 million.




For the full year of 2018, across the current outlook range, short-term incentive compensation expense is expected to be about $1.4 billion, nearly the same as 2017.



Q4:

Can you give us an update on the quality of Cat Financial's asset portfolio? How are write-offs and past dues performing?



A:

Cat Financial's core asset portfolio continues to perform well overall. Write-offs, net of recoveries, were $80 million for the second quarter of 2018, primarily driven by a small number of customers in the Cat Power Finance portfolio and recent collection experience in the Latin America portfolio.




At the end of the second quarter of 2018, past dues at Cat Financial were 3.16 percent, mostly impacted by higher delinquencies in the Cat Power Finance and Latin America portfolios. This is below the second-quarter 10-year historical average past dues of 3.52 percent.



Q5:

First-half 2018 sales and revenues were up 27 percent. Is this significant ramp in demand impacting availability?



A:

The sharp increase in demand has led to supply chain challenges. Although the company continues to see improvements in material flows, constraints remain for some parts and components that are impacting lead times and availability.

GLOSSARY OF TERMS

1.

Adjusted Profit Per Share - Profit per share excluding restructuring costs for 2018 and 2017. For 2017, adjusted profit per share also excludes a gain on the sale of an equity investment in IronPlanet recognized in the second quarter.

2.

All Other Segments - Primarily includes activities such as: business strategy, product management and development, manufacturing of filters and fluids, undercarriage, ground engaging tools, fluid transfer products, precision seals, rubber sealing and connecting components primarily for Cat® products; parts distribution; integrated logistics solutions, distribution services responsible for dealer development and administration including a wholly owned dealer in Japan, dealer portfolio management and ensuring the most efficient and effective distribution of machines, engines and parts; digital investments for new customer and dealer solutions that integrate data analytics with state-of-the-art digital technologies while transforming the buying experience.

3.

Consolidating Adjustments - Elimination of transactions between Machinery, Energy & Transportation and Financial Products.

4.

Construction Industries - A segment primarily responsible for supporting customers using machinery in infrastructure, forestry and building construction applications. Responsibilities include business strategy, product design, product management and development, manufacturing, marketing and sales and product support. The product portfolio includes asphalt pavers, backhoe loaders, compactors, cold planers, compact track and multi-terrain loaders, mini, small, medium and large track excavators, forestry excavators, feller bunchers, harvesters, knuckleboom loaders, motor graders, pipelayers, road reclaimers, site prep tractors, skidders, skid steer loaders, telehandlers, small and medium track-type tractors, track-type loaders, utility vehicles, wheel excavators, compact, small and medium wheel loaders and related parts and work tools.

5.

Currency - With respect to sales and revenues, currency represents the translation impact on sales resulting from changes in foreign currency exchange rates versus the U.S. dollar. With respect to operating profit, currency represents the net translation impact on sales and operating costs resulting from changes in foreign currency exchange rates versus the U.S. dollar. Currency only includes the impact on sales and operating profit for the Machinery, Energy & Transportation lines of business excluding restructuring costs; currency impacts on Financial Products' revenues and operating profit are included in the Financial Products' portions of the respective analyses. With respect to other income/expense, currency represents the effects of forward and option contracts entered into by the company to reduce the risk of fluctuations in exchange rates (hedging) and the net effect of changes in foreign currency exchange rates on our foreign currency assets and liabilities for consolidated results (translation).

6.

EAME - A geographic region including Europe, Africa, the Middle East and the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS).

7.

Earning Assets - Assets consisting primarily of total finance receivables net of unearned income, plus equipment on operating leases, less accumulated depreciation at Cat Financial.

8.

