Market Overview

Taubman Centers, Inc. Issues Solid Second Quarter Results

Share:
  • Net Income and Earnings Per Diluted Common Share (EPS) Up
  • Comparable Center Net Operating Income (NOI), Excluding Lease
    Cancellation Income, Up 3.5 Percent for the Quarter, Up 4.1 percent
    Year-to-Date
  • Mall Tenant Sales Per Square Foot Up 6 Percent for the Quarter,
    Eighth Consecutive Quarter of Positive Sales Growth
  • Year-to-date Mall Tenant Sales Per Square Foot Up 9.1 Percent
  • Next Taubman Asia Development in South Korea Announced
  • 2018 NOI Guidance Increased
  • 2018 EPS, Funds from Operations (FFO) and Adjusted FFO Guidance
    Revised

Taubman Centers, Inc. (NYSE:TCO) today reported financial results for
the second quarter of 2018.

                 
  June 30, 2018   June 30, 2017   June 30, 2018   June 30, 2017
Three Months Three Months Six Months Six Months
   

Ended (1)

 

Ended (2)

 

Ended (1)

 

Ended (2)

Net income attributable to common
shareowners, diluted (in thousands) $15,324 $13,505 $33,943 $30,720
Growth rate  

13.5%

     

10.5%

   
Net income attributable to common

shareowners (EPS) per diluted common share

$0.25

$0.22

$0.55

$0.50

Growth rate  

13.6%

     

10.0%

   
Funds from Operations (FFO) per diluted
common share $0.92 $0.86 $1.80 $1.71
Growth rate  

7.0%

     

5.3%

   
Adjusted Funds from Operations (Adjusted
FFO) per diluted common share $0.87 $0.92 $1.91 $1.85
Growth rate  

(5.4)%

     

3.2%

   
(1) Primary exclusions to Adjusted FFO for the three and six month
periods ended June 30, 2018 were costs associated with shareowner
activism and the fluctuation in the fair value of the Simon Property
Group (SPG) common shares investment (due to the adoption of new
accounting related to investments in securities this year).

(2) Primary exclusions to Adjusted FFO for the three and six month
periods ended June 30, 2017 were a restructuring charge and costs
associated with shareowner activism.

 

"We're pleased with this quarter's results," said Robert S. Taubman,
chairman, president and chief executive officer of Taubman Centers. "Our
business benefitted from increased rents and expense savings."

The company received significant lease cancellation income in the second
quarter of 2017, impacting the comparability of the year-over-year
second quarter Adjusted FFO results.

For the quarter, comparable center NOI, excluding lease cancellation
income, was up 3.5 percent, bringing year-to-date growth to 4.1 percent.
Including such income, comparable center NOI was up 1.7 percent,
bringing year-to-date growth to 5.4 percent.

"Comparable center NOI growth exceeded our expectations again this
quarter. The newest centers in our comp pool – International Market
Place in Hawaii, CityOn.Xi'an in China, and Starfield Hanam in South
Korea – produced especially strong growth. We also benefitted from
higher overage rents, a result of strong tenant sales in the quarter,
and greater net recoveries. As a result, we are increasing our NOI
guidance for the full year," said Mr. Taubman.

Operating Statistics

Comparable center tenant sales per square foot increased 6 percent from
the second quarter of 2017. This brings the company's 12-month trailing
sales per square foot to $807, an increase of 5.6 percent from the
12-months ended June 30, 2017. Year-to-date, tenant sales per square
foot were up 9.1 percent.

Tenant sales per square foot in the company's U.S. comparable centers
were up 5.1 percent in the quarter, bringing 12-month trailing U.S.
sales per square foot to $845, an increase of 5.2 percent from the
12-months ended June 30, 2017. Year-to-date, U.S. sales per square foot
were up 8.2 percent.

"We were encouraged to see strong growth in tenant sales once again this
quarter," said Mr. Taubman. "Our newest comp centers and our
tourist-oriented centers performed particularly well."

Average rent per square foot for the quarter was $57.90, up 3.6 percent
from $55.92 in the comparable period last year. Year-to-date, average
rent per square foot was up 3.8 percent.

Trailing 12-month releasing spread per square foot for the period ended
June 30, 2018 was 2.3 percent. The spread continues to be impacted by a
small number of spaces that have an average lease term of less than
two-and-a-half years. Without these leases, the spread was 9 percent.

Ending occupancy in comparable centers was 92.2 percent on June 30,
2018, down 1.1 percent from June 30, 2017. The company continues to
expect occupancy at year-end to be approximately 95 percent.

Leased space in comparable centers was 94.9 percent on June 30, 2018,
down 0.7 percent from June 30, 2017.

Fourth Taubman Asia Investment

In June, the company made an initial investment in a joint venture with
Shinsegae Group to build, lease and manage a 1.1 million square foot
shopping mall in Anseong, Gyeonggi Province, South Korea, a high growth
city in the Greater Seoul Metropolitan Area. The total project cost is
expected to be between $570 and $600 million. Taubman's total investment
is expected to be between $140 and $150 million, representing a 24.5
percent interest in the center (although the company currently owns and
is funding 49% of the project until an additional capital partner is
admitted). Shinsegae owns 51 percent of the project, and an
institutional investor is expected to own the other 24.5 percent.
Starfield Anseong will be anchored by E-Mart Traders, PK Supermarket,
ElectroMart, Sports Monster, an upscale cinema and several of
Shinsegae's successful entertainment concepts including Aquafield and
Toy Kingdom. The center is expected to open in late 2020. The company's
unlevered after-tax return at stabilization is expected to be 6.25 to
6.75 percent before performance-related fee income from the anticipated
capital partner.

