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LDK Solar Confirms Offshore Restructuring Arrangements and Interim Financing

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XINYU CITY, China and SUNNYVALE, Calif., March 28, 2014 /PRNewswire/ -- LDK Solar Co., Ltd. in provisional liquidation ("LDK Solar" or the "Company"; NYSE: LDK) announces that, subsequent to the Grand Court of the Cayman Islands (the "Cayman Court") appointment of Tammy Fu and Eleanor Fisher, both partners of Zolfo Cooper (Cayman) Limited, as joint provisional liquidators ("JPLs") for the Company on February 27, 2014, LDK Solar, working together with the JPLs, has engaged in extensive negotiations with its offshore creditors with a view toward reaching agreement on the terms of an offshore restructuring. As of the date of this announcement, the Company has received:

  • signatures to a restructuring support agreement (the "Senior Notes RSA") from the holders of approximately 60% in aggregate principal amount of its 10% Senior Notes due 2014 (the "Senior Notes");
  • signatures to a separate restructuring support agreement (the "Preferred Obligations RSA") from the holders of approximately 79% of the convertible preferred shares issued by an affiliate of the Company and involving claims against the Company (the "Preferred Obligations");
  • signatures to both the Senior Notes RSA and the Preferred Obligations RSA from the debtors of the Senior Notes and the Preferred Obligations and a majority of the shareholders of the Company; and
  • a signed commitment letter from Heng Rui Xin Energy (HK) Co., Limited ("HRX"), an existing shareholder of the Company, to provide an interim financing (the "Interim Financing") up to an aggregate principal amount of US$14 million.

The execution of both the Senior Notes RSA and the Preferred Obligations RSA and the commitment to the Interim Financing represent a significant step for the Company in its efforts to restructure its offshore obligations, although the entry by the Company into the Senior Notes RSA, the Preferred Obligations RSA and the Interim Financing is subject to the sanction of the Cayman Court, currently expected to be on or around April 2, 2014 at a scheduled hearing.

The principal terms of the offshore restructuring transactions as contemplated in the Senior Notes RSA and the Preferred Obligations RSA (the "Restructuring Transactions") are summarized below:

SENIOR NOTES

Overview

Renminbi-denominated US$-settled 10% Senior Notes due February 28, 2014, with an aggregate principal amount of Rmb 1,631,600,000 currently outstanding, issued pursuant to an indenture dated as of February 28, 2011, as amended and supplemented, among LDK Solar, as issuer, LDK Solar USA, Inc., LDK Solar International Company Limited, LDK Solar Europe Holding S.A., LDK Solar Italia S.R.L. (currently in liquidation), LDK Trading Service Germany GmbH, LDK Solar Hi-Tech (Hong Kong) Co., Limited, LDK Solar Tech USA, Inc., LDK Solar Spain S.L., and LDK PV Tech (Hong Kong) Co., Limited, as subsidiary guarantors, and the indenture trustee, among others party thereto.

Senior Notes claim

Equal to the aggregate principal amount of Senior Notes, plus (i) accrued interest at the interest rate of the Senior Notes through June 3, 2013 and (ii) accrued interest at 5.535% per annum from June 4, 2013 until closing of the restructuring of the Senior Notes as contemplated in the Senior Notes RSA.

Treatment of Senior Notes Claim

Each holder of a Senior Notes claim may choose to:


(1) cash-out its outstanding Senior Notes claim, and/or


(2) exchange its outstanding Senior Notes claim into ordinary shares of the Company ("Shares") and bonds convertible into American depositary shares ("ADSs") representing Shares (the "CBs");


provided that any holder of a Senior Notes claim that has failed to elect as described above on or prior to the date designated for such election in connection with the Restructuring Transactions shall be deemed to have chosen the cash-out option in (1) above, subject to any maximum cash amount limit on such cash-out option, with the excess of its Senior Notes claim deemed to have chosen the exchange for Shares and CBs in (2) above with the initial equity election at 8.736% of its remaining Senior Notes claim to be paid in Shares at US$1.586 per share, subject to a lock-up expiring on the end of two months following the issue date for such Shares.

