Market Overview

Ellington Residential Mortgage REIT Reports Third Quarter 2017 Results

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Ellington Residential Mortgage REIT (NYSE:EARN) today reported financial
results for the quarter ended September 30, 2017.

Highlights

  • Net income of $6.3 million, or $0.48 per share.
  • Core Earnings1 of $5.0 million, or $0.38 per share, and
    Adjusted Core Earnings1 of $5.6 million, or $0.43 per share.
  • Book value of $14.76 per share as of September 30, 2017, after giving
    effect to a third quarter dividend of $0.40 per share.
  • Net interest margin of 1.30%, and adjusted net interest margin2
    of 1.45%.
  • Weighted average constant prepayment rate for the fixed-rate Agency
    specified pool portfolio of 9.6%.
  • Dividend yield of 11.9% based on November 1, 2017 closing stock price
    of $13.41.
  • Debt-to-equity ratio of 8.3:1 as of September 30, 2017.

Third Quarter 2017 Results

"In the third quarter, Ellington Residential had net income of $0.48 per
share and Adjusted Core Earnings of $0.43 per share," said Laurence
Penn, Chief Executive Officer and President. "Our dividend of $0.40 was
more than covered by our net income, and in addition to achieving
outstanding returns on our investment portfolio, we also benefited from
a lower expense ratio following the equity raise last quarter that
increased our capital base. We generated an annualized economic return
for the quarter of 12.8%, and our book value per share increased quarter
over quarter, even after payment of the dividend.

"The quarter's results were driven by the strong performance of Agency
RMBS, which finally participated in the spread tightening that most
other fixed-income classes had already experienced this year. In
September, after the Federal Reserve announced the initiation of its
tapering program, the mortgage basis tightened significantly, suggesting
that many investors had been waiting for policy clarity before adding
Agency RMBS exposure. We were well positioned for this spread
tightening, as we had reduced our TBA short position coming into the
quarter, and we had just deployed into Agency RMBS the vast majority of
the capital we had raised in our well-timed second quarter equity raise.
We believe that we will be able to take advantage of many more such
opportunities as the Federal Reserve continues to reduce its footprint
in the Agency RMBS market.

"Our portfolio also benefited from the outperformance of specified pools
versus TBAs, as we continued to concentrate our long investments in
specified pools. Additionally, our small portfolio of non-Agency RMBS
again performed very well this quarter, contributing nicely to
performance.

"The yield curve continued to flatten during the third quarter, putting
downward pressure on our adjusted net interest margin and Adjusted Core
Earnings. However, our portfolio management style includes active
trading, hedging along the entire yield curve, and hedging using
significant TBA short positions. As a result, and as demonstrated by our
strong results this past quarter, we believe that our success is not
dependent on the shape of the yield curve or the absolute level of
interest rates.

"Our larger equity base resulting from the second quarter equity raise
also caused our annualized expense ratio to decline from 3.6% to 3.0%
quarter over quarter. During the third quarter, we raised $13.9 million
of additional equity via our at-the-market (ATM) program. We believe the
ATM program provides an attractive, low-cost path to growth, and we plan
to continue to utilize it as investment opportunities and market
conditions warrant. Based on our third-quarter ATM issuance alone, we
project an additional 0.11% decline in our annualized expense ratio."

 
1 Core Earnings and Adjusted Core Earnings are non-GAAP financial
measures. Adjusted Core Earnings represents Core Earnings excluding
the effect of the Catch-up Premium Amortization Adjustment on
interest income. See "Reconciliation of Core Earnings to Net Income"
below for an explanation regarding the calculation of Core Earnings,
Adjusted Core Earnings, and the Catch-up Premium Amortization
Adjustment.
2 Adjusted net interest margin represents net interest margin
excluding the effect of the Catch-up Premium Amortization Adjustment
on interest income.
 

Market Overview

  • In October, the Federal Reserve initiated its balance sheet
    normalization program, and began tapering asset purchases of both U.S.
    Treasury securities and Agency RMBS. At the November Federal Open
    Market Committee, or "FOMC," meeting, the Federal Reserve maintained
    the target range for the federal funds rate at 1.00%–1.25%.
  • For the third consecutive quarter, the yield curve flattened. The
    2-year U.S. Treasury yield rose 10 basis points to end the quarter at
    1.48%, while the 10-year U.S. Treasury yield increased only 3 basis
    points to 2.33%.
  • Despite the rise in U.S. Treasury yields, mortgage rates declined over
    the course of the third quarter, with the Freddie Mac survey 30-year
    mortgage rate falling 5 basis points to end the quarter at 3.83%.
  • Overall Agency RMBS prepayment rates declined slightly during the
    quarter. The Mortgage Bankers Association's Refinance Index, which
    measures refinancing application volumes, increased 2.0% quarter over
    quarter but remains well below the multi-year high reached in mid-2016.

Volatility remained at historic lows during the third quarter. The
Merrill Lynch Option Volatility Estimate Index, or MOVE Index, declined
to an all-time low, while the Chicago Board Options Exchange Volatility
Index, known as the VIX, dropped to its lowest level in 23 years. U.S.
Treasury yields were again range-bound, with the 10-year U.S. Treasury
trading within a 35-basis point range during the quarter.

