Market Overview

Summit Materials, Inc. Reports Fourth Quarter And Full-Year 2017 Results

Share:

-Full-Year Net Revenue +17.7% Y/Y; Operating Income +42.8% Y/Y;
Net Income +172.7% Y/Y

-Generated Full-Year Organic Volume Growth Across Materials Lines
of Business

-Completed Three New Acquisitions YTD 2018, Representing Total
Invested Capital of $120 million

-Federal Tax Reform Reduces Estimated Tax Receivable Agreement
Liability By $217 million

-No Significant TRA Payments Expected For Eight Years Until 2026
vs. Pre-Federal Tax Reform Estimate of 2020

-Introducing 2018 Adjusted EBITDA Guidance Range of $490 million
to $510 million

Summit Materials, Inc. (NYSE:SUM, "Summit" or the "Company")), a leading
vertically integrated construction materials company, today announced
results for the fourth quarter and full-year 2017.

For the three months ended December 30, 2017, the Company reported
diluted net income per share of $0.38 on net income of $43.0 million,
compared to a diluted loss per share of ($0.00) on a net loss of ($0.3)
million in the prior year period. On an adjusted diluted basis, the
Company reported net income before tax related adjustments of $49.1
million, or $0.43 per share, compared to net income before tax related
adjustments of $6.1 million, or $0.06 per share, in the prior year
period. Operating income increased by 17.5% to $57.3 million in the
fourth quarter 2017, versus $48.8 million in the prior year period.

For the year-ended December 30, 2017, the Company reported diluted net
income per share of $1.11 on net income of $121.8 million, compared to
diluted net income per share of $0.52 on net income of $36.8 million in
the prior year period. On an adjusted diluted basis, the Company
reported net income before tax-related adjustments of $130.6 million, or
$1.16 per share, compared to net income before tax-related adjustments
of $83.4 million, or $0.81 per share, in the prior year period.
Operating income increased by 42.8% to $220.9 million in the full-year
2017, versus $154.7 million in the prior year period.

"Our team delivered exceptional full-year results that exceeded the
high-end of our Adjusted EBITDA guidance range," stated Tom Hill, CEO of
Summit Materials. "We generated significant year-over-year growth in net
revenue, operating income and net income last year, as supported by the
completion of 14 materials-based acquisitions, together with sustained
organic growth in our materials lines of business. Full-year Adjusted
EBITDA increased 17.4% on a year-over-year basis, driven by improvements
across all three reporting segments. Organic growth contributed more
than 20% of the overall year-over-year improvement in Adjusted EBITDA."

"We have continued to experience broad-based demand for heavy materials
across our business," continued Hill. "Organic sales volumes of
aggregates increased 3.4% in 2017, versus a decline of 5.5% in 2016,
driven by improvements in our West Segment. Organic sales volumes of
cement increased 5.8% in 2017, driven by increased demand in our
Mississippi River markets north of St. Louis. While organic average
selling prices for aggregates were consistent with the prior year, on a
mix-adjusted basis, aggregates prices increased approximately 3.0%,
while organic cement prices increased 3.3%."

"Adjusted cash gross margins in our materials lines of business
increased significantly from the prior year, driven by a combination of
organic price and volume growth," noted Hill. "Aggregates adjusted cash
gross profit margin increased by 330 basis points year-over-year to
65.3%, while cement adjusted cash gross profit margin increased by 190
basis points year-over-year to a 47.1%."

"Despite strength in materials margins, our overall adjusted gross
profit margin was flat on a year-over-year basis due to a 200 basis
point decline in products margins," continued Hill. "The year-over-year
decline in product margins was mainly attributable to lower sales
volumes of ready-mix-concrete in Texas due to the impact of Hurricane
Harvey and soft public spending in Kansas," continued Hill.

"Since January 2018, we have completed three bolt-on acquisitions in
Texas, Utah and Missouri for total invested capital of $120 million,"
continued Hill. "All three of these materials-based transactions further
establish our existing presence in growing markets characterized by
favorable long-term demographic trends. Looking ahead, we currently have
several materials-based, bolt-on transactions currently in diligence
that we expect will close in the near future."

"While the U.S. continues to enjoy one of the longest periods of
economic expansion on record, our regional private markets show no
indications of slowing," stated Hill. "Houston, Salt Lake City and Las
Vegas – three of Summit's largest housing markets - reported that
full-year 2017 single family home sales were, on average, 50% below the
prior peak, while months of housing inventory was, on average, 75% below
the prior peak, the combination of which we believe indicates room for
additional growth. On the non-residential side of our business, we
continue to experience strong demand for commercial storage, fulfillment
centers, healthcare facilities, educational institutions and
transportation hubs, along with the low-rise commercial infrastructure
required to support the growing residential communities we serve."

"Within our public markets, we anticipate the impact of recently passed
state funding measures, coupled with continued federal investment in
transportation infrastructure through the FAST Act, will help to support
ratable increases in road and highway investments," continued Hill. "In
Texas, a market that represented more than 20% of our total revenue last
year, the state Department of Transportation has forecasted that
infrastructure funding will increase by more than 50% between fiscal
2018 and fiscal 2020, an exciting opportunity that stands to benefit our
operating companies in the region."

"For the full-year 2018, we currently anticipate Adjusted EBITDA will be
in the range of $490 million to $510 million, which includes
contributions from three transactions completed on a year-to-date
basis," stated Hill. "As we complete additional acquisitions throughout
the year, we intend to adjust this range accordingly. We have strong
momentum entering 2018, given opportunities for continued organic growth
in our existing base of assets, together with favorable underlying
demand conditions in our private and public end-markets."

"At year-end 2017, we had record available liquidity on our balance
sheet with which to support a combination of organic and
acquisition-related growth," stated Brian Harris, CFO of Summit
Materials. "As of December 30, 2017, we had $602.5 million in cash and
availability under our revolving credit facility, up from $352.1 million
at year-end 2016. Net leverage was 3.4x exiting the year, versus 3.9x in
the prior year period, given our continued focus on disciplined capital
management," concluded Harris.

