Market Overview

Cascade Bancorp Reports Fourth Quarter 2016 Earnings Per Share Of $0.08 Driven By Robust Revenue And Loan Growth

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BEND, Ore., Jan. 25, 2017 /PRNewswire/ -- Cascade Bancorp (NASDAQ: CACB) ("Company" or "Cascade"), the holding company for Bank of the Cascades ("Bank"), today announced its financial results for the three months and year ended December 31, 2016.

Update on Pending Merger with First Interstate:
On November 17, 2016, Cascade announced its entry into a definitive agreement to merge with and into First Interstate BancSystem, Inc. ("First Interstate") for approximately $589 million in cash and stock based on the closing price of $38.30 for First Interstate's Class A common stock on November 16, 2016 (the "First Interstate merger").  Upon completion of the First Interstate merger, which is expected to occur in mid-2017, First Interstate will become a $12 billion (asset)  regional community bank with a leading deposit market share in its unique geographic footprint spanning Montana, Wyoming, South Dakota, Idaho, Oregon, and Washington.  The First Interstate merger is subject to customary regulatory and shareholder approvals.

Fourth Quarter Financial Highlights

  • Cascade's net income for the fourth quarter of 2016 was $5.9 million, or $0.08 per share, compared to $4.1 million, or $0.06 per share, for the third quarter of 2016 ("linked quarter"). Fourth quarter results include pre-tax expenses of $1.1 million related to the pending merger with First Interstate and $0.9 million for above-target 2016 performance incentive compensation. As adjusted for these items, earnings per share ("EPS") would have been approximately $0.095 for the quarter.1
  • Net interest income was $25.0 million for the current quarter, up $1.2 million, or 19.7% (annualized), from the linked quarter. This was driven primarily by stronger interest income due to organic loan growth2 which contributed to an improved earnings assets mix.
  • Net interest margin ("NIM") improved to 3.55% from 3.43% in the linked quarter. The NIM benefited from the improvement in the Company's earning assets mix.
  • The cost of funds remained stable at 0.08%.
  • Non-interest income increased to $8.3 million, as compared to $7.9 million in the linked quarter, as a result of higher mortgage origination revenue and gain on disposition of closed branches.
  • Non-interest expense was $23.2 million for the fourth quarter, as compared to $25.2 million for the linked quarter. Both periods included expenses related to merger and acquisition ("M&A") activities.
  • Income taxes increased with a net tax rate of 41.3% for the fourth quarter mainly due to non-deductible M&A expense items.
  • Gross loan balances at December 31, 2016 were $2.1 billion, up $43.1 million, or 8.3% (annualized), from the linked quarter. Quarter-to-date organic loan growth was 14.4% (annualized).
  • Deposit balances at December 31, 2016 were $2.7 billion, down $0.1 billion from the linked quarter mainly as a result of balance swings of two large customers between the linked quarter and the fourth quarter. Cascade's operating markets experience seasonal factors that contribute to slower growth during the autumn and winter calendar quarters of the year.
  • The allowance for loan losses ("ALLL") at the end of the fourth quarter was 1.20% of gross loans compared to 1.23% for the linked quarter. No provision or credit for loan losses was recorded in the fourth quarter, which also included a notable improvement in classified assets.
  • At December 31, 2016, stockholders' equity increased over the linked quarter to $369.7 million, primarily due to the net income from the current period. Book value per share and tangible book value per share3 were $4.85 and $3.56, respectively.
  • Return on average assets and return on average tangible assets4 in the fourth quarter were 0.75% and 0.78%, respectively, compared to 0.53% and 0.54% in the linked quarter, respectively.