Energy & Transportation - A segment primarily responsible for supporting customers using reciprocating engines, turbines, diesel-electric locomotives and related parts across industries serving Oil and Gas, Power Generation, Industrial and Transportation applications, including marine and rail-related businesses. Responsibilities include business strategy, product design, product management and development, manufacturing, marketing and sales and product support of turbine machinery and integrated systems and solutions and turbine-related services, reciprocating engine-powered generator sets, integrated systems used in the electric power generation industry, reciprocating engines and integrated systems and solutions for the marine and oil and gas industries; reciprocating engines supplied to the industrial industry as well as Cat machinery; the remanufacturing of Cat engines and components and remanufacturing services for other companies; the business strategy, product design, product management and development, manufacturing, remanufacturing, leasing and service of diesel-electric locomotives and components and other rail-related products and services and product support of on-highway vocational trucks for North America.

9.

Financial Products Segment - Provides financing alternatives to customers and dealers around the world for Caterpillar products, as well as financing for vehicles, power generation facilities and marine vessels that, in most cases, incorporate Caterpillar products. Financing plans include operating and finance leases, installment sale contracts, working capital loans and wholesale financing plans. The segment also provides insurance and risk management products and services that help customers and dealers manage their business risk. Insurance and risk management products offered include physical damage insurance, inventory protection plans, extended service coverage for machines and engines, and dealer property and casualty insurance. The various forms of financing, insurance and risk management products offered to customers and dealers help support the purchase and lease of our equipment. The segment also earns revenues from Machinery, Energy & Transportation, but the related costs are not allocated to operating segments. Financial Products segment profit is determined on a pretax basis and includes other income/expense items.

10.

Latin America - A geographic region including Central and South American countries and Mexico.

11.

Machinery, Energy & Transportation (ME&T) - Represents the aggregate total of Construction Industries, Resource Industries, Energy & Transportation, All Other Segments and related corporate items and eliminations.

12.

Machinery, Energy & Transportation Other Operating (Income) Expenses - Comprised primarily of gains/losses on disposal of long-lived assets, gains/losses on divestitures and legal settlements and accruals. Restructuring costs classified as other operating expenses on the Results of Operations are presented separately on the Operating Profit Comparison.

13.

Manufacturing Costs - Manufacturing costs exclude the impacts of currency and restructuring costs (see definition below) and represent the volume-adjusted change for variable costs and the absolute dollar change for period manufacturing costs. Variable manufacturing costs are defined as having a direct relationship with the volume of production. This includes material costs, direct labor and other costs that vary directly with production volume such as freight, power to operate machines and supplies that are consumed in the manufacturing process. Period manufacturing costs support production but are defined as generally not having a direct relationship to short-term changes in volume. Examples include machinery and equipment repair, depreciation on manufacturing assets, facility support, procurement, factory scheduling, manufacturing planning and operations management.

14.

Pension and Other Postemployment Benefit (OPEB) - The company's defined-benefit pension and postretirement benefit plans.

15.

Price Realization - The impact of net price changes excluding currency and new product introductions. Price realization includes geographic mix of sales, which is the impact of changes in the relative weighting of sales prices between geographic regions.

16.

Resource Industries - A segment primarily responsible for supporting customers using machinery in mining, quarry and aggregates, waste and material handling applications. Responsibilities include business strategy, product design, product management and development, manufacturing, marketing and sales and product support. The product portfolio includes large track-type tractors, large mining trucks, hard rock vehicles, longwall miners, electric rope shovels, draglines, hydraulic shovels, rotary drills, large wheel loaders, off-highway trucks, articulated trucks, wheel tractor scrapers, wheel dozers, landfill compactors, soil compactors, hard rock continuous mining systems, select work tools, machinery components, electronics and control systems and related parts. In addition to equipment, Resource Industries also develops and sells technology products and services to provide customers fleet management, equipment management analytics and autonomous machine capabilities. Resource Industries also manages areas that provide services to other parts of the company, including integrated manufacturing and research and development.

17.

Restructuring Costs - Primarily costs for employee separation, long-lived asset impairments and contract terminations. These costs are included in Other operating (income) expenses except for defined-benefit plan curtailment losses and special termination benefits, which are included in Other income (expense). Restructuring costs also include other exit-related costs primarily for accelerated depreciation, inventory write-downs, equipment relocation and project management costs and LIFO inventory decrement benefits from inventory liquidations at closed facilities, primarily included in Cost of goods sold.

18.