"The recent passage of comprehensive federal tax reform legislation is a
positive development for our business," continued Harris. "As a result
of this legislation, we estimate that our Tax Receivable Agreement
('TRA') liability has been reduced by approximately 40% to $332 million.
Further, due to the extension of bonus depreciation provision included
in the federal tax reform legislation, we anticipate future cash
payments to former LP unit holders under the terms of the TRA will be
further deferred, with no significant cash payments until 2026, while
expecting to continue to pay no federal income taxes for the foreseeable
future. We believe the passage of this legislation will provide a
measurable long-term benefit to our free cash flow, as $217 million in
future cash payments that would have been paid to pre-IPO investors can
instead be invested back into the business."

Full-Year 2017 | Financial Performance

Net revenue increased by 17.7% to $1,752.4 million in the full-year
2017, versus $1,488.3 million in the prior year. The improvement in net
revenue was primarily attributable to acquisition-related contributions,
increased organic sales volumes of cement, aggregates and asphalt,
together with increased organic selling prices on cement and ready-mix
concrete. Operating income increased by 42.8% to $220.9 million in the
full-year 2017, compared to the prior year. Adjusted EBITDA increased
17.4% year-over-year to $435.8 million, versus $371.3 million in the
prior year.

West Segment: Operating income increased 29.5% to $130.3 million
in the full-year 2017, when compared to the prior year. Adjusted EBITDA
increased by 21.6% to $203.6 million in the full-year 2017, when
compared to the prior year. Adjusted EBITDA margin was 22.6% in the
full-year 2017, versus 22.7% in the prior-year period. Year-over-year
organic improvements in sales volumes of aggregates and asphalt,
together with acquisition-related EBITDA contributions, were partially
offset by lower organic declines in average selling prices on aggregates.

East Segment: Operating income increased by 3.5% to $67.7 million
in the full-year 2017, when compared to the prior year. Adjusted EBITDA
increased by 10.4% to $139.1 million in the full-year 2017, when
compared to the prior year. Adjusted EBITDA margin declined to 25.4% in
the full-year 2017, versus 26.8% in the prior year. Year-over-year
organic improvements in average selling prices on aggregates and
asphalt, improved organic sales volumes of asphalt, together with
acquisition-related EBITDA contributions, were offset by a sales volume
decline in aggregates and ready-mix concrete.

Cement Segment: Operating income increased 8.3% to $89.4 million
in the full-year 2017, when compared to the prior year. Adjusted EBITDA
increased by 12.9% to $127.5 million in the full-year 2017, when
compared to the prior year. Adjusted EBITDA margin increased to 42.0% in
the full-year 2017, versus 40.2% in the prior year. A year-over-year
increase in average selling prices, organic sales volumes, improved
production efficiencies and cost reductions all contributed to improved
results.

Fourth Quarter 2017 | Financial Performance

Net revenue increased by 13.7% to $440.6 million in the fourth quarter
2017, versus $387.4 million in the prior year period. The improvement in
net revenue was primarily attributable to acquisition-related
contributions, increased organic sales volumes of aggregates and
asphalt, together with increased organic selling prices on cement,
aggregates, ready-mix concrete and asphalt. Operating income increased
by 17.5% to $57.3 million in the fourth quarter 2017, when compared to
the prior year period. Adjusted EBITDA increased 12.0% year-over-year to
$114.2 million, versus $102.0 million in the prior year period.

West Segment: Operating income increased 35.3% to $30.2 million
in the fourth quarter 2017, when compared to the prior year period.
Adjusted EBITDA increased by 27.2% to $50.7 million in the fourth
quarter 2017, when compared to the prior year period. Adjusted EBITDA
margin was 22.6% in the fourth quarter 2017, versus 22.4% in the
prior-year period. Year-over-year organic improvements in sales volumes
of aggregates and asphalt, higher organic average selling prices on
aggregates and ready-mix concrete and acquisition-related EBITDA
contributions were partially offset by lower organic sales volumes of
ready-mix concrete.

East Segment: Operating income increased by 36.7% to $21.2
million in the fourth quarter 2017, when compared to the prior year
period. Adjusted EBITDA increased by 11.2% to $39.6 million in the
fourth quarter 2017, when compared to the prior year period. Adjusted
EBITDA margin increased to 27.9% in the fourth quarter 2017, versus
27.1% in the prior year period. Year-over-year organic improvements in
sales volumes of aggregates and improved average selling prices on
asphalt, together with acquisition-related EBITDA contributions, were
offset by a sales volume decline in ready-mix concrete and asphalt, in
addition to lower average selling prices for ready-mix concrete.

Cement Segment: Operating income increased 1.5% to $25.8 million
in the fourth quarter 2017, when compared to the prior year period.
Adjusted EBITDA increased by 0.2% to $34.2 million in the fourth quarter
2017, when compared to the prior year period. Adjusted EBITDA margin
increased to 45.9% in the fourth quarter 2017, versus 43.8% in the prior
year period. A year-over-year increase in average selling prices,
improved production efficiencies and cost reductions were offset by an
organic year-over-year decline in sales volumes of cement during October
and November 2017, due mainly to adverse weather conditions.

Full-Year 2017 | Results by Line of Business

Aggregates Business: Aggregates net revenue increased by 18.4% to
$313.4 million in the full-year 2017, when compared to the prior year.
Aggregates adjusted cash gross profit margin increased to 65.3% in the
full-year 2017, versus 62.0% in the prior year. Organic aggregates sales
volumes increased 3.4% in the full-year 2017, due mainly to increased
demand in Utah, Vancouver, Austin, Northeast Texas and additional
markets in the southeast. Organic aggregates average selling prices
declined 0.1% in the full-year 2017, mainly in the West Segment. On a
mix-adjusted basis, aggregates average selling prices increased 2.9% in
the full-year 2017, versus the prior-year.