Full Year 2016 Financial Highlights

  • Net income for the year ended December 31, 2016 was $16.8 million, or $0.23 per share, compared to $20.6 million, or $0.29 per share for 2015. 2015 earnings were positively impacted by a $4.0 million credit to the provision for loan losses. 2016 earnings were negatively impacted by a high level of M&A expenses and other transitory items. M&A expense was $4.9 million during 2016 as a consequence of Cascade's purchase of $469.9 million in deposits and related branch offices from Bank of America and its acquisition of $122.9 million in assets of Prime Pacific Financial Services, Inc. ("PPFS"), as well as due diligence costs incurred related to the First Interstate merger. In addition, 2016 expenses included transitory items of $2.2 million in pre-tax expense for several branch consolidations and $0.8 million in gains on disposition of decommissioned properties.
  • Net interest income was $93.1 million for 2016, up $14.6 million, or 18.6%, from 2015 due to increased earning assets related to Cascade's 2016 acquisitions in addition to double digit organic loan growth.
  • Non-interest income improved year-over-year by $4.5 million, or 17.9%, largely due to higher service and interchange related revenues arising from its 2016 customer growth.
  • Non-interest expense was $95.2 million for 2016, up $20.8 million from 2015 due to M&A expenses and ongoing growth-related expense increases.
  • Gross loans increased $416.1 million in 2016, or 24.7% year-over-year. Organic loan growth for 2016 was $253.0 million, or 17.8% year-over-year.
  • Total deposits increased $578.7 million, or 27.8%, year-over-year as a result of both organic and acquisition-related growth.
  • Year-over-year return on average assets and return on average tangible assets were 0.57% and 0.59%, respectively, compared to 0.84% and 0.87% for 2015, respectively.

"I am very pleased with the financial progress and momentum evident in our fourth quarter results, including higher revenue and net income driven by sustained strong organic loan growth," said Terry Zink, President and Chief Executive Officer of Cascade Bancorp.  "These results put an exclamation point on Cascades' turn-around since the great recession, a long journey that has culminated with our recently announced merger with First Interstate Bank.  This merger was made possible in part by the unwavering support of our customers and employees as we have grown Cascade into a premier Pacific Northwest community bank over the last four decades."

Mr. Zink continued, "The similarities between First Interstate and Cascade are many.  First Interstate was founded by the Scott family nearly 50 years ago and has a long history of supporting local economic development for the benefit of customers and businesses and for bankers whose efforts earn customer loyalty, day in and day out.  As such, we expect First Interstate to retain the many familiar and talented Cascade bankers that have supported and served our customers over the years."

Chip Reeves, Bank of the Cascades President, commented "Financially, our continued strong organic loan growth led to an improved earning asset mix that enabled revenue to accelerate at a double-digit pace for the fourth quarter.   For the year, organic loan growth accelerated to a 17.8% growth rate with strong productivity from our banking team and volume from our geographic expansion.  Importantly, our new business pipeline continues to be solid as we enter 2017." 

Gregory Newton, Chief Financial Officer of Cascade Bancorp, said, "We are pleased to see our improving earning asset mix translate into a stronger net interest margin.   Over the past few years, we have increased the portion of our earning assets that are sensitive to changes in short term market interest rates.  Therefore, 2017 revenue should benefit from the Federal Reserve's decision to increase the Fed Funds target rate by 25 basis points in December.   Additionally, Cascade's earning assets continue to be funded by stable, low cost deposits of which over 50% are in checking account balances.  Lastly, our loan credit quality metrics remain solid, including an improved level of classified assets due mainly to a $6 million payoff of a sub-standard Shared National Credit."


Financial Review

Prime Pacific Financial Services, Inc. Acquisition Update:

Cascade completed its acquisition of PPFS on August 1, 2016, with customer system conversion accomplished during the fourth quarter of 2016. The financial statements and results of operations for the year ended December 31, 2016 are affected by purchase accounting related to this acquisition, including charges and fair value adjustments recorded in connection with the transaction.  Total acquired loans and deposits were approximately $102.8 million and $101.5 million, respectively.

Bank of America Branch Acquisition Update:

The financial statements and results of operations as of December 31, 2016 are inclusive of deposit liabilities assumed in connection with the acquisition of 15 Bank of America branches.  The transaction closed on March 4, 2016, with the assumption of approximately $469.9 million in Oregon and Washington deposits of which approximately 92.1% have been retained at December 31, 2016.  Approximately 93.6% of the acquired core deposits, which excludes certificate of deposit ("CD") runoff, have been retained at December 31, 2016.

The PPFS acquisition and the Bank of America branch acquisition are referred to in this release collectively as the "2016 acquisitions."

Balance Sheet:

At December 31, 2016 as compared to September 30, 2016 and December 31, 2015

Total assets at December 31, 2016 were $3.1 billion compared to $3.2 billion as of September 30, 2016 and $2.5 billion as of December 31, 2015.  The decrease from the linked quarter was primarily due to lower cash balances associated with a decrease in deposits.  The increase over the prior year primarily related to organic loan growth and included the assets assumed in the 2016 acquisitions.