Sales Volume - With respect to sales and revenues, sales volume represents the impact of changes in the quantities sold for Machinery, Energy & Transportation as well as the incremental sales impact of new product introductions, including emissions-related product updates. With respect to operating profit, sales volume represents the impact of changes in the quantities sold for Machinery, Energy & Transportation combined with product mix as well as the net operating profit impact of new product introductions, including emissions-related product updates. Product mix represents the net operating profit impact of changes in the relative weighting of Machinery, Energy & Transportation sales with respect to total sales. The impact of sales volume on segment profit includes inter-segment sales.

NON-GAAP FINANCIAL MEASURES

The following definitions are provided for the non-GAAP financial measures used in this report. These non-GAAP financial measures have no standardized meaning prescribed by U.S. GAAP and therefore are unlikely to be comparable to the calculation of similar measures for other companies. Management does not intend these items to be considered in isolation or as a substitute for the related GAAP measures.

Adjusted Profit Per Share

The company believes it is important to separately quantify the profit impact of two special items in order for the company's results to be meaningful to readers. These items consist of restructuring costs, which are incurred in the current year to generate longer-term benefits, and a gain on sale of an equity investment in the second quarter of 2017. The company does not consider these items indicative of earnings from ongoing business activities and believes the non-GAAP measure provides investors with useful perspective on underlying business results and trends and aids with assessing the company's period-over-period results.

Reconciliations of adjusted profit per share to the most directly comparable GAAP measure, diluted profit per share, are as follows:










Second Quarter


2018 Outlook


2017


2018


Previous 1


Current 2

Profit per share

$1.35


$2.82


$9.75-$10.75


$10.50-$11.50

Per share restructuring costs3

$0.23


$0.15


$0.50


$0.50

Per share gain on sale of equity investment4

($0.09)


-


-


-

Adjusted profit per share

$1.49


$2.97


$10.25-$11.25


$11.00-$12.00



1 2018 profit per share outlook range as of April 24, 2018.

2 2018 profit per share outlook range as of July 30, 2018. 

3 At estimated annual tax rate based on full-year outlook for per share restructuring costs at statutory tax rates. 2018 at estimated annual tax rate of 24 percent. 

  Second-quarter 2017 at estimated annual tax rate of about 22 percent.

4 At U.S. statutory tax rate of 35 percent.

Machinery, Energy & Transportation

Caterpillar defines Machinery, Energy & Transportation as it is presented in the supplemental data as Caterpillar Inc. and its subsidiaries with Financial Products accounted for on the equity basis. Machinery, Energy & Transportation information relates to the design, manufacture and marketing of Caterpillar products. Financial Products' information relates to the financing to customers and dealers for the purchase and lease of Caterpillar and other equipment. The nature of these businesses is different, especially with regard to the financial position and cash flow items. Caterpillar management utilizes this presentation internally to highlight these differences. The company also believes this presentation will assist readers in understanding Caterpillar's business. Pages 19-24 reconcile Machinery, Energy & Transportation with Financial Products on the equity basis to Caterpillar Inc. consolidated financial information.

Caterpillar's latest financial results and outlook are also available via:

Telephone: 

800-228-7717 (Inside the United States and Canada)


858-764-9492 (Outside the United States and Canada)



Internet:


http://www.caterpillar.com/en/investors.html


http://www.caterpillar.com/en/investors/quarterly-results.html (live broadcast/replays of quarterly conference call)

 

Caterpillar Inc.

Condensed Consolidated Statement of Results of Operations

(Unaudited)

(Dollars in millions except per share data)




Three Months Ended


Six Months Ended



June 30,


June 30,



2018


2017


2018


2017

Sales and revenues:













Sales of Machinery, Energy & Transportation

$

13,279


$

10,639


$

25,429


$

19,769


Revenues of Financial Products


732



692



1,441



1,384


Total sales and revenues


14,011



11,331



26,870



21,153














Operating costs:













