Market Overview

MSCI Reports Financial Results for Second Quarter and Six Months 2017

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MSCI Inc. (NYSE:MSCI), a leading provider of portfolio construction and
risk management tools and services for global investors, today announced
results for the three months ended June 30, 2017 ("second quarter 2017")
and six months ended June 30, 2017 ("six months 2017").

Financial and Operational Highlights for Second Quarter 2017
(Note:
Percentage and other changes refer to second quarter 2016 unless
otherwise noted.)

  • 8.8% increase in operating revenues to $316.1 million, up 9.4%
    adjusting for the impact of foreign currency exchange rate
    fluctuations.
  • 16.5% increase in Index revenues driven by a growth of 35.5% in
    asset-based fees and an 8.8% increase in recurring subscription
    revenues.
  • Record quarter-end AUM of $624.3 billion in ETFs linked to MSCI
    indexes; increase of 42.0% and 12.3% compared to second quarter 2016
    and first quarter 2017, respectively.
  • Total Aggregate Retention Rate at 94.9% and Index Aggregate
    Retention Rate at 97.0%.
  • 12.6% increase in total Run Rate to $1,260.4 million driven by a
    38.0% increase in asset-based fees Run Rate, and a 7.3% increase in
    subscription Run Rate.
  • In second quarter 2017 and through July 28, 2017, a total of 461
    thousand shares were repurchased at an average price of $100.63 per
    share for a total value of $46.4 million. A total of $734.9 million
    remains on the outstanding share repurchase authorization.
  • Board of Directors authorize 35.7% increase in regular quarterly
    cash dividend to $0.38 per share, or $1.52 per share on an annualized
    basis.
  Three Months Ended   Six Months Ended
June 30,   June 30,   Mar. 31,   YoY % June 30,   June 30,   YoY %
In thousands, except per share data 2017 2016 2017 Change 2017 2016 Change
Operating revenues $ 316,089 $ 290,596 $ 301,207   8.8 % $ 617,296 $ 569,424   8.4 %
Operating income $ 145,968 $ 125,691 $ 130,602 16.1 % $ 276,570 $ 238,832 15.8 %
Operating margin % 46.2 % 43.3 % 43.4 % 44.8 % 41.9 %
 
Net income $ 81,266 $ 66,957 $ 72,951 21.4 % $ 154,217 $ 127,324 21.1 %
 
Diluted EPS $ 0.89 $ 0.69 $ 0.80 29.0 % $ 1.68 $ 1.29 30.2 %
Adjusted EPS $ 0.95 $ 0.77 $ 0.88 23.4 % $ 1.83 $ 1.45 26.2 %
 
Adjusted EBITDA $ 166,249 $ 146,027 $ 150,691 13.8 % $ 316,940 $ 279,176 13.5 %
Adjusted EBITDA margin % 52.6 % 50.3 % 50.0 % 51.3 % 49.0 %

"We continue to execute well against our growth strategy, which includes
both driving growth in our core products offerings and further
integrating our content and applications, to create better tools that
help our clients make better investment decisions at the single- and
multi-asset class levels. Our strong execution in second quarter 2017
resulted in a 29% and 23% increase in diluted and adjusted EPS,
respectively, driven by a 9% increase in revenue, reflecting the
inherent operating leverage in our model," commented Henry A. Fernandez,
Chairman and CEO of MSCI.

"Increasingly, our ability to generate strong revenue growth has been
aided by the integration of the valuable content we have created over
many years. More and more, clients use our applications to access and
analyze this content to gain deeper insights into the risk and
performance of their portfolios and new perspectives on their investment
challenges, enabling us to expand the scope of our services," concluded
Mr. Fernandez.

Second Quarter 2017 Consolidated Results

Revenues:
Operating revenues for second quarter 2017 increased $25.5 million, or
8.8%, to $316.1 million, compared to $290.6 million for the three months
ended June 30, 2016 ("second quarter 2016"). The $25.5 million increase
in revenues was driven by a $17.6 million, or 35.5%, increase in
asset-based fees (driven primarily by higher revenue from ETFs linked to
MSCI indexes) and a $9.7 million, or 4.2%, increase in recurring
subscriptions (principally as a result of an $8.5 million, or 8.8%,
increase in Index recurring subscriptions), partially offset by a $1.8
million, or 22.1%, decrease in non-recurring revenues. Adjusting for the
impact of foreign currency exchange rate fluctuations, operating
revenues (excluding the impact on asset-based fees) would have increased
9.4% for second quarter 2017.

For six months 2017, operating revenues increased $47.9 million, or
8.4%, to $617.3 million, compared to $569.4 million for the six months
ended June 30, 2016 ("six months 2016"). The $47.9 million increase was
driven by a $26.4 million, or 26.9%, increase in asset-based fees and a
$22.5 million, or 4.9%, increase in recurring subscriptions, partially
offset by a $1.0 million, or 7.7%, decrease in non-recurring revenues.
Adjusting for the impact of foreign currency exchange rate fluctuations,
operating revenues (excluding the impact on asset-based fees) would have
increased 9.2% in six months 2017.

Run Rate: Total
Run Rate at June 30, 2017 grew by $141.4 million, or 12.6%, to $1,260.4
million, compared to June 30, 2016. The $141.4 million increase was
driven by a $74.3 million, or 38.0%, increase in asset-based fees Run
Rate to $269.6 million, and a $67.1 million, or 7.3%, increase in
subscription Run Rate to $990.8 million. Adjusting for the impact of
foreign currency exchange rate fluctuations and the divestiture of
MSCI's Real Estate occupiers business, which closed on August 1, 2016,
subscription Run Rate would have increased 7.5% in second quarter 2017.
Recurring subscriptions and asset-based fees at June 30, 2017
represented 78.6% and 21.4% of total Run Rate, respectively. Aggregate
Retention Rate of 94.9% in second quarter 2017 was up from 93.1% in
second quarter 2016.

Expenses: Total
operating expenses for second quarter 2017 increased $5.2 million, or
3.2%, from second quarter 2016 to $170.1 million, driven by a $4.3
million, or 4.1%, increase in compensation and benefits expenses
(primarily higher wages and incentive compensation resulting, in part,
from the growth in the number of employees, partially offset by lower
severance) and a $1.0 million, or 2.4%, increase in non-compensation
expenses (higher information technology costs and market data, partially
offset by lower professional fees). Adjusting for the impact of foreign
currency exchange rate fluctuations, total operating expenses and
adjusted EBITDA expenses for second quarter 2017 would have increased
4.6% and 5.2%, respectively, compared to second quarter 2016. Operating
margin for second quarter 2017 was 46.2%, compared to 43.3% for second
quarter 2016.