Cement Business: Cement segment net revenue increased 8.1% to
$303.8 million in the full-year 2017, when compared to the prior year.
Cement adjusted cash gross profit margin was 47.1% in the full-year
2017, versus 45.2% in the prior-year. Organic sales volumes and average
selling prices on cement increased 5.8% and 3.3%, respectively, when
compared to the prior year. Strong regional demand in the Company's
northern markets drove organic volume growth throughout most of the
year, while continued organic growth in sales prices was attributable to
a previously announced annual price increase that became effective
January 1, 2017.

Products Business: Net revenue increased 20.7% to $854.5 million
in the full-year 2017, when compared to the prior year. Products
adjusted cash gross profit margin declined to 24.6% in the full-year
2017, versus 26.6% in the prior year. Organic sales volumes of ready-mix
concrete declined 2.3%, versus the prior year, due mainly to disruptions
related to Hurricane Harvey in Houston and soft public spending in
Kansas. Organic sales volumes of asphalt increased 10.9%, versus the
prior year, given broad-based strength across all major platform markets.

Fourth Quarter 2017 | Results by Line of
Business

Aggregates Business: Aggregates net revenue increased by 21.4% to
$76.9 million in the fourth quarter 2017, when compared to the prior
year period. Aggregates adjusted cash gross profit margin increased to
70.5% in the fourth quarter 2017, versus 63.7% in the prior year period.
Organic aggregates sales volumes increased 3.5% in the fourth quarter
2017, due mainly to increased demand in Utah, Vancouver, Austin,
Northeast Texas and Virginia. Organic aggregates average selling prices
increased less than 1% in the fourth quarter 2017, given broad-based
growth in average selling prices in the West Segment.

Cement Business: Cement segment net revenue declined 4.4% to
$74.5 million in the fourth quarter 2017, when compared to the
prior-year period. Cement adjusted cash gross profit margin increased to
49.9% in the fourth quarter 2017, versus 47.9% in the prior-year period.
Organic sales volumes declined 5.5% in the fourth quarter 2017, while
organic average selling prices increased 2.5%, when compared to the
prior-year period. Organic sales volumes of cement declined on a
year-over-year basis during October and November 2017, due to adverse
weather conditions, but increased on a year-over-year basis in December
2017.

Products Business: Net revenue increased 19.1% to $215.9 million
in the fourth quarter 2017, when compared to the prior year period.
Products adjusted cash gross profit margin declined to 23.7% in the
fourth quarter 2017, versus 26.1% in the prior year period. Organic
sales volumes of ready-mix concrete declined 5.5%, versus the prior year
period, due mainly to disruptions related to Hurricane Harvey in Houston
and soft public spending in Kansas. Organic sales volumes of asphalt
increased 7.6%, given strength in the Utah and Austin markets.

Impact of Federal Tax Reform

The Tax Cuts and Jobs Act ("TCJA") was passed by both houses of Congress
and signed into law by President Trump in late December 2017.

Following the passage of the TCJA, Summit has determined that a lower
statutory tax rate will reduce the value of the Company's deferred tax
assets. Accordingly, the amount of our estimated liability under the Tax
Receivable Agreement the Company is required to pay is also reduced. The
Company estimates its TRA liability has been reduced by $217 million
from approximately $549 million before tax reform to $332 million post
tax reform.

Further, the Company estimates that, as a result of the extended bonus
depreciation provision outlined within the TCJA, taxable income will be
lower in future years. Accordingly, the amount of tax receivable
payments that the Company is obligated to pay will both be reduced and
delayed to future years. Prior to tax reform, the Company estimated that
its first TRA payment to former LP unit holders would commence in 2020.
Following the passage of tax reform, the Company estimates that its
first cash payment to former LP unit holders will commence in 2026.

Summit Materials expects that it will not pay federal income tax for the
foreseeable future following the enactment of the TCJA.

Acquisition Program Update

In the full-year 2017, the company completed 14 acquisitions for a
combined purchase price of approximately $420 million. With more than 60
transactions completed since 2009, Summit has continued to consolidate
quality, materials-based assets in what remains a fragmented industry,
bringing the benefits of scale to smaller private operations, while
creating significant value for shareholders.

Since January 1, 2018, the Company has completed three materials-based
acquisitions. The combined purchase price across the three transactions
was approximately $120 million.

Metro Ready Mix (Wasatch Front, Utah). Metro Ready Mix is an
aggregates and ready-mix concrete company that both expands and
complements Summit's vertically integrated position in the Salt Lake
City market. Summit closed on its acquisition of Metro Ready Mix in
January 2018.

Price Construction Company (West Texas). Price Construction is an
aggregates, asphalt, paving and construction services company that
expands Summit's footprint in the West Texas region, while creating a
fully integrated aggregates, ready-mix concrete and paving services
platform in the growing Midland-Odessa market. Summit closed on its
acquisition of Price in January 2018.

Mertens Construction Company (Central Missouri). Mertens
Construction Company is a pure-play aggregates business with extensive
reserves that geographically expand Summit's existing position in
Central Missouri. Summit closed on its acquisition of Mertens in January
2018.

Liquidity / Capital Resources

At December 31, 2017, the Company had cash on hand of $383.6 million and
borrowing capacity under its revolving credit facility of $218.9
million. The borrowing capacity on the revolving credit facility is
fully available to the Company within the terms and covenant
requirements of its credit agreement. As of December 31, 2017, the
Company had $1.8 billion in debt outstanding.

Financial Guidance / Outlook

For the full-year 2018, the Company is introducing Adjusted EBITDA
guidance in a range of $490 million to $510 million. This guidance range
includes the impact of all three acquisitions that have been completed
on a year-to-date 2018 basis. No additional potential acquisitions are
included within the Company's full-year 2018 Adjusted EBITDA guidance.

For the full-year 2018, the Company is introducing capital expenditure
guidance in a range of $210 million to $225 million. The Company
estimates approximately 46% of 2018 capital expenditures will be
directed toward investments in organic growth and development, up from
28% in 2017.

