Market Overview

Akamai Reports Fourth Quarter 2017 And Full-Year 2017 Financial Results

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Company exceeds fourth quarter guidance on top and bottom lines

Fourth quarter revenue of $663 million, GAAP EPS of $0.11 and non-GAAP EPS of $0.69

Company records $52 million restructuring charge to drive targeted operational efficiency improvements

CAMBRIDGE, Mass., Feb. 6, 2018 /PRNewswire/ -- Akamai Technologies, Inc. (NASDAQ: AKAM), the world's largest and most trusted cloud delivery platform, today reported financial results for the fourth quarter and full-year ended December 31, 2017. 

Akamai Technologies logo. (PRNewsFoto/AKAMAI TECHNOLOGIES)

"We were very pleased with how well the business performed in the fourth quarter. Our Web Division customer revenue grew 17%, Security product revenue grew 32% and Media traffic on Akamai's platform grew faster than published growth rates for Internet traffic as a whole," said Dr. Tom Leighton, Akamai's Chief Executive Officer. "We believe our strong technology leadership and the momentum we've seen from the adoption of new products, coupled with continued focus on operational efficiency, position us to achieve solid top line growth as well as margin expansion in 2018."

"We were pleased to see Media traffic growth accelerate in the fourth quarter, consistent with the trend we saw in the third quarter and demonstrating continued traction from the traffic-focused initiatives we initiated in the middle of last year," said Adam Karon, Akamai's Media Division General Manager. "With this momentum exiting 2017, we are confident that we will drive Media revenue growth throughout 2018."

Akamai delivered the following results for the fourth quarter and full-year ended December 31, 2017:

Revenue: Revenue for the fourth quarter was $663 million, an 8% increase over fourth quarter 2016 revenue of $616 million and a 6% increase when adjusted for foreign exchange.* Total revenue for 2017 was $2.503 billion compared to $2.340 billion for 2016, up 7% year-over-year and when adjusted for foreign exchange.*

Customer Revenue by Division(1):

  • Web Division revenue for the fourth quarter was $355 million, up 17% year-over-year and up 15% when adjusted for foreign exchange.* Web Division revenue for 2017 was $1.302 billion, up 15% year-over-year and when adjusted for foreign exchange.*

  • Media Division revenue for the fourth quarter was $284 million, down 3% year-over-year and down 4% when adjusted for foreign exchange.* Media Division revenue for 2017 was $1.119 billion, down 1% year-over-year and when adjusted for foreign exchange.*

  • Enterprise and Carrier Division revenue for the fourth quarter was $24 million, up 24% year-over-year and up 23% when adjusted for foreign exchange.* Enterprise and Carrier Division revenue for 2017 was $81 million, up 14% year-over-year and when adjusted for foreign exchange.*

Revenue by Solution Category(2):

  • Performance and Security Solutions revenue for the fourth quarter was $416 million, up 13% year-over-year and up 12% when adjusted for foreign exchange.* Performance and Security Solutions revenue for 2017 was $1.543 billion, up 14% year-over-year and when adjusted for foreign exchange.*

  • Cloud Security Solutions revenue, which is a component of Performance and Security Solutions revenue, was $135 million for the fourth quarter, up 32% year-over-year and up 31% when adjusted for foreign exchange.* Cloud Security Solutions revenue for 2017 was $482 million, up 32% year-over-year and when adjusted for foreign exchange.*

  • Media Delivery Solutions revenue for the fourth quarter was $190 million, down 3% year-over-year and down 4% when adjusted for foreign exchange.* Media Delivery Solutions revenue for 2017 was $739 million, down 6% year-over-year and when adjusted for foreign exchange.*

  • Service and Support Solutions revenue for the fourth quarter was $57 million, up 9% year-over-year and up 8% when adjusted for foreign exchange.* Service and Support Solutions revenue for 2017 was $222 million, up 12% year-over-year and when adjusted for foreign exchange.*

Revenue by Geography:

  • U.S. revenue was $430 million for the fourth quarter, a 1% increase over fourth quarter 2016 revenue. U.S. revenue for 2017 was $1.648 billion, a 2% increase over 2016 revenue.

  • International revenue was $234 million for the fourth quarter, a 21% increase over fourth quarter 2016 revenue and a 17% increase when adjusted for foreign exchange.* International revenue for 2017 was $855 million, a 19% increase over 2016 revenue and when adjusted for foreign exchange.*

Revenue from Internet Platform Customers(3):

  • Revenue from Internet Platform Customers for the fourth quarter was $50 million, down 15% year-over-year and when adjusted for foreign exchange.* Internet Platform Customer revenue for 2017 was $203 million, down 19% year-over-year and when adjusted for foreign exchange.*

  • Revenue excluding Internet Platform Customers for the fourth quarter was $614 million, up 10% year-over-year and up 9% when adjusted for foreign exchange.* Revenue excluding Internet Platform Customers for 2017 was $2.300 billion, up 10% year-over-year and when adjusted for foreign exchange.*

Income from operations: GAAP income from operations for the fourth quarter was $28 million, a 77% decrease from fourth quarter 2016 GAAP income from operations of $124 million. The fourth quarter of 2017 was impacted by a $52 million restructuring charge and a $16 million charge due to the release of an indemnification asset related to a 2012 acquisition. GAAP operating margin for the fourth quarter was 4%, down 16 percentage points from the same period last year. GAAP income from operations for 2017 was $316 million, a 31% decrease from the prior year's GAAP income from operations of $460 million. Full-year GAAP operating margin was 13%, down 7 percentage points from the prior year.