During the quarter, yield spreads across most credit products, including
non-Agency RMBS, remained at the tightest points of their trailing
two-year ranges. Corporate credit spreads fluctuated intra-quarter but
finished the quarter tighter. As in prior quarters, demand remained
strong for floating-rate debt instruments, including CLOs and leveraged
loans. Finally, damage from recent hurricanes and ongoing negative
headlines in retail led to heightened volatility in the CMBS market
during the quarter.

Also during the third quarter, Agency RMBS finally participated in the
spread tightening that other fixed-income asset classes had already
benefited from this year. After the Federal Reserve announced at its
September meeting the initiation of its tapering program, the Agency
mortgage basis tightened significantly, suggesting that many investors
had been waiting for policy clarity before adding Agency RMBS exposure.
As measured by the Bloomberg Barclays U.S. MBS Agency Fixed Rate Index,
Agency RMBS generated an excess return over the Bloomberg Barclays U.S.
Treasury Index of 48 basis points for the quarter.

Mortgage REIT buying of Agency RMBS was also widespread following a
number of equity raises, suggesting that private capital has been
willing and able, at least so far, to replace the Federal Reserve's
footprint in the market. Year-to-date through October 31, 2017,
residential mortgage REITs have raised approximately $8.1 billion of
capital, representing over $40 billion of Agency RMBS buying power. At
the same time, low interest rate volatility and a muted prepayment
environment have provided a significant tailwind to the sector.

Financial Results

Holdings

As of September 30, 2017, our mortgage-backed securities portfolio
consisted of $1.615 billion of fixed-rate Agency "specified pools,"
$27.1 million of Agency RMBS backed by adjustable rate mortgages, or
"Agency ARMs," $68.1 million of Agency reverse mortgage pools, $12.1
million of Agency interest only securities, or "Agency IOs," and $20.6
million of non-Agency RMBS. Specified pools are fixed-rate Agency pools
consisting of mortgages with special characteristics, such as mortgages
with low loan balances, mortgages backed by investor properties,
mortgages originated through the government-sponsored "Making Homes
Affordable" refinancing programs, and mortgages with various other
characteristics.

Our overall RMBS portfolio increased by 5.4% to $1.743 billion as of
September 30, 2017, as compared to $1.653 billion as of June 30, 2017.
The increase in the size of our portfolio primarily reflects the
investment, on a leveraged basis, of the proceeds received from sales of
common shares under our ATM program, though overall our debt-to-equity
ratio, adjusted for unsettled purchases and sales, decreased to 8.3:1 as
of September 30, 2017 from 8.5:1 as of June 30, 2017. Our debt-to-equity
ratio may fluctuate period over period based on portfolio management
decisions, market conditions, and the timing of security purchase and
sale transactions. The majority of the ATM proceeds were invested in
fixed-rate specified pools. In addition, separate from the net short TBA
portfolio that we hold for hedging purposes, we decreased our long TBA
positions that we hold for investment purposes to $105.8 million in
notional amount at September 30, 2017, as compared to $121.3 million at
June 30, 2017.

With the tightening in Agency RMBS yield spreads, our portfolio
performed well in the third quarter. We also benefited from the
outperformance of specified pools versus TBAs, as we continued to
concentrate our long investments in specified pools, and to hold net
short positions in TBAs as a significant component of our interest rate
hedging strategy. Slightly lower roll costs in higher coupon TBAs and
increased investor demand for specified pools were key drivers of the
outperformance. Average pay-ups on our specified pools were unchanged at
0.71% as of September 30, 2017, as compared to June 30, 2017. Pay-ups
are price premiums for specified pools relative to their TBA
counterparts.

Our non-Agency RMBS performed well in the third quarter, driven by net
realized and unrealized gains and interest income. As the case has been
for some time, the fundamentals underlying non-Agency RMBS, led by a
stable housing market, continue to be strong. During the quarter we sold
assets at net gains while also adding to the portfolio. As a result, our
total investment in non-Agency RMBS remained unchanged at $20.6 million
as of September 30, 2017 as compared to June 30, 2017. To the extent
that more attractive entry points develop in non-Agency RMBS, we may
further increase our capital allocation to this sector.

Earnings and Net Interest Margin

We had net income of $6.3 million, or $0.48 per share, for the quarter
ended September 30, 2017, as compared to $1.6 million, or $0.15 per
share, for the quarter ended June 30, 2017. For the quarter ended
September 30, 2017, Core Earnings was $5.0 million, or $0.38 per share,
as compared to $4.8 million, or $0.45 per share, for the quarter ended
June 30, 2017. Adjusted Core Earnings for the quarter ended
September 30, 2017 was $5.6 million, or $0.43 per share, as compared to
$5.1 million, or $0.47 per share, for the quarter ended June 30, 2017.
Lower per share Core Earnings and Adjusted Core Earnings in the current
quarter was mainly due to the quarter over quarter decline in net
interest margin, largely related to an increase in repo borrowing rates
in the third quarter. Core Earnings and Adjusted Core Earnings are
non-GAAP financial measures. See "Reconciliation of Core Earnings to Net
Income" below for an explanation regarding the calculation of Core
Earnings, Adjusted Core Earnings, and the Catch-up Premium Amortization
Adjustment.

