Shares of 3M's Inc. MMM decreased by 11.31% in the past three months. Before having a look at the importance of debt, let's look at how much debt 3M's has.
According to the 3M's's most recent balance sheet as reported on October 25, 2022, total debt is at $15.71 billion, with $13.85 billion in long-term debt and $1.86 billion in current debt. Adjusting for $3.40 billion in cash-equivalents, the company has a net debt of $12.30 billion.
Let's define some of the terms we used in the paragraph above. Current debt is the portion of a company's debt which is due within 1 year, while long-term debt is the portion due in more than 1 year. Cash equivalents includes cash and any liquid securities with maturity periods of 90 days or less. Total debt equals current debt plus long-term debt minus cash equivalents.
To understand the degree of financial leverage a company has, investors look at the debt ratio. Considering 3M's's $46.18 billion in total assets, the debt-ratio is at 0.34. Generally speaking, a debt-ratio more than 1 means that a large portion of debt is funded by assets. As the debt-ratio increases, so the does the risk of defaulting on loans, if interest rates were to increase. Different industries have different thresholds of tolerance for debt-ratios. For example, a debt ratio of 25% might be higher for one industry, but normal for another.
Importance of Debt
Besides equity, debt is an important factor in the capital structure of a company, and contributes to its growth. Due to its lower financing cost compared to equity, it becomes an attractive option for executives trying to raise capital.
Interest-payment obligations can impact the cash-flow of the company. Equity owners can keep excess profit, generated from the debt capital, when companies use the debt capital for its business operations.
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This article was generated by Benzinga's automated content engine and reviewed by an editor.
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