Webcast and Conference Call Information

Summit Materials will conduct a conference call today at 11:00 a.m.
eastern time (9:00 a.m. mountain time) to review the Company's fourth
quarter and full-year 2017 financial results. A webcast of the
conference call and accompanying presentation materials will be
available in the Investors section of Summit's website at investors.summit-materials.com.
To listen to a live broadcast, go to the site at least 15 minutes prior
to the scheduled start time in order to register, download, and install
any necessary audio software.

To participate in the live teleconference:

Domestic Live:         1-877-407-0784
International Live: 1-201-689-8560
Conference ID: 86972581

To listen to a replay of the teleconference, which will be available
through March 14, 2018:

Domestic Replay:         1-844-512-2921
International Replay: 1-412-317-6671
Conference ID: 13675346

About Summit Materials

Summit Materials is a leading vertically integrated materials-based
company that supplies aggregates, cement, ready-mix concrete and asphalt
in the United States and British Columbia, Canada. Summit is a
geographically diverse, materials-based business of scale that offers
customers a single-source provider of construction materials and related
downstream products in the public infrastructure, residential and
non-residential end markets. Summit has a strong track record of
successful acquisitions since inception and continues to pursue growth
opportunities in new and existing markets. For more information about
Summit Materials, please visit www.summit-materials.com.

Non-GAAP Financial Measures

The Securities and Exchange Commission ("SEC") regulates the use of
"non-GAAP financial measures," such as Adjusted Net Income, Adjusted
EPS, Adjusted EBITDA, Adjusted EBITDA margin, Adjusted Cash Gross
Profit, Adjusted Cash Gross Profit Margin, Free Cash Flow and Net
Leverage which are derived on the basis of methodologies other than in
accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles ("U.S.
GAAP"). We have provided these measures because, among other things, we
believe that they provide investors with additional information to
measure our performance, evaluate our ability to service our debt and
evaluate certain flexibility under our restrictive covenants. Our
Adjusted Net Income, Adjusted EPS, Adjusted EBITDA, Adjusted EBITDA
margin and Adjusted Cash Gross Profit may vary from the use of such
terms by others and should not be considered as alternatives to or more
important than net income (loss), operating income (loss), revenue or
any other performance measures derived in accordance with U.S. GAAP as
measures of operating performance or to cash flows as measures of
liquidity.

Adjusted EBITDA, Adjusted EBITDA margin and other non-GAAP measures have
important limitations as analytical tools, and you should not consider
them in isolation or as substitutes for analysis of our results as
reported under U.S. GAAP. Some of the limitations of Adjusted EBITDA are
that these measures do not reflect: (i) our cash expenditures or future
requirements for capital expenditures or contractual commitments;
(ii) changes in, or cash requirements for, our working capital needs;
(iii) interest expense or cash requirements necessary to service
interest and principal payments on our debt; and (iv) income tax
payments we are required to make. Because of these limitations, we rely
primarily on our U.S. GAAP results and use Adjusted EBITDA, Adjusted
EBITDA margin and other non-GAAP measures on a supplemental basis.

Adjusted EBITDA, Adjusted EBITDA margin, Adjusted Cash Gross Profit,
Adjusted Net Income, Adjusted EPS and Free Cash Flow reflect additional
ways of viewing aspects of our business that, when viewed with our GAAP
results and the accompanying reconciliations to U.S. GAAP financial
measures included in the tables attached to this press release, may
provide a more complete understanding of factors and trends affecting
our business. We strongly encourage investors to review our consolidated
financial statements in their entirety and not rely on any single
financial measure. Reconciliations of the non-GAAP measures used in this
press release are included in the attached tables. Because GAAP
financial measures on a forward-looking basis are not accessible, and
reconciling information is not available without unreasonable effort, we
have not provided reconciliations for forward-looking non-GAAP measures.
For the same reasons, we are unable to address the probable significance
of the unavailable information, which could be material to future
results.

Cautionary Statement Regarding Forward-Looking
Statements

This press release includes "forward-looking statements" within the
meaning of the federal securities laws, which involve risks and
uncertainties. Forward-looking statements include all statements that do
not relate solely to historical or current facts, and you can identify
forward-looking statements because they contain words such as
"believes," "expects," "may," "will," "should," "seeks," "intends,"
"trends," "plans," "estimates," "projects" or "anticipates" or similar
expressions that concern our strategy, plans, expectations or
intentions. All statements made relating to our estimated and projected
earnings, margins, costs, expenditures, cash flows, growth rates and
financial results are forward-looking statements. These forward-looking
statements are subject to risks, uncertainties and other factors that
may cause our actual results, performance or achievements to be
materially different from future results, performance or achievements
expressed or implied by such forward-looking statements. We derive many
of our forward-looking statements from our operating budgets and
forecasts, which are based upon many detailed assumptions. While we
believe that our assumptions are reasonable, it is very difficult to
predict the effect of known factors, and, of course, it is impossible to
anticipate all factors that could affect our actual results. In light of
the significant uncertainties inherent in the forward-looking statements
included herein, the inclusion of such information should not be
regarded as a representation by us or any other person that the results
or conditions described in such statements or our objectives and plans
will be realized. Important factors could affect our results and could
cause results to differ materially from those expressed in our
forward-looking statements, including but not limited to the factors
discussed in the section entitled "Risk Factors" in Summit Inc.'s Annual
Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2016 (the
"Annual Report"), as filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission
(the "SEC"), any factors discussed in the section entitled "Risk
Factors" of this report and the following:

  • our dependence on the construction industry and the strength of the
    local economies in which we operate;
  • the cyclical nature of our business;
  • risks related to weather and seasonality;
  • risks associated with our capital-intensive business;
  • competition within our local markets;
  • our ability to execute on our acquisition strategy, successfully
    integrate acquisitions with our existing operations and retain key
    employees of acquired businesses;
  • our dependence on securing and permitting aggregate reserves in
    strategically located areas;
  • declines in public infrastructure construction and delays or
    reductions in governmental funding, including the funding by
    transportation authorities and other state agencies;
  • environmental, health, safety and climate change laws or governmental
    requirements or policies concerning zoning and land use;
  • conditions in the credit markets;
  • our ability to accurately estimate the overall risks, requirements or
    costs when we bid on or negotiate contracts that are ultimately
    awarded to us;
  • material costs and losses as a result of claims that our products do
    not meet regulatory requirements or contractual specifications;
  • cancellation of a significant number of contracts or our
    disqualification from bidding for new contracts;
  • special hazards related to our operations that may cause personal
    injury or property damage not covered by insurance;
  • our substantial current level of indebtedness;
  • our dependence on senior management and other key personnel; and
  • interruptions in our information technology systems and infrastructure.

All subsequent written and oral forward-looking statements attributable
to us, or persons acting on our behalf, are expressly qualified in their
entirety by these cautionary statements.

Any forward-looking statement that we make herein speaks only as of the
date of this press release. We undertake no obligation to publicly
update or revise any forward-looking statement as a result of new
information, future events or otherwise, except as required by law.

SUMMIT MATERIALS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

Consolidated Statements of Operations

($ in thousands, except share and per share amounts)

 
    Three months ended     Year ended
December 30,   December 31, December 30,   December 31,
2017 2016 2017 2016
(unaudited) (unaudited) (audited) (audited)
Revenue:
Product $ 361,637 $ 315,329 $ 1,449,936 $ 1,223,008
Service   78,973     72,060     302,473     265,266  
Net revenue 440,610 387,389 1,752,409 1,488,274
Delivery and subcontract revenue   49,414     35,584     180,166     137,789  
Total revenue   490,024     422,973     1,932,575     1,626,063  
Cost of revenue (excluding items shown separately below):
Product 220,420 192,126 898,281 751,419
Service   48,922     46,334     203,330     182,584  
Net cost of revenue 269,342 238,460 1,101,611 934,003
Delivery and subcontract cost   49,414     35,584     180,166     137,789  
Total cost of revenue   318,756     274,044     1,281,777     1,071,792  
General and administrative expenses 66,941 58,556 242,670 243,512
Depreciation, depletion, amortization and accretion 45,762 40,105 179,518 149,300
Transaction costs   1,259     1,507     7,733     6,797  
Operating income 57,306 48,761 220,877 154,662
Interest expense 28,673 25,069 108,549 97,536

Loss on debt financings

4,625 4,815
Tax receivable agreement (benefit) expense (232,261 ) 14,938 271,016 14,938
Other (income) expense, net   (1,340 )   91     (5,303 )   1,361  
Income (loss) from operations before taxes 257,609 8,663 (158,200 ) 40,827
Income tax expense (benefit)   213,099     2,614     (283,977 )   (5,299 )
Net income 44,510 6,049 125,777 46,126
Net (loss) income attributable to noncontrolling interest in
subsidiaries
(41 ) (27 ) 16
Net income attributable to Summit Holdings (1)   1,500     6,380     3,974     9,327  
Net income (loss) attributable to Summit Inc. $ 43,010   $ (290 ) $ 121,830   $ 36,783  
Income per share of Class A common stock:
Basic $ 0.39 $ (0.00 ) $ 1.12 $ 0.52
Diluted $ 0.38 $ (0.00 ) $ 1.11 $ 0.52
Weighted average shares of Class A common stock:
Basic 110,128,357 88,797,701 108,696,438 70,355,042
Diluted 111,723,427 88,797,701 109,490,898 70,838,508

________________________

(1)   Represents portion of business owned by pre-IPO investors rather
than by Summit.
 
 
SUMMIT MATERIALS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

Consolidated Balance Sheets

($ in thousands, except share and per share amounts)

 
    2017     2016
Assets
Current assets:
Cash and cash equivalents $ 383,556 $ 143,392
Accounts receivable, net 198,330 162,377
Costs and estimated earnings in excess of billings 9,512 7,450
Inventories 184,439 157,679
Other current assets   7,764   12,800  
Total current assets 783,601 483,698
Property, plant and equipment 1,615,424 1,446,452
Goodwill 1,036,320 782,212
Intangible assets 16,833 17,989
Deferred tax assets 284,092 4,326
Other assets   51,063   46,789  
Total assets $ 3,787,333 $ 2,781,466  
Liabilities and Stockholders' Equity
Current liabilities:
Current portion of debt $ 4,765 $ 6,500
Current portion of acquisition-related liabilities 14,087 24,162
Accounts payable 98,744 81,565
Accrued expenses 116,629 111,605
Billings in excess of costs and estimated earnings   15,750   15,456  
Total current liabilities 249,975 239,288
Long-term debt 1,810,833 1,514,456
Acquisition-related liabilities 58,135 32,664
Tax receivable agreement liability 331,340 58,145
Other noncurrent liabilities   65,329   76,874  
Total liabilities   2,515,612   1,921,427  
 
Stockholders' equity:
Class A common stock, par value $0.01 per share; 1,000,000,000
shares authorized, 110,350,594 and 96,033,222 shares issued and
outstanding as of December 30, 2017 and December 31, 2016,
respectively
1,104 961
Class B common stock, par value $0.01 per share; 250,000,000 shares
authorized, 100 shares issued and outstanding as of December 30,
2017 and December 31, 2016
Additional paid-in capital 1,154,220 824,304
Accumulated earnings 95,833 19,028
Accumulated other comprehensive income (loss)   7,386   (2,249 )
Stockholders' equity 1,258,543 842,044
Noncontrolling interest in consolidated subsidiaries 1,378
Noncontrolling interest in Summit Holdings   13,178   16,617  
Total stockholders' equity   1,271,721   860,039  
Total liabilities and stockholders' equity $ 3,787,333 $ 2,781,466  
 