Cash equivalents at December 31, 2016 were $72.6 million, compared to $152.4 million and $77.8 million as of September 30, 2016 and December 31, 2015, respectively. Cash equivalents increased in mid-2016 due primarily to deposits assumed in the Bank of America branch acquisition, and subsequently reduced as cash was deployed into other earning asset categories. 

Investment securities classified as available-for-sale and held-to-maturity totaled $635.4 million at December 31, 2016 as compared to $664.6 million at September 30, 2016 and $449.7 million at December 31, 2015.  The increase over the prior year was attributable to the deployment of excess cash assumed in the 2016 acquisitions.

Gross loans at December 31, 2016 were $2.1 billion, up $43.1 million from the linked quarter and $416.1 million year-over-year. Organic loan growth was 14.4% (annualized) for the fourth quarter and 17.8% for the year.  Fourth quarter loan growth was centered in our commercial real estate, construction and commercial and industrial portfolios.  Year-over-year organic loan growth was achieved across all segments and regions of the Bank's footprint.

2016 organic loan growth was augmented by the deployment of deposits acquired in the 2016 acquisitions into certain fixed and floating rate securities as well as whole loan adjustable-rate mortgage ("ARM") purchases. Wholesale loan portfolios are designed to diversify the Company's overall loan portfolio by geography, industry and loan type.  To that end, the purchased ARM portfolio totaled $187.1 million at December 31, 2016 compared to $206.3 million at September 30, 2016 and $100.1 million at December 31, 2015. The wholesale shared national credit ("SNC") portfolio totaled $140.2 million at December 31, 2016 compared to $136.4 million at September 30, 2016 and $168.4 million at December 31, 2015, with the decrease from prior year due to continued payoffs.

The Bank's credit quality remained strong in the fourth quarter.  The ALLL at December 31, 2016 was steady at $25.3 million as compared to December 31, 2015 with net recoveries of $0.1 million during the fourth quarter.  See additional discussion in "Asset Quality" below.

Total deposits as of December 31, 2016 increased to $2.7 billion from $2.1 billion as of December 31, 2015, primarily due to the 2016 acquisitions.   Total deposits were down $0.1 billion, or 3.0%, from the linked quarter.  Core deposit retention rates are at 93.6% for the Bank of America branch acquisition and 92.5% for the PPFS acquisition, both excluding the effect of CD runoff.  Aggregate non-interest bearing deposits were $916.2 million at December 31, 2016, or 34.4% of total deposits.  Combined with interest checking balances, total checking balances were 55.3% of total deposits.  Money market and saving accounts were 36.4% of total deposits while CDs were 8.3% of total deposits. 

The overall cost of funds for the fourth quarter of 2016 was 0.08%, including the cost of deposits from the 2016 acquisitions.

Total stockholders' equity at December 31, 2016 was $369.7 million compared to $367.0 million at September 30, 2016 and $336.8 million at December 31, 2015. Tangible common stockholders' equity5 was $271.5 million, or $3.56 per share, at December 31, 2016, as compared to $269.5 million, or $3.53 per share, at September 30, 2016 and $251.3 million, or $3.45 per share, at December 31, 2015. The ratios of common stockholders' equity to total assets and tangible common stockholders' equity to total assets6 were 12.01% and 8.82% at December 31, 2016, respectively, 11.56% and 8.49% at September 30, 2016, respectively, and 13.65% and 10.18% at December 31, 2015, respectively.  The changes in these capital measures are primarily a result of the increased net income for the periods, as well as the purchase accounting entries and the fair value of Cascade common stock issued in the PPFS acquisition, less transitory costs related to the 2016 acquisitions.

Income Statement:

Quarter ended December 31, 2016 as compared to the quarters ended September 30, 2016 and December 31, 2015

Net income for the fourth quarter of 2016 was $5.9 million, or $0.08 per share, compared to $4.1 million, or $0.06 per share, for the linked quarter and $5.6 million, or $0.08 per share, for the fourth quarter of 2015.  Fourth quarter 2016 earnings were negatively impacted by transitory expenses of $1.1 million attributable to the First Interstate merger as well as $0.9 million in increased salary costs due to above-target incentive payouts.  The linked quarter included transitory expenses of $2.6 million (pre-tax), or $0.02 per share (post tax), mainly related to the PPFS acquisition and certain branch consolidation costs.

