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In a complaint filed
today, the Federal Trade Commission is charging mobile phone service provider
T-Mobile USA, Inc., with making hundreds of millions of dollars by placing
charges on mobile phone bills for purported "premium" SMS subscriptions that,
in many cases, were bogus charges that were never authorized by its customers.

The FTC alleges that T-Mobile received anywhere from 35 to 40 percent of the
total amount charged to consumers for subscriptions for content such as
flirting tips, horoscope information or celebrity gossip that typically cost
$9.99 per month. According to the FTC's complaint, T-Mobile in some cases
continued to bill its customers for these services offered by scammers years
after becoming aware of signs that the charges were fraudulent.

"It's wrong for a company like T-Mobile to profit from scams against its
customers when there were clear warning signs the charges it was imposing were
fraudulent," said FTC Chairwoman Edith Ramirez. "The FTC's goal is to ensure
that T-Mobile repays all its customers for these crammed charges."

In a process known as "third-party billing," a phone company places charges on
a consumer's bill for services offered by another company, often receiving a
substantial percentage of the amount charged. When the charges are placed on
the bill without the consumer's authorization, it is known as "cramming."

The FTC's complaint alleges that in some cases, T-Mobile was charging
consumers for services that had refund rates of up to 40 percent in a single
month. The FTC has alleged that because such a large number of people were
seeking refunds, it was an obvious sign to T-Mobile that the charges were
never authorized by its customers. As the complaint notes, the refund rate
likely significantly understates the percentage of consumers who were crammed.
The complaint also states that internal company documents show that T-Mobile
had received a high number of consumer complaints at least as early as 2012.

The FTC has made significant efforts to end mobile cramming. In the last year,
in addition to holding a public workshop on mobile cramming, the Commission
has filed several lawsuits against alleged mobile cramming operations Jesta
Digital, Wise Media, and Tatto Inc.According to today's complaint, T-Mobile
billed its customers for the services of these FTC defendants as well as an
operation sued by the Texas Attorney General.

The complaint against T-Mobile alleges that the company's billing practices
made it difficult for consumers to detect that they were being charged, much
less by whom. When consumers viewed a summary of their T-Mobile bill online,
according to the complaint, it did not show consumers that they were being
charged by a third party, or that the charge was part of a recurring
subscription. The heading under which the charges would be listed, "Premium
Services," could only be seen after clicking on a separate heading called "Use
Charges." Even after clicking, though, consumers still could not see the
individual charges.

The complaint also alleges that T-Mobile's full phone bills, which can be
longer than 50 pages, made it nearly impossible for consumers to find and
understand third-party subscription charges. After looking past a "Summary"
section as well as an "Account Service Detail" section, both of which
described "Usage Charges" but did not itemize those charges, a consumer might
then reach the section labeled "Premium Services," where the crammed items
would be listed.

According to the complaint, the information would be listed there in an
abbreviated form, such as "8888906150BrnStorm23918," that did not explain that
the charge was for a recurring third-party subscription supposedly authorized
by the consumer. In addition, the complaint notes that consumers who use
pre-paid calling plans do not receive monthly bills, and as a result the
subscription fee was debited from their pre-paid account without their

When consumers were able to determine they were being charged for services
they hadn't ordered, the complaint alleges that T-Mobile in many cases failed
to provide consumers with full refunds. Indeed, the FTC charged that T-Mobile
refused refunds to some customers, offering only partial refunds of two
months' worth of the charges to others, and in other cases instructed
consumers to seek refunds directly from the scammers – without providing
accurate contact information to do so.

The complaint also notes that in some cases, T-Mobile claimed that consumers
had authorized the charges despite having no proof of consumers doing so.

The FTC's complaint seeks a court order to permanently prevent T-Mobile from
engaging in mobile cramming and to obtain refunds for consumers and
disgorgement of T-Mobile's ill-gotten gains.

The FTC thanks the Federal Communications Commission and its Enforcement
Bureau for their invaluable assistance with and close cooperation and
coordination in this matter.

The Commission vote authorizing the staff to file the complaint was 5-0. The
complaint was filed in the U.S. District Court for the Western District of

NOTE: The Commission files a complaint when it has "reason to believe" that
the law has been or is being violated and it appears to the Commission that a
proceeding is in the public interest. The case will be decided by the court.

The Federal Trade Commission works for consumers to prevent fraudulent,
deceptive, and unfair business practices and to provide information to help
spot, stop, and avoid them. To file a complaint in English or Spanish, visit
the FTC's online Complaint Assistant or call 1-877-FTC-HELP (1-877-382-4357).
The FTC enters complaints into Consumer Sentinel, a secure, online database
available to more than 2,000 civil and criminal law enforcement agencies in
the U.S. and abroad. The FTC's website provides free information on a variety
of consumer topics. Like the FTC on Facebook, follow us on Twitter, and
subscribe to press releases for the latest FTC news and resources.

SOURCE Federal Trade Commission

Posted-In: Hot Press Releases


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