Non-GAAP income from operations* for the fourth quarter was $155 million, an 11% decrease from fourth quarter 2016 non-GAAP income from operations of $174 million. Non-GAAP operating margin* for the fourth quarter was 23%, down 5 percentage points from the same period last year. Non-GAAP income from operations* for 2017 was $610 million, a 7% decrease from the prior year's non-GAAP income from operations of $658 million. Full-year non-GAAP operating margin* was 24%, down 4 percentage points from the prior year.

Net Income: GAAP net income for the fourth quarter was $19 million, a 79% decrease from fourth quarter 2016 GAAP net income of $92 million. The fourth quarter of 2017 was also impacted by a $26 million provisional charge associated with U.S. tax reform, which is comprised of a $43 million deemed repatriation tax on foreign earnings, partially offset by a $17 million benefit from the re-measurement of deferred taxes as a result of the lower corporate tax rate.  Full-year GAAP net income was $218 million, a 31% decrease from 2016 GAAP net income of $316 million.

Non-GAAP net income* for the fourth quarter was $118 million, a 7% decrease from fourth quarter 2016 non-GAAP net income of $126 million.  Full-year non-GAAP net income* was $453 million, a 5% decrease from 2016 non-GAAP net income of $476 million.

EPS: GAAP EPS was $0.11 per diluted share, a 79% decrease from fourth quarter 2016 GAAP EPS of $0.52 and when adjusted for foreign exchange.* The $26 million provisional charge associated with U.S. tax reform impacted GAAP EPS by $0.15 during the fourth quarter of 2017. Full-year GAAP EPS was $1.26 per diluted share, a 30% decrease from 2016 GAAP EPS of $1.79 per diluted share and a 28% decrease when adjusted for foreign exchange.*

Non-GAAP EPS* was $0.69 per diluted share, a 4% decrease from fourth quarter 2016 non-GAAP EPS* of $0.72 and a 5% decrease when adjusted for foreign exchange.* Full-year non-GAAP EPS* was $2.62 per diluted share, a 3% decrease from 2016 non-GAAP EPS* of $2.70 per diluted share and a 2% decrease when adjusted for foreign exchange.*

Adjusted EBITDA: Adjusted EBITDA* for the fourth quarter was $241 million, a 3% decrease from fourth quarter 2016 Adjusted EBITDA* of $247 million. Adjusted EBITDA margin* for the fourth quarter was 36%, down 4 percentage points from the same period last year.  Adjusted EBITDA* for the full-year was $931 million, a 2% decrease from the prior year's Adjusted EBITDA* of $951 million.  Full-year adjusted EBITDA margin* was 37%, down 4 percentage points from the same period last year.

Restructuring charge: The Company recorded a $52 million restructuring charge in the fourth quarter of 2017.  These charges primarily include workforce reductions, facility closures and capitalized software impairments from decisions to deprioritize certain investment areas that have not achieved commercial success and returns on investments initially expected, most notably in the Media Division.

Supplemental cash information: Cash flows from operating activities for the fourth quarter was $197 million, or 30% of revenue, and for the full-year was $801 million, or 32% of revenue. Cash, cash equivalents and marketable securities were $1.3 billion at December 31, 2017.

Share repurchases: The Company spent $55 million in the fourth quarter to repurchase 1.0 million shares of its common stock at an average price of $52.23 per share. For the full-year, the Company spent $361 million to repurchase 6.9 million shares of its common stock at an average price of $52.59 per share. The Company had approximately 170 million shares of common stock outstanding as of December 31, 2017.

*      See Use of Non-GAAP Financial Measures below for definitions

(1)   Customer revenue by division – A customer-focused reporting view that reflects revenue from customers that are managed by the division

(2)   Revenue by solution category – A product-focused reporting view that reflects revenue by solution purchased

(3)   Internet Platform Customers – Six customers that are large Internet platform companies: Amazon, Apple, Facebook, Google, Microsoft and Netflix

Quarterly Conference Call
Akamai will host a conference call today at 4:30 p.m. ET that can be accessed through 1-844-578-9671 (or 1-508-637-5655 for international calls) and using passcode 5649408. A live webcast of the call may be accessed at www.akamai.com in the Investor section. In addition, a replay of the call will be available for two weeks following the conference by calling 1-855-859-2056 (or 1-404-537-3406 for international calls) and using passcode 5649408. The archived webcast of this event may be accessed through the Akamai website.

About Akamai
As the world's largest and most trusted cloud delivery platform, Akamai makes it easier for its customers to provide the best and most secure digital experiences on any device, anytime, anywhere. Akamai's massively distributed platform is unparalleled in scale with over 200,000 servers across 130 countries, giving customers superior performance and threat protection. Akamai's portfolio of web and mobile performance, cloud security, enterprise access, and video delivery solutions are supported by exceptional customer service and 24/7 monitoring. To learn why the top financial institutions, e commerce leaders, media & entertainment providers, and government organizations trust Akamai please visit www.akamai.com, blogs.akamai.com, or @Akamai on Twitter.

AKAMAI TECHNOLOGIES, INC.