Cost of goods sold


9,422



7,816



17,988



14,617


Selling, general and administrative expenses


1,440



1,304



2,716



2,365


Research and development expenses


462



458



905



883


Interest expense of Financial Products


182



162



348



321


Other operating (income) expenses


338



407



638



1,403


Total operating costs


11,844



10,147



22,595



19,589














Operating profit


2,167



1,184



4,275



1,564















Interest expense excluding Financial Products


102



121



203



244


Other income (expense)


121



96



248



128














Consolidated profit before taxes


2,186



1,159



4,320



1,448















Provision (benefit) for income taxes


490



361



962



451


Profit of consolidated companies


1,696



798



3,358



997















Equity in profit (loss) of unconsolidated affiliated companies


9



5



14















Profit of consolidated and affiliated companies


1,705



803



3,372



997













Less: Profit (loss) attributable to noncontrolling interests


(2)



1





3













Profit 1

$

1,707


$

802


$

3,372


$

994


























Profit per common share

$

2.86


$

1.36


$

5.65


$

1.69














Profit per common share – diluted 2

$

2.82


$

1.35


$

5.56


$

1.67














Weighted-average common shares outstanding (millions)













- Basic


596.2



590.2



597.0



588.8


- Diluted2


604.2



595.4



606.1



594.4













Cash dividends declared per common share

$

1.64


$

1.55


$

1.64


$

1.55





























1

Profit attributable to common shareholders.

2

Diluted by assumed exercise of stock-based compensation awards using the treasury stock method.

 

Caterpillar Inc.

Condensed Consolidated Statement of Financial Position

(Unaudited)

(Millions of dollars)



June 30,


December 31,


2018


2017

Assets







Current assets:








Cash and short-term investments

$

8,654


$

8,261



Receivables - trade and other


7,991



7,436



Receivables - finance


8,906



8,757



Prepaid expenses and other current assets


1,835



1,772



Inventories


11,255



10,018


Total current assets


38,641



36,244









Property, plant and equipment – net


13,752



14,155


Long-term receivables - trade and other


1,084



990


Long-term receivables - finance


13,318



13,542


Noncurrent deferred and refundable income taxes


1,626



1,693


Intangible assets


2,039



2,111


Goodwill


6,249



6,200


Other assets


2,278



2,027

Total assets

$

78,987


$

76,962







Liabilities







Current liabilities:








Short-term borrowings:









-- Machinery, Energy & Transportation

$

35


$

1




-- Financial Products


6,185



4,836



Accounts payable


6,831



6,487



Accrued expenses


3,450



3,220



Accrued wages, salaries and employee benefits


1,789



2,559



Customer advances


1,378



1,426



Dividends payable


511



466



Other current liabilities


1,871



1,742



Long-term debt due within one year:









-- Machinery, Energy & Transportation


9



6




-- Financial Products


6,241



6,188


Total current liabilities


28,300



26,931











Long-term debt due after one year:









-- Machinery, Energy & Transportation


7,982



7,929




-- Financial Products


15,717



15,918


Liability for postemployment benefits


8,092



8,365


Other liabilities


3,954



4,053

Total liabilities


64,045



63,196



















Shareholders' equity







Common stock


5,746



5,593


Treasury stock


(18,028)



(17,005)


Profit employed in the business


28,657



26,301


Accumulated other comprehensive income (loss)


(1,496)



(1,192)


Noncontrolling interests


63



69

Total shareholders' equity


14,942



13,766

Total liabilities and shareholders' equity

$

78,987


$

76,962

 

Caterpillar Inc.

Condensed Consolidated Statement of Cash Flow

(Unaudited)

(Millions of dollars)



Six Months Ended


June 30,


2018


2017

Cash flow from operating activities:







Profit of consolidated and affiliated companies

$

3,372


$

997


Adjustments for non-cash items:








Depreciation and amortization


1,367



1,430



Other


446



490


Changes in assets and liabilities, net of acquisitions and divestitures:








Receivables – trade and other


(703)



(442)



Inventories


(1,208)



(688)



Accounts payable


545



1,113



Accrued expenses


(31)



251



Accrued wages, salaries and employee benefits


(768)



641



Customer advances


(54)