 
SUMMIT MATERIALS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows

($ in thousands)

 
    2017     2016
Cash flow from operating activities:
Net income $ 125,777 $ 46,126
Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by
operating activities:
Depreciation, depletion, amortization and accretion 193,107 160,633
Share-based compensation expense 21,140 49,940
Net gain on asset disposals (7,638 ) (3,102 )
Non-cash loss on debt financings 3,856
Change in deferred tax asset, net (289,219 ) (4,263 )
Other (2,359 ) (1,282 )
(Increase) decrease in operating assets, net of acquisitions:
Accounts receivable, net (3,720 ) 2,511
Inventories (18,609 ) (10,297 )
Costs and estimated earnings in excess of billings (1,825 ) (2,684 )
Other current assets 8,703 (5,518 )
Other assets (3,103 ) (2,350 )
Increase (decrease) in operating liabilities, net of acquisitions:
Accounts payable 6,192 (5,751 )
Accrued expenses (7,006 ) 13,196
Billings in excess of costs and estimated earnings 109 700
Tax receivable agreement liability 273,194 58,145
Other liabilities   (6,416 )   (51,141 )
Net cash provided by operating activities   292,183     244,863  
Cash flow from investing activities:
Acquisitions, net of cash acquired (374,930 ) (336,958 )
Purchases of property, plant and equipment (194,146 ) (153,483 )
Proceeds from the sale of property, plant and equipment 17,072 16,868
Other   (471 )   2,921  
Net cash used for investing activities   (552,475 )   (470,652 )
Cash flow from financing activities:
Proceeds from equity offerings 237,600
Capital issuance costs (627 ) (136 )
Proceeds from debt issuances 302,000 354,000
Debt issuance costs (6,416 ) (5,801 )
Payments on debt (16,438 ) (120,702 )
Purchase of noncontrolling interests (532 ) -
Payments on acquisition-related liabilities (34,650 ) (32,040 )
Distributions from partnership (1,974 ) (13,034 )
Proceeds from stock option exercises 21,661 440
Other   (869 )   (20 )
Net cash provided by financing activities   499,755     182,707  
Impact of foreign currency on cash 701 69
Net increase (decrease) in cash   240,164     (43,013 )
Cash and cash equivalents—beginning of period   143,392     186,405  
Cash and cash equivalents—end of period $ 383,556   $ 143,392  
 
 
SUMMIT MATERIALS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

Unaudited Revenue Data by Segment and Line of Business

($ in thousands)

 
    Three months ended     Year ended
December 30,   December 31, December 30,   December 31,
2017 2016 2017 2016
 
Segment Net Revenue:
West $ 224,318 $ 178,085 $ 899,992 $ 736,573
East 141,817 131,385 548,604 470,614
Cement   74,475     77,919     303,813     281,087  
Net Revenue $ 440,610   $ 387,389   $ 1,752,409   $ 1,488,274  
 
Line of Business - Net Revenue:
Materials
Aggregates $ 76,946 $ 63,392 $ 313,383 $ 264,609
Cement (1) 68,798 70,691 282,041 250,349
Products   215,893     181,246     854,512     708,050  
Total Materials and Products   361,637     315,329     1,449,936     1,223,008  
Services   78,973     72,060     302,473     265,266  
Net Revenue $ 440,610   $ 387,389   $ 1,752,409   $ 1,488,274  
 
Line of Business - Net Cost of Revenue:
Materials
Aggregates $ 22,729 $ 23,036 $ 108,729 $ 100,480
Cement 31,659 33,333 139,058 123,164
Products   164,736     133,895     644,010     519,439  
Total Materials and Products   219,124     190,264     891,797     743,083  
Services   50,218     48,196     209,814     190,920  
Net Cost of Revenue $ 269,342   $ 238,460   $ 1,101,611   $ 934,003  
 
Line of Business - Adjusted Cash Gross Profit (2):
Materials
Aggregates $ 54,217 $ 40,356 $ 204,654 $ 164,129
Cement (3) 37,139 37,358 142,983 127,185
Products   51,157     47,351     210,502     188,611  
Total Materials and Products   142,513     125,065     558,139     479,925  
Services   28,755     23,864     92,659     74,346  
Adjusted Cash Gross Profit $ 171,268   $ 148,929   $ 650,798   $ 554,271  
 
Adjusted Cash Gross Profit Margin (2)
Materials
Aggregates 70.5 % 63.7 % 65.3 % 62.0 %
Cement (3) 49.9 % 47.9 % 47.1 % 45.2 %
Products 23.7 % 26.1 % 24.6 % 26.6 %
Services 36.4 % 33.1 % 30.6 % 28.0 %
Total Adjusted Cash Gross Profit Margin 38.9 % 38.4 % 37.1 % 37.2 %
 
 

________________________

(1)   Net revenue for the cement line of business excludes revenue
associated with hazardous and non-hazardous waste, which is
processed into fuel and used in the cement plants and is included in
services net revenue. Additionally, net revenue from cement swaps
and other cement-related products are included in products net
revenue.
(2) Previously, we presented gross profit as a non- GAAP metric. We have
renamed that metric adjusted cash gross profit to be more
descriptive of the calculation. Adjusted cash gross profit
calculated as net revenue by line of business less net cost of
revenue by line of business. Adjusted cash gross profit margin is
defined as adjusted cash gross profit divided by net revenue.
(3) The cement adjusted cash gross profit includes the earnings from the
waste processing operations, cement swaps and other products. Cement
line of business adjusted cash gross profit margin is defined as
cement adjusted cash gross profit divided by cement segment net
revenue.
 