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS


(in thousands)

December
31, 2017


December
31, 2016

ASSETS




Current assets:




Cash and cash equivalents

$

313,382



$

324,169


Marketable securities

398,554



512,849


Accounts receivable, net

459,127



368,596


Prepaid expenses and other current assets

137,809



104,303


Total current assets

1,308,872



1,309,917


Property and equipment, net

862,535



801,017


Marketable securities

567,592



779,311


Goodwill

1,498,688



1,228,503


Acquired intangible assets, net

201,259



149,463


Deferred income tax assets

51,069



8,982


Other assets

112,829



95,953


Total assets

$

4,602,844



$

4,373,146


LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY




Current liabilities:




Accounts payable

$

80,278



$

76,120


Accrued expenses

283,743



238,777


Deferred revenue

77,705



52,972


Other current liabilities

22,178



6,719


Total current liabilities

463,904



374,588


Deferred revenue

6,839



3,758


Deferred income tax liabilities

15,510



11,652


Convertible senior notes

662,913



640,087


Other liabilities

142,955



118,691


Total liabilities

1,292,121



1,148,776


Total stockholders' equity

3,310,723



3,224,370


Total liabilities and stockholders' equity

$

4,602,844



$

4,373,146


 

AKAMAI TECHNOLOGIES, INC.

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF INCOME



Three Months Ended


Year Ended

(in thousands, except per share data)

December
31, 2017


September
30, 2017


December
31, 2016


December
31, 2017


December
31, 2016

Revenue

$

663,452



$

621,399



$

616,124



$

2,502,996



$

2,340,049


Costs and operating expenses:










Cost of revenue (1) (2)

229,937



225,468



203,475



875,758



809,001


Research and development (1)

59,673



57,226



46,755



222,434



167,628


Sales and marketing (1)

140,414



120,220



118,907



493,632



426,967


General and administrative (1) (2)

146,115



124,523



116,775



509,165



439,916


Amortization of acquired intangible assets

7,829



7,753



6,617



30,904



26,642


Restructuring charges

51,581



332



65



54,884



10,301


Total costs and operating expenses

635,549



535,522



492,594



2,186,777



1,880,455


Income from operations

27,903



85,877



123,530



316,219



459,594


Interest income

4,487



4,463



4,180



17,855



14,702


Interest expense

(4,850)



(4,746)



(4,680)



(18,839)



(18,638)


Other income, net

473



535



2,784



887



3,788


Income before provision for income taxes

28,013



86,129



125,814



316,122



459,446


Provision for income taxes

8,906



25,617



34,175



97,801



143,314


Net income

$

19,107



$

60,512



$

91,639



$

218,321



$

316,132












Net income per share:










Basic

$

0.11



$

0.35



$

0.53



$

1.27



$

1.81


Diluted

$

0.11



$

0.35



$

0.52



$

1.26



$

1.79












Shares used in per share calculations:










Basic

169,429



170,976



173,337



171,559



174,917


Diluted

170,727



171,505



175,284



172,711



176,215



(1) Includes stock-based compensation (see supplemental table for figures)

(2) Includes depreciation and amortization (see supplemental table for figures)

 

AKAMAI TECHNOLOGIES, INC.

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS



Three Months Ended


Year Ended

(in thousands)

December 31, 2017


September 30, 2017


December 31, 2016


December 31, 2017


December 31, 2016

Cash flows from operating activities:










Net income

$

19,107



$

60,512



$

91,639



$

218,321



$

316,132


Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash
provided by operating activities:










Depreciation and amortization

99,396



97,178



84,008



372,313



334,302


Stock-based compensation

42,205



41,848



39,202



164,308



144,506


(Benefit) provision for deferred income taxes

(26,171)



(14,066)



21,169



(869)



7,308


Amortization of debt discount and issuance costs

4,850



4,746



4,680



18,839



18,638


Restructuring-related software charges

 

31,965







31,965



4,587


Other non-cash reconciling items, net

6,413



2,046



2,461



10,068



5,987


Changes in operating assets and liabilities, net of
effects of acquisitions and divestitures:










Accounts receivable

(44,626)



(1,326)



(19,375)



(63,825)



3,356


Prepaid expenses and other current assets

11,884



15,913



19,867



(22,311)



23,881


Accounts payable and accrued expenses

11,082



39,691



(36,401)



33,232



18,491


Deferred revenue

151



(9,415)



(8,098)



1,142



(1,213)


Other current liabilities

12,727



(2,250)



814



16,378



5,484


Other non-current assets and liabilities

28,458



1,414



(15,744)



21,422



(9,647)


Net cash provided by operating activities

197,441



236,291



184,222



800,983



871,812


Cash flows from investing activities:










Cash paid for acquired businesses, net of cash acquired

(171,872)





(92,503)



(369,073)



(95,439)


Purchases of property and equipment and capitalization of internal-use software development costs

(106,852)



(119,740)



(75,938)



(414,778)



(316,289)


Purchases of short- and long-term marketable securities

(77,399)



(67,879)



(166,253)



(326,497)



(781,061)


Proceeds from sales and maturities of short- and long-term marketable securities

154,390



85,263



166,044



652,769



722,577


Other non-current assets and liabilities

(203)



(646)



3,927



(2,098)



782


Net cash used in investing activities

(201,936)



(103,002)



