Mesoblast Cell Therapy Shows Disease Modifying Effects on Knee Osteoarthritis
NEW YORK and MELBOURNE, Australia, April 01, 2016 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) -- Mesoblast Limited (Nasdaq: MESO) (ASX:MSB) today announced that results from its Phase 2a trial in patients with post-traumatic knee injury to the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) showed that a single intra-articular injection of its mesenchymal precursor cell (MPC) product candidate, MPC-75-IA, resulted in improvement in pain, function, cartilage thickness, and joint structure over 24 months.
The study results were selected for oral presentation at the 2016 Osteoarthritis Research Society International (OARSI) World Congress in Amsterdam, The Netherlands, and presented on March 31 by Professor Flavia Cicuttini, Head Musculoskeletal Unit, Department of Epidemiology and Preventive Medicine School of Public Health and Preventive Medicine at Monash University, Australia.
Professor Cicuttini said: "These very exciting results suggest that Mesoblast's cells may be disease modifying and potentially slow or halt the natural history of osteoarthritis."
The double-blind, placebo-controlled trial randomized (2:1) 17 patients aged 18-40 years old who had undergone ACL knee reconstruction surgery 4-6 weeks earlier to receive either a single intra-articular injection of 75 million allogeneic MPCs plus hyaluronic acid (HA) or HA alone. Pain, function and quality of life parameters were measured over 24 months using the composite of Knee Injury and Osteoarthritis Outcomes Scores (KOOS) and the Short Form Health Survey (SF-36, a 36-item, patient-reported survey of patient health). Joint space width reflecting cartilage thickness was measured by X-ray, and structural changes in the joint were measured by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI).
- The trial met its primary safety and secondary efficacy endpoints
- There were no cell-related serious adverse events over the duration of the trial
- The MPC+HA group showed greater improvement in KOOS scores for symptoms and pain relative to the HA group at week 78 (p=0.034; p=0.026) and 104 (p=0.041; p=0.018), respectively
- The SF-36 bodily pain score demonstrated greater pain reduction for the MPC+HA group than the HA group at weeks 26 (p=0.019), 52 (p=0.050) and 104 (p=0.032), respectively
- By X-ray, the HA group had reduced joint space width at weeks 78 and 104 compared with the MPC+HA group (p=0.027 and p=0.069, respectively) consistent with reduced cartilage thickness
- By MRI, the MPC+HA group showed less tibial bone expansion over 26 weeks than the HA group (0.5% vs 4.0%, p=0.02) and a trend towards less tibial bone expansion over 52 and 104 weeks (both p=0.09)
- The MPC+HA group showed a trend towards less medial tibial volume loss over 26 weeks (0.7% vs -4.0%, p=0.10).
- The clinical results are consistent with the protective and pro-regenerative effects of Mesoblast's allogeneic MPCs on joint cartilage seen previously in ovine models of both post-traumatic knee injury and established osteoarthritis
- The results suggest that allogeneic MPCs may have disease-modifying effects on osteoarthritis, potentially halting the adverse structural changes in this common condition
- The results support further study of the effects of allogeneic MPCs on cartilage preservation and longer-term osteoarthritis outcomes in patients at high risk of disease progression or with established disease.
Professor Cicuttini added: "These results are remarkable in that we were able to demonstrate significant improvements in patient symptoms and joint structure. We look forward to conducting a larger Phase 2/3 trial to confirm the observed significant long-term benefits in pain, function, and quality of life."
About Post-Traumatic Osteoarthritis
Osteoarthritis (OA) is a common and debilitating disease that affects approximately 27 million people in the USA, resulting in annual medical care expenditures of $185.5 billion. Post-traumatic osteoarthritis (PTOA) of the knee, hip and ankle accounts for approximately 5.6 million cases of OA in the USA.
There are approximately 200,000 ACL reconstruction procedures performed annually in the USA, with more than 70% of ACL procedures in patients under the age of 65 years. Despite corrective surgery, as many as 80% of knees post-ACL injury will progress to radiographic and symptomatic OA after 5 to 15 years. In addition, approximately 1 million meniscal reconstruction procedures are performed annually in the USA, with similar rates of subsequent progression to knee OA.
While ACL reconstruction is considered to be a cost-effective treatment strategy, in the USA there is still a significant cost of $2.78 billion attributable to the long-term development of OA. An innovative therapy that demonstrates disease modifying effects on OA development or progression could deliver estimated annual societal cost savings of $1.1 billion.
Mesoblast Limited (Nasdaq: MESO) (ASX:MSB) is a global leader in developing innovative cell-based medicines. The Company has leveraged its proprietary technology platform, which is based on specialized cells known as mesenchymal lineage adult stem cells, to establish a broad portfolio of late-stage product candidates. Mesoblast's allogeneic, ‘off-the-shelf' cell product candidates target advanced stages of diseases with high, unmet medical needs including cardiovascular conditions, orthopedic disorders, immunologic and inflammatory disorders and oncologic/hematologic conditions.
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