For six months 2017, total operating expenses increased $10.1 million,
or 3.1%, to $340.7 million. Adjusted EBITDA expenses increased $10.1
million, or 3.5%, to $300.4 million compared to six months 2016.
Adjusting for the impact of foreign currency exchange rate fluctuations,
total operating expenses and adjusted EBITDA expenses for six months
2017 would have increased 4.7% and 5.2%, respectively, compared to six
months 2016. Operating margin for six months 2017 was 44.8%, compared to
41.9% for six months 2016.

Headcount: As
of June 30, 2017, there were 2,970 employees, up 8.0% from 2,750 as of
June 30, 2016, and up 2.5% from 2,897 at the end of first quarter 2017.
As of June 30, 2017, a total of 43% and 57% of employees were located in
developed market and emerging market centers, respectively, compared to
46% in developed market centers and 54% in emerging market centers as of
June 30, 2016.

Amortization and Depreciation Expenses:
Amortization and depreciation expenses of $20.3 million for second
quarter 2017 were in line with second quarter 2016, with a $0.8 million,
or 9.1%, increase in depreciation expense, offset by a $0.8 million, or
6.9%, decrease in amortization expense. For six months 2017,
amortization and depreciation expenses of $40.4 million were in line
with six months 2016, with a $1.4 million, or 8.7%, increase in
depreciation expense, offset by a $1.4 million, or 5.9%, decrease in
amortization expense.

Other Expense (Income), Net:
Other expense (income), net increased $3.3 million, or 13.2%,
for second quarter 2017, compared to second quarter 2016 and increased
$9.9 million, or 20.9%, for six months 2017, compared to the same period
of the prior year. The increase for both periods was primarily driven by
higher interest expense resulting from the August 2016 private offering
of $500.0 million aggregate principal amount of 4.75% senior notes due
2026. Second quarter 2016 results included a $3.7 million charge for
estimated losses associated with miscellaneous transactions.

Tax Rate: The
effective tax rate was 30.8% for second quarter 2017, compared to 33.4%
for second quarter 2016 and the effective tax rate for six months 2017
was 29.6%, compared to 33.5% for six months 2016. The lower effective
tax rate for both periods was primarily driven by the ongoing efforts to
better align our tax profile with our global operating footprint and
other discrete items. For six months 2017, the lower effective tax rate
was also driven by the positive impact of stock-based compensation
excess tax benefits (the "windfall benefit") with the adoption of the
new accounting guidance. The positive impact of the windfall benefit
totaled $1.0 million in second quarter 2017 and $4.1 million for six
months 2017.

Net Income: Net
income increased 21.4% to $81.3 million, from $67.0 million in second
quarter 2016. For six months 2017, net income increased 21.1% to $154.2
million, compared to $127.3 million for six months 2016.

Adjusted EBITDA:
Adjusted EBITDA was $166.2 million in second quarter 2017, up $20.2
million, or 13.8%, from second quarter 2016. Adjusted EBITDA margin in
second quarter 2017 was 52.6%, compared to 50.3% in second quarter 2016.
For six months 2017, adjusted EBITDA was $316.9 million, up 13.5% from
six months 2016, and adjusted EBITDA margin was 51.3% for six months
2017, compared to 49.0% for six months 2016.

Cash Balances & Outstanding Debt:
Total cash and cash equivalents as of June 30, 2017 was $750.6 million,
of which $365.0 million was held outside of the United States. MSCI
seeks to maintain minimum cash balances in the United States of
approximately $125.0 million to $150.0 million for general operating
purposes. Total outstanding debt as of June 30, 2017 was $2,100.0
million, which excludes deferred financing fees of $23.4 million. Net
debt, defined as total outstanding debt less cash and cash equivalents,
was $1,349.4 million at June 30, 2017. The total debt to operating
income ratio (based on trailing twelve months operating income) was
4.0x. The total debt to adjusted EBITDA ratio (based on trailing twelve
months adjusted EBITDA) was 3.5x.

Cash Flow & Capex:
Net cash provided by operating activities was $122.2 million in second
quarter 2017, compared to $118.1 million in second quarter 2016. Capex
for second quarter 2017 was $7.0 million, compared to $12.9 million in
second quarter 2016. Free cash flow was $115.2 million in second quarter
2017, compared to $105.2 million in second quarter 2016. The increase in
net cash provided by operating activities and free cash flow, compared
to second quarter 2016 was primarily driven by higher cash collections
and lower income tax payments, partially offset by higher cash expenses.

Net cash provided by operating activities was $159.2 million for six
months 2017, compared to $155.0 million for six months 2016. Capex for
six months 2017 was $16.7 million, compared to $18.4 million for six
months 2016. Free cash flow was $142.6 million for six months 2017,
compared to $136.6 million for six months 2016. The increase in both net
cash provided by operating activities and free cash flow for six months
2017 compared to the same period of the prior year was primarily driven
by higher cash collections, partially offset by higher cash expenses and
higher interest payments.

Share Count & Capital Return:
The weighted average diluted shares outstanding in second quarter 2017
declined 5.3% to 91.7 million, compared to 96.9 million in second
quarter 2016. The lower share count, driven by buybacks under the share
repurchase program, increased diluted and adjusted earnings per share by
$0.05 each in second quarter 2017, compared to second quarter 2016. In
second quarter 2017 and through July 28, 2017, MSCI repurchased 0.5
million shares at an average price of $100.63 per share for a total
value of $46.4 million. A total of $0.7 billion remains on the
outstanding share repurchase authorization as of July 28, 2017. Total
shares outstanding as of June 30, 2017 was 90.1 million.

On August 1, 2017, the Board of Directors of MSCI declared a cash
dividend of $0.38 per share for third quarter 2017, representing an
increase of 35.7% from $0.28 per share in the previous quarter. The
third quarter 2017 dividend is payable on August 31, 2017 to
shareholders of record as of the close of trading on August 18, 2017.