Cash-out Option

Cash payment of US$0.20 per US$1.00 of the Senior Notes claim subject to a cap of US$50 million of total Senior Notes claim (or US$10 million maximum cash amount), unless the Company determines that it has additional funding for payment of a higher amount (in which event the increased funding will be shared, to the extent necessary, on a 50/50 basis between holders of the Preferred Obligations claim and holders of the Senior Notes claim requesting the cash-out); provided, however, that if the cash amount allocated to holders of the Senior Notes claim is less than that necessary to satisfy all holders of Senior Notes claim electing this cash-out option, any excess cash amount not used by holders of the Preferred Obligations claim, after satisfying the election of their cash-out option, shall be reallocated to satisfy holders of the Senior Notes claim.

Exchange to Equity and CBs Option

Equity. Between 8.736% to 15% (as elected by each holder) of the Senior Notes claim to be paid in Shares at US$1.586 per share, subject to a lock-up expiring on (a) the end of two months following the issue date for the Shares exchanged for the 8.736% of the Senior Notes claim, (b) September 30, 2014 for 50% of the Shares exchanged for any of the Senior Notes claim in excess of 8.736% pursuant to clause (a) above and (c) December 31, 2014 for the balance of the Shares exchanged for such Senior Notes claim in excess of 8.736% pursuant to clause (a) above.




CBs. Remaining portion of the Senior Notes claim to be paid in CBs with the following principal terms:




Interest Rate: 5.535% per annum payable semi-annually in arrears (a) through payment in cash if elected by the Company or (b) if the Company elects not to pay cash, by adding the interest installment to the then outstanding principal amount ("PIK") or issuing ADSs (and cash in lieu of fractional ADS), in each case under this clause (b) at the option of CB holders. If the Company elects to pay cash, it shall so notify the CB holders 15 days before the relevant interest payment date. For an election of interest payment in ADSs, the CB holders shall irrevocably notify the Company in writing on or prior to the relevant interest payment date if they elect to receive ADSs. The Company shall deliver to the CB holders ADSs on the basis of the conversion price as determined by the volume weighted average price ("VWAP") for the 20-trading-day period immediately prior to the relevant interest payment date within five (5) Business Days following such interest payment date. "VWAP for the 20-trading-day period" means the average of the per-ADS volume-weighted average price of ADSs as displayed under the heading Bloomberg VWAP on Bloomberg page LDK.N (equity) AQR (or any equivalent successor page if such page is not available) in respect of the period from the scheduled open of trading on the principal trading market for the Shares to the scheduled close of trading on such market on each VWAP trading day (calculated to reflect the then-existing ratio between ADSs and Shares), or if such volume-weighted average price is unavailable, the market value of one Share on such VWAP trading day as the Board of Directors of the Company determines in good faith using a volume-weighted average method, during the 20-trading-day period immediately prior to the date of the Conversion Request Notice. In the event a CB holder disagrees with the calculation of the Board, that CB holder shall have the right to request the calculation to be done by a third party independent financial institution.




Term: December 31, 2018 (the "Maturity Date"), unless converted, repurchased or accelerated earlier pursuant to the terms hereunder, including but without limitation, acceleration due to cross-default if holders of Preferred CBs exchanged by holders of the Preferred Obligations claim are not repaid at maturity on June 3, 2016 or such holders fail to elect to either extend their Preferred CBs or receive Shares or ADSs in lieu thereof, or a combination of both.




Conversion: Conversion price of the CBs will be (i) US$20 principal amount of the CBs per ADS (subject to customary anti-dilution adjustments) if converted on or before the earlier of March 31, 2015 or one year from the date of issuance of the CBs, (ii) the VWAP for the 20-trading-day period immediately prior to the date of the Conversion Request Notice (as defined below) if converted during the first one-year period immediately after such time period described in (i) above, with the conversion limited to US$62.5 million of the aggregate principal amount of the CBs during that year and to US$20 million of the aggregate principal amount of the CBs during any rolling quarter in that year, and (iii) if converted at any time after such time period described in (ii) above, the VWAP for the 20-trading-day period immediately prior to the date of the Conversion Request Notice without any limitation on the amount of conversion.