For the quarter ended September 30, 2017, the weighted average yield of
our portfolio of Agency and non-Agency RMBS was 2.86%, while our average
cost of funds including interest rate swaps and U.S. Treasury securities
was 1.56%, resulting in a net interest margin for the quarter of 1.30%.
In comparison, for the quarter ended June 30, 2017, the weighted average
yield of our Agency and non-Agency RMBS was 2.94%, while our average
cost of funds including interest rate swaps and U.S. Treasury securities
was 1.38%, resulting in a net interest margin of 1.56%. For the third
and second quarters, excluding the impact of the Catch-up Premium
Amortization Adjustment, the weighted average yield of our portfolio
remained unchanged at 3.01% and our adjusted net interest margin was
1.45% and 1.63%, respectively.

On a quarter-over-quarter basis, our cost of funds, including the cost
of repo, interest rate swaps, and short positions in U.S. Treasury
securities, increased to 1.56% from 1.38%. This quarter-over-quarter
increase resulted primarily from an increase in our cost of repo, which
increased as LIBOR rose. Our average cost of repo increased 22 basis
points quarter over quarter to 1.31%, while the cost related to our
interest rate swaps and U.S. Treasury securities decreased by 2 and 3
basis points from prior quarter, respectively. The relative make up of
our interest rate hedging portfolio can change materially from quarter
to quarter.

For the quarter ended September 30, 2017, we had total net realized and
unrealized gains of $3.8 million, or $0.29 per share, on our aggregate
Agency RMBS portfolio. Agency RMBS spread tightening during the period
led to the net gains. For the same period we had total net realized and
unrealized gains of $0.7 million, or $0.06 per share, on our non-Agency
RMBS portfolio as underlying fundamentals remained strong.

During the quarter we continued to hedge interest rate risk, primarily
through the use of interest rate swaps and short positions in TBAs, and
to a lesser extent, short positions in U.S. Treasury securities. For the
quarter, we had total net realized and unrealized losses of $(3.9)
million, or $(0.29) per share, on our interest rate hedging portfolio.
In our hedging portfolio, the relative proportion (based on 10-year
equivalents3) of TBA short positions increased slightly
quarter over quarter relative to interest rate swaps.

After giving effect to a third quarter dividend of $0.40 per share, our
book value per share increased to $14.76 as of September 30, 2017, from
$14.71 as of June 30, 2017, and we had an economic return of 3.1% for
the quarter. Economic return is computed by adding back dividends
declared to ending book value per share, and comparing that amount to
book value per share as of the beginning of the quarter.

 
3 "10-year equivalents" for a group of positions represent the amount
of 10-year U.S. Treasury securities that would experience a similar
change in market value under a standard parallel move in interest
rates.
 

Securities Portfolio

The following table summarizes our portfolio of securities as of
September 30, 2017 and June 30, 2017:

   
September 30, 2017 June 30, 2017
(In thousands)

Current
Principal

    Fair Value  

Average
Price(1)

    Cost  

Average
Cost(1)

 

Current
Principal

    Fair Value  

Average
Price(1)

    Cost  

Average
Cost(1)

Agency RMBS(2)    
15-year fixed-rate mortgages $ 177,485 $ 185,268 $ 104.39 $ 185,456 $ 104.49 $ 174,413 $ 181,932 $ 104.31 $ 182,470 $ 104.62
20-year fixed-rate mortgages 9,280 9,901 106.69 9,990 107.65 9,721 10,359 106.56 10,461 107.61
30-year fixed-rate mortgages 1,342,918 1,420,139 105.75 1,422,196 105.90 1,272,409 1,342,379 105.50 1,348,714 106.00
ARMs 25,967 27,058 104.20 27,485 105.85 27,375 28,591 104.44 29,031 106.05
Reverse mortgages 62,055   68,050   109.66   68,228   109.95   53,330   58,256   109.24   58,567   109.82
Total Agency RMBS 1,617,705   1,710,416   105.73   1,713,355   105.91   1,537,248   1,621,517   105.48   1,629,243   105.98
Non-Agency RMBS 25,013   20,600   82.36   17,808   71.19   24,977   20,630   82.60   18,122   72.55
Total RMBS(2) 1,642,718   1,731,016   105.38   1,731,163   105.38   1,562,225   1,642,147   105.12   1,647,365   105.45
Agency IOs n/a 12,051   n/a 12,965   n/a n/a 10,882   n/a 11,395   n/a
Total mortgage-backed securities 1,743,067   1,744,128   1,653,029   1,658,760  
U.S. Treasury securities sold short (56,876 ) (56,524 ) 99.38 (56,879 ) 100.01 (74,788 ) (72,762 ) 97.29 (73,793 ) 98.67
Reverse repurchase agreements 56,875 56,875   100.00 56,875   100.00 73,470 73,470   100.00 73,470   100.00
Total $ 1,743,418   $ 1,744,124   $ 1,653,737   $ 1,658,437  
 
(1)   Represents the dollar amount (not shown in thousands) per $100 of
current principal of the price or cost for the security.
(2) Excludes Agency IOs.
 