Table 1: Second Quarter 2017 Results by Segment (unaudited)

     
Index Analytics All Other
Adjusted Adjusted Adjusted
Operating Adjusted EBITDA Operating Adjusted EBITDA Operating Adjusted EBITDA
In thousands Revenues EBITDA Margin Revenues EBITDA Margin Revenues EBITDA Margin
Q2'17 $ 177,156 $ 129,476   73.1 % $ 113,367 $ 31,741   28.0 % $ 25,566 $ 5,032   19.7 %
Q2'16 $ 152,117 $ 106,518 70.0 % $ 112,393 $ 33,302 29.6 % $ 26,086 $ 6,207 23.8 %
Q1'17 $ 163,435 $ 115,637 70.8 % $ 112,420 $ 29,536 26.3 % $ 25,352 $ 5,518 21.8 %
YoY % change 16.5 % 21.6 % 0.9 % (4.7 %) (2.0 %) (18.9 %)
 
YTD 2017 $ 340,591 $ 245,113 72.0 % $ 225,787 $ 61,277 27.1 % $ 50,918 $ 10,550 20.7 %
YTD 2016 $ 296,730 $ 206,567 69.6 % $ 222,656 $ 63,662 28.6 % $ 50,038 $ 8,947 17.9 %
YoY % change   14.8 %   18.7 %       1.4 %   (3.7 %)       1.8 %   17.9 %    

Index Segment:
Operating revenues for second quarter 2017 increased $25.0 million,
or 16.5%, to $177.2 million, compared to $152.1 million for second
quarter 2016. The $25.0 million increase was driven by a $17.6 million,
or 35.5%, increase in asset-based fees, and an $8.5 million, or 8.8%,
increase in recurring subscriptions, partially offset by a $1.1 million,
or 19.9%, decrease in non-recurring revenues.

The $17.6 million increase in asset-based fees was driven by strong
growth across all products. An $11.1 million, or 32.2%, increase in
revenue from ETFs linked to MSCI indexes was driven by a 35.6% increase
in average AUM, partially offset by the impact of a change in the
product mix as a result of our differentiated licensing strategy. A $5.2
million, or 40.9%, increase in revenue from non-ETF passive products was
driven by higher AUM and an increased contribution from higher fee
products, including factor indexes. In addition, revenues from exchange
traded futures and options contracts based on MSCI indexes grew $1.2
million, or 54.0%, driven by a very strong increase in total trading
volumes.

The $8.5 million increase in recurring subscriptions was driven by
strong growth in core products, growth in newer products, including
factor, thematic and custom index products, as well as higher usage
fees. Non-recurring revenue declined $1.1 million in second quarter 2017
due to a large one-time payment received for the use of our indexes in
connection with derivative products in second quarter 2016. The impact
from foreign currency exchange rate fluctuations on Index revenues
(excluding the impact on asset-based fees) in second quarter 2017 was
not significant. The adjusted EBITDA margin for Index was 73.1% for
second quarter 2017, compared to 70.0% for second quarter 2016.

Operating revenues for six months 2017 increased $43.9 million, or
14.8%, to $340.6 million, compared to $296.7 million for six months
2016. The $43.9 million increase was driven by a $26.4 million, or
26.9%, increase in asset-based fees, a $17.0 million, or 8.9%, increase
in recurring subscriptions, and a $0.4 million, or 5.5%, increase in
non-recurring revenues. There was a negligible impact from foreign
currency exchange rate fluctuations on Index revenues (excluding the
impact on asset-based fees) for six months 2017. The adjusted EBITDA
margin for Index was 72.0% for six months 2017, compared to 69.6% for
six months 2016.

Index Run Rate at June 30, 2017 grew by $115.0 million, or 19.7%, to
$698.0 million, compared to June 30, 2016. The $115.0 million increase
was driven by a $74.3 million, or 38.0%, increase in asset-based fees
Run Rate, and a $40.7 million, or 10.5%, increase in subscription Run
Rate. The 10.5% increase in Index subscription Run Rate was driven by an
increase in core products, growth in newer products, including factor,
thematic and custom index products, and higher usage fees. There was a
negligible impact from foreign currency exchange rate fluctuations on
Index recurring subscription Run Rate at June 30, 2017.

Analytics Segment:
Operating revenues for second quarter 2017 increased $1.0 million,
or 0.9%, to $113.4 million, compared to $112.4 million in second quarter
2016. The increase was primarily driven by higher revenues from equity
models. The low level of revenue growth in the quarter reflects several
factors including the impact of elevated cancels in the prior year and
the timing of client implementations. The impact of these factors is
expected to diminish in the second half of 2017 and, as a result, the
Analytics segment is expected to achieve improved levels of revenue
growth and profitability. Adjusting for the impact of foreign currency
exchange rate fluctuations, Analytics operating revenues would have
increased 1.7%. The adjusted EBITDA margin for Analytics was 28.0% for
second quarter 2017, compared to 29.6% for second quarter 2016.

Operating revenues for six months 2017 increased $3.1 million, or 1.4%,
to $225.8 million, compared to $222.7 million for six months 2016.
Adjusting for the impact of foreign currency exchange rate fluctuations,
Analytics operating revenues for six months 2017 would have increased
2.5%. The adjusted EBITDA margin for Analytics was 27.1% for six months
2017, compared to 28.6% for six months 2016.

Analytics Run Rate at June 30, 2017 grew by $16.3 million, or 3.6%, to
$465.3 million, compared to June 30, 2016, primarily driven by growth in
equity models products. There was a negligible impact from foreign
currency exchange rate fluctuations on Analytics Run Rate at June 30,
2017.

All Other Segment:
Operating revenues for second quarter 2017 decreased by $0.5
million, or 2.0%, to $25.6 million, compared to $26.1 million in second
quarter 2016. The decrease in All Other revenues was driven by a $3.2
million, or 21.4%, decrease in Real Estate revenues to $11.9 million,
partially offset by a $2.7 million, or 24.7%, increase in ESG revenues
to $13.7 million. The increase in ESG revenues was driven by higher ESG
Ratings product revenues, which benefited from increased investments and
selling and marketing efforts. The decrease in Real Estate revenues was
driven by higher cancels principally from a discontinued index, the
timing of report deliveries and the negative impact of foreign exchange
rate fluctuations. In addition, second quarter 2017 revenues were lower
due to the inclusion of the Real Estate occupiers business in the prior
year. Adjusting for the impact of foreign currency exchange rate
fluctuations and the divestiture of the Real Estate occupiers business,
second quarter 2017 Real Estate revenues would have decreased 15.9% and
All Other operating revenues would have increased 1.3%. The adjusted
EBITDA margin for All Other was 19.7% for second quarter 2017, compared
to 23.8% in second quarter 2016.