Financing Activity

In April, Fair Oaks Mall (Fairfax, Va.), the company's 50 percent
owned joint venture, completed a $260 million, five-year, non-recourse
financing. The loan bears interest at a fixed rate of 5.32 percent.
Proceeds were used to pay off the previous $259 million loan.

2018 Guidance

The company is updating several guidance measures for 2018.

EPS is now expected to be in the range of $1.11 to $1.26 per diluted
common share, revised from the previous range of $0.99 to $1.23.

FFO, which includes $0.11 per diluted common share of year-to-date
adjustments, is now expected to be in the range of $3.63 to $3.73 per
diluted common share, revised from the previous range of $3.56 to $3.70.

Adjusted FFO, which excludes the $0.11 per diluted common share of
year-to-date adjustments, is expected to be in the range of $3.74 to
$3.84 per diluted common share, revised from the previous range of $3.72
to $3.86.

The company is increasing its comparable center NOI growth guidance. It
is now expected to be 3 to 4 percent for the year, up from the previous
range of 2 to 3 percent.

The company's share of consolidated and unconsolidated interest expense
is now expected to be $189 to $192 million, up from the previous range
of $185 to $190 million. Capitalized interest is now expected to be
lower, resulting in greater interest expense for the year.

The company's other guidance assumptions are unchanged. The company's
guidance does not reflect any future costs related to shareowner
activism or fluctuation in the fair value of the SPG common shares it
owns.

Supplemental Investor Information Available

The company provides supplemental investor information along with its
earnings announcements, available online at www.taubman.com
under "Investors." This includes the following:

  • Earnings Press Release
  • Company Overview
  • Operational Statistics
  • Summary of Key Guidance Measures
  • Income Statements
  • Changes in Funds from Operations and Earnings Per Common Share
  • Balance Sheets
  • Debt Summary
  • Capital Spending and Certain Balance Sheet Information
  • Owned Centers
  • Redevelopments & New Developments
  • Anchors & Major Tenants in Owned Portfolio
  • Components of Other Income, Other Operating Expense, and Nonoperating
    Income, Net
  • Earnings Reconciliations
  • Operating Statistics Glossary

Investor Conference Call

The company will host a conference call at 11:00 a.m. EDT on Tuesday,
July 31 to discuss these results, business conditions and the company's
outlook for the remainder of 2018. The conference call will be simulcast
at www.taubman.com.
An online replay will follow shortly after the call and continue for
approximately 90 days.

About Taubman

Taubman Centers is an S&P MidCap 400 Real Estate Investment Trust
engaged in the ownership, management and/or leasing of 26 regional,
super-regional and outlet shopping centers in the U.S. and Asia.
Taubman's U.S.-owned properties are the most productive in the publicly
held U.S. regional mall industry. Founded in 1950, Taubman is
headquartered in Bloomfield Hills, Mich. Taubman Asia, founded in 2005,
is headquartered in Hong Kong. www.taubman.com.

For ease of use, references in this press release to "Taubman
Centers," "company," "Taubman" or an operating platform mean Taubman
Centers, Inc. and/or one or more of a number of separate, affiliated
entities. Business is actually conducted by an affiliated entity rather
than Taubman Centers, Inc. itself or the named operating platform.

This press release may contain forward-looking statements within the
meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, and
Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended. These
statements reflect management's current views with respect to future
events and financial performance. Forward-looking statements can be
identified by words such as "will", "may", "could", "expect",
"anticipate", "believes", "intends", "should", "plans", "estimates",
"approximate", "guidance" and similar expressions in this press release
that predict or indicate future events and trends and that do not report
historical matters. The forward-looking statements included in this
release are made as of the date hereof. Except as required by law, the
company assumes no obligation to update these forward-looking
statements, even if new information becomes available in the future.
Actual results may differ materially from those expected because of
various risks, uncertainties and other factors. Such factors include,
but are not limited to: changes in market rental rates; unscheduled
closings or bankruptcies of tenants; relationships with anchor tenants;
trends in the retail industry; challenges with department stores;
changes in consumer shopping behavior; the liquidity of real estate
investments; the company's ability to comply with debt covenants; the
availability and terms of financings; changes in market rates of
interest and foreign exchange rates for foreign currencies; changes in
value of investments in foreign entities; the ability to hedge interest
rate and currency risk; risks related to acquiring, developing,
expanding, leasing and managing properties; competitors gaining
economies of scale through M&A and consolidation activity; changes in
value of investments in foreign entities; risks related to joint venture
properties; insurance costs and coverage; security breaches that could
impact the company's information technology, infrastructure or personal
data; costs associated with response to technology breaches; the loss of
key management personnel; shareholder activism costs and related
diversion of management time; terrorist activities; maintaining the
company's status as a real estate investment trust; changes in the laws
of states, localities, and foreign jurisdictions that may increase taxes
on the company's operations; and changes in global, national, regional
and/or local economic and geopolitical climates. You should review the
company's filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission, including
"Risk Factors" in its most recent Annual Report on Form 10-K and
subsequent quarterly reports, for a discussion of such risks and
uncertainties.