 
SUMMIT MATERIALS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

Unaudited Volume and Price Statistics

(Units in thousands)

 
    Three months ended   Year ended
Total Volume December 30, 2017   December 31, 2016 December 30, 2017   December 31, 2016
Aggregates (tons) 10,465   8,790 41,712   36,092
Cement (tons) 622 658 2,547 2,357
Ready-mix concrete (cubic yards) 1,216 1,025 4,680 3,823
Asphalt (tons) 1,259 1,090 5,263 4,359
 
Three months ended Year ended
Pricing December 30, 2017   December 31, 2016 December 30, 2017   December 31, 2016
Aggregates (per ton) $ 9.76 $ 9.67 $ 9.97 $ 9.85
Cement (per ton) 112.32 109.57 112.42 108.63
Ready-mix concrete (per cubic yards) 107.48 104.44 105.37 103.74
Asphalt (per ton) 53.04 52.06 54.19 54.74
 
Year over Year Comparison Volume Pricing Volume Pricing
Aggregates (per ton) 19.1 % 0.9 % 15.6 % 1.2 %
Cement (per ton) (5.5) % 2.5 % 8.1 % 3.5 %
Ready-mix concrete (per cubic yards) 18.6 % 2.9 % 22.4 % 1.6 %
Asphalt (per ton) 15.5 % 1.9 % 20.7 % (1.0) %
 
Year over Year Comparison (Excluding acquisitions) Volume Pricing Volume Pricing
Aggregates (per ton) 3.5 % 0.0 % 3.4 % (0.1) %
Cement (per ton) (5.5) % 2.5 % 5.8 % 3.3 %
Ready-mix concrete (per cubic yards) (5.5) % 1.8 % (2.3) % 0.5 %
Asphalt (per ton) 7.6 % 1.7 % 10.9 % (0.9) %
 
 
SUMMIT MATERIALS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

Unaudited Reconciliations of Gross Revenue to Net Revenue by Line
of Business

($ and Units in thousands, except pricing information)

 
    Three months ended December 30, 2017
    Gross Revenue   Intercompany   Net
Volumes Pricing by Product Elimination/Delivery Revenue
Aggregates 10,465 $ 9.76 $ 102,187 $ (25,241 ) $ 76,946
Cement 622   112.32   69,848   (1,050 )   68,798
Materials $ 172,035 $ (26,291 ) $ 145,744
Ready-mix concrete 1,216 107.48 130,740 (262 ) 130,478
Asphalt 1,259 53.04 66,798 (79 ) 66,719
Other Products   82,201   (63,505 )   18,696
Products $ 279,739 $ (63,846 ) $ 215,893
 
 
Year ended December 30, 2017
Gross Revenue Intercompany Net
Volumes Pricing by Product Elimination/Delivery Revenue
Aggregates 41,712 $ 9.97 $ 415,873 $ (102,490 ) $ 313,383
Cement 2,547   112.42   286,360   (4,319 )   282,041
Materials $ 702,233 $ (106,809 ) $ 595,424
Ready-mix concrete 4,680 105.37 493,089 (787 ) 492,302
Asphalt 5,263 54.19 285,201 (425 ) 284,776
Other Products   345,159   (267,725 )   77,434
Products $ 1,123,449 $ (268,937 ) $ 854,512
 
 

SUMMIT MATERIALS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
Unaudited
Reconciliations of Non-GAAP Financial Measures
($ in thousands,
except share and per share amounts)

The tables below reconcile our net income (loss) to Adjusted EBITDA by
segment for the three months and years ended December 30, 2017 and
December 31, 2016.

Reconciliation of Net Income (Loss) to Adjusted EBITDA     Three months ended December 30, 2017
by Segment West   East   Cement   Corporate   Consolidated
($ in thousands)
Net income (loss) $ 28,048 $ 22,237 $ 27,171 $ (32,946 ) $ 44,510
Interest expense (income) 1,338 579 (1,415 ) 28,171 28,673
Income tax expense (benefit) 486 (843 ) 213,456 213,099
Depreciation, depletion and amortization   19,110     17,093     8,405     661     45,269  
EBITDA $ 48,982   $ 39,066   $ 34,161   $ 209,342   $ 331,551  
Accretion 215 220 58 493
Loss on debt financings 4,625 4,625
Tax receivable agreement expense (232,261 ) (232,261 )
Transaction costs (99 ) 1,358 1,259
Non-cash compensation 6,992 6,992
Other   1,636     311         (395 )   1,552  
Adjusted EBITDA $ 50,734   $ 39,597   $ 34,219   $ (10,339 ) $ 114,211  
Adjusted EBITDA Margin (1) 22.6 % 27.9 % 45.9 % 25.9 %
 
 
Reconciliation of Net Income (Loss) to Adjusted EBITDA Three months ended December 31, 2016
by Segment West East Cement Corporate Consolidated
($ in thousands)
Net income (loss) $ 18,335 $ 20,292 $ 25,885 $ (58,463 ) $ 6,049
Interest expense (income) 2,108 (897 ) (581 ) 24,439 25,069
Income tax expense (benefit) 94 (2,156 ) 4,676 2,614
Depreciation, depletion and amortization   16,514     13,882     8,787     560     39,743  
EBITDA $ 37,051   $ 31,121   $ 34,091   $ (28,788 ) $ 73,475  
Accretion 117 173 72 362
IPO/ Legacy equity modification costs
Tax receivable agreement expense 14,938 14,938
Transaction costs (58 ) 1,565 1,507
Management fees and expenses (1,379 ) (1,379 )
Non-cash compensation 3,817 3,817
Other   2,777     4,308         2,210     9,295  
Adjusted EBITDA $ 39,887   $ 35,602   $ 34,163   $ (7,637 ) $ 102,015  
Adjusted EBITDA Margin (1) 22.4 % 27.1 % 43.8 % 26.3 %
           