Our weighted average holdings of RMBS based on amortized cost was $1.762
billion and $1.452 billion for the three month periods ended
September 30, 2017 and June 30, 2017, respectively.

Financial Derivatives Portfolio

The following table summarizes fair value of our financial derivatives
as of September 30, 2017 and June 30, 2017:

   
September 30, 2017 June 30, 2017
Financial derivatives–assets, at fair value: (In thousands)
TBA securities purchase contracts $ 29 $
TBA securities sale contracts 1,633 1,936
Fixed payer interest rate swaps 3,121 3,294
Fixed receiver interest rate swaps 613 710
Swaptions 212
Futures 542   166  
Total financial derivatives–assets, at fair value 6,150   6,106  
Financial derivatives–liabilities, at fair value:
TBA securities purchase contracts (204 ) (328 )
TBA securities sale contracts (30 ) (1 )
Fixed payer interest rate swaps (2,934 ) (2,357 )
Total financial derivatives–liabilities, at fair value (3,168 ) (2,686 )
Total $ 2,982   $ 3,420  
 

Interest Rate Swaps

The following tables provide details about our fixed payer interest rate
swaps as of September 30, 2017 and June 30, 2017:

 
September 30, 2017
Maturity

Notional
Amount

  Fair Value  

Weighted
Average
Pay Rate

 

Weighted
Average
Receive Rate

 

Weighted Average
Remaining Years
to
Maturity

(In thousands)
2017 $ 4,750 $ (1 ) 1.11 % 1.18 % 0.13
2018 65,990 268 0.97 1.31 0.68
2019 19,540 42 1.41 1.33 1.76
2020 119,900 210 1.56 1.30 2.60
2021 131,400 (646 ) 1.88 1.31 3.66
2022 71,044 (254 ) 1.95 1.31 4.70
2023 54,200 91 1.93 1.29 5.72
2024 8,900 5 1.99 1.30 6.51
2025 15,322 98 2.04 1.31 7.38
2026 40,885 1,938 1.63 1.31 8.96
2027 73,416 (294 ) 2.26 1.31 9.70
2043 12,380   (1,270 ) 2.99   1.24   25.63
Total $ 617,727   $ 187   1.77 % 1.30 % 4.99
 
  June 30, 2017
Maturity

Notional
Amount

  Fair Value  

Weighted
Average
Pay Rate

 

Weighted
Average
Receive Rate

 

Weighted Average
Remaining Years
to
Maturity

(In thousands)
2017 $ 54,750 $ (171 ) 1.28 % 1.14 % 0.16
2018 65,990 192 0.97 1.16 0.93
2019 19,540 73 1.41 1.27 2.01
2020 119,900 465 1.56 1.18 2.85
2021 131,400 (354 ) 1.88 1.18 3.91
2022 63,044 (113 ) 1.95 1.17 4.93
2023 54,200 251 1.93 1.17 5.97
2024 8,900 41 1.99 1.15 6.76
2025 15,322 30 2.04 1.06 7.63
2026 40,885 1,943 1.63 1.19 9.21
2027 58,066 (228 ) 2.29 1.18 9.86
2043 12,380   (1,192 ) 2.99   1.12   25.89
Total $ 644,377   $ 937   1.72 % 1.17 % 4.73

The following tables provide details about our fixed receiver interest
rate swaps as of September 30, 2017 and June 30, 2017:

 
September 30, 2017
Maturity

Notional
Amount

  Fair Value  

Weighted
Average
Pay Rate

 

Weighted
Average
Receive Rate

 

Weighted Average
Remaining Years
to
Maturity

(In thousands)
2025 $ 9,700   $ 613   1.30 % 3.00 % 7.79
Total $ 9,700   $ 613   1.30 % 3.00 % 7.79
 
 
June 30, 2017
Maturity

Notional
Amount

  Fair Value  

Weighted
Average
Pay Rate

 

Weighted
Average
Receive Rate

 

Weighted Average
Remaining Years
to
Maturity

(In thousands)
2025 $ 9,700   $ 710   1.16 % 3.00 % 8.05
Total $ 9,700   $ 710   1.16 % 3.00 % 8.05
 

Interest Rate Swaptions

The following tables provide information about our swaptions as of
September 30, 2017. We did not hold any interest rate swaptions as of
June 30, 2017.