 
 
TAUBMAN CENTERS, INC.
Table 1 - Income Statement
For the Three Months Ended June 30, 2018 and 2017
(in thousands of dollars)          
2018 2017
CONSOLIDATED UNCONSOLIDATED CONSOLIDATED UNCONSOLIDATED
BUSINESSES   JOINT VENTURES (1) BUSINESSES   JOINT VENTURES (1)
REVENUES:
Minimum rents 87,580 87,734 86,787 84,957
Overage rents 1,565 5,789 1,179 5,215
Expense recoveries 50,553 43,526 49,413 43,692
Management, leasing, and development services 826 1,375
Other 12,245   6,742   15,922   8,349  
Total revenues 152,769 143,791 154,676 142,213
 
EXPENSES (2):
Maintenance, taxes, utilities, and promotion 38,085 43,757 39,519 41,795
Other operating 21,034 5,125 22,098 6,591
Management, leasing, and development services 408 595
General and administrative 8,522 9,416
Restructuring charge (77 ) 416
Costs associated with shareowner activism 5,000 5,000
Interest expense 33,023 33,650 26,746 34,721
Depreciation and amortization 42,996   33,949   39,442   34,146  
Total expenses 148,991 116,481 143,232 117,253
 
Nonoperating income, net (3) 12,301   581   3,074   360  
16,079 27,891 14,518 25,320
Income tax expense (28 ) (1,527 ) (113 ) (1,220 )
26,364   24,100  
Equity in income of Unconsolidated Joint Ventures 14,042   13,258  
Net income 30,093 27,663
Net income attributable to noncontrolling interests:
Noncontrolling share of income of consolidated joint ventures (1,480 ) (1,605 )
Noncontrolling share of income of TRG (6,922 ) (6,214 )
Distributions to participating securities of TRG (599 ) (576 )
Preferred stock dividends (5,785 ) (5,785 )
Net income attributable to Taubman Centers, Inc. common shareowners 15,307   13,483  
 
SUPPLEMENTAL INFORMATION:
EBITDA - 100% 92,098 95,490 80,706 94,187
EBITDA - outside partners' share (6,258 ) (46,206 ) (6,456 ) (45,041 )
Beneficial interest in EBITDA 85,840 49,284 74,250 49,146
Beneficial interest expense (29,995 ) (17,263 ) (23,749 ) (17,849 )
Beneficial income tax expense - TRG and TCO 5 (654 ) (70 ) (518 )
Beneficial income tax expense - TCO 2
Non-real estate depreciation (1,128 ) (745 )
Preferred dividends and distributions (5,785 )   (5,785 )  
Funds from Operations attributable to partnership unitholders and
participating securities of TRG
48,937   31,367   43,903   30,779  
 
STRAIGHTLINE AND PURCHASE ACCOUNTING ADJUSTMENTS:
Net straight-line adjustments to rental revenue, recoveries, and
ground rent expense at TRG%
699 441 483 246
Country Club Plaza purchase accounting adjustments - minimum rents
increase at TRG%
(100 ) 2
The Mall at Green Hills purchase accounting adjustments - minimum
rents increase
27 33
 
(1) With the exception of the Supplemental Information, amounts
include 100% of the Unconsolidated Joint Ventures. Amounts are net
of intercompany transactions. The Unconsolidated Joint Ventures are
presented at 100% in order to allow for measurement of their
performance as a whole, without regard to the Company's ownership
interest.
(2) Certain expenses of Starfield Hanam, which were previously
classified in "Other operating" expense, are now included in
"Maintenance, taxes, utilities and promotion" expense. Amounts for
2017 have been reclassified to conform to the 2018 classification.
(3) During the three months ended June 30, 2018, a gain of $9.3
million was recognized for the fluctuation in the fair value of the
SPG common shares investment. In connection with the adoption of
Accounting Standards Update No. 2016-01 on January 1, 2018, the
Company now measures its investment in SPG common shares at fair
value with changes in value recorded through net income.
 
 
TAUBMAN CENTERS, INC.
Table 2 - Income Statement
For the Six Months Ended June 30, 2018 and 2017
(in thousands of dollars)      
    2018 2017
CONSOLIDATED UNCONSOLIDATED CONSOLIDATED UNCONSOLIDATED
BUSINESSES  

JOINT VENTURES (1)

BUSINESSES  

JOINT VENTURES (1)

REVENUES:
Minimum rents 174,405 179,775 171,090 168,482
Overage rents 4,190 11,670 3,754 10,277
Expense recoveries 102,081 89,396 102,425 89,440
Management, leasing, and development services 1,620 2,292
Other 31,965   18,238   24,198   14,614  
Total revenues 314,261 299,079 303,759 282,813
 
EXPENSES (2):
Maintenance, taxes, utilities, and promotion 75,722 84,135 79,230 79,976
Other operating 44,900 15,111 41,417 13,527
Management, leasing, and development services 710 1,174
General and administrative 17,015 20,167
Restructuring charge (423 ) 2,312
Costs associated with shareowner activism 8,500 8,500
Interest expense 63,846 66,117 52,292 65,090
Depreciation and amortization 78,018   67,418   77,153   64,654  
Total expenses 288,288 232,781 282,245 223,247
 