(164,723)



(459,677)



(469,430)


Cash flows from financing activities:










Proceeds from the issuance of common stock under stock plans

13,940



16,060



17,221



55,680



59,560


Employee taxes paid related to net share settlement of stock-based awards

(10,273)



(6,784)



(6,985)



(58,395)



(45,545)


Repurchases of common stock

(54,565)



(129,014)



(78,927)



(361,194)



(373,794)


Other non-current assets and liabilities







(1,096)




Net cash used in financing activities

(50,898)



(119,738)



(68,691)



(365,005)



(359,779)


Effects of exchange rate changes on cash and cash equivalents

623



2,100



(8,442)



12,912



(7,907)


Net (decrease) increase in cash and cash equivalents

(54,770)



15,651



(57,634)



(10,787)



34,696


Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period

368,152



352,501



381,803



324,169



289,473


Cash and cash equivalents at end of period

$

313,382



$

368,152



$

324,169



$

313,382



$

324,169



(1)  On January 1, 2017, the Company adopted Accounting Standards Update No. 2016-09, Improvements to Employee Share-Based Payment Accounting. Under this standard, excess tax benefits are no longer classified as a reduction of cash flows from operating activities. The Company retrospectively adopted this standard and revised cash flows from operating activities by $2.4 million and $5.5 million for the three months and year ended December 31, 2016, respectively. The increase caused a corresponding decrease to cash flows from financing activities.

 

AKAMAI TECHNOLOGIES, INC.

SUPPLEMENTAL REVENUE DATA BY DIVISION



Three Months Ended


Year Ended

(in thousands)

December
31, 2017


September
30, 2017


December
31, 2016


December
31, 2017


December
31, 2016

Customer revenue by division(1):










Web Division

$

354,889



$

327,926



$

304,196



$

1,302,489



$

1,132,858


Media Division

284,395



273,415



292,394



1,119,282



1,136,150


Enterprise and Carrier Division

24,168



20,058



19,534



81,225



71,041


Total revenue

$

663,452



$

621,399



$

616,124



$

2,502,996



$

2,340,049


Revenue growth rates year-over-year:










Web Division

17

%


14

%


13

%


15

%


15

%

Media Division

(3)%



(1)



(1)



(1)



(2)


Enterprise and Carrier Division

24

%


2



26



14



31


Total revenue

8

%


6

%


6

%


7

%


6

%

Revenue growth rates year-over-year, adjusted for the impact of foreign exchange rates(2):










Web Division

15

%


14

%


13

%


15

%


15

%

Media Division

(4)



(1)





(1)



(2)


Enterprise and Carrier Division

23



1



27



14



31


Total revenue

6

%


6

%


7

%


7

%


7

%

 

AKAMAI TECHNOLOGIES, INC.

SUPPLEMENTAL REVENUE DATA BY SOLUTION CATEGORY



Three Months Ended


Year Ended

(in thousands)

December
31, 2017


September
30, 2017


December
31, 2016


December
31, 2017


December
31, 2016

Revenue by solution category(3):










Performance and Security Solutions

$

416,142



$

381,461



$

367,407



$

1,542,558



$

1,355,030


Media Delivery Solutions

189,862



182,753



196,088



738,916



787,179


Services and Support Solutions

57,448



57,185



52,629



221,522



197,840


Total revenue

$

663,452



$

621,399



$

616,124



$

2,502,996



$

2,340,049


Cloud Security Solutions revenue

$

135,202



$

121,420



$

102,072



$

481,515



$

364,944


Revenue growth rates year-over-year:










Performance and Security Solutions

13

%


11

%


17

%


14

%


17

%

Media Delivery Solutions

(3)



(3)



(10)



(6)



(9)


Services and Support Solutions

9



12



14



12



16


Total revenue

8

%


6

%


6

%


7

%


6

%

Cloud Security Solutions revenue growth rates

32

%


27

%


41

%


32

%


43

%

Revenue growth rates year-over-year, adjusted for the impact of foreign exchange rates(2):










Performance and Security Solutions

12

%


10

%


17

%


14

%


17

%

Media Delivery Solutions

(4)



(3)



(10)



(6)



(10)


Services and Support Solutions

8



12



14



12



16


Total revenue

6

%


6

%


7

%


7

%


7

%

Cloud Security Solutions revenue growth rates(2)

31

%


27

%


41

%


32

%


44

%


(1)  See customer revenue by division definition in press release

(2)  See Use of Non-GAAP Financial Measures below for a definition

(3)  See revenue by solution category definition in press release

 

AKAMAI TECHNOLOGIES, INC.

SUPPLEMENTAL REVENUE DATA BY GEOGRAPHY



Three Months Ended


Year Ended

(in thousands)

December
31, 2017


September
30, 2017


December
31, 2016


December
31, 2017


December
31, 2016

Revenue by geography:










U.S.

$

429,754



$

408,544



$

423,588



$

1,647,948



$

1,620,724


International

233,698



212,855



192,536



855,048



719,325


Total revenue

$

663,452



$

621,399



$

616,124



$

2,502,996



$

2,340,049












Revenue growth rates year-over-year:










U.S.

1

%


1

%


2

%


2

%


1

%

International

21



18



18



19



21


Total revenue

8

%


6

%


6

%


7

%


6

%











Revenue growth rates year-over-year, adjusted for the impact of foreign exchange rates(1):










U.S.