Operating revenues for six months 2017 increased $0.9 million, or 1.8%,
to $50.9 million, compared to $50.0 million for six months 2016. The
increase in All Other revenues was driven by a $4.5 million, or 20.9%,
increase in ESG revenues to $26.3 million, mostly offset by a $3.7
million, or 12.9%, decrease in Real Estate revenues to $24.7 million.
Adjusting for the impact of foreign currency exchange rate fluctuations
and the divestiture of the Real Estate occupiers business, six months
2017 revenues for Real Estate would have decreased 5.1% and All Other
operating revenues would have increased 6.3%. The adjusted EBITDA margin
for All Other was 20.7% for six months 2017, compared to 17.9% for six
months 2016.

All Other Run Rate at June 30, 2017 grew by $10.1 million, or 11.7%, to
$97.1 million, compared to June 30, 2016. The $10.1 million increase was
primarily driven by an $11.2 million, or 25.3%, increase in ESG Run Rate
to $55.6 million, partially offset by a $1.1 million, or 2.5%, decrease
in Real Estate Run Rate to $41.5 million. The increase in ESG Run Rate
was primarily driven by higher sales of the ESG Ratings products.
Adjusting for the impact of foreign currency exchange rate fluctuations
and the divestiture of the Real Estate occupiers business, Real Estate
and All Other Run Rate at June 30, 2017 would have increased 2.4% and
14.0%, respectively, compared to June 30, 2016.

Full-Year 2017 Guidance

MSCI's guidance for full-year 2017 is as follows:

  • Total operating expenses are now expected to be in the range of $690
    million to $700 million and adjusted EBITDA expenses are now expected
    to be in the range of $605 million to $615 million, down from the
    previous ranges of $690 million to $705 million and $605 million to
    $620 million, respectively.
  • Interest expense, including the amortization of financing fees, is
    expected to be approximately $116 million, assuming no additional
    financings.
  • Capex is expected to be in the range of $40 million to $50 million.
  • Net cash provided by operating activities and free cash flow is
    expected to be in the range of $360 million to $410 million and $310
    million to $370 million, respectively.
  • The effective tax rate is now expected to be in the range of 30.0% to
    31.0%, down from previous range of 31.5% to 32.5%.

Conference Call Information

MSCI's senior management will review second quarter 2017 results on
Thursday, August 3, 2017 at 11:00 AM Eastern Time. To listen to the live
event, visit the events and presentations section of MSCI's investor
relations homepage, http://ir.msci.com/events.cfm,
or dial 1-877-312-9206 within the United States. International callers
dial 1-408-774-4001. This earnings release and the related investor
presentation used during the conference call will be made available on
MSCI's investor relations homepage.

An audio recording of the conference call will be available on our
investor relations website, http://ir.msci.com/events.cfm,
beginning approximately two hours after the conclusion of the live
event. Through August 6, 2017, the recording will also be available by
dialing 1-800-585-8367 passcode: 54308023 within the United States or
1-404-537-3406 passcode: 54308023 for international callers. A replay of
the conference call will be archived in the events and presentations
section of MSCI's investor relations website for 12 months after the
call.

-Ends-

About MSCI

For more than 45 years, MSCI's research-based indexes and analytics have
helped the world's leading investors build and manage better portfolios.
Clients rely on our offerings for deeper insights into the drivers of
performance and risk in their portfolios, broad asset class coverage and
innovative research.

Our line of products and services includes indexes, analytical models,
data, real estate benchmarks and ESG research.

MSCI serves 97 of the top 100 largest money managers, according to the
most recent P&I ranking.

For more information, visit us at www.msci.com.
MSCI#IR

Forward-Looking Statements

This earnings release contains forward-looking statements within the
meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995,
including without limitation, our full-year 2017 guidance. These
forward-looking statements relate to future events or to future
financial performance and involve known and unknown risks, uncertainties
and other factors that may cause our actual results, levels of activity,
performance or achievements to be materially different from any future
results, levels of activity, performance or achievements expressed or
implied by these statements. In some cases, you can identify
forward-looking statements by the use of words such as "may," "could,"
"expect," "intend," "plan," "seek," "anticipate," "believe," "estimate,"
"predict," "potential" or "continue," or the negative of these terms or
other comparable terminology. You should not place undue reliance on
forward-looking statements because they involve known and unknown risks,
uncertainties and other factors that are, in some cases, beyond our
control and that could materially affect our actual results, levels of
activity, performance or achievements.

Other factors that could materially affect actual results, levels of
activity, performance or achievements can be found in MSCI's Annual
Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2016 filed
with the Securities and Exchange Commission ("SEC") on February 24, 2017
and in quarterly reports on Form 10-Q and current reports on Form 8-K
filed or furnished with the SEC (herein, referred to as "Public
Filings"). If any of these risks or uncertainties materialize, or if our
underlying assumptions prove to be incorrect, actual results may vary
significantly from what MSCI projected. Any forward-looking statement in
this earnings release reflects MSCI's current views with respect to
future events and is subject to these and other risks, uncertainties and
assumptions relating to MSCI's operations, results of operations, growth
strategy and liquidity. MSCI assumes no obligation to publicly update or
revise these forward-looking statements for any reason, whether as a
result of new information, future events, or otherwise, except as
required by law.

Website and Social Media Disclosure

MSCI uses its website and corporate Twitter account (@MSCI_Inc) as
channels of distribution of company information. The information we post
through these channels may be deemed material. Accordingly, investors
should monitor these channels, in addition to following our press
releases, SEC filings and public conference calls and webcasts. In
addition, you may automatically receive email alerts and other
information about MSCI when you enroll your email address by visiting
the "Email Alerts Subscription" section of MSCI's Investor Relations
homepage at http://ir.msci.com/alerts.cfm.
The contents of MSCI's website and social media channels are not,
however, incorporated by reference into this earnings release.

Notes Regarding the Use of Operating Metrics

MSCI has presented supplemental key operating metrics as part of this
earnings release, including Run Rate, subscription sales and
cancellations, non-recurring sales and Aggregate Retention Rate.

The Aggregate Retention Rate for a period is calculated by annualizing
the cancellations for which we have received a notice of termination or
for which we believe there is an intention not to renew during the
period, and we believe that such notice or intention evidences the
client's final decision to terminate or not renew the applicable
agreement, even though such notice is not effective until a later date.
This annualized cancellation figure is then divided by the subscription
Run Rate at the beginning of the year to calculate a cancellation rate.
This cancellation rate is then subtracted from 100% to derive the
annualized Aggregate Retention Rate for the period. The Aggregate
Retention Rate is computed on a product-by-product basis. Therefore, if
a client reduces the number of products to which it subscribes or
switches between our products, we treat it as a cancellation. In
addition, we treat any reduction in fees resulting from renegotiated
contracts as a cancellation in the calculation to the extent of the
reduction.