374



Other assets – net


174



(280)



Other liabilities – net


(57)



38

Net cash provided by (used for) operating activities


3,083



3,924

Cash flow from investing activities:







Capital expenditures – excluding equipment leased to others


(645)



(371)


Expenditures for equipment leased to others


(883)



(753)


Proceeds from disposals of leased assets and property, plant and equipment


539



563


Additions to finance receivables


(6,143)



(5,264)


Collections of finance receivables


5,405



5,508


Proceeds from sale of finance receivables


124



83


Investments and acquisitions (net of cash acquired)


(348)



(21)


Proceeds from sale of businesses and investments (net of cash sold)


12



91


Proceeds from sale of securities


168



187


Investments in securities


(318)



(207)


Other – net


21



25

Net cash provided by (used for) investing activities


(2,068)



(159)

Cash flow from financing activities:







Dividends paid


(933)



(906)


Common stock issued, including treasury shares reissued


256



83


Common shares repurchased


(1,250)



-


Proceeds from debt issued (original maturities greater than three months)


4,307



4,868


Payments on debt (original maturities greater than three months)


(4,436)



(4,228)


Short-term borrowings – net (original maturities three months or less)


1,487



(505)


Other – net


(4)



(6)

Net cash provided by (used for) financing activities


(573)



(694)

Effect of exchange rate changes on cash


(68)



13

Increase (decrease) in cash and short-term investments and restricted cash


374



3,084

Cash and short-term investments and restricted cash at beginning of period


8,320



7,199

Cash and short-term investments and restricted cash at end of period

$

8,694


$

10,283


All short-term investments, which consist primarily of highly liquid investments with original maturities of three months or less, are considered to be cash equivalents.

 

Caterpillar Inc.

Supplemental Data for Results of Operations

For the Three Months Ended June 30, 2018

(Unaudited)

(Millions of dollars)





Supplemental Consolidating Data




Machinery,






Consolidated


Energy &
Transportation 1


Financial
Products


Consolidating
Adjustments

Sales and revenues:














Sales of Machinery, Energy & Transportation

$

13,279


$

13,279


$


$



Revenues of Financial Products


732





849



(117)

2


Total sales and revenues


14,011



13,279



849



(117)
















Operating costs:














Cost of goods sold


9,422



9,422







Selling, general and administrative expenses


1,440



1,223



223



(6)

3


Research and development expenses


462



462







Interest expense of Financial Products


182





191



(9)

4


Other operating (income) expenses


338



38



306



(6)

3


Total operating costs


11,844



11,145



720



(21)
















Operating profit


2,167



2,134



129



(96)

















Interest expense excluding Financial Products


102



111





(9)

4


Other income (expense)


121



27



7



87

5















Consolidated profit before taxes


2,186



2,050



136



















Provision (benefit) for income taxes


490



457



33





Profit of consolidated companies


1,696



1,593



103



















Equity in profit (loss) of unconsolidated affiliated companies


9



9







Equity in profit of Financial Products' subsidiaries




98





(98)

6














Profit of consolidated and affiliated companies


1,705



1,700



103



(98)















Less: Profit (loss) attributable to noncontrolling interests


(2)



(7)



5

















Profit 7

$

1,707


$

1,707


$

98


$

(98)




1

Represents Caterpillar Inc. and its subsidiaries with Financial Products accounted for on the equity basis.

2

Elimination of Financial Products' revenues earned from Machinery, Energy & Transportation.

3

Elimination of net expenses recorded by Machinery, Energy & Transportation paid to Financial Products.

4

Elimination of interest expense recorded between Financial Products and Machinery, Energy & Transportation.

5

Elimination of discount recorded by Machinery, Energy & Transportation on receivables sold to Financial Products and of interest earned between Machinery, Energy & Transportation and Financial Products.

6

Elimination of Financial Products' profit due to equity method of accounting.

7

Profit attributable to common shareholders.