1

%


1

%


2

%


2

%


1

%

International

17



18



19



19



22


Total revenue

6

%


6

%


7

%


7

%


7

%

 

AKAMAI TECHNOLOGIES, INC.

SUPPLEMENTAL REVENUE DATA FOR INTERNET PLATFORM CUSTOMERS



Three Months Ended


Year Ended

(in thousands)

December
31, 2017


September
30, 2017


December
31, 2016


December
31, 2017


December
31, 2016

Revenue from Internet Platform Customers(2)

$

49,790



$

50,567



$

58,468



$

202,893



$

250,509


Revenue excluding Internet Platform Customers

613,662



570,832



557,656



2,300,103



2,089,540


Total revenue

$

663,452



$

621,399



$

616,124



$

2,502,996



$

2,340,049












Revenue growth rates year-over-year:










Revenue from Internet Platform Customers

(15)

%


(13)

%


(36)

%


(19)

%


(34)

%

Revenue excluding Internet Platform Customers

10



9



14



10



15


Total revenue

8

%


6

%


6

%


7

%


6

%











Revenue growth rates year-over-year, adjusted for the impact of foreign exchange rates(1):










Revenue from Internet Platform Customers

(15)

%


(13)

%


(36)

%


(19)

%


(34)

%

Revenue excluding Internet Platform Customers

9



8



15



10



15


Total revenue

6

%


6

%


7

%


7

%


7

%


(1)  See Use of Non-GAAP Financial Measures below for a definition

(2)  See Internet Platform Customers definition in press release

 

AKAMAI TECHNOLOGIES, INC.

SUPPLEMENTAL OPERATING EXPENSE DATA



Three Months Ended


Year Ended

(in thousands)

December 31, 2017


September 30, 2017


December 31, 2016


December 31, 2017


December 31, 2016

General and administrative expenses:










Payroll and related costs

$

50,187



$

51,605



$

40,981



$

194,199



$

163,348


Stock-based compensation

11,359



10,780



10,250



44,884



41,073


Depreciation and amortization

19,845



19,686



17,699



76,128



65,780


Facilities-related costs

21,071



20,399



19,004



80,452



72,549


Provision for doubtful accounts

805



1,499



129



3,209



1,235


Acquisition-related costs

19,995



530



538



23,373



1,028


License of patent

(4,169)



(4,128)



(4,162)



(16,421)



(8,577)


Professional and other expenses

27,022



24,152



32,336



103,341



103,480


Total general and administrative expenses

$

146,115



$

124,523



$

116,775



$

509,165



$

439,916












General and administrative expenses–functional(1):










Global functions

$

52,818



$

50,355



$

51,826



$

201,539



$

189,485


As a percentage of revenue

8

%


8

%


8

%


8

%


8

%

Infrastructure

76,666



76,267



68,444



297,465



255,855


As a percentage of revenue

12

%


12

%


11

%


12

%


11

%

Other

16,631



(2,099)



(3,495)



10,161



(5,424)


Total general and administrative expenses

$

146,115



$

124,523



$

116,775



$

509,165



$

439,916


As a percentage of revenue

22

%


20

%


19

%


20

%


19

%











Stock-based compensation:










Cost of revenue

$

5,259



$

5,296



$

5,063



$

20,314



$

18,287


Research and development

10,121



10,100



8,822



38,864



29,739


Sales and marketing

15,466



15,672



15,067



60,246



55,407


General and administrative

11,359



10,780



10,250



44,884



41,073


Total stock-based compensation

$

42,205



$

41,848



$

39,202



$

164,308



$

144,506



(1)  Global functions includes payroll, stock-based compensation and other employee-related costs for administrative functions, including finance, purchasing, order entry, human resources, legal, information technology and executive personnel, as well as third-party professional service fees. Infrastructure includes payroll, stock-based compensation and other employee-related costs for the Company's network and global facilities infrastructure functions, as well as facility rent expense, depreciation and amortization of facility and IT-related assets, software and software-related costs, business insurance and taxes. The Company's network infrastructure function is responsible for network planning, sourcing, architecture evaluation and platform security. Other includes acquisition-related costs, provision for doubtful accounts and the license of a patent.

 

AKAMAI TECHNOLOGIES, INC.

OTHER SUPPLEMENTAL FINANCIAL DATA



Three Months Ended


Year Ended

(in thousands, except end of period statistics)

December 31, 2017


September 30, 2017


December 31, 2016


December 31, 2017


December 31, 2016

Depreciation and amortization:










Network-related depreciation

$

66,319



$

64,369



$

56,205



$

246,702



$

227,515


Other depreciation and amortization

19,498



19,320



17,409



74,754



64,706


Depreciation of property and equipment

85,817



83,689



73,614



321,456



292,221


Capitalized stock-based compensation amortization

5,029



5,046



3,323



17,518



13,752


Capitalized interest expense amortization

721



690



454



2,435



1,687


Amortization of acquired intangible assets

7,829



7,753



6,617



30,904



26,642


Total depreciation and amortization

$

99,396



$

97,178



$

84,008



$

372,313



$

334,302












Capital expenditures, excluding stock-based compensation and interest expense(1)(2):










Purchases of property and equipment

$

50,716



$

62,755



$

44,646



$

234,493



$

196,771


Capitalized internal-use software development costs

43,074



45,213



33,114



166,329



140,081


Total capital expenditures, excluding stock-based compensation and interest expense

$

93,790



$

107,968



$

77,760



$

400,822



$

336,852












End of period statistics:










Number of employees

7,650



7,438



6,490







(1)  Capital expenditures presented in this table are reported on an accrual basis, which differs from the cash-basis presentation in the statements of cash flows.  The primary difference between the two is the change in purchases of property and equipment and capitalization of internal-use software development costs accrued for, but not paid, at period end.