Nonoperating income, net (3) 5,158   928   5,853   2,211  
31,131 67,226 27,367 61,777
Income tax expense (212 ) (3,264 ) (321 ) (4,163 )
63,962 57,614
Gain on disposition, net of tax (4)   3,713  
63,962   61,327  
Equity in income of Unconsolidated Joint Ventures 33,770   33,376  
Net income 64,689 60,422
Net income attributable to noncontrolling interests:
Noncontrolling share of income of consolidated joint ventures (2,824 ) (3,049 )
Noncontrolling share of income of TRG (15,201 ) (14,004 )
Distributions to participating securities of TRG (1,198 ) (1,147 )
Preferred stock dividends (11,569 ) (11,569 )
Net income attributable to Taubman Centers, Inc. common shareowners 33,897   30,653  
 
SUPPLEMENTAL INFORMATION:
EBITDA - 100% 172,995 200,761 156,812 195,965
EBITDA - outside partners' share (12,515 ) (97,233 ) (12,702 ) (92,904 )
Beneficial interest in EBITDA 160,480 103,528 144,110 103,061
Beneficial share of gain on disposition (3) (2,814 )
Beneficial interest expense (57,807 ) (34,014 ) (46,320 ) (33,630 )
Beneficial income tax expense - TRG and TCO (129 ) (1,364 ) (247 ) (2,151 )
Beneficial income tax expense - TCO 3 102
Non-real estate depreciation (2,264 ) (1,434 )
Preferred dividends and distributions (11,569 )   (11,569 )  
Funds from Operations attributable to partnership unitholders and
participating securities of TRG
88,714   68,150   84,642   64,466  
 
STRAIGHTLINE AND PURCHASE ACCOUNTING ADJUSTMENTS:
Net straight-line adjustments to rental revenue, recoveries, and
ground rent expense at TRG%
1,355 1,152 435 647
Country Club Plaza purchase accounting adjustments - minimum rents
increase at TRG%
1,387 54
The Mall at Green Hills purchase accounting adjustments - minimum
rents increase
58 82
 
(1) With the exception of the Supplemental Information, amounts
include 100% of the Unconsolidated Joint Ventures. Amounts are net
of intercompany transactions. The Unconsolidated Joint Ventures are
presented at 100% in order to allow for measurement of their
performance as a whole, without regard to the Company's ownership
interest.
(2) Certain expenses of Starfield Hanam, which were previously
classified in "Other operating" expense, are now included in
"Maintenance, taxes, utilities and promotion" expense. Amounts for
2017 have been reclassified to conform to the 2018 classification.
(3) During the six months ended June 30, 2018, an expense of $0.9
million was incurred for the fluctuation in the fair value of the
SPG common shares investment. In connection with the adoption of
Accounting Standards Update No. 2016-01 on January 1, 2018, the
Company now measures its investment in SPG common shares at fair
value with changes in value recorded through net income.
(4) During the six months ended June 30, 2017, the joint venture
that owns the Valencia Place office tower at Country Club Plaza
recognized a $4.4 million gain ($2.8 million at TRG's share) and
$0.7 million of income tax expense ($0.7 million at TRG's share) in
connection with the sale of the office tower.
 
 

TAUBMAN CENTERS, INC.

Use of Non-GAAP Financial Measures

The Company uses certain non-GAAP operating measures, including EBITDA,
beneficial interest in EBITDA, Net Operating Income, and Funds from
Operations. These measures are reconciled to the most comparable GAAP
measures. Additional information as to the use of these measures are as
follows.

EBITDA represents earnings before interest, income taxes, and
depreciation and amortization of the Operating Partnership's
consolidated and unconsolidated businesses. Beneficial interest in
EBITDA represents the Operating Partnership's share of the earnings
before interest, income taxes, and depreciation and amortization of its
consolidated and unconsolidated businesses. The Company believes EBITDA
and beneficial interest in EBITDA provide useful indicators of operating
performance, as it is customary in the real estate and shopping center
business to evaluate the performance of properties on a basis unaffected
by capital structure.

The Company uses Net Operating Income (NOI) as an alternative measure to
evaluate the operating performance of centers, both on individual and
stabilized portfolio bases, and in formulating corporate goals and
compensation. The Company defines NOI as property-level operating
revenues (includes rental income excluding straight-line adjustments of
minimum rent) less maintenance, property taxes, utilities, promotion,
ground rent (including straight-line adjustments), and other property
operating expenses. Since NOI excludes general and administrative
expenses, pre-development charges, interest income and expense,
depreciation and amortization, impairment charges, restructuring
charges, and gains from peripheral land and property dispositions, it
provides a performance measure that, when compared period over period,
reflects the revenues and expenses most directly associated with owning
and operating rental properties, as well as the impact on their
operations from trends in tenant sales, occupancy and rental rates, and
operating costs. The Company also uses NOI excluding lease cancellation
income as an alternative measure because this income may vary
significantly from period to period, which can affect comparability and
trend analysis. The Company generally provides separate projections for
expected comparable center NOI growth and lease cancellation income.
Comparable centers are generally defined as centers that were owned and
open for the entire current and preceding period presented, excluding
centers impacted by significant redevelopment activity. In addition, The
Mall of San Juan has been excluded from "comparable center" statistics
as a result of Hurricane Maria and the expectation that the center's
performance will be impacted for the foreseeable future.

The National Association of Real Estate Investment Trusts (NAREIT)
defines Funds from Operations (FFO) as net income (computed in
accordance with Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (GAAP)),
excluding gains (or losses) from extraordinary items and sales of
properties and impairment writedowns of depreciable real estate, plus
real estate related depreciation and after adjustments for
unconsolidated partnerships and joint ventures. The Company believes
that FFO is a useful supplemental measure of operating performance for
REITs. Historical cost accounting for real estate assets implicitly
assumes that the value of real estate assets diminishes predictably over
time. Since real estate values instead have historically risen or fallen
with market conditions, the Company and most industry investors and
analysts have considered presentations of operating results that exclude
historical cost depreciation to be useful in evaluating the operating
performance of REITs. The Company primarily uses FFO in measuring
performance and in formulating corporate goals and compensation.