 

Caterpillar Inc.
Supplemental Data for Results of Operations
For the Three Months Ended June 30, 2017
(Unaudited)
(Millions of dollars)





Supplemental Consolidating Data




Machinery,






Consolidated


Energy &
Transportation 1


Financial
Products


Consolidating
Adjustments

Sales and revenues:














Sales of Machinery, Energy & Transportation

$

10,639


$

10,639


$


$



Revenues of Financial Products


692





793



(101)

2


Total sales and revenues


11,331



10,639



793



(101)
















Operating costs:














Cost of goods sold


7,816



7,816







Selling, general and administrative expenses


1,304



1,169



139



(4)

3


Research and development expenses


458



458







Interest expense of Financial Products


162





167



(5)

4


Other operating (income) expenses


407



111



301



(5)

3


Total operating costs


10,147



9,554



607



(14)
















Operating profit


1,184



1,085



186



(87)

















Interest expense excluding Financial Products


121



146





(25)

4


Other income (expense)


96



32



2



62

5















Consolidated profit before taxes


1,159



971



188



















Provision (benefit) for income taxes


361



303



58





Profit of consolidated companies


798



668



130



















Equity in profit (loss) of unconsolidated affiliated companies


5



5







Equity in profit of Financial Products' subsidiaries




129





(129)

6














Profit of consolidated and affiliated companies


803



802



130



(129)















Less: Profit (loss) attributable to noncontrolling interests


1





1

















Profit 7

$

802


$

802


$

129


$

(129)



1

Represents Caterpillar Inc. and its subsidiaries with Financial Products accounted for on the equity basis.

2

Elimination of Financial Products' revenues earned from Machinery, Energy & Transportation.

3

Elimination of net expenses recorded by Machinery, Energy & Transportation paid to Financial Products.

4

Elimination of interest expense recorded between Financial Products and Machinery, Energy & Transportation.

5

Elimination of discount recorded by Machinery, Energy & Transportation on receivables sold to Financial Products and of interest earned between Machinery, Energy & Transportation and Financial Products.

6

Elimination of Financial Products' profit due to equity method of accounting.

7

Profit attributable to common shareholders.

 

Caterpillar Inc.

Supplemental Data for Results of Operations

For the Six Months Ended June 30, 2018

(Unaudited)

(Millions of dollars)






Supplemental Consolidating Data





Machinery,







Consolidated


Energy &
Transportation 1


Financial
Products


Consolidating
Adjustments

Sales and revenues:














Sales of Machinery, Energy & Transportation

$

25,429


$

25,429


$


$



Revenues of Financial Products


1,441





1,660



(219)

2


Total sales and revenues


26,870



25,429



1,660



(219)
















Operating costs:














Cost of goods sold


17,988



17,988







Selling, general and administrative expenses


2,716



2,310



412



(6)

3


Research and development expenses


905



905







Interest expense of Financial Products


348





364



(16)

4


Other operating (income) expenses


638



37



616



(15)

3


Total operating costs


22,595



21,240



1,392



(37)
















Operating profit


4,275



4,189



268



(182)

















Interest expense excluding Financial Products


203



223





(20)

4


Other income (expense)


248



81



5



162

5















Consolidated profit before taxes


4,320



4,047



273



















Provision (benefit) for income taxes


962



898



64





Profit of consolidated companies


3,358



3,149



209



















Equity in profit (loss) of unconsolidated affiliated companies


14



14







Equity in profit of Financial Products' subsidiaries




200





(200)

6














Profit of consolidated and affiliated companies


3,372



3,363



209



(200)















Less: Profit (loss) attributable to noncontrolling interests




(9)



9

















Profit 7

$

3,372


$

3,372


$

200


$

(200)




1

Represents Caterpillar Inc. and its subsidiaries with Financial Products accounted for on the equity basis.

2

Elimination of Financial Products' revenues earned from Machinery, Energy & Transportation.

3

Elimination of net expenses recorded by Machinery, Energy & Transportation paid to Financial Products.

4

Elimination of interest expense recorded between Financial Products and Machinery, Energy & Transportation.

5

Elimination of discount recorded by Machinery, Energy & Transportation on receivables sold to Financial Products and of interest earned between Machinery, Energy & Transportation and Financial Products.