(2)  See Use of Non-GAAP Financial Measures below for a definition

 

AKAMAI TECHNOLOGIES, INC.

RECONCILIATION OF GAAP TO NON-GAAP INCOME FROM OPERATIONS, NET INCOME AND NET INCOME PER DILUTED SHARE



Three Months Ended


Year Ended

(in thousands, except per share data)

December 31, 2017


September 30, 2017


December 31, 2016


December 31, 2017


December 31, 2016

Income from operations

$

27,903



$

85,877



$

123,530



$

316,219



$

459,594


GAAP operating margin

4

%


14

%


20

%


13

%


20

%

Amortization of acquired intangible assets

7,829



7,753



6,617



30,904



26,642


Stock-based compensation

42,205



41,848



39,202



164,308



144,506


Amortization of capitalized stock-based compensation and capitalized interest expense

5,750



5,736



3,777



19,953



15,439


Restructuring charges

51,581



332



65



54,884



10,301


Acquisition-related costs

19,995



530



541



23,374



1,064


Legal matter costs









890


Operating adjustments

127,360



56,199



50,202



293,423



198,842


Non-GAAP income from operations

$

155,263



$

142,076



$

173,732



$

609,642



$

658,436


Non-GAAP operating margin

23

%


23

%


28

%


24

%


28

%











Net income

$

19,107



$

60,512



$

91,639



$

218,321



$

316,132


Operating adjustments (from above)

127,360



56,199



50,202



293,423



198,842


Amortization of debt discount and issuance costs

4,850



4,746



4,680



18,839



18,638


Gain loss on investments

(450)





(4,807)



(450)



(4,807)


Income tax-effect of above non-GAAP adjustments and certain discrete tax items

(33,142)



(14,802)



(15,567)



(77,385)



(52,661)


Non-GAAP net income

117,725



106,655



126,147



452,748



476,144












GAAP net income per diluted share

$

0.11



$

0.35



$

0.52



$

1.26



$

1.79


Amortization of acquired intangible assets

0.05



0.05



0.04



0.18



0.15


Stock-based compensation

0.25



0.24



0.22



0.95



0.82


Amortization of capitalized stock-based compensation and capitalized interest expense

0.03



0.03



0.02



0.12



0.09


Restructuring charges

0.30







0.32



0.06


Acquisition-related costs

0.12







0.14



0.01


Legal matter costs









0.01


Amortization of debt discount and issuance costs

0.03



0.03



0.03



0.11



0.11


Gain on investments





(0.03)





(0.03)


Income tax effect of above non-GAAP adjustments and certain discrete tax items

(0.19)



(0.09)



(0.09)



(0.45)



(0.30)


Non-GAAP net income per diluted share

$

0.69



$

0.62



$

0.72



$

2.62



$

2.70












Shares used in diluted per share calculations

170,727



171,505



175,284



172,711



176,215


 

AKAMAI TECHNOLOGIES, INC.

RECONCILIATION OF GAAP NET INCOME TO ADJUSTED EBITDA



Three Months Ended


Year Ended

(in thousands, except per share data)

December 31, 2017


September 30, 2017


December 31, 2016


December 31, 2017


December 31, 2016

Net income

$

19,107



$

60,512



$

91,639



$

218,321



$

316,132


Interest income

(4,487)



(4,463)



(4,180)



(17,855)



(14,702)


Provision for GAAP income taxes

8,906



25,617



34,175



97,801



143,314


Depreciation and amortization

85,817



83,689



73,614



321,456



292,221


Amortization of capitalized stock-based compensation and capitalized interest expense

5,750



5,736



3,777



19,953



15,439


Amortization of acquired intangible assets

7,829



7,753



6,617



30,904



26,642


Stock-based compensation

42,205



41,848



39,202



164,308



144,506


Restructuring charges

51,581



332



65



54,884



10,301


Acquisition-related costs

19,995



530



541



23,374



1,064


Legal matter costs









890


Amortization of debt discount and issuance costs

4,850



4,746



4,680



18,839



18,638


Other income, net

(473)



(535)



(2,784)



(887)



(3,788)


Adjusted EBITDA

$

241,080



$

225,765



$

247,346



$

931,098



$

950,657


Adjusted EBITDA margin

36

%


36

%


40

%


37

%


41

%

 Use of Non-GAAP Financial Measures

In addition to providing financial measurements based on generally accepted accounting principles in the United States of America (GAAP), Akamai provides additional financial metrics that are not prepared in accordance with GAAP (non-GAAP). Management uses non-GAAP financial measures, in addition to GAAP financial measures, to understand and compare operating results across accounting periods, for financial and operational decision making, for planning and forecasting purposes, to measure executive compensation and to evaluate Akamai's financial performance. These non-GAAP financial measures are non-GAAP income from operations, non-GAAP operating margin, non-GAAP net income, non-GAAP net income per share, Adjusted EBITDA, Adjusted EBITDA margin, capital expenditures and impact of foreign currency exchange rates, as discussed below.