Run Rate estimates at a particular point in time the annualized value of
the recurring revenues under our client license agreements ("Client
Contracts") for the next 12 months, assuming all Client Contracts that
come up for renewal are renewed and assuming then-current currency
exchange rates, subject to the adjustments and exclusions described
elsewhere in our Public Filings. For any Client Contract where fees are
linked to an investment product's assets or trading volume, the Run Rate
calculation reflects, for ETFs, the market value on the last trading day
of the period, for futures and options, the most recent quarterly
volumes, and for other non-ETF products, the most recent client reported
assets. Run Rate does not include fees associated with "one-time" and
other non-recurring transactions. In addition, we add to Run Rate the
annualized fee value of recurring new sales, whether to existing or new
clients, when we execute Client Contracts, even though the license start
date may not be effective until a later date. We remove from Run Rate
the annualized fee value associated with products or services under any
Client Contract with respect to which we have received a notice of
termination or non-renewal during the period and determined that such
notice evidences the client's final decision to terminate or not renew
the applicable products or services, even though such notice is not
effective until a later date.

Organic subscription Run Rate or revenue growth ex FX is defined as the
period over period Run Rate or revenue growth, excluding the impact of
changes in foreign currency and the first year impact of any
acquisitions. It is also adjusted for divestitures. Changes in foreign
currency are calculated by applying the end of period currency exchange
rate from the comparable prior period to current period foreign currency
denominated Run Rate or revenue. This metric also excludes the impact on
the growth in subscription Run Rate or revenue of the acquisitions of
IPD, InvestorForce, and GMI for their respective first year of
operations as part of MSCI, as well as the divestiture of MSCI's Real
Estate occupiers benchmarking business which closed on August 1, 2016.

Notes Regarding the Use of Non-GAAP Financial Measures

MSCI has presented supplemental non-GAAP financial measures as part of
this earnings release. Reconciliations are provided in Tables 9 – 12
below that reconcile each non-GAAP financial measure with the most
comparable GAAP measure. The non-GAAP financial measures presented in
this earnings release should not be considered as alternative measures
for the most directly comparable GAAP financial measures. The non-GAAP
financial measures presented in this earnings release are used by
management to monitor the financial performance of the business, inform
business decision-making and forecast future results.

"Adjusted EBITDA" is defined as net income before provision for income
taxes, other expense (income), net, depreciation and amortization of
property, equipment and leasehold improvements, amortization of
intangible assets and, at times, certain other transactions or
adjustments.

"Adjusted EBITDA expenses" is defined as operating expenses less
depreciation and amortization of property, equipment and leasehold
improvements and amortization of intangible assets.

"Adjusted net income" and "adjusted EPS" are defined as net income and
diluted EPS, respectively, before the after-tax impact of the
amortization of acquired intangible assets and, at times, certain other
transactions or adjustments. For periods prior to first quarter 2017,
the amortization associated with capitalized software development costs
was included as an adjustment to adjusted net income and adjusted EPS as
it was not material.

"Capex" is defined as capital expenditures plus capitalized software
development costs.

"Free cash flow" is defined as net cash provided by operating
activities, less Capex.

We believe adjusted EBITDA and adjusted EBITDA expenses are meaningful
measures of the operating performance of MSCI because they adjust for
significant one-time, unusual or non-recurring items as well as
eliminate the accounting effects of capital spending and acquisitions
that do not directly affect what management considers to be our core
operating performance in the period.

We believe adjusted net income and adjusted EPS are meaningful measures
of the performance of MSCI because they adjust for the after-tax impact
of significant one-time, unusual or non-recurring items as well as
eliminate the accounting effects of acquisitions that do not directly
affect what management considers to be our core performance in the
period.

We believe that free cash flow is useful to investors because it relates
the operating cash flow of MSCI to the capital that is spent to continue
and improve business operations, such as investment in MSCI's existing
products. Further, free cash flow indicates our ability to strengthen
MSCI's balance sheet, repay our debt obligations, pay cash dividends and
repurchase shares of our common stock.

We believe that the non-GAAP financial measures presented in this
earnings release facilitate meaningful period-to-period comparisons and
provide a baseline for the evaluation of future results.

Adjusted EBITDA expenses, adjusted EBITDA, adjusted net income, adjusted
EPS and free cash flow are not defined in the same manner by all
companies and may not be comparable to similarly-titled non-GAAP
financial measures of other companies.

Notes Regarding Adjusting for the Impact of Foreign Currency Exchange
Rate Fluctuations

Foreign currency exchange rate fluctuations are calculated to be the
difference between the current period results as reported compared to
the current period results recalculated using the foreign currency
exchange rates in effect for the comparable prior period.

Table 2: Condensed Consolidated Statements of Income (unaudited)

   
Three Months Ended Six Months Ended
June 30,   June 30,   Mar. 31,   YoY % June 30,   June 30,   YoY %
In thousands, except per share data 2017 2016 2017 Change 2017 2016 Change
Operating revenues $ 316,089 $ 290,596 $ 301,207   8.8 % $ 617,296 $ 569,424   8.4 %
Operating expenses:
Cost of revenues 68,595 62,130 67,521 10.4 % 136,116 125,302 8.6 %
Selling and marketing 41,594 41,854 43,014 (0.6 %) 84,608 83,543 1.3 %
Research and development 18,203 18,566 18,977 (2.0 %) 37,180 37,494 (0.8 %)
General and administrative 21,448 22,019 21,004 (2.6 %) 42,452 43,909 (3.3 %)
Amortization of intangible assets 11,122 11,943 11,251 (6.9 %) 22,373 23,783 (5.9 %)
Depreciation and amortization of property,
equipment and leasehold improvements   9,159   8,393   8,838 9.1 %   17,997   16,561 8.7 %
Total operating expenses(1)   170,121   164,905   170,605 3.2 %   340,726   330,592 3.1 %
 