Net interest income was $25.0 million for the fourth quarter of 2016, up $1.2 million, or 5.0%, compared to $23.8 million for the linked quarter and $19.8 million for the fourth quarter of 2015.  Stronger interest revenue is due to higher average earning assets from both organic loan growth and the PPFS acquisition and was also supported by higher net discount accretion, including the effect of slower premium amortization.  Net interest income from investments was higher compared to prior periods due to the deployment of cash received from the Bank of America branch acquisition into securities.

NIM was 3.55% for the fourth quarter of 2016, an improvement over the 3.43% NIM achieved in the linked quarter and compared to 3.52% for the quarter ended December 31, 2015.  The NIM for the current period has rebounded above the year ago level, mainly attributable to an improved earning asset mix of organic and wholesale loans and securities that arose from M&A activities.

Non-interest income for the fourth quarter of 2016 totaled $8.3 million, compared to $7.9 million in the linked quarter and $5.8 million in the fourth quarter of 2015. Recent quarterly improvement in non-interest revenue was mainly due to higher customer transaction volumes arising from the 2016 acquisitions.  Mortgage and SBA revenues were stronger in the fourth quarter, and other income included a $0.5 million gain on sales of decommissioned bank properties.

Non-interest expense in the fourth quarter of 2016 was $23.2 million compared to $25.2 million in the linked quarter and $18.1 million in the fourth quarter of 2015.  The increase over the fourth quarter of 2015 was primarily attributable to factors described above, which impacted expense levels in human resources and professional services, among other categories, and included investment banker fees, legal and accounting support.  HR expense also included higher sales incentives related to strong production activity and above target 2016 performance bonus accruals.  The decrease from the linked quarter was primarily attributable to third quarter transitory expenses of $2.6 million mainly related to the PPFS acquisition and certain branch consolidation costs.

There was no provision for loan loss in the fourth quarter of 2016 or the linked quarter.  The fourth quarter of 2015 included a credit to the provision of $2.0 million.

The income tax provision for the fourth quarter of 2016 was $4.2 million, representing a 41.3% effective tax rate for the period.

Year ended December 31, 2016 compared to December 31, 2015

Net income for the year ended December 31, 2016 was $16.8 million, or $0.23 per share, compared to $20.6 million, or $0.29 per share, for the comparable 2015 period.  The change in income was largely due to higher revenue arising from the 2016 acquisitions offset by transitory costs and increased expense run rates related to these acquisitions.  Year-over-year return on average assets and return on average tangible assets were 0.57% and 0.59%, respectively, compared to 0.84% and 0.87% for 2015, respectively.

Net interest income for the year ended December 31, 2016 was $93.1 million, an increase of 18.6% compared to $78.5 million for the year ended December 31, 2015 (the "year ago period").  This improvement was primarily due to net revenues arising from higher earning assets arising from its organic and acquisition growth.  2016 also included $1.5 million from interest on called securities in the first quarter of the year.

Non-interest income for the year ended December 31, 2016 was $29.4 million, up from $25.0 million during the year ago period. Year-over-year changes include higher revenues on transaction volumes related to services fees and card activity mainly related to an increase in the Bank's customer base as a result of the 2016 acquisitions.  Mortgage revenue was up $0.8 million year-over-year, while swap and other income declined slightly as compared to the year ago period. The year-ago period included a contractual arrangement for future revenue-sharing of merchant services totaling $0.6 million.

Non-interest expense in the year ended December 31, 2016 was $95.2 million compared to $74.4 million in the year ago period. The increase mainly related to M&A items, such as legal and professional fees, as well as staffing costs associated with higher customer transaction volumes and the expanded branch network.

Income tax expense in the year ended December 31, 2016 was $10.6 million as compared to $12.5 million in the year ago period.

Asset Quality

For the quarter ended December 31, 2016, net recoveries were approximately $0.1 million and the reserve for loan losses was $25.3 million, compared to $25.2 million for the linked quarter and $24.4 million a year ago.  The ratio of loan loss reserve to total loans was 1.20% at December 31, 2016 compared to 1.23% at September 30, 2016 and 1.45% at December 31, 2015.  The lower ratio is related to an increase in total loan balances.

Non-performing assets ("NPAs") as a percentage of total assets was 0.50% at December 31, 2016, as compared to 0.46% at September 30, 2016 and 0.34% at December 31, 2015.  The increase in NPAs during 2016 was due to an energy sector related SNC credit described below.  At December 31, 2016, delinquent loans were 0.20% of the loan portfolio compared to 0.21% at September 30, 2016 and 0.24% at December 31, 2015.