Reconciliation of Net Income (Loss) to Adjusted EBITDA Year ended December 30, 2017
by Segment West East Cement Corporate Consolidated
($ in thousands)
Net income (loss) $ 121,390 $ 68,361 $ 92,956 $ (156,930 ) $ 125,777
Interest expense (income) 6,924 3,082 (3,760 ) 102,303 108,549
Income tax expense (benefit) 1,910 (864 ) (285,023 ) (283,977 )
Depreciation, depletion and amortization   70,499     66,436     38,107     2,601     177,643  
EBITDA $ 200,723   $ 137,015   $ 127,303   $ (337,049 ) $ 127,992  
Accretion 815 816 244 1,875
Loss on debt financings 4,815 4,815
Tax receivable agreement expense 271,016 271,016
Transaction costs (76 ) 7,809 7,733
Non-cash compensation 21,140 21,140
Other   2,128     1,277         (2,199 )   1,206  
Adjusted EBITDA $ 203,590   $ 139,108   $ 127,547   $ (34,468 ) $ 435,777  
Adjusted EBITDA Margin (1) 22.6 % 25.4 % 42.0 % 24.9 %
 
 
Reconciliation of Net Income (Loss) to Adjusted EBITDA Year ended December 31, 2016
by Segment West East Cement Corporate Consolidated
($ in thousands)
Net income (loss) $ 86,040 $ 66,661 $ 79,280 $ (185,855 ) $ 46,126
Interest expense 9,195 4,930 2,741 80,670 97,536
Income tax expense (benefit) 269 (2,156 ) (3,412 ) (5,299 )
Depreciation, depletion and amortization   64,558     50,866     29,903     2,409     147,736  
EBITDA $ 160,062   $ 120,301   $ 111,924   $ (106,188 ) $ 286,099  
Accretion 787 674 103 1,564
IPO/ Legacy equity modification costs 37,257 37,257
Tax receivable agreement expense 14,938 14,938
Transaction costs 382 25 6,390 6,797
Management fees and expenses (1,379 ) (1,379 )
Non-cash compensation 12,683 12,683
Other   6,203     5,007     964     1,214     13,388  
Adjusted EBITDA $ 167,434   $ 126,007   $ 112,991   $ (35,085 ) $ 371,347  
Adjusted EBITDA Margin (1) 22.7 % 26.8 % 40.2 % 25.0 %

________________________

(1)   Adjusted EBITDA Margin is defined as Adjusted EBITDA as a percentage
of net revenue.
 
 

The table below reconciles our net income per share attributable to
Summit Materials, Inc. to adjusted diluted net income per share for the
three months and years ended December 30, 2017 and December 31, 2016.
The per share amount of the net income attributable to Summit Materials,
Inc. presented in the table is calculated using the total equity
interests for the purpose of reconciling to adjusted diluted net income
per share.

    Three months ended   Year ended
December 30, 2017   December 31, 2016 December 30, 2017   December 31, 2016
Reconciliation of Net Income Per Share to Adjusted Diluted EPS

Net
Income

 

Per Equity
Unit

Net
Income

 

Per Equity
Unit

Net
Income

 

Per Equity
Unit

Net
Income

 

Per Equity
Unit

Net income (loss) attributable to Summit Materials, Inc. $ 43,010 $ 0.38 $ (290 ) $ $ 121,830 $ 1.08 $ 36,783 $ 0.36
Adjustments:
Net income attributable to noncontrolling interest 1,500 0.01 6,380 0.06 3,974 0.04 9,327 0.09
IPO/ Legacy equity modification costs 37,257 0.36
Loss on debt financings   4,625     0.04           4,815     0.04      
Adjusted diluted net income before tax related adjustments   49,135     0.43     6,090     0.06   130,619     1.16     83,367   0.81
Tax receivable agreement (benefit) expense (232,261 ) (2.04 ) 14,938 0.15 271,016 2.40 14,938 0.15
Valuation allowance release (531,952 ) (4.70 )
Change in Federal statutory tax rates   235,253     2.07           235,253     2.07      
Adjusted diluted net income $ 52,127   $ 0.46   $ 21,028   $ 0.21 $ 104,936   $ 0.93   $ 98,305 $ 0.96
Weighted-average shares:
Basic Class A common stock 110,128,357 88,797,701 108,696,438 70,355,042
LP Units outstanding   3,803,892     13,900,060     4,371,705     32,327,907
Total equity units   113,932,249     102,697,761     113,068,143     102,682,949
 
 

The following table reconciles operating income to Adjusted Cash Gross
Profit and Adjusted Cash Gross Profit Margin for the three months and
years ended December 30, 2017 and December 31, 2016.

    Three months ended   Year ended
December 30,   December 31, December 30,   December 31,
Reconciliation of Operating Income to Adjusted Cash Gross Profit 2017 2016 2017 2016
($ in thousands)
Operating income $ 57,306 $ 48,761 $ 220,877 $ 154,662
General and administrative expenses 66,941 58,556 242,670 243,512
Depreciation, depletion, amortization and accretion 45,762 40,105 179,518 149,300
Transaction costs   1,259     1,507     7,733     6,797  
Adjusted Cash Gross Profit (exclusive of items shown separately) $ 171,268   $ 148,929   $ 650,798   $ 554,271  
Adjusted Cash Gross Profit Margin (exclusive of items shown
separately) (1)
38.9 % 38.4 % 37.1 % 37.2 %

________________________

(1)   Adjusted Cash Gross Profit Margin is defined as Adjusted Cash Gross
Profit as a percentage of net revenue.
 
 

The following table reconciles net cash used for operating activities to
free cash flow for the three months and years ended December 30, 2017
and December 31, 2016.

    Three months ended   Year ended
December 30,   December 31, December 30,   December 31,
2017 2016 2017 2016
Net income $ 44,510 $ 6,049 $ 125,777 $ 46,126
Non-cash items   269,771     53,586     (81,113 )   201,926  
Net income adjusted for non-cash items 314,281 59,635 44,664 248,052
Change in working capital accounts   (154,531 )   100,705     247,519     (3,189 )
Net cash provided by operating activities 159,750 160,340 292,183 244,863
Capital expenditures, net of asset sales   (42,886 )   (30,892 )   (177,074 )   (136,615 )
Free cash flow $ 116,864   $ 129,448   $ 115,109   $ 108,248  

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