Operating income 145,968 125,691 130,602 16.1 % 276,570 238,832 15.8 %
 
Interest income (1,310 ) (585 ) (932 ) 123.9 % (2,242 ) (1,206 ) 85.9 %
Interest expense 29,027 22,918 29,024 26.7 % 58,051 45,822 26.7 %
Other expense (income)   740   2,814   885 (73.7 %)   1,625   2,895 (43.9 %)
Other expenses (income), net   28,457   25,147   28,977 13.2 %   57,434   47,511 20.9 %
 
Income before provision for income taxes 117,511 100,544 101,625 16.9 % 219,136 191,321 14.5 %
 
Provision for income taxes   36,245   33,587   28,674 7.9 %   64,919   63,997 1.4 %
Net income $ 81,266 $ 66,957 $ 72,951 21.4 % $ 154,217 $ 127,324 21.1 %
 
                   
Earnings per basic common share $ 0.90 $ 0.69 $ 0.80 30.4 % $ 1.70 $ 1.30 30.8 %
 
                   
Earnings per diluted common share $ 0.89 $ 0.69 $ 0.80 29.0 % $ 1.68 $ 1.29 30.2 %
 
Weighted average shares outstanding used
in computing earnings per share:
 
Basic   90,404   96,412   90,708 (6.2 %)   90,555   97,918 (7.5 %)
Diluted   91,708   96,888   91,624 (5.3 %)   91,665   98,443 (6.9 %)
(1)  

Includes stock-based compensation expense of $9.5 million, $8.3
million, and $9.6 million for the three months ended June 30,
2017, June 30, 2016 and March 31, 2017, respectively. Includes
stock-based compensation expense of $19.2 million and $15.5
million for the six months ended June 30, 2017 and June 30, 2016,
respectively.

Table 3: Selected Balance Sheet Items (unaudited)

 
As of
June 30,   Dec. 31,
In thousands 2017 2016
Cash and cash equivalents $750,581 $791,834
Accounts receivable, net of allowances $289,227 $221,504
 
Deferred revenue $399,116 $334,358
Long-term debt(1) $2,076,647 $2,075,201
(1)  

Consists of gross long-term debt, net of deferred financing fees.
Gross long-term debt at both June 30, 2017 and December 31, 2016
was $2.1 billion.

Table 4: Selected Cash Flow Items (unaudited)

   
Three Months Ended Six Months Ended
June 30,   June 30,   Mar. 31,   YoY % June 30,   June 30,   YoY %
In thousands 2017 2016(1) 2017 Change 2017 2016(1) Change
Cash provided by operating activities $ 122,217 $ 118,096 $ 37,015   3.5 % $ 159,232 $ 154,983   2.7 %
Cash used in investing activities (6,264 ) (12,905 ) (9,629 ) (51.5 %) (15,893 ) (18,425 ) (13.7 %)
Cash used in financing activities (65,398 ) (140,418 ) (125,226 ) (53.4 %) (190,624 ) (506,584 ) (62.4 %)
Effect of exchange rate changes   3,054   (5,173 )   2,978 (159.0 %)   6,032   (3,066 ) (296.7 %)
Net increase (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents $ 53,609 $ (40,400 ) $ (94,862 ) (232.7 %) $ (41,253 ) $ (373,092 ) (88.9 %)
(1)   Excess tax benefits related to share-based compensation are now
included in operating cash flows rather than financing cash flows in
accordance with the adoption of recent accounting guidance. This
change has been applied retrospectively and resulted in increases of
$1.0 million and $4.9 million in net cash provided by operating
activities with a matching decrease in net cash used in financing
activities in the same period for second quarter 2016 and six months
2016, respectively.

Table 5: Operating Results by Segment and Revenue Type
(unaudited)

   
Index Three Months Ended Six Months Ended
June 30,   June 30,   Mar. 31,   YoY % June 30,   June 30,   YoY %
In thousands 2017 2016 2017 Change 2017 2016 Change
Operating revenues:    
Recurring subscriptions $ 105,645 $ 97,139 $ 102,178 8.8 % $ 207,823 $ 190,784 8.9 %
Asset-based fees 67,230 49,634 57,508 35.5 % 124,738 98,333 26.9 %
Non-recurring   4,281   5,344   3,749 (19.9 %)   8,030   7,613 5.5 %
Total operating revenues 177,156 152,117 163,435 16.5 % 340,591 296,730 14.8 %
Adjusted EBITDA expenses   47,680   45,599   47,798 4.6 %   95,478   90,163 5.9 %
Adjusted EBITDA $ 129,476 $ 106,518 $ 115,637 21.6 % $ 245,113 $ 206,567 18.7 %
Adjusted EBITDA margin % 73.1 % 70.0 % 70.8 % 72.0 % 69.6 %
 
Analytics Three Months Ended Six Months Ended
June 30, June 30, Mar. 31, YoY % June 30, June 30, YoY %
In thousands 2017 2016 2017 Change 2017 2016 Change
Operating revenues:
Recurring subscriptions $ 112,061 $ 110,452 $ 111,269 1.5 % $ 223,330 $ 219,082 1.9 %
Non-recurring   1,306   1,941   1,151 (32.7 %)   2,457   3,574 (31.3 %)
Total operating revenues 113,367 112,393 112,420 0.9 % 225,787 222,656 1.4 %
Adjusted EBITDA expenses   81,626   79,091   82,884 3.2 %   164,510   158,994 3.5 %
Adjusted EBITDA $ 31,741 $ 33,302 $ 29,536 (4.7 %) $ 61,277 $ 63,662 (3.7 %)
Adjusted EBITDA margin % 28.0 % 29.6 % 26.3 % 27.1 % 28.6 %
 
All Other Three Months Ended Six Months Ended
June 30, June 30, Mar. 31, YoY % June 30, June 30, YoY %
In thousands 2017 2016 2017 Change 2017 2016 Change
Operating revenues:
Recurring subscriptions $ 24,739 $ 25,141 $ 24,652 (1.6 %) $ 49,391 $ 48,204 2.5 %
Non-recurring   827   945   700 (12.5 %)   1,527   1,834 (16.7 %)
Total operating revenues 25,566 26,086 25,352 (2.0 %) 50,918 50,038 1.8 %
Adjusted EBITDA expenses   20,534   19,879   19,834 3.3 %   40,368   41,091 (1.8 %)
Adjusted EBITDA $ 5,032 $ 6,207 $ 5,518 (18.9 %) $ 10,550 $ 8,947 17.9 %
Adjusted EBITDA margin % 19.7 % 23.8 % 21.8 % 20.7 % 17.9 %
 