The Company may also present adjusted versions of NOI, beneficial
interest in EBITDA, and FFO when used by management to evaluate
operating performance when certain significant items have impacted
results that affect comparability with prior or future periods due to
the nature or amounts of these items. The Company believes the
disclosure of the adjusted items is similarly useful to investors and
others to understand management's view on comparability of such measures
between periods. For the three and six months ended June 30, 2018, FFO
and EBITDA were adjusted to exclude a reduction of a previously expensed
restructuring charge, costs incurred associated with shareowner
activism, and the fluctuation in the fair value of the SPG common shares
investment. For the six months ended June 30, 2018, FFO was also
adjusted for a charge recognized in connection with the write-off of
deferred financing costs related to the early payoff of our $475 million
unsecured term loan. For the three and six months ended June 30, 2017,
FFO and EBITDA were adjusted to exclude a restructuring charge and costs
incurred associated with shareowner activism. For the six months ended
June 30, 2017, FFO was also adjusted for a charge recognized in
connection with the partial write-off of deferred financing costs
related to an amendment of our primary unsecured revolving line of
credit in February 2017. For the six months ended June 30, 2017, EBITDA
was also adjusted to exclude a gain recognized in connection with the
sale of the Valencia Place office tower at Country Club Plaza.

These non-GAAP measures as presented by the Company are not necessarily
comparable to similarly titled measures used by other REITs due to the
fact that not all REITs use the same definitions. These measures should
not be considered alternatives to net income or as an indicator of the
Company's operating performance. Additionally, these measures do not
represent cash flows from operating, investing, or financing activities
as defined by GAAP.

The Company provides its beneficial interest in certain financial
information of its Unconsolidated Joint Ventures. This beneficial
information is derived as the Company's ownership interest in the
investee multiplied by the specific financial statement item being
presented. Investors are cautioned that deriving the Company's
beneficial interest in this manner may not accurately depict the legal
and economic implications of holding a non-controlling interest in the
investee.

 
 
TAUBMAN CENTERS, INC.
Table 3 - Reconciliation of Net Income Attributable to Taubman
Centers, Inc. Common Shareowners to Funds From Operations and
Adjusted Funds From Operations
For the Three Months Ended June 30, 2018 and 2017
(in thousands of dollars except as noted; may not add or
recalculate due to rounding)
             
2018 2017
Shares Per Share Shares Per Share
Dollars /Units /Unit Dollars /Units /Unit
Net income attributable to TCO common shareowners - basic 15,307 60,992,200 0.25 13,483 60,694,727 0.22
Add impact of share-based compensation 17   240,333     22   306,861    
Net income attributable to TCO common shareowners - diluted 15,324 61,232,533 0.25 13,505 61,001,588 0.22
Add depreciation of TCO's additional basis 1,617 0.03 1,617 0.03
Add TCO's additional income tax expense     0.00   2     0.00  
Net income attributable to TCO common shareowners,

excluding step-up depreciation and additional income tax expense

16,941 61,232,533 0.28 15,124 61,001,588 0.25
Add noncontrolling share of income of TRG 6,922 24,951,981 6,214 24,970,351
Add distributions to participating securities of TRG 599   871,262     576   871,262    
Net income attributable to partnership unitholders

and participating securities of TRG

24,462 87,055,776 0.28 21,914 86,843,201 0.25
Add (less) depreciation and amortization:
Consolidated businesses at 100% 42,996 0.49 39,442 0.45
Depreciation of TCO's additional basis (1,617 ) (0.02 ) (1,617 ) (0.02 )
Noncontrolling partners in consolidated joint ventures (1,717 ) (0.02 ) (1,811 ) (0.02 )
Share of Unconsolidated Joint Ventures 17,325 0.20 17,521 0.20
Non-real estate depreciation (1,128 ) (0.01 ) (745 ) (0.01 )
Less impact of share-based compensation (17 )   (0.00 ) (22 )   (0.00 )
Funds from Operations attributable to partnership unitholders

and participating securities of TRG

80,304 87,055,776 0.92 74,682 86,843,201 0.86
TCO's average ownership percentage of TRG - basic (1) 71.0 % 70.9 %
Funds from Operations attributable to TCO's common shareowners,

excluding additional income tax expense (1)

56,990 0.92 52,913 0.86
Less TCO's additional income tax expense   0.00   (2 ) (0.00 )
Funds from Operations attributable to TCO's common shareowners (1) 56,990   0.92   52,911   0.86  
 
 
Funds from Operations attributable to partnership unitholders

and participating securities of TRG

80,304 87,055,776 0.92 74,682 86,843,201 0.86
Restructuring charge (77 ) (0.00 ) 416 0.00
Costs associated with shareowner activism 5,000 0.06 5,000 0.06
Fluctuation in fair value of SPG common shares investment (9,348 )   (0.11 )      
Adjusted Funds from Operations attributable to partnership
unitholders

and participating securities of TRG

75,879 87,055,776 0.87 80,098 86,843,201 0.92
TCO's average ownership percentage of TRG - basic (2) 71.0 %   70.9 %  
Adjusted Funds from Operations attributable to TCO's common
shareowners (2)
53,849   0.87   56,750   0.92  
 
(1) For the three months ended June 30, 2018, Funds from Operations
attributable to TCO's common shareowners was $56,262 using TCO's
diluted average ownership percentage of TRG of 70.1%. For the three
months ended June 30, 2017, Funds from Operations attributable to
TCO's common shareowners was $52,193 using TCO's diluted average
ownership percentage of TRG of 69.9%.
(2) For the three months ended June 30, 2018, Adjusted Funds from
Operations attributable to TCO's common shareowners was $53,162
using TCO's diluted average ownership percentage of TRG of 70.1%.
For the three months ended June 30, 2017, Adjusted Funds from
Operations attributable to TCO's common shareowners was $55,981
using TCO's diluted average ownership percentage of TRG of 69.9%.
 