Year-to-date net recoveries included a $3.3 million recovery during the first quarter of 2016 on a previously charged off loan.  This recovery was partially offset by a $2.7 million charge off in the third quarter of 2016 related to downgrades in the SNC portfolio with exposure to the oil and mining sector. The Company's aggregate mining and energy exposure was reduced to less than 1.0% of total loans at year end 2016 with the $6.2 million payoff of a mining sector SNC that was a substandard rated credit.

Conference Call

As previously announced, a conference call and webcast discussing the fourth quarter 2016 results will be held today, January 25, 2016 at 2:00 p.m. Pacific Time (5:00 p.m. Eastern Time). Stockholders, analysts and other interested parties are invited to join the webcast by registering at http://public.viavid.com/index.php?id=122419 or the live conference call by dialing (877) 407-4018 prior to 2:00 p.m. Pacific Time.

About Cascade Bancorp and Bank of the Cascades

Cascade Bancorp (NASDAQ: CACB), headquartered in Bend, Oregon, and its wholly owned subsidiary, Bank of the Cascades, operates in the Pacific Northwest. Founded in 1977, Bank of the Cascades offers full-service community banking through 50 branches in Oregon, Idaho and Washington. The Bank has a business strategy that focuses on delivering the best in community banking for the financial well-being of customers and stockholders. It executes its strategy through the consistent delivery of full relationship banking focused on attracting and retaining value-driven customers. For further information, please visit our website at www.botc.com.

NON-GAAP FINANCIAL MEASURES

This release contains certain non-GAAP financial measures.  The Company's management uses these non-GAAP financial measures, specifically adjusted earnings per share, return on average tangible assets, return on average tangible stockholders' equity, organic loan growth, tangible book value per common share, tangible common stockholders' equity ratio to total assets and tangible stockholders' equity, as important measures of the strength of its capital and its ability to generate earnings on its tangible capital invested by its stockholders.  Management believes presentation of these non-GAAP financial measures provides useful supplemental information to our investors and others that contributes to a proper understanding of the financial results and capital levels of the Company. Management also uses these non-GAAP financial measures in making financial, operating and planning decisions and in evaluating the Company's performance. These non-GAAP disclosures should not be viewed as a substitute for financial results determined in accordance with GAAP, nor are they necessarily comparable to non-GAAP performance measures that may be presented by other companies. Reconciliations of these non-GAAP financial measures to the most directly comparable GAAP financial measures are included in the table at the end of this release under the caption "Reconciliation of Non-GAAP Financial Measures."

FORWARD LOOKING STATEMENTS

This release contains forward-looking statements about Cascade Bancorp's plans and anticipated results of operations and financial condition. These statements include, but are not limited to, our plans, objectives, expectations, and intentions, the benefits of the First Interstate merger, including future financial and operating results, the combined company's plans, objectives, expectations and intentions, and other statements that are not historical facts. When used in this report, the word "expects," "believes," "anticipates," "could," "may," "will," "should," "plan," "predicts," "projections," "continue," "indicate" and other similar expressions constitute forward-looking statements, as do any other statements that expressly or implicitly predict future events, results or performance, and such statements are made pursuant to the safe harbor provisions of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. Certain risks and uncertainties and Cascade Bancorp's success in managing such risks and uncertainties and could cause actual results to differ materially from those projected and/or adversely affect our results of operations and financial condition.  Such factors include: the possibility that the First Interstate merger does not close when expected or at all because required regulatory, shareholder or other approvals and other conditions to closing are not received, satisfied or waived on a timely basis or at all; the risk that the required governmental and regulatory approvals may delay the merger or result in the imposition of conditions that cause the parties to abandon the merger; the timing to consummate the merger; the risk that the benefits and cost synergies from the merger may not be fully realized or may take longer to realize than expected, including as a result of changes in general economic and market conditions, interest and exchange rates, monetary policy, laws and regulations and their enforcement, and the degree of competition in the geographic and business areas in which First Interstate and Cascade operate; the ability to promptly and effectively integrate the businesses of First Interstate and Cascade; disruption from the merger making it more difficult to maintain relationships with customers, vendors and employees; the reaction of the companies' customers, employees and counterparties to the transaction; the diversion of management time on merger-related issues; local and national economic conditions; housing/real estate market prices; empl

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