CBs may be converted into ADSs at any time on or prior to the close of business of the Maturity Date upon giving the Company a Conversion Request Notice, as follows:




(a) To elect to convert any CBs (including any PIK amount) into ADSs to the extent permitted hereunder, the relevant CB holder shall give a conversion request notice (a "Conversion Request Notice") in writing, which notice shall be irrevocable, to the Company, specifying the aggregate amount of CBs to be converted in such Conversion Request Notice.




(b) The Company shall, within five (5) Business Days immediately following receipt of the Conversion Request Notice, deliver to the CB holder (i) ADSs on the basis of the applicable conversion price as of the date of the Conversion Request Notice and (ii) a calculation of the VWAP for the 20-trading-day period by the Company, if necessary.




The Company shall not deliver a fractional ADS and shall pay cash in lieu of any such fractional ADS.




Holders of CBs shall be responsible for the payment of any fees to the ADS depositary bank in connection with the conversion from Shares to ADSs, although holders of CBs are not required to convert Shares into ADSs upon any CB conversion or election of interest payment.




Form. The CBs will be issued in book-entry form through the facilities of The Depository Trust Company for the accounts of its participants, including Euroclear and Clearstream.




Registration Rights. To the extent Form F-3 is available for the Company to use pursuant to the U.S. securities laws, the Company shall file a shelf registration statement, pursuant to a customary registration rights agreement, for the resale of ADSs issued in satisfaction of the claim, each issuable as interest payments on the CBs or issuable upon conversion of the CBs, if an exemption from registration is not otherwise available, shall keep its registration statement on Form F-6 effective, and shall ensure a sufficient number of ADSs are available for issuable thereunder upon deposit of any of the foregoing Shares. Holders of CBs are also entitled to customary piggyback registration rights.




Representations and Warranties. Customary representations and warranties relating to corporate existence and compliance, due authorization and validity, no conflict or default, applicable law.




Covenants. Customary covenants, including but not limited to, sufficiency of share capital, reservation of Shares and ADSs for conversion, information rights, notice of events of default, compliance with SEC filing requirements, reasonable best efforts to maintain the listing of the Shares on the NYSE at all times, notice of delisting on the NYSE, and no amendments to the terms of the Preferred CBs.




Negative Pledge. No debtor of the Senior Notes claim will, directly or indirectly, incur, assume, grant or suffer to exist any lien, mortgage, deed of trust, pledge, security interest, charge or encumbrance of any kind ("Lien") (except for any Lien created in respect of the Preferred CBs, the Interim Financing and the Exit Financing) against or upon any of its properties or assets, whether owned on or acquired after the date of the issuance of the CBs, or any proceeds therefrom, unless the same Lien is in existence on the date hereof.




Events of Default. Events of default (each an "EOD") shall include: (i) failure to pay principal or premium, if any, when the same becomes due and payable, whether on or before the Maturity Date, (ii) failure to pay interest or any other amount when due with a 30-day grace period, (iii) failure to convert upon exercise of CB holder's conversion rights, (iv) failure to timely provide certain notices, (v) failure to comply with other terms in the CBs or the indenture, (vi) cross-default in payment of or acceleration of any other offshore indebtedness in aggregate of over US$15 million, (vii) failure to discharge judgments for uninsured payment amounts exceeding US$15 million within 60 days, (viii) commencement of voluntary or involuntary case or other proceedings under any applicable bankruptcy, insolvency or other similar law now or hereafter in effect seeking to the appointment of a receiver, liquidator, assignee, custodian, trustee, sequestrator or similar official, consents to the appointment of a custodian of it or for all or substantially all of its property or makes a general assignment of the benefit of its creditors or a court order or decree under any applicable bankruptcy, insolvency or other similar law, except for such as contemplated in the Senior Notes RSA, (ix) unenforceability or invalidity of any obligations of the debtors of the Senior Notes claim, and (x) cross-default if holders of Preferred Obligations fail to elect to either extend their Preferred CBs or receive Shares or ADSs in lieu thereof, or a combination of both, upon maturity on June 3, 2016; provided that (A) in respect of (v) above, an EOD occurs upon notice of the trustee of the CBs (the "CB Trustee") or 25% holders of then outstanding CBs in writing and it is not cured within 30 days after such notice, (B) if an EOD (other than (viii) above) occurs, the CB Trustee or 25% holders of then outstanding CBs, by written notice to the Company, may declare the CBs to be immediately due and payable in full, (C) if an EOD under (viii) occurs and such case or proceedings are not withdrawn or dismissed within 45 days, the CBs are immediately due and payable in full without any declaration or other act on the part of the CB Trustee or any CB holder, and (D) a majority in aggregate principal amount of then outstanding CBs may irrevocably instruct the CB Trustee to rescind and cancel any such declaration of acceleration subject to non-conflict with any court order or decree, all existing EOD having been cured or waived and all amounts due under the CBs have been paid.