 
TAUBMAN CENTERS, INC.
Table 4 - Reconciliation of Net Income Attributable to Taubman
Centers, Inc. Common Shareowners to Funds from Operations and
Adjusted Funds from Operations
For the Six Months Ended June 30, 2018 and 2017
(in thousands of dollars except as noted; may not add or
recalculate due to rounding)
             
2018 2017
Shares Per Share Shares Per Share
Dollars /Units /Unit Dollars /Units /Unit
Net income attributable to TCO common shareowners - basic 33,897 60,954,924 0.56 30,653 60,625,481 0.51
Add impact of share-based compensation 46   264,738     67   402,760    
Net income attributable to TCO common shareowners - diluted 33,943 61,219,662 0.55 30,720 61,028,241 0.50
Add depreciation of TCO's additional basis 3,234 0.05 3,234 0.05
Add TCO's additional income tax expense 3     0.00   102     0.00  
Net income attributable to TCO common shareowners,

excluding step-up depreciation and additional income tax expense

37,180 61,219,662 0.60 34,056 61,028,241 0.56
Add noncontrolling share of income of TRG 15,201 24,953,313 14,004 24,974,128
Add distributions to participating securities of TRG 1,198   871,262     1,147   871,262    
Net income attributable to partnership unitholders

and participating securities of TRG

53,579 87,044,237 0.60 49,207 86,873,631 0.57
Add (less) depreciation and amortization:
Consolidated businesses at 100% 78,018 0.90 77,153 0.89
Depreciation of TCO's additional basis (3,234 ) (0.04 ) (3,234 ) (0.04 )
Noncontrolling partners in consolidated joint ventures (3,569 ) (0.04 ) (3,607 ) (0.04 )
Share of Unconsolidated Joint Ventures 34,380 0.39 33,173 0.38
Non-real estate depreciation (2,264 ) (0.03 ) (1,434 ) (0.02 )
Less beneficial gain on disposition, net of tax (2,083 ) (0.02 )
Less impact of share-based compensation (46 )   (0.00 ) (67 )   (0.00 )
Funds from Operations attributable to partnership unitholders

and participating securities of TRG

156,864 87,044,237 1.80 149,108 86,873,631 1.72
TCO's average ownership percentage of TRG - basic (1) 71.0 % 70.8 %
Funds from Operations attributable to TCO's common shareowners,

excluding additional income tax expense (1)

111,301 1.80 105,605 1.72
Less TCO's additional income tax expense (3 ) (0.00 ) (102 ) (0.00 )
Funds from Operations attributable to TCO's common shareowners (1) 111,298   1.80   105,503   1.71  
 
 
Funds from Operations attributable to partnership unitholders

and participating securities of TRG

156,864 87,044,237 1.80 149,108 86,873,631 1.72
Restructuring charge (423 ) (0.00 ) 2,312 0.03
Costs associated with shareowner activism 8,500 0.10 8,500 0.10
Fluctuation in fair value of SPG common shares investment 914 0.01
Partial write-off of deferred financing costs 382     0.00   413     0.00  
Adjusted Funds from Operations attributable to partnership
unitholders

and participating securities of TRG

166,237 87,044,237 1.91 160,333 86,873,631 1.85
TCO's average ownership percentage of TRG - basic (2) 71.0 %   70.8 %  
Adjusted Funds from Operations attributable to TCO's common
shareowners (2)
117,949   1.91   113,555   1.85  
 
(1) For the six months ended June 30, 2018, Funds from Operations
attributable to TCO's common shareowners was $109,847 using TCO's
diluted average ownership percentage of TRG of 70.0%. For the six
months ended June 30, 2017, Funds from Operations attributable to
TCO's common shareowners was $103,954 using TCO's diluted average
ownership percentage of TRG of 69.8%.
(2) For the six months ended June 30, 2018, Adjusted Funds from
Operations attributable to TCO's common shareowners was $116,407
using TCO's diluted average ownership percentage of TRG of 70.0%.
For the six months ended June 30, 2017, Adjusted Funds from
Operations attributable to TCO's common shareowners was $111,890
using TCO's diluted average ownership percentage of TRG of 69.8%.
 