Management believes that these non-GAAP financial measures reflect Akamai's ongoing business in a manner that allows for meaningful comparisons and analysis of trends in the business, as they facilitate comparing financial results across accounting periods and to those of peer companies. Management also believes that these non-GAAP financial measures enable investors to evaluate Akamai's operating results and future prospects in the same manner as management. These non-GAAP financial measures may exclude expenses and gains that may be unusual in nature, infrequent or not reflective of Akamai's ongoing operating results.

The non-GAAP financial measures do not replace the presentation of Akamai's GAAP financial results and should only be used as a supplement to, not as a substitute for, Akamai's financial results presented in accordance with GAAP. Akamai has provided a reconciliation of each non-GAAP financial measure used in its financial reporting and investor presentations to the most directly comparable GAAP financial measure. This reconciliation captioned "Reconciliation of GAAP to Non-GAAP Financial Measures" can be found on the Investor Relations section of Akamai's website.

The non-GAAP adjustments, and Akamai's basis for excluding them from non-GAAP financial measures, are outlined below:

  • Amortization of acquired intangible assets – Akamai has incurred amortization of intangible assets, included in its GAAP financial statements, related to various acquisitions Akamai has made. The amount of an acquisition's purchase price allocated to intangible assets and term of its related amortization can vary significantly and are unique to each acquisition; therefore, Akamai excludes amortization of acquired intangible assets from its non-GAAP financial measures to provide investors with a consistent basis for comparing pre- and post-acquisition operating results.

  • Stock-based compensation and amortization of capitalized stock-based compensation – Although stock-based compensation is an important aspect of the compensation paid to Akamai's employees, the grant date fair value varies based on the stock price at the time of grant, varying valuation methodologies, subjective assumptions and the variety of award types. This makes the comparison of Akamai's current financial results to previous and future periods difficult to interpret; therefore, Akamai believes it is useful to exclude stock-based compensation and amortization of capitalized stock-based compensation from its non-GAAP financial measures in order to highlight the performance of Akamai's core business and to be consistent with the way many investors evaluate its performance and compare its operating results to peer companies.

  • Acquisition-related costs – Acquisition-related costs include transaction fees, advisory fees, due diligence costs and other direct costs associated with strategic activities. In addition, subsequent adjustments to Akamai's initial estimated amounts of contingent consideration and indemnification associated with specific acquisitions are included within acquisition-related costs. These amounts are impacted by the timing and size of the acquisitions. Akamai excludes acquisition-related costs from its non-GAAP financial measures to provide a useful comparison of Akamai's operating results to prior periods and to its peer companies because such amounts vary significantly based on the magnitude of the acquisition transactions.

  • Restructuring charges – Akamai has incurred restructuring charges that are included in its GAAP financial statements, primarily related to workforce reductions and estimated costs of exiting facility lease commitments. Akamai excludes these items from its non-GAAP financial measures when evaluating its continuing business performance as such items vary significantly based on the magnitude of the restructuring action and do not reflect expected future operating expenses. In addition, these charges do not necessarily provide meaningful insight into the fundamentals of current or past operations of its business.

  • Amortization of debt discount and issuance costs and amortization of capitalized interest expense – In February 2014, Akamai issued $690 million of convertible senior notes due 2019 with a coupon interest rate of 0%. The imputed interest rate of the convertible senior notes was approximately 3.2%. This is a result of the debt discount recorded for the conversion feature that is required to be separately accounted for as equity under GAAP, thereby reducing the carrying value of the convertible debt instrument. The debt discount is amortized as interest expense together with the issuance costs of the debt. All of Akamai's interest expense is comprised of these non-cash components and is excluded from management's assessment of the company's operating performance because management believes the non-cash expense is not representative of ongoing operating performance.

  • Legal matter costs – Akamai has incurred losses from the settlement of legal matters and costs with respect to its internal U.S. Foreign Corrupt Practices Act ("FCPA") investigation in addition to the disgorgement Akamai was required to pay to resolve it. Akamai believes excluding these amounts from its non-GAAP financial measures is useful to investors as the types of events giving rise to them are not representative of Akamai's core business operations.

  • Income tax effect of non-GAAP adjustments and certain discrete tax items – The non-GAAP adjustments described above are reported on a pre-tax basis. The income tax effect of non-GAAP adjustments is the difference between GAAP and non-GAAP income tax expense. Non-GAAP income tax expense is computed on non-GAAP pre-tax income (GAAP pre-tax income adjusted for non-GAAP adjustments) and excludes certain discrete tax items (such as recording or releasing of valuation allowances), if any. Akamai believes that applying the non GAAP adjustments and their related income tax effect allows Akamai to highlight income attributable to its core operations.

Akamai's definitions of its non-GAAP financial measures are outlined below:

Non-GAAP income from operations – GAAP income from operations adjusted for the following items: amortization of acquired intangible assets; stock-based compensation; amortization of capitalized stock-based compensation; amortization of capitalized interest expense; acquisition-related costs; restructuring charges; benefit from adoption of software development activities; gains and other activity related to divestiture of a business; gains and losses on legal settlements; costs incurred with respect to Akamai's internal FCPA investigation; and other non-recurring or unusual items that may arise from time to time.