PREFERRED OBLIGATIONS

Overview

240,000,000 Series A Redeemable Convertible Preferred Shares (the "Preferred Shares") of LDK Silicon & Chemical Technology Co., Ltd. ("LDK Silicon") issued in June 2011 for a total consideration of US$240.0 million, plus an internal rate of return of 23% on an annualized basis (the "IRR") as accrued, less dividends received (the "Preferred Obligations"). Subject to the terms, rights and preferences of the Preferred Shares, each holder of Preferred Shares may, at its sole discretion, require the Company or LDK Silicon to redeem and/or purchase the Preferred Shares at the original subscription price plus the IRR, less dividends received.




Each of LDK Silicon, the Company, Peng Xiaofeng, Jiangxi LDK Solar Polysilicon Co., Ltd., LDK Silicon Holding Co., Limited ("LDK Silicon Hong Kong") and Jiangxi LDK PV Silicon Technology Co., Ltd. also agreed to assure that the holders of the Preferred Shares receive the IRR. Under a deed of guarantee, Peng Xiaofeng further guaranteed the IRR and the obligations of LDK Silicon, the Company, Jiangxi LDK Solar Polysilicon Co., Ltd., LDK Silicon Hong Kong, and Jiangxi LDK PV Silicon Technology Co., Ltd.




The Company also pledged 15% of the equity interest in Jiangxi LDK Solar Hi-Tech Co., Ltd. ("Jiangxi LDK Solar") as security for the payment of a portion of the IRR.



Preferred Obligations claim

Equal to the aggregate principal amount of Preferred Obligations, plus (i) accrued interest at the IRR through June 3, 2013, less dividends received, and (ii) accrued interest at 5.535% per annum from June 4, 2013 until closing of the restructuring of the Preferred Obligations as contemplated in the Preferred Obligations RSA.

Treatment of Preferred Obligations Claim

Each holder of a Preferred Obligations claim may choose to:


(1) cash-out its outstanding Preferred Obligations claim, and/or


(2) exchange its outstanding Preferred Obligations claim into Shares and bonds of the Company convertible into ADSs (the "Preferred CBs");


provided that any holder of the Preferred Obligations claim that has failed to elect as described above on or prior to the date designated for such election in connection with the Restructuring Transactions shall be deemed to have chosen the cash-out option in (1) above, subject to any maximum cash amount limit on such cash-out option, with the excess of its Preferred Obligations claim deemed to have chosen the exchange for Shares and Preferred CBs in (2) above with the initial equity election at 8.736% of its remaining Preferred Obligations claim to be paid in Shares at US$1.586 per share, subject to a lock-up expiring on the end of two months following the issue date for such Shares.


Cash-out Option

Cash payment of US$0.20 per US$1.00 of the Preferred Obligations claim subject to a cap of US$50 million of total Preferred Obligations claim (or US$10 million maximum cash amount), unless the Company determines that it has additional funding for payment of a higher amount (in which event the increased funding will be shared, to the extent necessary, on a 50/50 basis between holders of the Preferred Obligations claim and holders of the Senior Notes claim requesting the cash-out); provided, however, that if the cash amount allocated to holders of the Preferred Obligations claim is less than that necessary to satisfy all holders of Preferred Obligations claim electing this cash-out option, any excess cash amount not used by holders of the Senior Notes claim, after satisfying the election of their cash-out option, shall be reallocated to satisfy holders of the Preferred Obligations claim.