 
September 30, 2017
Option   Underlying Swap
Type Fair Value  

Months to
Expiration

Notional
Amount

  Term (Years)  

Fixed Rate

($ in thousands)
Fixed Payer $ 212 10.1 $ 10,000 10 2.40 %
 

Futures

The following table provides information about our short positions in
futures as of September 30, 2017 and June 30, 2017:

 
September 30, 2017
Description Notional Amount   Fair Value  

Remaining Months to
Expiration

($ in thousands)
U.S. Treasury Futures $ (25,800 ) $ 542 2.67
 
 
June 30, 2017
Description Notional Amount   Fair Value  

Remaining Months to
Expiration

($ in thousands)
U.S. Treasury Futures $ (25,800 ) $ 165 2.73
Eurodollar Futures $ (3,000 ) $ 1 2.67
 

TBAs

The following table provides information about our TBAs as of
September 30, 2017 and June 30, 2017:

   
September 30, 2017 June 30, 2017
TBA Securities

Notional
Amount (1)

 

Cost
Basis (2)

 

Market
Value (3)

 

Net
Carrying
Value (4)

Notional
Amount (1)

 

Cost
Basis (2)

 

Market
Value (3)

 

Net
Carrying
Value (4)

(In thousands)
Purchase contracts:
Assets $ 23,549 $ 25,153 $ 25,182 $ 29 $ $ $ $
Liabilities 82,255   85,698   85,494   (204 ) 126,309   132,095   131,767   (328 )
105,804   110,851   110,676   (175 ) 126,309   132,095   131,767   (328 )
Sale contracts:
Assets (607,775 ) (634,557 ) (632,924 ) 1,633 (672,314 ) (703,405 ) (701,469 ) 1,936
Liabilities (93,430 ) (99,947 ) (99,977 ) (30 ) (2,100 ) (2,231 ) (2,232 ) (1 )
(701,205 ) (734,504 ) (732,901 ) 1,603   (674,414 ) (705,636 ) (703,701 ) 1,935  
Total TBA securities, net $ (595,401 ) $ (623,653 ) $ (622,225 ) $ 1,428   $ (548,105 ) $ (573,541 ) $ (571,934 ) $ 1,607  
 
 
(1) Notional amount represents the principal balance of the underlying
Agency RMBS.
(2) Cost basis represents the forward price to be paid for the
underlying Agency RMBS.
(3) Market value represents the current market value of the underlying
Agency RMBS (on a forward delivery basis) as of the respective
period end.
(4) Net carrying value represents the difference between the market
value of the TBA contract as of the respective period end and the
cost basis, and is reported in Financial derivatives-assets, at fair
value and Financial derivatives-liabilities, at fair value on the
Consolidated Balance Sheet, for each respective period end.
 

We primarily use TBAs to hedge interest rate risk, typically in the form
of short positions. However, from time to time we also invest in TBAs as
a means of acquiring exposure to Agency RMBS, or for speculative
purposes, including holding long positions. Overall, we typically hold a
net short position.

The following tables detail gains and losses on our financial
derivatives for the three month periods ended September 30, 2017 and
June 30, 2017:

 
Three Month Period Ended September 30, 2017
Derivative Type

Net Realized
Gains (Losses) on
Periodic
Settlements
of

Interest Rate
Swaps

 

Net Realized
Gains (Losses)
Other Than
Periodic
Settlements
of

Interest Rate
Swaps

 

Net Realized
Gains (Losses)
on Financial
Derivatives

 

Change in Net
Unrealized
Gains (Losses)
on
Accrued

Periodic
Settlements of
Interest
Rate

Swaps

 

Change in Net
Unrealized Gains
(Losses)
Other

Than on Accrued
Periodic
Settlements
of

Interest Rate
Swaps

 

Change in Net
Unrealized
Gains (Losses)
on
Financial

Derivatives

(In thousands)
Interest rate swaps $ 957 $ (76 ) $ 881 $ (1,657 ) $ 808 $ (849 )
Swaptions (37 ) (37 )
TBAs (3,475 ) (3,475 ) (179 ) (179 )
Futures   (387 ) (387 )   376   376  
Total $ 957   $ (3,938 ) $ (2,981 ) $ (1,657 ) $ 968   $ (689 )
 
 
Three Month Period Ended June 30, 2017
Derivative Type

Net Realized
Gains (Losses) on
Periodic
Settlements
of

Interest Rate
Swaps

 

Net Realized
Gains (Losses)
Other Than
Periodic
Settlements
of

Interest Rate
Swaps

 

Net Realized
Gains (Losses)
on Financial
Derivatives

 

Change in Net
Unrealized
Gains (Losses)
on
Accrued

Periodic
Settlements of
Interest
Rate

Swaps

 

Change in Net
Unrealized Gains
(Losses)
Other

Than on Accrued
Periodic
Settlements
of

Interest Rate
Swaps

 

Change in Net
Unrealized
Gains (Losses)
on
Financial

Derivatives

(In thousands)
Interest rate swaps $ (936 ) $ 34 $ (902 ) $ 317 $ (2,435 ) $ (2,118 )
TBAs (7,718 ) (7,718 ) 3,458 3,458
Futures   (508 ) (508 )   188   188  
Total $ (936 ) $ (8,192 ) $ (9,128 ) $ 317   $ 1,211   $ 1,528  
 

Interest Rate Sensitivity

The following table summarizes, as of September 30, 2017, the estimated
effects on the value of our portfolio, both overall and by category, of
immediate downward and upward parallel shifts of 50 basis points in
interest rates.