 
TAUBMAN CENTERS, INC.
Table 5 - Reconciliation of Net Income to Beneficial Interest in
EBITDA and Adjusted Beneficial Interest in EBITDA
For the Periods Ended June 30, 2018 and 2017
(in thousands of dollars; amounts attributable to TCO may not
recalculate due to rounding)
             
Three Months Ended Year to Date
2018 2017 2018 2017
Net income 30,093 27,663 64,689 60,422
Add (less) depreciation and amortization:
Consolidated businesses at 100% 42,996 39,442 78,018 77,153
Noncontrolling partners in consolidated joint ventures (1,717 ) (1,811 ) (3,569 ) (3,607 )
Share of Unconsolidated Joint Ventures 17,325 17,521 34,380 33,173
Add (less) interest expense and income tax expense:
Interest expense:
Consolidated businesses at 100% 33,023 26,746 63,846 52,292
Noncontrolling partners in consolidated joint ventures (3,028 ) (2,997 ) (6,039 ) (5,972 )
Share of Unconsolidated Joint Ventures 17,263 17,849 34,014 33,630
Income tax expense:
Consolidated businesses at 100% 28 113 212 321
Noncontrolling partners in consolidated joint ventures (33 ) (43 ) (83 ) (74 )
Share of Unconsolidated Joint Ventures 654 518 1,364 2,151
Share of income tax expense on disposition 731
Less noncontrolling share of income of consolidated joint ventures (1,480 ) (1,605 ) (2,824 ) (3,049 )
Beneficial interest in EBITDA 135,124 123,396 264,008 247,171
TCO's average ownership percentage of TRG - basic 71.0 % 70.9 % 71.0 % 70.8 %
Beneficial interest in EBITDA attributable to TCO 95,894   87,428   187,324   175,058  
 
 
Beneficial interest in EBITDA 135,124 123,396 264,008 247,171
Add (less):
Restructuring charge (77 ) 416 (423 ) 2,312
Costs associated with shareowner activism 5,000 5,000 8,500 8,500
Fluctuation in the fair value of SPG common shares investment (9,348 ) 914
Beneficial share of gain on disposition       (2,814 )
Adjusted Beneficial interest in EBITDA 130,699 128,812 272,999 255,169
TCO's average ownership percentage of TRG - basic 71 % 70.9 % 71.0 % 70.8 %
Adjusted Beneficial interest in EBITDA attributable to TCO 92,753   91,265   193,700   180,723  
 
 
TAUBMAN CENTERS, INC.
Table 6 - Reconciliation of Net Income to Net Operating Income
(NOI)
For the Three Months Ended June 30, 2018, 2017, and 2016
(in thousands of dollars)    
    Three Months Ended Three Months Ended
2018 2017 2017 2016
Net income 30,093 27,663 27,663 57,744
Add (less) depreciation and amortization:
Consolidated businesses at 100% 42,996 39,442 39,442 29,716
Noncontrolling partners in consolidated joint ventures (1,717 ) (1,811 ) (1,811 ) (1,267 )
Share of Unconsolidated Joint Ventures 17,325 17,521 17,521 11,669
Add (less) interest expense and income tax expense (benefit):
Interest expense:
Consolidated businesses at 100% 33,023 26,746 26,746 20,588
Noncontrolling partners in consolidated joint ventures (3,028 ) (2,997 ) (2,997 ) (2,566 )
Share of Unconsolidated Joint Ventures 17,263 17,849 17,849 13,207
Income tax expense:
Consolidated businesses at 100% 28 113 113 434
Noncontrolling partners in consolidated joint ventures (33 ) (43 ) (43 )
Share of Unconsolidated Joint Ventures 654 518 518
Less noncontrolling share of income of consolidated joint ventures (1,480 ) (1,605 ) (1,605 ) (1,630 )
Add EBITDA attributable to outside partners:
EBITDA attributable to noncontrolling partners in consolidated joint
ventures
6,258 6,456 6,456 5,471
EBITDA attributable to outside partners in Unconsolidated Joint
Ventures
46,206   45,041   45,041   31,869  
EBITDA at 100% 187,588 174,893 174,893 165,235
Add (less) items excluded from shopping center NOI:
General and administrative expenses 8,522 9,416 9,416 11,693
Management, leasing, and development services, net (418 ) (780 ) (780 ) (22,302 ) (1)
Restructuring charge (77 ) 416 416
Costs associated with shareowner activism 5,000 5,000 5,000
Straight-line of rents (1,927 ) (2,869 ) (2,869 ) (2,024 )
Fluctuation in fair value of SPG common shares investment (9,348 )
Insurance recoveries - The Mall of San Juan (360 )
Dividend income (1,150 ) (1,033 ) (1,033 ) (944 )
Interest income (2,024 ) (2,245 ) (2,245 ) (1,760 )
Other nonoperating income (156 ) (156 ) (832 )
Unallocated operating expenses and other 8,402   9,054   9,054   12,148  
NOI at 100% - total portfolio 194,208 191,696 191,696 161,214
Less NOI of non-comparable centers (13,799 ) (2) (14,315 ) (2) (36,843 ) (3) (15,841 ) (4)
NOI at 100% - comparable centers 180,409   177,381   154,853   145,373  
NOI - growth % 1.7 % 6.5 %
 
NOI at 100% - comparable centers 180,409 177,381 154,853 145,373
Lease cancellation income (2,060 ) (5,139 ) (5,671 ) (251 )
NOI at 100% - comparable centers excluding lease cancellation
income
178,349   172,242   149,182   145,122  
NOI at 100% excluding lease cancellation income - growth % 3.5 % 2.8 %
 

(1)

 

Amount includes the lump sum payment of $21.7 million received in
May 2016 in connection with the termination of the Company's third
party leasing agreement for Crystals due to a change in ownership of
the center.

(2)

 

Includes Beverly Center, CityOn.Zhengzhou, The Mall of San Juan, and
Taubman Prestige Outlets Chesterfield.