Exchange to Equity and Preferred CBs Option

Equity. Between 8.736% to 15% (as elected by each holder) of the Preferred Obligations claim to be paid in Shares at US$1.586 per share, subject to a lock-up expiring on (a) the end of two months following the issue date for the Shares exchanged for the 8.736% of the Preferred Obligations claim, (b) September 30, 2014 for 50% of the Shares exchanged for any of the Preferred Obligations claim in excess of 8.736% pursuant to clause (a) above and (b) December 31, 2014 for the balance of the Shares exchanged for such Preferred Obligations claim in excess of 8.736% pursuant to clause (a) above.




Preferred CBs. Remaining portion of the Preferred Obligations claim to be paid in a single series of Preferred CBs with the following principal terms:




Interest Rate: 5.535% per annum payable semi-annually in arrears (a) through payment in cash if elected by the Company or (b) if Company elects not to pay cash, by PIK or by issuing ADSs (and cash in lieu of fractional ADS), in each case under this clause (b) at the option of Preferred CB holders. If the Company elects to pay cash, it shall so notify the Preferred CB Holders 15 days before the relevant interest payment date. For an election of interest payment in ADSs, the Preferred CB holders shall irrevocably notify the Company in writing on or prior to the relevant interest payment date if they elect to receive ADSs. The Company shall deliver to the Preferred CB holders, within five (5) Business Days following such interest payment date, ADSs on the basis of the conversion price as determined by the VWAP for the 20-trading-day period immediately prior to the relevant interest payment date.




Term: June 3, 2016, which may be extended and/or paid with ADSs at VWAP for the 20-trading-day period immediately prior to the due date, at the option of at least two thirds (⅔) in aggregate principal amount of the Preferred CBs (the "Majority Preferred CB Holders").




Conversion: Conversion price of the Preferred CBs will be (i) US$20 principal amount of the Preferred CBs per ADS (subject to customary anti-dilution adjustments) if converted on or before the earlier of March 31, 2015 or one year from the date of issuance of the Preferred CBs, (ii) the VWAP for the 20-trading-day period immediately prior to the date of the Preferred Conversion Request Notice (as defined below) if converted during the first one-year period immediately after such time period described in (i) above, with the conversion limited to US$62.5 million of the aggregate principal amount of the Preferred CBs during that year and to US$20 million of the aggregate principal amount of the Preferred CBs during any rolling quarter in that year, and (iii) if converted at any time after such time period described in (ii) above, the VWAP for the 20-trading-day period immediately prior to the date of the Preferred Conversion Request Notice without any limitation on the amount of conversion.




The Preferred CBs may be converted into ADSs at any time on or prior to the close of business of their maturity upon giving the Company a Preferred Conversion Request Notice, as follows:




(a) To elect to convert any Preferred CBs (including any PIK amount) into ADSs to the extent permitted hereunder, the relevant Preferred CB holder shall give a conversion request notice (a "Preferred Conversion Request Notice") in writing, which notice shall be irrevocable, to the Company, specifying the aggregate amount of Preferred CBs to be converted in such Preferred Conversion Request Notice; and




(b) The Company shall, within five (5) Business Days immediately following receipt of the Preferred Conversion Request Notice, deliver to the Preferred CB holder (i) ADSs on the basis of the applicable conversion price as of the date of the Preferred Conversion Request Notice and (ii) a calculation of the VWAP for the 20-trading-day period by the Company, if necessary.




The Company shall not deliver a fractional ADS and shall pay cash in lieu of any such fractional ADS.




Holders of Preferred CBs shall be responsible for the payment of any fees to the ADS depositary bank in connection with the conversion from Shares to ADSs, although holders of Preferred CBs are not required to convert Shares into ADSs upon any Preferred CB conversion or election of interest payment.




Security: (i) a pledge by the Com

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