 
Estimated Change in Fair Value(1)
(In thousands)

50 Basis Point Decline
in Interest Rates

 

50 Basis Point Increase
in Interest Rates

Market Value  

% of Total
Equity

Market Value  

% of Total
Equity

Agency RMBS—ARM Pools $ 180 0.09 % $ (231 ) (0.12 )%
Agency RMBS—Fixed Pools and IOs 24,096 12.24 % (34,574 ) (17.57 )%
TBAs (9,257 ) (4.70 )% 13,789 7.01 %
Non-Agency RMBS 354 0.18 % (375 ) (0.19 )%
Interest Rate Swaps (141 ) (0.07 )% 290 0.15 %
U.S. Treasury Securities (1,868 ) (0.95 )% 1,794 0.91 %
U.S. Treasury Futures (14,901 ) (7.57 )% 14,337 7.28 %
Repurchase and Reverse Repurchase Agreements (962 ) (0.49 )% 962   0.49 %
Total $ (2,499 ) (1.27 )% $ (4,008 ) (2.04 )%
 
 
(1) Based on the market environment as of September 30, 2017. Results
are based on forward-looking models, which are inherently imperfect,
and incorporate various simplifying assumptions. Therefore, the
table above is for illustrative purposes only and actual changes in
interest rates would likely cause changes in the actual value of the
overall portfolio that would differ from those presented above and
such differences might be significant and adverse.
 

Repo Borrowings

The following table details our outstanding borrowings under repo
agreements as of September 30, 2017 and June 30, 2017:

   
September 30, 2017 June 30, 2017
  Weighted Average   Weighted Average
Remaining Days to Maturity

Borrowings
Outstanding

Interest Rate  

Remaining
Days to
Maturity

Borrowings
Outstanding

Interest Rate  

Remaining
Days to
Maturity

(In thousands) (In thousands)
30 days or less $ 475,779 1.33 % 17 $ 688,807 1.21 % 15
31-60 days 950,188 1.31 45 707,251 1.22 47
61-90 days 212,389 1.36 75 205,465 1.33 77
91-120 days 2,051 1.40 104 16,927 1.17 105
151-180 days 1,906   1.45   166 10,000   1.45   171
Total $ 1,642,313   1.32 % 41 $ 1,628,450   1.23 % 39
 

As of September 30, 2017, we had no outstanding borrowings other than
under repo agreements. Our repo borrowings were with fifteen
counterparties as of September 30, 2017. The above figures are as of the
respective quarter ends; over the course of the quarters ended
September 30, 2017 and June 30, 2017 our average cost of repo was 1.31%
and 1.09%, respectively.

Other

We incur an annual base management fee, payable quarterly in arrears, in
an amount equal to 1.50% of shareholders' equity (as defined in our
management agreement). For the quarter ended September 30, 2017, our
expense ratio, defined as management fees and operating expenses as a
percentage of average shareholders' equity, was 3.0% on an annualized
basis for the quarter ended September 30, 2017 as compared to 3.6% as of
June 30, 2017. The decline in our annualized expense ratio resulted
primarily from the increase in our capital base as a result of our
second quarter equity offering.

Dividends

On September 12, 2017, our Board of Trustees declared a third quarter
dividend of $0.40 per share, or $5.3 million, which was paid on October
25, 2017 to shareholders of record on September 29, 2017.

At-the-Market Program

We have entered into equity distribution agreements for an "at the
market" offering program whereby we are able to sell shares from time to
time in the open market or in negotiated transactions. Under the
program, which is open-ended in duration, we can sell shares with a
value of up to $100 million. For the three month period ended
September 30, 2017, we sold 958,230 shares under the offering program at
an average price of $14.49 for proceeds of $13.9 million, net of
commissions and fees. Since the inception of the program through
November 1, 2017, we have sold 964,968 shares under the offering program
at an average price of $14.49 for proceeds of $14.0 million, net of
commissions and fees.

Reconciliation of Core Earnings to Net Income

Core Earnings consists of net income, excluding realized and change in
net unrealized gains and (losses) on securities and financial
derivatives, and, if applicable, items of income or loss that are of a
non-recurring nature. Core Earnings includes net realized and change in
net unrealized gains (losses) associated with payments and accruals of
periodic payments on interest rate swaps. Adjusted Core Earnings
represents Core Earnings excluding the effect of the Catch-up Premium
Amortization Adjustment on interest income. The Catch-up Premium
Amortization Adjustment is a quarterly adjustment to premium
amortization triggered by changes in actual and projected prepayments on
our Agency RMBS (accompanied by a corresponding offsetting adjustment to
realized and unrealized gains and losses). The adjustment is calculated
as of the beginning of each quarter based on our then assumptions about
cashflows and prepayments, and can vary significantly from quarter to
quarter.

Core Earnings and Adjusted Core Earnings are supplemental non-GAAP
financial measures. We believe that Core Earnings and Adjusted Core
Earnings provide information useful to investors because they are
metrics that we use to assess our performance and to evaluate the
effective net yield provided by the portfolio. Moreover, one of our
objectives is to generate income from the net interest margin on the
portfolio, and Core Earnings and Adjusted Core Earnings are used to help
measure the extent to which this objective is being achieved. However,
because Core Earnings and Adjusted Core Earnings are incomplete measures
of our financial results and differ from net income (loss) computed in
accordance with GAAP, they should be considered as supplementary to, and
not as substitutes for, net income (loss) computed in accordance with
GAAP.