6

Elimination of Financial Products' profit due to equity method of accounting.

7

Profit attributable to common shareholders.

 

Caterpillar Inc.

Supplemental Data for Results of Operations

For the Six Months Ended June 30, 2017

(Unaudited)

(Millions of dollars)





Supplemental Consolidating Data




Machinery,






Consolidated


Energy &
Transportation 1


Financial
Products


Consolidating
Adjustments

Sales and revenues:














Sales of Machinery, Energy & Transportation

$

19,769


$

19,769


$


$



Revenues of Financial Products


1,384





1,570



(186)

2


Total sales and revenues


21,153



19,769



1,570



(186)
















Operating costs:














Cost of goods sold


14,617



14,617







Selling, general and administrative expenses


2,365



2,109



265



(9)

3


Research and development expenses


883



883







Interest expense of Financial Products


321





330



(9)

4


Other operating (income) expenses


1,403



810



603



(10)

3


Total operating costs


19,589



18,419



1,198



(28)
















Operating profit


1,564



1,350



372



(158)

















Interest expense excluding Financial Products


244



290





(46)

4


Other income (expense)


128



16





112

5















Consolidated profit before taxes


1,448



1,076



372



















Provision (benefit) for income taxes


451



337



114





Profit of consolidated companies


997



739



258



















Equity in profit (loss) of unconsolidated affiliated companies










Equity in profit of Financial Products' subsidiaries




255





(255)

6














Profit of consolidated and affiliated companies


997



994



258



(255)















Less: Profit (loss) attributable to noncontrolling interests


3





3

















Profit 7

$

994


$

994


$

255


$

(255)



1

Represents Caterpillar Inc. and its subsidiaries with Financial Products accounted for on the equity basis.

2

Elimination of Financial Products' revenues earned from Machinery, Energy & Transportation.

3

Elimination of net expenses recorded by Machinery, Energy & Transportation paid to Financial Products.

4

Elimination of interest expense recorded between Financial Products and Machinery, Energy & Transportation.

5

Elimination of discount recorded by Machinery, Energy & Transportation on receivables sold to Financial Products and of interest earned between Machinery, Energy & Transportation and Financial Products.

6

Elimination of Financial Products' profit due to equity method of accounting.

7

Profit attributable to common shareholders.

 

Caterpillar Inc.

Supplemental Data for Cash Flow

For the Six Months Ended June 30, 2018

(Unaudited)

(Millions of dollars)





Supplemental Consolidating Data




Machinery,






Consolidated


Energy &
Transportation 1


Financial
Products


Consolidating
Adjustments

Cash flow from operating activities:














Profit of consolidated and affiliated companies

$

3,372


$

3,363


$

209


$

(200)

2


Adjustments for non-cash items:















Depreciation and amortization


1,367



933



434






Undistributed profit of Financial Products




(200)





200

3



Other


446



197



61



188

4


Changes in assets and liabilities, net of acquisitions and divestitures:















Receivables – trade and other


(703)



136



(74)



(765)

4,5



Inventories


(1,208)



(1,186)





(22)

4



Accounts payable


545



570



(56)



31

4



Accrued expenses


(31)



(40)



9






Accrued wages, salaries and employee benefits


(768)



(745)



(23)






Customer advances


(54)



(54)








Other assets – net


174



176



(10)



8

4



Other liabilities – net


(57)



(118)



69



(8)

4

Net cash provided by (used for) operating activities


3,083



3,032



619



(568)


Cash flow from investing activities:














Capital expenditures – excluding equipment leased to others


(645)



(550)



(95)





Expenditures for equipment leased to others


(883)



(4)



(919)



40

4


Proceeds from disposals of leased assets and property, plant and equipment


539



93



461



(15)

4


Additions to finance receivables


(6,143)





(6,823)



680

5,7


Collections of finance receivables


5,405





6,144



(739)

5


Net intercompany purchased receivables






(608)



608

5


Proceeds from sale of finance receivables


124





124





Net intercompany borrowings




112