Consolidated Three Months Ended Six Months Ended
June 30, June 30, Mar. 31, YoY % June 30, June 30, YoY %
In thousands 2017 2016 2017 Change 2017 2016 Change
Operating revenues:
Recurring subscriptions $ 242,445 $ 232,732 $ 238,099 4.2 % $ 480,544 $ 458,070 4.9 %
Asset-based fees 67,230 49,634 57,508 35.5 % 124,738 98,333 26.9 %
Non-recurring   6,414   8,230   5,600 (22.1 %)   12,014   13,021 (7.7 %)
Operating revenues total 316,089 290,596 301,207 8.8 % 617,296 569,424 8.4 %
Adjusted EBITDA expenses   149,840   144,569   150,516 3.6 %   300,356   290,248 3.5 %
Adjusted EBITDA $ 166,249 $ 146,027 $ 150,691 13.8 % $ 316,940 $ 279,176 13.5 %
Adjusted EBITDA margin % 52.6 % 50.3 % 50.0 % 51.3 % 49.0 %
Operating margin % 46.2 % 43.3 % 43.4 % 44.8 % 41.9 %

Table 6: Sales and Aggregate Retention Rate by Segment
(unaudited)

   
Three Months Ended Six Months Ended
June 30,   Mar. 31,   Dec. 31,   Sep. 30,   June 30, June 30,   June 30,
In thousands 2017 2017 2016 2016 2016 2017 2016
Index
New recurring subscription sales $ 13,636 $ 14,193 $ 17,220 $ 11,758 $ 13,139 $ 27,829 $ 26,301
Subscription cancellations   (3,045 )   (3,165 )   (6,071 )   (3,840 )   (4,096 )   (6,210 )   (7,506 )
Net new recurring subscription sales $ 10,591 $ 11,028 $ 11,149 $ 7,918 $ 9,043 $ 21,619 $ 18,795
Non-recurring sales $ 4,555 $ 4,374 $ 3,461 $ 5,468 $ 5,379 $ 8,929 $ 8,921
Total gross sales(1) $ 18,191 $ 18,567 $ 20,681 $ 17,226 $ 18,518 $ 36,758 $ 35,222
Total Index net sales $ 15,146 $ 15,402 $ 14,610 $ 13,386 $ 14,422 $ 30,548 $ 27,716
 
Index Aggregate Retention Rate(2) 97.0 % 96.9 % 93.4 % 95.8 % 95.6 % 96.9 % 95.9 %
 
Analytics
New recurring subscription sales $ 12,050 $ 11,874 $ 18,617 $ 13,131 $ 11,149 $ 23,924 $ 23,507
Subscription cancellations   (6,940 )   (7,611 )   (13,749 )   (10,530 )   (9,015 )   (14,551 )   (14,926 )
Net new recurring subscription sales $ 5,110 $ 4,263 $ 4,868 $ 2,601 $ 2,134 $ 9,373 $ 8,581
Non-recurring sales $ 1,609 $ 2,163 $ 3,215 $ 2,330 $ 1,429 $ 3,772 $ 3,285
Total gross sales(1) $ 13,659 $ 14,037 $ 21,832 $ 15,461 $ 12,578 $ 27,696 $ 26,792
Total Analytics net sales $ 6,719 $ 6,426 $ 8,083 $ 4,931 $ 3,563 $ 13,145 $ 11,866
 
Analytics Aggregate Retention Rate(2) 93.9 % 93.3 % 87.4 % 90.4 % 91.7 % 93.6 % 93.2 %
 
All Other
New recurring subscription sales $ 5,456 $ 4,121 $ 6,364 $ 3,877 $ 4,481 $ 9,577 $ 9,737
Subscription cancellations   (2,030 )   (1,683 )   (2,526 )   (1,903 )   (2,243 )   (3,713 )   (3,859 )
Net new recurring subscription sales $ 3,426 $ 2,438 $ 3,838 $ 1,974 $ 2,238 $ 5,864 $ 5,878
Non-recurring sales $ 958 $ 609 $ 1,139 $ 774 $ 1,132 $ 1,567 $ 2,334
Total gross sales(1) $ 6,414 $ 4,730 $ 7,503 $ 4,651 $ 5,613 $ 11,144 $ 12,071
Total All Other net sales $ 4,384 $ 3,047 $ 4,977 $ 2,748 $ 3,370 $ 7,431 $ 8,212
 
All Other Aggregate Retention Rate(2) 90.8 % 92.4 % 87.8 % 90.8 % 89.2 % 91.6 % 90.7 %
 
Consolidated
New recurring subscription sales $ 31,142 $ 30,188 $ 42,201 $ 28,766 $ 28,769 $ 61,330 $ 59,545
Subscription cancellations   (12,015 )   (12,459 )   (22,346 )   (16,273 )   (15,354 )   (24,474 )   (26,291 )
Net new recurring subscription sales $ 19,127 $ 17,729 $ 19,855 $ 12,493 $ 13,415 $ 36,856 $ 33,254
Non-recurring sales $ 7,122 $ 7,146 $ 7,815 $ 8,572 $ 7,940 $ 14,268 $ 14,540
Total gross sales(1) $ 38,264 $ 37,334 $ 50,016 $ 37,338 $ 36,709 $ 75,598 $ 74,085
Total net sales $ 26,249 $ 24,875 $ 27,670 $ 21,065 $ 21,355 $ 51,124 $ 47,794
 
Total Aggregate Retention Rate(2) 94.9 % 94.7 % 89.9 % 92.7 % 93.1 % 94.8 % 94.1 %
(1)   Total gross sales equal recurring subscription sales plus
non-recurring sales.
(2) See "Notes Regarding the Use of Operating Metrics" for details
regarding the definition of Aggregate Retention Rate.

Table 7: ETF Assets Linked to MSCI Indexes (unaudited)(1)

   
Three Months Ended Six Months Ended
June 30,     Mar. 31,     Dec. 31,   Sep. 30,     June 30, June 30,     June 30,
In billions 2017 2017 2016 2016 2016 2017 2016
Beginning Period AUM in ETFs linked to
MSCI indexes $ 555.7 $ 481.4 $ 474.9 $ 439.7 $ 438.3 $ 481.4 $ 433.4
Market Appreciation/(Depreciation) 23.6 35.8 (8.7 ) 23.7 (2.5 ) 59.4 (4.2 )
Cash Inflows 45.0 38.5 15.2 11.5 3.9 83.5 10.5
Period-End AUM in ETFs linked to                            
MSCI indexes $ 624.3 $ 555.7 $ 481.4 $ 474.9 $ 439.7 $ 624.3 $ 439.7
 
Period Average AUM in ETFs linked to
MSCI indexes $ 595.0 $ 524.1 $ 471.1 $ 467.3 $ 438.8 $ 559.5 $ 423.5
 
Avg. Basis Point Fee(2) 3.07 3.08 3.10 3.11 3.12 3.07 3.12
Source: Bloomberg and MSCI
(1)   ETF assets under management calculation methodology is ETF net asset
value multiplied by shares outstanding.
(2)

Based on period-end Run Rate for ETFs linked to MSCI Indexes using
period-end AUM.