The following table reconciles, for the three month periods ended
September 30, 2017 and June 30, 2017, our Core Earnings and Adjusted
Core Earnings on a consolidated basis to the line on our Consolidated
Statement of Operations entitled Net Income, which we believe is the
most directly comparable GAAP measure on our Consolidated Statement of
Operations to Core Earnings:

   
(In thousands except share amounts)

Three Month
Period Ended
September 30,
2017

Three Month
Period Ended
June 30, 2017

Net Income $ 6,340 $ 1,603
Less:
Net realized gains (losses) on securities 349 (359 )
Net realized gains (losses) on financial derivatives, excluding
periodic payments(1)
(3,938 ) (8,192 )
Change in net unrealized gains (losses) on securities 3,994 4,136
Change in net unrealized gains (losses) on financial derivatives,
excluding accrued periodic payments(2)
968   1,211  
Subtotal 1,373   (3,204 )
Core Earnings $ 4,967   $ 4,807  
Catch-up Premium Amortization Adjustment (667 ) (274 )
Adjusted Core Earnings $ 5,634   $ 5,081  
Weighted Average Shares Outstanding 13,136,106 10,741,074
Core Earnings Per Share $ 0.38 $ 0.45
Adjusted Core Earnings Per Share $ 0.43 $ 0.47
 
 
(1) For the three month period ended September 30, 2017, represents Net
realized gains (losses) on financial derivatives of $(2,981) less
Net realized gains (losses) on periodic settlements of interest rate
swaps of $957. For the three month period ended June 30, 2017,
represents Net realized gains (losses) on financial derivatives of
$(9,128) less Net realized gains (losses) on periodic settlements of
interest rate swaps of $(936).
(2) For the three month period ended September 30, 2017, represents
Change in net unrealized gains (losses) on financial derivatives of
$(689) less Change in net unrealized gains (losses) on accrued
periodic settlements of interest rate swaps of $(1,657). For the
three month period ended June 30, 2017, represents Change in net
unrealized gains (losses) on financial derivatives of $1,528 less
Change in net unrealized gains (losses) on accrued periodic
settlements of interest rate swaps of $317.
 

About Ellington Residential Mortgage REIT

Ellington Residential Mortgage REIT is a mortgage real estate investment
trust that specializes in acquiring, investing in and managing
residential mortgage- and real estate-related assets, with a primary
focus on residential mortgage-backed securities, for which the principal
and interest payments are guaranteed by a U.S. government agency or a
U.S. government-sponsored enterprise. Ellington Residential Mortgage
REIT is externally managed and advised by Ellington Residential Mortgage
Management LLC, an affiliate of Ellington Management Group, L.L.C.

Conference Call

We will host a conference call at 11:00 a.m. Eastern Time on Friday,
November 3, 2017, to discuss our financial results for the quarter ended
September 30, 2017. To participate in the event by telephone, please
dial (877) 437-3698 at least 10 minutes prior to the start time and
reference the conference ID number 97175634. International callers
should dial (810) 740-4679 and reference the same conference ID number.
The conference call will also be webcast live over the Internet and can
be accessed via the "For Our Shareholders" section of our web site at www.earnreit.com.
To listen to the live webcast, please visit www.earnreit.com
at least 15 minutes prior to the start of the call to register,
download, and install necessary audio software. In connection with the
release of these financial results, we also posted an investor
presentation, that will accompany the conference call, on our website at www.earnreit.com
under "For Our Shareholders—Presentations."

A dial-in replay of the conference call will be available on Friday,
November 3, 2017, at approximately 2:00 p.m. Eastern Time through
Friday, November 10, 2017 at approximately 11:59 p.m. Eastern Time. To
access this replay, please dial (800) 585-8367 and enter the conference
ID number 97175634. International callers should dial (404) 537-3406 and
enter the same conference ID number. A replay of the conference call
will also be archived on our web site at www.earnreit.com.

