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Reco Pharma Says Trial Study Not Seen Reaching Statistical Significance

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Recro Pharma, Inc.
(Nasdaq: REPH), a clinical stage specialty pharmaceutical company developing
non-opioid therapeutics for the treatment of pain, initially for acute pain
following surgery, announced a clinical strategy update following findings
from a prespecified interim analysis conducted on the initial half of patients
who completed enrollment in the Company's REC-13-012 trial. The trial is a
double blind, placebo-controlled study of intranasal dexmedetomidine, Dex-IN,
in the treatment of acute post-operative pain following bunionectomy surgery
on Post Op Day 0. While analgesia and a reduction in opioid use were observed
in a subset of patients, the study is not expected to reach statistical
significance in its current design. As a result, the Company plans to close
this study and launch a revised study starting in Q4 2014. The Company will
evaluate Dex-IN 50 mcg versus placebo in management of post-op pain starting
Post Op Day 1 after bunionectomy surgery. Note that there were no serious
adverse events observed in the REC-13-012 trial.

"There remains a significant unmet medical need for opioid-sparing analgesics,
a need which we continue to believe may be addressed with Dex-IN," said Gerri
Henwood, Recro Pharma's President and Chief Executive Officer. "Observations
from an interim analysis of the REC-13-012 trial, however, suggest that the
current study design will not allow us to reach statistical significance for
single agent Dex-IN in a bunionectomy pain model starting on Post Op Day 0.
That said, analgesia and corresponding reduction in opioid use, observed in a
subset of patients, suggest that Dex-IN may serve as an effective pain
management tool in a Post Op Day 1 bunionectomy study model. Based on what we
know about the trajectory of pain, together with these observations, which
confirm our earlier trial results and demonstrate efficacy for the first time
in acute post-op pain, we believe that a study of 50 mcg Dex-IN in a Post Op
Day 1 setting is the best path forward."

The interim analysis was based on the primary endpoint, SPID48 (summed pain
intensity difference over 48 hours). This preplanned interim analysis was
designed to allow for possible sample size adjustment. The results of the
interim analysis (n=68, approximately 22 patients per group) revealed that the
efficacy of Dex-IN as a stand alone drug was not sufficient to manage severe
pain in bunionectomy on post operative day zero, Post Op Day 0. As a result,
increased sample size is unlikely to be an effective modification of the

In the interim analysis, the Company observed in patients with baseline pain
intensity scores of ≤ 6 (N=34) that pain was more effectively managed on Post
Op Day 0, as seen in the separation of scores between Dex-IN 50 mcg and
Placebo (Table 1). In addition, based on an understanding of the trajectory of
pain, it is recognized that pain on Post Op Day 0 is generally escalating,
while pain on Post Op Day 1, or the day after surgery, is generally stable or
declining. Based on the input from the Company's advisors, the results of the
interim analysis and subset analyses, the information suggests that a
post-operative pain management study in patients who initiate study treatment
on Post Op Day 1 would be more effective than the current study design. The
following table sets forth SPID48 scores from the interim analysis.

Table 1: SPID48
(In 34 patients with baseline pain intensity ≤6 and who completed 48 hour pain
Dex-IN 50 mcg Dex-IN 35 mcg Placebo
(n=12) (n=9) (n=13)
Mean (SD)    
48.67 (76.938) -9.67 (70.273) -10.60 (90.997)
Effect size^(1)    
0.701 0.012 --
^(1)Effect size quantifies the magnitude of the difference between two
treatment groups (e.g., Dex-IN 50 mcg and placebo). An effect size of greater
than 0.5 is typically considered good.

In addition, in this same population, opiate consumption (IV morphine and oral
oxycodone) was reduced by approximately 50% versus placebo (Table 2). The
following table sets forth the Rescue Medication used by patients in this

Table 2: Amount of Rescue Medication Used (morphine equivalence)^(2)
(in 34 patients with baseline pain intensity ≤6 and who completed 48 hour pain
 Mean consumption – Mean (SD)
Dex-IN 50 mcg Dex-IN 35 mcg Placebo
(n=12) (n=9) (n=13)
5.83 (6.793) 10.67 (9.487) 11.85 (7.186)
^(2)This trend was consistent for observation of morphine use (mg) and
oxycodone use (mg).

Based on these observations, the input of Recro Pharma's advisors in
post-operative pain, and results observed in earlier Dex pain studies, the
Company believes that an effective clinical strategy going forward is to study
Dex-IN 50 mcg versus placebo in the management of post-operative pain starting
on Post Op Day 1 after bunionectomy surgery. The Company expects such a study
would enroll between 150 and 200 subjects, and is targeting initiation in Q4
2014, with top line results estimated to be available mid-year 2015.  

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