AUM: Assets under management.

Table 8: Run Rate by Segment and Type (unaudited)(1)

       
As of
June 30,     June 30,     Mar. 31, YoY %
In thousands 2017 2016 2017 Change
Index
Recurring subscriptions $ 428,367 $ 387,679 $ 417,765 10.5 %
Asset-based fees   269,595   195,298   240,834 38.0 %
Index Run Rate   697,962   582,977   658,599 19.7 %
 
Analytics Run Rate   465,339   449,062   457,249 3.6 %
 
All Other Run Rate   97,057   86,924   91,239 11.7 %
 
Total Run Rate $ 1,260,358 $ 1,118,963 $ 1,207,087 12.6 %
 
Total recurring subscriptions $ 990,763 $ 923,665 $ 966,253 7.3 %
Total asset-based fees   269,595   195,298   240,834 38.0 %
Total Run Rate $ 1,260,358 $ 1,118,963 $ 1,207,087 12.6 %
(1)   See "Notes Regarding the Use of Operating Metrics" for details
regarding the definition of Run Rate.

Table 9: Reconciliation of Adjusted EBITDA to Net Income
(unaudited)

     
Three Months Ended Six Months Ended
June 30,     June 30,     Mar. 31, June 30,     June 30,
In thousands 2017 2016 2017 2017 2016
Index adjusted EBITDA $ 129,476 $ 106,518 $ 115,637 $ 245,113 $ 206,567
Analytics adjusted EBITDA 31,741 33,302 29,536 61,277 63,662
All Other adjusted EBITDA   5,032   6,207   5,518   10,550   8,947
Consolidated adjusted EBITDA   166,249   146,027   150,691   316,940   279,176
Amortization of intangible assets 11,122 11,943 11,251 22,373 23,783
Depreciation and amortization of property,
equipment and leasehold improvements   9,159   8,393   8,838   17,997   16,561
Operating income 145,968 125,691 130,602 276,570 238,832
Other expense (income), net 28,457 25,147 28,977 57,434 47,511
Provision for income taxes   36,245   33,587   28,674   64,919   63,997
Net income $ 81,266 $ 66,957 $ 72,951 $ 154,217 $ 127,324

Table 10: Reconciliation of Adjusted Net Income and Adjusted
EPS to Net Income and EPS (unaudited)

   
Three Months Ended Six Months Ended
June 30,   June 30,   Mar. 31, June 30,   June 30,
In thousands, except per share data 2017 2016 2017 2017 2016
Net income $ 81,266 $ 66,957 $ 72,951 $ 154,217 $ 127,324
Plus: Amortization of acquired intangible assets 10,119 11,943 10,530 20,649 23,783
Less: Gain on sale of investment (771 ) (771 )
Less: Income tax effect   (3,146 )   (4,001 )   (2,972 )   (6,118 )   (7,967 )
Adjusted net income $ 87,468 $ 74,899 $ 80,509 $ 167,977 $ 143,140
 
Diluted EPS $ 0.89 $ 0.69 $ 0.80 $ 1.68 $ 1.29
Plus: Amortization of acquired intangible assets 0.11 0.12 0.11 0.23 0.24
Less: Gain on sale of investment (0.01 ) (0.01 )
Less: Income tax effect   (0.04 )   (0.04 )   (0.03 )   (0.07 )   (0.08 )
Adjusted EPS $ 0.95 $ 0.77 $ 0.88 $ 1.83 $ 1.45

Table 11: Reconciliation of Adjusted EBITDA Expenses to
Operating Expenses (unaudited)

         
Three Months Ended Six Months Ended Full-Year
June 30,     June 30,     Mar. 31, June 30,     June 30, 2017
In thousands 2017 2016 2017 2017 2016 Outlook(1)
Index adjusted EBITDA expenses $ 47,680 $ 45,599 $ 47,798 $ 95,478 $ 90,163
Analytics adjusted EBITDA expenses 81,626 79,091 82,884 164,510 158,994
All Other adjusted EBITDA expenses   20,534   19,879   19,834   40,368   41,091  
Consolidated adjusted EBITDA expenses   149,840   144,569   150,516   300,356   290,248 $605,000 - $615,000
Amortization of intangible assets 11,122 11,943 11,251 22,373 23,783
Depreciation and amortization of property, 85,000
equipment and leasehold improvements   9,159   8,393   8,838   17,997   16,561  
Total operating expenses $ 170,121 $ 164,905 $ 170,605 $ 340,726 $ 330,592 $690,000 - $700,000
(1)   We have not provided a line-item reconciliation for adjusted EBITDA
expenses to total operating expenses for this future period because
we do not provide guidance on the individual reconciling items
between total operating expenses and adjusted EBITDA expenses.

Table 12: Reconciliation of Free Cash Flow to Net Cash Provided
by Operating Activities (unaudited)

     
Three Months Ended Six Months Ended Full-Year
June 30,   June 30,   Mar. 31, June 30,   June 30, 2017
In thousands 2017 2016 2017 2017 2016 Outlook(1)
Net cash provided by operating activities $ 122,217 $ 118,096 $ 37,015 $ 159,232 $ 154,983 $360,000 - $410,000
Capital expenditures (3,729 ) (10,142 ) (7,322 ) (11,051 ) (13,277 )
Capitalized software development costs   (3,306 )   (2,763 )   (2,307 )   (5,613 )   (5,088 )  
Capex   (7,035 )   (12,905 )   (9,629 )   (16,664 )   (18,365 ) (50,000 - 40,000)
Free cash flow $ 115,182 $ 105,191 $ 27,386 $ 142,568 $ 136,618 $310,000 - $370,000
(1)   We have not provided a line-item reconciliation for free cash flow
to net cash from operating activities for this future period because
we do not provide guidance on the individual reconciling items
between net cash from operating activities and free cash flow.

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