Cautionary Statement Regarding Forward-Looking Statements

This press release contains forward-looking statements within the
meaning of the safe harbor provisions of the Private Securities
Litigation Reform Act of 1995. Forward-looking statements involve
numerous risks and uncertainties. Actual results may differ from our
beliefs, expectations, estimates, and projections and, consequently, you
should not rely on these forward-looking statements as predictions of
future events. Forward-looking statements are not historical in nature
and can be identified by words such as "believe," "expect,"
"anticipate," "estimate," "project," "plan," "continue," "intend,"
"should," "would," "could," "goal," "objective," "will," "may," "seek,"
or similar expressions or their negative forms, or by references to
strategy, plans, or intentions. Examples of forward-looking statements
in this press release include, without limitation, our beliefs regarding
the current economic and investment environment, our ability to
implement our investment and hedging strategies, our future prospects
and the protection of our net interest margin from prepayments,
volatility and its impact on us, the performance of our investment and
hedging strategies, our exposure to prepayment risk in our Agency
portfolio, estimated effects on the fair value of our RMBS and interest
rate derivative holdings of a hypothetical change in interest rates,
statements regarding our share repurchase program, and statements
regarding the drivers of our returns. Our results can fluctuate from
month to month and from quarter to quarter depending on a variety of
factors, some of which are beyond our control and/or are difficult to
predict, including, without limitation, changes in interest rates and
the market value of our securities, changes in mortgage default rates
and prepayment rates, our ability to borrow to finance our assets,
changes in government regulations affecting our business, our ability to
maintain our exclusion from registration under the Investment Company
Act of 1940 and other changes in market conditions and economic trends.
Furthermore, forward-looking statements are subject to risks and
uncertainties, including, among other things, those described in Item 1A
of our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31,
2016 filed on March 13, 2017 which can be accessed through the link to
our SEC filings under "For Our Shareholders" on our website (
www.earnreit.com)
or at the SEC's website (
www.sec.gov).
Other risks, uncertainties, and factors that could cause actual results
to differ materially from those projected or implied may be described
from time to time in reports we file with the SEC, including reports on
Forms 10-Q, 10-K and 8-K. We undertake no obligation to update or revise
any forward-looking statements, whether as a result of new information,
future events, or otherwise.

 
ELLINGTON RESIDENTIAL MORTGAGE REIT
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF OPERATIONS
(UNAUDITED)
   

Three Month
Period Ended

Nine Month
Period Ended

September 30,
2017

 

June 30,
2017

September 30,
2017

(In thousands except share amounts)
INTEREST INCOME (EXPENSE)
Interest income $ 12,867 $ 10,883 $ 36,078
Interest expense (5,719 ) (4,020 ) (12,917 )
Total net interest income 7,148   6,863   23,161  
EXPENSES
Management fees to affiliate 741 685 1,953
Professional fees 157 178 510
Compensation expense 222 216 597
Other operating expenses 361   358   1,130  
Total expenses 1,481   1,437   4,190  
OTHER INCOME (LOSS)
Net realized gains (losses) on securities 349 (359 ) (3,001 )
Net realized gains (losses) on financial derivatives (2,981 ) (9,128 ) (10,455 )
Change in net unrealized gains (losses) on securities 3,994 4,136 5,783
Change in net unrealized gains (losses) on financial derivatives (689 ) 1,528   (1,302 )
Total other income (loss) 673   (3,823 ) (8,975 )
NET INCOME $ 6,340   $ 1,603   $ 9,996  
NET INCOME PER COMMON SHARE:
Basic and Diluted $ 0.48 $ 0.15 $ 0.91
WEIGHTED AVERAGE SHARES OUTSTANDING 13,136,106 10,741,074 11,017,363
CASH DIVIDENDS PER SHARE:
Dividends declared $ 0.40 $ 0.40 $ 1.20
 
 
ELLINGTON RESIDENTIAL MORTGAGE REIT
CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEET
(UNAUDITED)
 
As of

September 30,
2017

 

June 30,
2017

 

December
31, 2016(1)

(In thousands except share amounts)
ASSETS
Cash and cash equivalents $ 50,271 $ 41,660 $ 33,504
Mortgage-backed securities, at fair value 1,743,067 1,653,029 1,226,994
Due from brokers 41,821 34,924 49,518
Financial derivatives–assets, at fair value 6,150 6,106 6,008
Reverse repurchase agreements 56,875 73,470 75,012
Receivable for securities sold 29,825 156,348 33,199
Interest receivable 5,720 5,966 4,633
Other assets 548   687   266  
Total Assets $ 1,934,277   $ 1,972,190   $ 1,429,134  
LIABILITIES AND SHAREHOLDERS' EQUITY
LIABILITIES
Repurchase agreements $ 1,642,313 $ 1,628,450 $ 1,197,973
Payable for securities purchased 24,845 77,054 5,516
Due to brokers 787 318 1,055
Financial derivatives–liabilities, at fair value 3,168 2,686 1,975
U.S. Treasury securities sold short, at fair value 56,524 72,762 74,194
Dividend payable 5,334 4,947 3,652
Accrued expenses 980 1,114 647
Management fee payable to affiliate 741 685 533
Interest payable 2,790   2,269   1,912  
Total Liabilities 1,737,482   1,790,285   1,287,457  
SHAREHOLDERS' EQUITY
Preferred shares, par value $0.01 per share, 100,000,000 shares
authorized;

(0 shares issued and outstanding, respectively)

Common shares, par value $0.01 per share, 500,000,000 shares
authorized;

(13,335,804, 12,367,598, and 9,130,897 shares issued and
outstanding, respectively)

134 124 92
Additional paid-in-capital 240,010 226,136 180,996
Accumulated deficit (43,349 ) (44,355 ) (39,411 )
Total Shareholders' Equity 196,795   181,905   141,677  
Total Liabilities and Shareholders' Equity $ 1,934,277   $ 1,972,190   $ 1,429,134  
PER SHARE INFORMATION
Common shares, par value $0.01 per share $ 14.76 $ 14.71 $ 15.52
(1)   Derived from audited financial statements as of December 31, 2016.

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