Non-GAAP operating margin – Non-GAAP income from operations stated as a percentage of revenue.

Non-GAAP net income – GAAP net income adjusted for the following tax-affected items: amortization of acquired intangible assets; stock-based compensation; amortization of capitalized stock-based compensation; acquisition-related costs; restructuring charges; benefit from adoption of software development activities; gains and other activity related to divestiture of a business; gains and losses on legal settlements; costs incurred with respect to Akamai's internal FCPA investigation; loss on early extinguishment of debt; amortization of debt discount and issuance costs; amortization of capitalized interest expense; certain gains and losses on investments; and other non-recurring or unusual items that may arise from time to time.

Non-GAAP net income per share – Non-GAAP net income divided by basic weighted average or diluted common shares outstanding. Basic weighted average shares outstanding are those used in GAAP net income per share calculations. Diluted weighted average shares outstanding are adjusted in non-GAAP per share calculations for the shares that would be delivered to Akamai pursuant to the note hedge transaction entered into in connection with the issuance of $690 million of convertible senior notes due 2019. Under GAAP, shares delivered under hedge transactions are not considered offsetting shares in the fully-diluted share calculation until they are delivered. However, the company would receive a benefit from the note hedge transaction and would not allow the dilution to occur, so management believes that adjusting for this benefit provides a meaningful view of operating performance. Unless and until Akamai's weighted average stock price is greater than $89.56, the initial conversion price, there will be no difference between GAAP and non-GAAP diluted weighted average common shares outstanding.

Adjusted EBITDA – GAAP net income excluding the following items: interest income; income taxes; depreciation and amortization of tangible and intangible assets; stock-based compensation; amortization of capitalized stock-based compensation; acquisition-related costs; restructuring charges; benefit from adoption of software development activities; gains and other activity related to divestiture of a business; gains and losses on legal settlements; costs incurred with respect to Akamai's internal FCPA investigation; foreign exchange gains and losses; loss on early extinguishment of debt; amortization of debt discount and issuance costs; amortization of capitalized interest expense; certain gains and losses on investments; and other non-recurring or unusual items that may arise from time to time.

Adjusted EBITDA margin – Adjusted EBITDA stated as a percentage of revenue.

Capital expenditures, or capex, excluding stock-based compensation and interest expense – Purchases of property and equipment and capitalization of internal-use software development costs presented on an accrual basis, which differs from the cash-basis presentation included in the statements of cash flows. The primary difference between the two is the change in purchases of property and equipment and capitalization of internal-use software development costs accrued for, but not paid, at period end.

Impact to GAAP EPS per diluted share from provisional charges associated with US tax reform – Provisional charges recorded in the fourth quarter of 2017, as a result of US tax reform, impacted the Company's earnings per share.  To calculate the per share impact, the one-time $26 million net charge is divided by diluted weighted-average shares outstanding for the corresponding period.

Impact of foreign currency exchange rates – Revenue and earnings from international operations have historically been an important contributor to Akamai's financial results. Consequently, Akamai's financial results have been impacted, and management expects they will continue to be impacted, by fluctuations in foreign currency exchange rates. For example, when the local currencies of our foreign subsidiaries weaken, our consolidated results stated in U.S. dollars are negatively impacted.

Because exchange rates are a meaningful factor in understanding period-to-period comparisons, management believes the presentation of the impact of foreign currency exchange rates on revenue and earnings enhances the understanding of our financial results and evaluation of performance in comparison to prior periods. The dollar impact of changes in foreign currency exchange rates presented is calculated by translating current period results using monthly average foreign currency exchange rates from the comparative period and comparing them to the reported amount. The percentage change at constant currency presented is calculated by comparing the prior period amounts as reported and the current period amounts translated using the same monthly average foreign currency exchange rates from the comparative period.

Akamai Statement Under the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act
This release and/or our quarterly earnings conference call scheduled for later today contain information about future expectations, plans and prospects of Akamai's management that constitute forward-looking statements for purposes of the safe harbor provisions under The Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995, including statements about expected revenue growth and margin improvement. Actual results may differ materially from those indicated by these forward-looking statements as a result of various important factors including, but not limited to, failure of our investments in innovation to generate solutions that are accepted in the market; inability to increase our revenue and manage our expenses as planned; delay in developing or failure to develop new service offerings or functionalities, and if developed, lack of market acceptance of such service offerings and functionalities or failure of such solutions to operate as expected, and other factors that are discussed in the Company's Annual Report on Form 10-K, quarterly reports on Form 10-Q, and other documents periodically filed with the SEC.

In addition, the statements in this press release and on such call represent Akamai's expectations and beliefs as of the date of this press release. Akamai anticipates that subsequent events and developments may cause these expectations and beliefs to change. However, while Akamai may elect to update these forward-looking statements at some point in the future, it specifically disclaims any obligation to do so. These forward-looking statements should not be relied upon as representing Akamai's expectations or beliefs as of any date subsequent to the date of this press release.

Contacts:

Jeff Young


Tom Barth

Media Relations


Investor Relations

Akamai Technologies


Akamai Technologies

617-444-3913


617-274-7130

jyoung@akamai.com


tbarth@akamai.com

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SOURCE Akamai Technologies, Inc.

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