(3)

 

Includes Beverly Center, CityOn.Xi'an, CityOn.Zhengzhou, Country
Club Plaza, International Market Place, and Starfield Hanam.

(4)

 

Includes Beverly Center, CityOn.Xi'an, and Country Club Plaza.
 
 
TAUBMAN CENTERS, INC.
Table 7 - Reconciliation of Net Income to Net Operating Income
(NOI)
For the Six Months Ended June 30, 2018, 2017, and 2016
(in thousands of dollars)    
    Year to Date Year to Date
2018 2017 2017 2016
Net income 64,689 60,422 60,422 102,073
Add (less) depreciation and amortization:
Consolidated businesses at 100% 78,018 77,153 77,153 59,462
Noncontrolling partners in consolidated joint ventures (3,569 ) (3,607 ) (3,607 ) (2,686 )
Share of Unconsolidated Joint Ventures 34,380 33,173 33,173 21,004
Add (less) interest expense and income tax expense (benefit):
Interest expense:
Consolidated businesses at 100% 63,846 52,292 52,292 39,716
Noncontrolling partners in consolidated joint ventures (6,039 ) (5,972 ) (5,972 ) (4,518 )
Share of Unconsolidated Joint Ventures 34,014 33,630 33,630 24,735
Income tax expense:
Consolidated businesses at 100% 212 321 321 736
Noncontrolling partners in consolidated joint ventures (83 ) (74 ) (74 )
Share of Unconsolidated Joint Ventures 1,364 2,151 2,151
Share of income tax expense on disposition 731 731
Less noncontrolling share of income of consolidated joint ventures (2,824 ) (3,049 ) (3,049 ) (4,151 )
Add EBITDA attributable to outside partners:
EBITDA attributable to noncontrolling partners in consolidated joint
ventures
12,515 12,702 12,702 11,363
EBITDA attributable to outside partners in Unconsolidated Joint
Ventures
97,233   92,904   92,904   62,777  
EBITDA at 100% 373,756 352,777 352,777 310,511
Add (less) items excluded from shopping center NOI:
General and administrative expenses 17,015 20,167 20,167 23,073
Management, leasing, and development services, net (910 ) (1,118 ) (1,118 ) (23,158 ) (1)
Restructuring charge (423 ) 2,312 2,312
Costs associated with shareowner activism 8,500 8,500 8,500
Straight-line of rents (7,414 ) (4,725 ) (4,725 ) (3,138 )
Fluctuation in fair value of SPG common shares investment 914
Insurance recoveries - The Mall of San Juan (1,030 )
Gain on disposition (4,445 ) (4,445 )
Gains on sales of peripheral land (1,668 ) (1,668 ) (403 )
Dividend income (2,301 ) (2,066 ) (2,066 ) (1,888 )
Interest income (3,644 ) (4,277 ) (4,277 ) (2,272 )
Other nonoperating expense (income) (25 ) (53 ) (53 ) (689 )
Unallocated operating expenses and other 16,523   16,376   16,376   22,176  
NOI at 100% - total portfolio 400,961 381,780 381,780 324,212
Less NOI of non-comparable centers (26,602 ) (2) (26,725 ) (2) (70,767 ) (3) (28,491 ) (4)
NOI at 100% - comparable centers 374,359   355,055   311,013   295,721  
NOI - growth % 5.4 % 5.2 %
 
 
NOI at 100% - comparable centers 374,359 355,055 311,013 295,721
Lease cancellation income (13,744 ) (8,746 ) (9,279 ) (2,226 )
NOI at 100% - comparable centers excluding lease cancellation
income
360,615   346,309   301,734   293,495  
NOI at 100% excluding lease cancellation income - growth % 4.1 % 2.8 %
 

(1)

 

Amount includes the lump sum payment of $21.7 million received in
May 2016 in connection with the termination of the Company's third
party leasing agreement for Crystals due to a change in ownership of
the center.

(2)

 

Includes Beverly Center, CityOn.Zhengzhou, The Mall of San Juan, and
Taubman Prestige Outlets Chesterfield.

(3)

 

Includes Beverly Center, CityOn.Xi'an, CityOn.Zhengzhou, Country
Club Plaza, International Market Place, and Starfield Hanam.

(4)

 

Includes Beverly Center, CityOn.Xi'an, and Country Club Plaza.
 
 
TAUBMAN CENTERS, INC.
Table 8 - 2018 Annual Guidance
(all dollar amounts per common share on a diluted basis; amounts
may not add due to rounding)
       
 
Range for the Year Ended
December 31, 2018
 
Adjusted Funds from Operations per common share 3.74 3.84
 
Costs associated with shareowner activism (1) (0.10 ) (0.10 )
 
Fluctuations in fair value of SPG common shares investment (1) (0.01 ) (0.01 )
 
Funds from Operations per common share 3.63 3.73
 
Real estate depreciation - TRG (2.37 ) (2.33 )
 
Distributions to participating securities of TRG (0.03 ) (0.03 )
 
Depreciation of TCO's additional basis in TRG (0.11 ) (0.11 )
 
Net income attributable to common shareowners, per common share
(EPS)
1.11   1.26  
 

(1) Amount represents actual amounts recognized through the second
quarter of 2018. Amount does not include future assumptions of
amounts to be incurred during 2018. In connection with the
adoption of Accounting Standards Update No. 2016-01 on January 1,
2018, the Company now measures its investment in SPG common shares
at fair value with changes in value recorded through net income.

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